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Open Data - a goldmine (JavaZone 2009)


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An introduction to the basics and benefits of using Open Data. Slides from my presentation of this topic at the JavaZone 2009 conference in Oslo, Norway.

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Open Data - a goldmine (JavaZone 2009)

  1. 1. Open Data - a goldmine<br />1<br />Open Data – a goldmine<br />Photo by BullionVault @ Flickr, CC BY-ND<br />
  2. 2. the speakerSvein-Magnus Sørensen<br /><ul><li>Master of Science in Communications Technology from NTNU
  3. 3. Graduate from the Norwegian School of Entrepreneurship (Gründerskolen)</li></ul>Past experience include:<br />Knowledge engineer at Computas AS (Oslo, Norway)<br />Integration engineer at Searchforce Inc. (San Mateo, California)<br />Currently: Business Analyst at Objectware AS<br /><ul><li>Weblog:
  4. 4. Twitter:
  5. 5. Slideshare:</li></ul>2<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />
  6. 6. 3<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />CONTENT<br />MATTERS <br />
  7. 7. Whyisn’t it enough?<br /><ul><li>Open source doesn’t require open formats
  8. 8. Open source only covers the software
  9. 9. Data often lasts longer than software
  10. 10. Data is more valuable when accessible
  11. 11. Any code will be acceptable, any data won’t</li></ul>4<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Graphic by OpenSourceInitiative, CC BY<br />
  12. 12. Open data – real gold<br />Canadian GoldCorp Inc. was near collapse in the late 90’ies.<br />It’s Red Lake mine showed reduced output after 50 years of production <br />Then something previously unheard of happened: <br />Inspired by the crowd-sourcing of Linux and Open Source, Rob McEwen announced The GoldCorp Challenge: a competition to find new gold in the mine. The full geological dataset from Red Lake was made available to contestants.<br />5<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by Rickz @ Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND<br />
  13. 13. 6<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />And the result?<br /><ul><li>110 new targets were suggested by contestants from around the world.
  14. 14. 80% of the targets submitted yielded substantial quantities of new gold
  15. 15. GoldCorp got first look a wealth of new technologies for mine analysis
  16. 16. Production at Red Lake increased tenfold while mining costs dropped to 1/6th of their previous levels.</li></ul>Photo by BullionVault @ Flickr, CC BY-ND<br />
  17. 17. What is Open Data?<br /> Open Knowledge Definition(<br />Open data/content/information must:<br /> Be Available and Accessible at Reproduction Cost “As a Whole”<br /> Permit Free Redistribution<br /> Permit Reuse Under Same Terms<br /> Be Absent of Technological Restrictions<br /> Be Attributed as Required<br /> Keep Source Integrity<br /> Not Discriminate Access From Persons or Groups<br /> Not Discriminate Against Fields of Endeavor<br /> Be Distributed with only the Original License<br /> Must Not Be Licensed Specific to a Package<br /> Must Not by License Restrict the Distribution of Other Works<br />7<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Graphic by ronin691 @ Flickr, CC BY-SA<br />
  18. 18. Whyshouldwecreate open data?<br /><ul><li>Restrictions on data re-use can create an anti-commons and its related tragedy.</li></ul>8<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by robokow Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  19. 19. Whyshouldwecreate open data?<br /><ul><li>Sponsors may not get full value of research unless the results are made freely available.
  20. 20. The rate of discovery often accelerates with better access to data.</li></ul>9<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by Victor.Correa Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  21. 21. Whyshouldwecreate open data?<br /><ul><li>Data access is often required for the operation of communal human activities.</li></ul>10<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by coreytempleton Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  22. 22. Whyshouldwecreateopen data?<br />11<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />This presentation would have been really boring without the fully and partially open data available from Wikipedia, Flickr and the open data projects online!<br />
  23. 23. 12<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Ifyou love something…<br />Set it free!<br />Photo by keltanen @ Flickr, CC BY-NC<br />
