19.2 b


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19.2 b

  1. 1.  Grand Alliance – BR, US, USSR Agreed to stress militaryoperations & ignorepolitical differences Beginning 1943 – Alliesagreed to fight until Axissurrenderedunconditionally
  2. 2.  German Afrika Korps-led by General Erwin Rommel (the Desert Fox) Broke through BR defenses in Egypt & pushed toward Alexandria British forces-led by Bernard Montgomery- held the British lines at El Alamein
  3. 3.  Rommel, hit the El Alamein line on July 1, 1942.  The Afrika Korps was so far from their supply lines they could not make a serious attempt to break through.  Rommel dug in, and created a defensive line of mines, antitank guns, tanks, and infantry.  Bernard L. Montgomery took command of the BR Eighth Army on August 12, 1942. He claimed El Alamein would be the decisive battle of the war.  -War in North Africa MAPGeneral Irwin Rommel, “The Desert Fox”
  4. 4.  October 23, 1942, Montgomery started Operation Lightfoot against Rommel’s line after four hours of artillery bombardment by 1,000 guns. Soldiers crawled on their hands and knees, feeling for mines by hand to cut two lines across the minefields for tanks. Australians went deep into German territory. Montgomery attacked on November 2. Rommel attacked with all his tanks, and lost heavily.  Hitler told Rommel to stand and die in El Alamein, but he disobeyed orders and retreated on November 4. Four days later Americans began landing in North Africa, and the Afrika KorpsGeneral Bernard Montgomery began its expulsion from North Africa. Germans surrendered May in Africa May, 1943-Interactive MAP
  5. 5.  Battle of Stalingrad-Aug 1942-Germans start to bomb Stalingrad Germans advance and battle starts Sept. 13, 1942 Including the 6th Army (Germanys best) Jan, 1943-Russians launch counter-offensive with 1mil. Troops (6 armies) and surrounded German 6th army- ended Feb.2,1943 Ger General Paulus surrendered -91,000 Germans forced to march to Siberia-only 7,000 were left and released by Soviets 10yrs later
  6. 6.  Death Totals: Axis soldiers - 800,000 Russian soldiers -1.1million. Civilians-unknown  850,000 people in city when the battle started  1500 left in 1945  at least 40,000 died
  7. 7. May 13, 1943 – Axis forces in Tunisia Allies crossed Mediterranean to Italy, took Sicily Sept - began to invade mainland Italy Mussolini – removed from office & arrested after Sicily fell New Italian govt offered surrender to Allies Mussolini freed by Ger & set up as head of puppet German govt in N. ItalyTroina, Sicily German troops moved in & occupied Italy June 4, 1944 – Rome fell to Allies
  8. 8.  June 6, 1944 – D-Day, Allied invasion of France Under Dwight D Eisenhower (Supreme Commander) Combined Allied Invasion – US, BR & FR
  9. 9.  Germany assumed aninvasion would be led byGen George Patton Eisenhower had Gen.Patton set up a fakearmy to trick theGermans into thinkingthe invasion would takeplace in a different spot. He enlisted the helpof special effects peopleto make fake tanks,airplanes, and otherequipment.
  10. 10.  Stats: 150,000 men 5,000 ships 30,000 vehicles 13,000 paratroopers landed- night of June 5th 300 planes dropped 13,000 bombs along the coastline of Normandy- 100,000 men made it onshore by night of June 6th 9,000 dead or wounded on the beaches that day Total invasion force- 2mil. Men and 500,000 vehicles-within 3 monthsVideo Map
  11. 11. • Allies pushed inland & broke Gerdefenses•August 1944 –Allies liberated Paris•Russians defeated Germans atBattle of Kursk•Soviets move on to occupyWarsaw–Jan 1945•March 1945 – crossed Rhine Riverinto Germany•End April 1945 – Allies in N.Germany moved toward Elbe R &linked w/Soviets•Allies entered Berlin April 23, 1945•Hitler committed suicide April 30,1945-2 days later Mussolini is killed•May 7, 1945-Germans surrendered Video-VE Day