Administration of justice

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This centered around the development of the Indian Judicial and Legal System

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Administration of justice

  1. 1. Administration of justice <br />In Presidency Towns<br />Settlement in Surat<br />
  2. 2. 31 Dec 1600<br /><ul><li>The East India Company with its official title as ‘ THE GOVERNOR AND COMPANY OF MERCHANTS OF LONDON TRADING INTO THE EAST INDIES’ was incorporated in England on 31 dec 1600, by a Charter of Queen Elizabeth.</li></li></ul><li>Legislative Powers(Charter of 1600)<br />Charter authorized the company, in its General Court, to make, ordain and constitute laws, orders and constitution for the good government of itself and for the better advancement of its trade and traffic.<br />Punishment imposed could only be fines and imprisonment.<br />No harsher punishment<br />No capital sentence.<br />No reference of factories or territories<br />
  3. 3. KING’S COMMISSION 24TH JAN 1601<br />POWER TO ISSUE COMMISSION GRANTED TO THE COMPANY ON DEC 1615.<br />TO PUNISH OFFENCES COMMITTED ON LAND, A COMMISSION WAS ISSUED ON 1623.<br />
  4. 4. CHARTER OF 1661<br />ON APRIL, 3 1661, CHARLES II GRANTED A NEW CHARTER TO THE COMPANY AUTHORIZING THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL OF EACH FACTORY TO JUDGE ALL PERSONS IN ALL CAUSES, CIVIL OR CRIMINAL.<br />
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  6. 6. SURAT FACTORY<br />MOST IMPORTANT FACTORY INITIALLY.<br />IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL CENTRE.<br />POPULOUS TOWN.<br />INTERNATIONAL PORT.<br />1612 ESTABLISHED FACTORY AT SURAT.<br />
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  8. 8. Sir Thomas Roe<br />
  9. 9. 1615 Sir Thomas Roe went to Jahangir’s Court<br />
  10. 10. MUGHAL FIRMAN<br />COULD LIVE ACCORDING TO THEIR OWN RELIGION AND LAWS.<br />DISPUTES COULD BE SETTLED BY THEIR OWN PRESIDENT.<br />MUGHAL GOVERNOR AND QAZIS WERE ALSO DIRECTED TO DO SPEEDY JUSTICE.<br />
  11. 11. LAW AND JUSTICE<br />DUAL SYSTEM OF LAW.<br />NO CONCEPT OF TERRITORIAL LAW.<br />RELIGIOUS CHARACTER OF MUSLIM LAW.<br />CORRUPTION.<br />

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