Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

490 views

Published on

No Downloads

Total views

490

On SlideShare

0

From Embeds

0

Number of Embeds

8

Shares

0

Downloads

4

Comments

0

Likes

1

No embeds

No notes for slide

- 1. The Long Reach of Early Math Skills Greg J. Duncan School of Education University of California, Irvine
- 2. How important are K-5 math skills for completed schooling? How important are school-entry math skills for school achievement? How important are adolescent math skills for labor market success?
- 3. Skills and Behaviors Achievement Engagement Problem Behaviors Description: Concrete math and reading skills Ability to control impulses and focus on tasks i) Ability to get along with others ii) Sound mental health Example test areas or question wording: Knowing letters and numbers; beginning word sounds, word problems Can’t sit still; can’t concentrate; score from a computer test of impulse control i) Cheats or tells lies, bullies, is disobedient at school ii) Is sad, moody
- 4. Skill and behavior gaps between high- and low-income kindergarteners +106 +53 -27 -30 -100 Kindergarten gap 5th grade gap Math achievement Mental health problems Anti-social behavior School engagement Source: Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten cohort.
- 5. Skill and behavior gaps between high- and low-income kindergarteners and fifth graders +106 +53 -27 -30 +121 +59 -42 -31 -100 Kindergarten gap 5th grade gap Math achievement Mental health problems Anti-social behavior School engagement Source: Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten cohort.
- 6. How important are school-entry math skills for school achievement? How important are K-5 math skills for completed schooling? How important are adolescent math skills for labor market success?
- 7. Effects of school-entry skills and behaviors on later achievement Mental health Reading Math Engagement Anti-social 0 0 10 20 30 40
- 8. Effects of school-entry skills and behaviors on later achievement Mental health Reading MathEngagementAnti-social 0 0 10 20 30 40
- 9. Kindergarten teaching – hours/wk All teachers Teachers in low- income schools Reading 4.9 5.0 Math 3.1 3.1
- 10. Kindergarten student mastery vs. time spent teaching Mastery by Fall K Basic Counting & Shapes 95% Patterns & Measurement 62% Place value & Currency 25% Addition & Subtraction 7% 11,517 students 2,176 teachers
- 11. Kindergarten student mastery vs. time spent teaching Mastery by Fall K Mean Days/Month spent teaching Basic Counting & Shapes 95% 12.70 Patterns & Measurement 62% 7.68 Place value & Currency 25% 8.61 Addition & Subtraction 7% 4.38 11,517 students 2,176 teachers
- 12. Instruction time and math achievement -.041 +.065 0 Basic math Advanced math Mathlearninginkindergarten All students Low-income students only Source: Claessens and Engel (under review) Basic math instruction time Advanced math instruction time
- 13. Instruction time and math achievement -.041 +.065 -.029 +.056 0 Basic math Advanced math Mathlearninginkindergarten All students Low-income students only Source: Claessens and Engel (under review) Basic math instruction time Advanced math instruction time
- 14. How important are school-entry math skills for school achievement? How important are K-5 math skills for completed schooling? How important are adolescent math skills for labor market success?
- 15. Effects of K-5 skills and behaviors on completed schooling 0 0 10 20 30
- 16. Effects of K-5 skills and behaviors on completed schooling Anxiety Reading Anti-social Attention Math 0 0 10 20 30
- 17. How important are school-entry math skills for school achievement? How important are K-5 math skills for completed schooling? How important are adolescent math skills for labor market success?
- 18. Effects of adolescent skills and behaviors on earnings 0 0 10 20
- 19. Effects of adolescent skills and behaviors on earnings Anxiety Reading Anti-social Attention Math 0 0 10 20
- 20. Why math? (preliminary) • Structural story: • teachers and schools provide extra opportunities for early math achievers? • moderate math skills keeps kids out of special education?
- 21. Why math (con’t)? • Motivational story: • Math feedback is very concrete? • Kids who don’t master math don’t think they are good at math or good at school?
- 22. Summary • Early math is surprisingly important • Kindergartent teachers spend much less time on math than reading • Early math instruction is geared toward skills kids already know • Math is also highly predictive of completed schooling and earnings
- 23. Greg J. Duncan gduncan@uci.edu School of Education University of California, Irvine

No public clipboards found for this slide

×
### Save the most important slides with Clipping

Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. You can keep your great finds in clipboards organized around topics.

Be the first to comment