Session 9 is devoted to Energy Services Companies (ESCOs). First, it introduces the Energy Performance Certificates concept and EPC contractual approaches. Then, it presents the need for measurement and verifications (M&V). It presents different ESCOs models:
the utility-based ESCOs with the cases of Croatia and Uruguay;
the Governement-based ESCO with the case of India;
the private sector ESCO with the case of China.
It concludes with the examples of institutional development schemes in Tunisia and Ivory Coast.