  24. 24. Whenshouldwedemand Open Data?<br /><ul><li>When the data belongs to the human race </li></ul>13<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by guiguibu91 @ Flickr, CC BY<br />
  25. 25. Whenshouldwedemand Open Data?<br /><ul><li>When the data consists of independently verifiable facts or common knowledge</li></ul>14<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />
  26. 26. Whenshouldwedemand Open Data?<br /><ul><li>When public money fundedthe creation of the data
  27. 27. When the data was created at a government institution
  28. 28. When the source of the data was a public endeavor</li></ul>15<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photo by Steve Wampler @ Flickr, CC BY<br />
  29. 29. Saving lives with open data<br /><ul><li>M.V. Rocknes was a 166-metre cargo-ship with a crew of 30.
  30. 30. January 19th 2004 she ran aground and capsized. 18 people died in the accident.
  31. 31. The use of outdated maps by both the crew and the Norwegian pilotage authorities contributed to the wreck.</li></ul>16<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Photos by Smit International / Scanpix<br />
  32. 32. Examples from Norway<br /><ul><li>Norwegian Medicines Agency
  33. 33. Open medical databases can aid both research and healthcare.
  34. 34. Data on approved medicines in Norway were made available online in 2008.</li></ul>17<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br /><ul><li>Norwegian Mapping Authority
  35. 35. Open maps can prevent fatal accidents, especially at sea.
  36. 36. The ”Rocknes”-wreck in 2004 might have been avoided with open maps.
  37. 37. Updated maps are still not available to Norwegian pilotage authorities.
  38. 38. In the United States, official nautical maps are freely available online.
  39. 39. Norwegian Pollution Control Authority
  40. 40. A central database of information on various materials can improve safety.
  41. 41. Many databases on hazardous chemicals are outdated and of limited scope.
  42. 42. No single source of up to date and complete information are available.</li></li></ul><li>18<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Graphic by W3C SWEO Linking Open Data, CC BY-SA<br />
  43. 43. Wikipedia defines Linked Data as “a term used to describe a recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data, information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF.”<br />Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn&apos;t previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods. <br />The semantic web currently containsseveral billion triples of linked data.<br /><br />19<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Graphic by semanticwebcompany@ Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  44. 44. DBpedia is a community effort to extract structured information from Wikipedia and to make this information available on the Web. DBpedia allows you to ask sophisticated queries against Wikipedia, and to link other data sets on the Web to Wikipedia data.<br /> The DBpedia knowledge base currently describes more than 2.6 million things, including at least 213,000 persons, 328,000 places, 57,000 music albums, 36,000 films, 20,000 companies. The knowledge base consists of 274 million pieces of information (RDF triples).<br /><br />DBpedia and all other linked data is searchable with SPARQL<br /><br />20<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />
  45. 45. Open Streetmap<br />OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole world. It is made by people like you. <br />OpenStreetMap allows you to view, edit and use geographical data in a collaborative way from anywhere on Earth. <br /><br />21<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />GeoNames<br />The GeoNames geographical database is available for download free of charge under a creative commons attribution license. It contains over eight million geographical names and consists of 6.5 million unique features.<br /><br />
  46. 46. EnsuringtrulyOpen Data<br />Public Domain – Only after the expiration of copyright<br />Science Commons protocol for open data<br /><ul><li> Creative Commons Zero (Link)
  47. 47. Public Domain Dedication & Licence(Link)</li></ul>22<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />Followthe PDDL Community Norms:<br /><ul><li>Avoid technical protection measures
  48. 48. Always give credit where credit is due
  49. 49. Use open formats
  50. 50. Let others know!
  51. 51. Share your work too! </li></ul>Photo by suttonhoo@ Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  52. 52. 23<br />Open Data - a goldmine<br />The road to open knowledge <br />starts here!<br />Questions?<br />Photo by danesparza @ Flickr, CC BY-ND<br />