Mobile Learning or m-Learning


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Discussion and review of mobile technology and m-learning at the University of Toronto Scarborough campus.

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Mobile Learning or m-Learning

  1. 1. Mobile Learning Sarah Forbes [] (Library) Perry Sheppard [] (CTL) Faiz Visram [] (Student Helpdesk) Brian Sutherland [] (CTL)
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>introduction, opportunities and challenges; Blackboard Mobile; </li></ul><ul><li>UTL mobile, mobile-friendly library reference services & course data </li></ul><ul><li>Google Android + Student Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone and Applications </li></ul><ul><li>UT Scarborough Demo App </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is m-learning? <ul><li>Device centric – (alternative computing platforms) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry; iPod/iPhone/iPad;Google Android </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playstation/X-Box; Tablet PC; Netbook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative screen size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmented sensing capabilities:, GPS, compass, accelerometer, camera, gestural (haptic) interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended telephony (cell connectivity, skype) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User centric – once the internet is everywhere and always available, more just-in-time, situated learning, aka - the teachable moment </li></ul>[ http:// -learning ]
  4. 4. Usage
  5. 5. Opportunities <ul><li>Explore learning domains in new ways, leveraging prior experience with cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with key university services (library and research services, learning management system, registrar) </li></ul><ul><li>Campus wayfinding via GPS + compass </li></ul><ul><li>Auto filtering and superimposing information using environmental contextual cues (GPS + compass + camera) </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of disparate data sources through web services, e.g. real time sat nav stats for TTC through the open data initiative </li></ul>
  6. 6. Challenges <ul><li>Do the benefits of mobile computing outweigh the institutional effort of providing parallel, alternate services? e.g. fee cut vs. mobile service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Sometimes mobile service makes regular academic services work more efficiently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Convenience/cool factor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do internet systems provide the same level of functionality as mobile applications? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Not always, but sometimes they provide additional functionality </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Challenges (cont’d) <ul><li>How do we support students and Faculty, when there are so many devices, applications and systems? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. With some difficulty and imagination (borrowing!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Trust in time better standards will emerge in mobile devices, just like the evolution of web browsers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Over time websites will auto-adjust for mobile devices, as the library and ref works sites do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Better sharing of support information, particularly between peers. (user forums, wikis, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. iPod Touch
  9. 11. UTORLogin <ul><li>Seems to resolve incompatibility with campus wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Tested successfully on all three campuses </li></ul>
  10. 12. Bb Mobile <ul><li>Under evaluation… </li></ul>
  11. 20. Blackboard Mobile <ul><li>Under review… </li></ul><ul><li>Can the database support the load of this additional system? </li></ul><ul><li>How can the help desks effectively support the users of ‘Blackboard Mobile’ </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard university license comes up for review in 1-2 years: >> or ||? </li></ul>
  12. 21. Free current data and live services <ul><li>Open Data Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community information on tap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OECD Factbook 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank DataFinder 2.0 </li></ul>
  13. 22. Sample application: ‘Layars’ <ul><li>iPhone/Android phone application [ ] </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time integration of GPS+compass+camera+web services </li></ul><ul><li>Superimpose content on the camera view of your surroundings via a local web service </li></ul><ul><li>[ Sample Application ] on YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>[new Canadian Hospitals Layar ] by B. Sutherland </li></ul>[ Tagline: “Here come the floaticons!” ]
  14. 23. UT Scarborough Layar <ul><li>Illustrates current distance to 20-30 points of interest on campus, via GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Each point of interest can have actions, such as a dial number button, browse website button, play video, play audio, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Current information can be superimposed via connections to live data sources, e.g. current room schedule, ETA of next TTC bus, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential superposition of new campus buildings </li></ul>[a small intrapreneurial experiment]
  15. 24. UTL Mobile Application <ul><li>First official University of Toronto mobile application </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iPhone/iPad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Android </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
  16. 25. Library Web Resources <ul><li>Some web sites recognize you are on a mobile device and provide you with an alternative version optimized for a small screen. As web standards and publishing evolves for mobile platforms, web oriented content will probably evolve away from the “app” (installed software on the phone) that provides similar information back to the web browser. Apps will become more specialized around the additional capabilities of phones. </li></ul><ul><li>Sample links to mobile sites: </li></ul><ul><li>[ ] – Main Library </li></ul><ul><li>[ ] – RefWorks </li></ul><ul><li>[ ] – Scholars Portal Journals </li></ul>
  17. 26. Thanks! Mobile Learning Sarah Forbes [] Perry Sheppard [] Faiz Visram [] Brian Sutherland []