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BY:Suvidhi Goel
Introduction
Why Do We Fall ILL???S o me d i s e a s e s a r e c a u s e d      b yb a c t e r i a a n d s o me , s u c h a      sA I D...
next
Types Of DiseasesInfectious Disease : Diseases where microbes are theimmediate cause.Contagious diseases : A subset of inf...
CAUSES OF DISEASES ╬ Let us look at an example. If there is a baby suffering from   loose motions ,we can say that the cau...
╬ Genetic Difference :It is also possible that the baby has some   genetic difference that makes it more likely to suffer ...
CURE :A cure is the end of a medical condition or atreatment that is very likely to end it,while remission refers to the d...
TreatmentMedical therapies or treatments are efforts to      Fact filecure or improve a disease or other healthproblem. In...
How can we prevent Diseases? There are two ways, one general and one specific to each diseases . The general ways of preve...
Treatment Once someone has a disease, their body functions are damaged and may never recover completely.Treatment will t...
Viruses cannot exist on their own and for survival they  need to spread to another host. This is because the  original hos...
next
Treatment Of Viral InfectionsSeveral antiviral drugs that are used to treat viral infectionshave been developed over the p...
Ebola- threw blood Measles- threw airChicken pox- threw air         Polio     Yellow fever        Rabies     Blackdeath   ...
Bacterial Diseases:1) Tetanus==by bacterium Colstirdium tetani2) Typorid fever==bacterium salmonella3) Cholera==caused by ...
What Are Bacterial Diseases?Bacterial diseases include any type of illness causedby bacteria. Bacteria are a type of micro...
next
What are the   symptoms of bacterial   diseases?Symptoms of bacterial diseases vary depending on thetype of bacterial infe...
What causes bacterialdiseases?          Bacterial diseases are caused by harmful          bacteria (pathogenic bacteria). ...
FACT FILE                              YPLL measurements do notThere are several                              account for ...
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Why Do We Fall ILL?

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Why Do We Fall ILL?

