Causes of WWII


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Outlines the causes of WWII

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Causes of WWII

  1. 1. Causes of World War II
  2. 2. World-wide Depression <ul><li>The United States was not the only country troubled with economic hardships during the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Economic depressions in Japan, Germany, and Italia influenced their politics that spurred WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These countries would come to be known as the Axis Powers </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In 1931, Japan took control of the Manchurian province of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to accomplish economic growth, Japan's Nationalist government wanted to take control of China's natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At this time China was in a weakened state due to a civil war between the Nationalists and Communists </li></ul></ul>Japanese Imperialism
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>The League of Nations was unable to intervene because they lacked a strong enough naval power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the late 1930s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan and China enter into full on war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Japanese expanded further south </li></ul></ul>Japanese Imperialism
  5. 5. <ul><li>Japan continues south into China </li></ul><ul><li>Japan takes over Manchuria (1931) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Germany After WWI <ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles (WWI) demanded reparations from Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany was blamed for WWI and with their defeat, were in no position to argue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With the consequences of the treaty and their economy in shambles, the German public turned toward Nationalism </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Adolf Hitler promised to rebuild Germany's power through military action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1933, Germany elected Hitler as the Chancellor of the National Socialists Party and took control of Germany in 1934 </li></ul></ul>Germany Under Adolf Hitler
  8. 8. <ul><li>Here we see a massive political rally that was common in Nazi Germany </li></ul>
  9. 9. Germany Takes Action <ul><li>On March 13th, 1938 Germany moves in and takes over Austria </li></ul><ul><li>After its conquest in Austria, Germany wanted to do the same to part of Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A conference called the Munich Crisis, which included Great Britain & France, allowed Germany to take Sudetenland as long as Germany did not continue their expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany still took the rest of Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Germany Takes Action <ul><li>In May of 1939, Germany and Italy officially formed their alliance </li></ul><ul><li>In September of 1939, Germany invades Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of the Poland's alliances, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is considered the start of World War II </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>As of 1940, Germany had dominated many of its surrounding countries </li></ul>
  12. 12. Germany's Invasion of France <ul><li>On May 13th, 1940 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany breaks through the Maginot Line and takes over France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Maginot Line was a series of defenses along the eastern border of France </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Germany Takes Action The Maginot Line
  14. 14. German Expansion <ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. U.S Involvement <ul><li>During this period, the U.S. became less neutral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Destroyer Deal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. gave naval ships to Great Britain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lend/Lease Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The United States lent military supplies to Great Britain (tanks, gun, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With this program, Great Britain could either repay or return these items when they were done with them </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Soviet Union <ul><li>In June of 1941, Germany invades Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany was unable to make it to Russia's capitol, Moscow due to the incredibly harsh Russian winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At this point the Lend/Lease Program was extended to the Soviets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much of the fighting in Russia took place in Stalingrad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Allie's victory in Stalingrad proved to be a substantial turning point in the war </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>On December 7th, 1941, Pearl Harbor, an American naval base in Hawaii, was attacked by the Japanese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This attack came as a complete surprise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 2,000 people were killed and the U.S. Naval fleet there was severally damaged </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>On December 8th, Congress passed an official declaration of war against Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Days later Germany and Italy declared war on the United States </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. “ A date which shall live in infamy.” -President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  20. 21. For Monday... <ul><li>Speak to a relative or someone you know that was alive during WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a 5 paragraph essay about their experiences </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor. 1933. Photograph. Time. Cable News Network. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. <,29307,1707887_1525748,00.html >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Europe's Changing Borders 1938-1940.&quot; Map. BBC News. BBC. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty!, Second Edition, Volume 2 (Give Me Liberty). 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Hickman, Kennedy. &quot;World War II Pacific: Moving Towards War.&quot; History. The New York Times Company. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>High School Social Studies Content Expectations. Michigan Department of Education. State of Michigan, Oct. 2007. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Japanese Empire Mid-1942.&quot; Map. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. < l >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Maginot Line.&quot; Map. Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Meeting. 1934. Photograph. Time. Cable News Network. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. <,29307,1707887_1525775,00.html>. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi Expeditions in World War II. YouTube, LLC, 1 July 2006. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor. 1941. Photograph. Star Gazette. Gannett New York Network. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenberg, Jennifer. &quot;World War II Starts: September 1, 1939.&quot; 20th Century History. The New York Times Company. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenthal, Joe. 1945. Photograph. Associated Press. Demand Media. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Schoenherr, Steven. &quot;WWII Timeline.&quot; History Department at the University of San Diego. University of San Diego, 25 Sept. 2002. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Webber, Charley. Japanese Empire Flag. Digital image. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;World War II.&quot; The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. 28 Oct. 2009 < >. </li></ul>