  1. 1. BY:Suvidhi Goel
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. Why Do We Fall ILL???S o me d i s e a s e s a r e c a u s e d b yb a c t e r i a a n d s o me , s u c h a sA I D S a n d t h e c o mmo n c o l d ,a r e c a u s e d b y v i r u s e s .N o r ma l l y , o u r i mmu n e s y s t e mp r o t e c t s u s a g a i n s td i s e a s e s . B u t s o me t i me s o u rb o d y – b e c a u s e o f t o o l i t t l es l e e p o r a l o t o f s t r e s s -b e c o me s s o w e a k t h a t t h ei mmu n e s y s t e m d o e s n o t w o r kp r o p e r l y a n d w e s u c c u mb t od i s e a s e s . L u c k i l y , we c a ng e t o u r s e l v e s v a c c i n a t e d
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  5. 5. Types Of DiseasesInfectious Disease : Diseases where microbes are theimmediate cause.Contagious diseases : A subset of infectious diseases.Communicable diseases : Diseases which spreadthrough an infected person to a healthy person throughair, water, contaminated food and pathogens .Airborne diseases : A disease that spread from air .Non-communicable diseases :It is a medical conditionor disease which by definition is non-infectious and non-transmissible between persons.Lifestyle diseases : Diseases that appear to increase infrequency as countries become more industrialized andpeople live longer. Other contents
  6. 6. CAUSES OF DISEASES ╬ Let us look at an example. If there is a baby suffering from loose motions ,we can say that the cause of loose motions is an infection with a virus. So the immediate cause of the disease is a VIRUS . ╬ Virus could have been come through unclean drinking water. But in some cases one baby develops loose motions while the other baby does not ? The reason could be that the baby is not HEALTHY .As a result, it might be more likely to have diseases when exposed to risk, whereas healthier babies would not.
  7. 7. ╬ Genetic Difference :It is also possible that the baby has some genetic difference that makes it more likely to suffer from loose motions when exposed to such a virus . Without the virus , the genetic difference or the poor nourishment alone would not lead to loose motions .But they do become contributory causes of the diseases. ╬ Lack of Good Nourishment: The baby is not healthy because it is not well nourished and does not get enough food . So, this is the another cause . Other contents
  8. 8. CURE :A cure is the end of a medical condition or atreatment that is very likely to end it,while remission refers to the disappearance, possiblytemporarily, of symptoms. Complete remission is thebest possible outcome for incurable diseases.PREVENTION :Many diseases and disorders can be preventedthrough a variety of means. These includesanitation, proper nutrition,adequate exercise, vaccinations, and other self-care and public health measures.
  9. 9. TreatmentMedical therapies or treatments are efforts to Fact filecure or improve a disease or other healthproblem. In the medical field, therapy issynonymous with the word treatment.Treatments may be provided by anorganized health care system, or informally,by the patient or family members.A prevention or preventive therapy is a way toavoid an injury, sickness, or disease in thefirst place. A treatment or cure is applied aftera medical problem has already started. Atreatment attempts to improve or remove aproblem, but treatments may not producepermanent cures, especially in chronicdiseases.
  10. 10. How can we prevent Diseases? There are two ways, one general and one specific to each diseases . The general ways of preventing infections mostly relate to preventing exposure.How can we prevent exposure to infectiousmicrobes? For airborne microbes , we can prevent exposure by providing living conditions that are not overcrowded . For waterborne microbes, we can prevent exposure by providing safe drinking water . This can be done by treating the water to kill any microbial contamination . For vector-borne infections , we can provide clean environments . This would not , for example, allow mosquito breeding . In other words , public hygiene is one basic key to the prevention of infectious diseases . Next
  11. 11. Treatment Once someone has a disease, their body functions are damaged and may never recover completely.Treatment will take time, which means that someone suffering from a disease is likely to be bedridden for sometime if we can give proper treatment.The person suffering from an infectious disease can serve as a source from where the infection may spread to other people. This leads to the multiplication of the above difficulties. It is because of such reasons that prevention of diseases is better than Other contents their cure.
  12. 12. Viruses cannot exist on their own and for survival they need to spread to another host. This is because the original host may either die or eliminate the infection. Some important routes of viral transfer include:Route ExamplesSkin contact HPV(warts)Respiratory ColdVirus , Influenza,measles,m- umps,rubellaFaecal-oral Polio, echo, Coxackie, HepatitisAMilk HIV,HTLV1,CMVTransplacental Rubella ,CMV,HIVSexually Herpes1 &2,HIV,HPV,Hepatitis BInsect Vector Yellow fever, Dengue feverAnimla Bite Rabbies
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  14. 14. Treatment Of Viral InfectionsSeveral antiviral drugs that are used to treat viral infectionshave been developed over the past two decades. Many ofthese are focussed against HIV. These do not cure HIVinfection but stop the virus from multiplying and preventthe progress of the disease. Another notable antiviral drugis Ribavarin against hepatitis A Viruses in general are notoriously difficult drug targetsas they modify and adapt themselves rapidly to build up aresistance against the drug. Case in point is Oseltamivir(trade name - Tamiflu) used in influenza.
  15. 15. Ebola- threw blood Measles- threw airChicken pox- threw air Polio Yellow fever Rabies Blackdeath AIDS Influenza- Threw air Other contents
  16. 16. Bacterial Diseases:1) Tetanus==by bacterium Colstirdium tetani2) Typorid fever==bacterium salmonella3) Cholera==caused by vibrio cholerae4) Plague caused by Yesenia pests5) Syphilis== bacterium Treponema pallida6) Gonorrhea triggered by Neisseria7) Tuberculosis==Koch bacteria8)Legionnaires disease by Legionella9) Pneumonia==bacteria10)Anthrax==bacteria
  17. 17. What Are Bacterial Diseases?Bacterial diseases include any type of illness causedby bacteria. Bacteria are a type of microorganism,which are tiny forms of life that can only be seen witha microscope. Other types of microorganisms includeviruses, some fungi, and some parasites.Millions of bacteria normally live on the skin, in theintestines, and on the genitalia. The vast majority ofbacteria do not cause disease, and many bacteria areactually helpful and even necessary for good health.These bacteria are sometimes referred to as “goodbacteria” or “healthy bacteria.”
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  19. 19. What are the symptoms of bacterial diseases?Symptoms of bacterial diseases vary depending on thetype of bacterial infection, the area of the body that isinfected, and other factors, such as the patient’s ageand health history. The symptoms of bacterial diseasescan also resemble symptoms of other diseases, such ascolitis, influenza, and viral infections. The classicsymptom of a bacterial infection is a Fever, although notall people with a bacterial infection will have a fever.
  20. 20. What causes bacterialdiseases? Bacterial diseases are caused by harmful bacteria (pathogenic bacteria). The vast majority of bacteria do not cause disease, and many bacteria are actually helpful and even necessary for good health. Bacterial diseases occur when pathogenic bacteria get into an area of the body that is normally sterile, such as the bladder, or when they crowd out the helpful bacteria in places such as the intestines, vagina or mouth. Less common, bacterial infections can occur when healthy bacteria multiply uncontrollably.
  21. 21. FACT FILE YPLL measurements do notThere are several account for how disabled ameasures used to quantify person is before dying, so thethe burden imposed by measurement treats adiseases on people. person who dies suddenlyThe years of potential life and a person who died at thelost (YPLL) is a simple same age after decades ofestimate of the number of illness as equivalent. Inyears that a persons life 2004, the World Healthwas shortened due to a Organisation calculated thatdisease. For example, if a 932 million years of potentialperson dies at the age of life were lost to premature65 from a disease, and death.would probably have liveduntil age 80 without that In 2004, the World Healthdisease, then that disease Organization calculated thathas caused a loss of 15 1.5 billion disability-adjustedyears of potential life. life years were lost to disease and injury. Close

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