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How to Replicate solutions for the flexibility challenge? ReFlex Guidebook presentation

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This webinar provides guidance on characteristics and specificities of replication of Flexibility Use-Cases aimed at end-user’s services, supply side services, infrastructure modifications and direct energy storage. It highlights insights from the forthcoming ReFlex Replicability-Guidebook, drawing on the learning experience form ReFlex partners’ 8 demo sites in 4 countries (AT, CH, DE and SE) and a comprehensive socio-technical replicability concept, including the levels of technical functionality, market institutions and regulation, social and political practices, social networks and micro- and macro-economy.

The ReFlex-Guidebook include 4 Use-Cases. We will outline which socio-technical context factors are to be looked at before prospective replication projects are planned and implemented. The webinar will provide a checklist and information on some tools to support demo regions and the wider group of stakeholders in smart grid and smart energy system in co-creating and advancing their smart grid initiatives and replication projects.

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How to Replicate solutions for the flexibility challenge? ReFlex Guidebook presentation

  1. 1. How to Replicate solutions for the flexibility challenge? Klaus Kubeczko, Enrique Kremers, Xiubei Ge 20 February 2019
  2. 2. ISGAN in a Nutshell Created under the auspices of: the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Smart Grids 1/8/2018 ISGAN IN A NUTSHELL 2 Strategic platform to support high-level government knowledge transfer and action for the accelerated development and deployment of smarter, cleaner electricity grids around the world International Smart Grid Action Network is the only global government-to- government forum on smart grids. an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM)
  3. 3. ISGAN’s worldwide presence 1/8/2018 ISGAN, PRESENTATION TITLE 3
  4. 4. Value proposition 1/8/2018 ISGAN IN A NUTSHELL 4 ISGAN Conference presentations Policy briefs Technology briefs Technical papers Discussion papers Webinars Casebooks Workshops Broad international expert network Knowledge sharing, technical assistance, project coordination Global, regional & national policy support Strategic partnerships IEA, CEM, GSGF, Mission Innovation, etc.
  5. 5. Project and Guidebook presentation 02/20/2019 ISGAN ACADEMY WEBINAR 5 http://reflex-smartgrid.eu/
  6. 6. Overview • The ReFlex Project • Which Replication? Which Flexibilities? • Flexibility Use-Cases • The ReFlex GUIDEBOOK • Aim and Target Groups • Replication Checklist • Toolbox for phases in replication process • The ReFlex CoP: Community of Practice • The ReFlexBox: Simulation Tool • Learnings and Recommendations 02/20/2019 REFLEX - HOW TO REPLICATE? 6
  7. 7. Main Objectives • establish a Community of Practice (CoP) between practitioners and researchers from 8 Smart Grid demo regions in 4 European countries • develop a replicability concept and guidelines • elaborate a ReFlex-Guidebook for the replication of technologically feasible, economically viable and user friendly solutions for smart grids For info on 8 Regions’ Demos see http://reflex-smartgrid.eu/ 7 Replicability Concept for Flexible Smart Grids
  8. 8. Project Partners 8
  9. 9. 02/20/2019 ISGAN, REFLEX - HOW TO REPLICATE? 9 Which Replication? Which Flexibilities? A comprehensive socio-technical replicability concept
  10. 10. Replication as deployment of smart grid solutions 10 Transfer of functionalities (Up-)scaling Same socio- technical context/system ROLL-OUT DIFFUSION EXPANSION of System Other socio- technical context ADAPTIVE REPLICATION TRANSFORMATIVE REPLICATION (Upscaled replication)
  11. 11. Flexibility: What for? • Flexibility of Power: at each instant of time, in any location • Quality of Electricity • Stability of Local Grids • Availability of Capacity • Flexibility in Energy-Logistics • Optimal use of over-production of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) • Temporal / Seasonal Shift for Decarbonisation of the Energy System • Managing Complex Flows and Stocks of Energy • Just-in-Time Provision of Electricity 02/20/2019 11
  12. 12. Main Flexibility Services provided by Use-Cases 12 Flexibility of Power Flexibility of Energy-Logistics Grid Management B2C with actively engaged energy end-user Short-term voltage-stabilization in local electricity grid Shared use of local low temperature resources Load & Energy Management Services B2B without active engagement energy end-user Load shifting for load-management of energy-utilities Energy Management for business parks
  13. 13. Socio-technical Components & Context Factors 13 ReFlex Use-case components Socio-technical context factors Space and Geography Physical Infrastructure Potential for local energy generation Spatial and geographical environment: Size of replication site, Climate conditions Technical functionality and technology Functionalities in energy system Key technological components and configurations, as well as digitalisation, ICT and AI applications Relevant system boundaries Energy grid configuration Interoperability Institutions and Regulation Organisations and actors groups involved EU and national legislation on competition and energy market regulation Energy market institutions Standardisation Social and political practices, networks and culture Mission model (beyond economic benefits) Stakeholder constellation Cultural Norms, Social practices of end-users Citizens’ acceptance and trust in institutions Economic Business Model of private and public actors Collaborative business model EconomicActors’ networks Culture of cooperation and costs of coordination Macro-economic benefits
  14. 14. The ReFlex GUIDEBOOK 1402/20/2019
  15. 15. ReFlex Use-Cases for Flexibility # 1: Short term voltage-stabilization in local electricity grid # 2: Energy Management for business parks optimizing RES supply # 3: Load shifting for load management of energy-utilities “behind the meter” # 4: Shared use of local low temperature resources with heatpumps local grid operators, local grid owners business park owners and operators, local grid operators municipalities, district heating system operator – public or private utility, property owner / facility manager municipalities, house owners / facility manager 15 ReFlex Use-Cases Guidebook-Target Groups
  16. 16. Initial Ideas for Replication Plan for replication process – How to get started? Analysis of Current Situation – Where are we? Identify Goals, intended Results & Potential of Solutions Replicate! – Implement Solution Replication Phases & Overview of ReFlex Tools 16  ReFlex Checklist ReFlexBox – Simulation tool ReFlex CoP ReFlex CoP  ReFlex Checklist
  17. 17. ReFlex Checklist: Evaluating Context Factors of Successful Replication 17 Space and Geography  Are relevant geographical and climate conditions similar?  Are the spatial scales and dimensions applicable to the replication site? Technical functionality and technology  Can the same technological components be implemented?  Can the same digital control, ICT and artificial intelligence applications be implemented?  Is the relevant know-how available among the partners in the replication project? Economics and Sustainability  Is there a profitable business case for all private and public economic actors involved?  Are the right economic actors involved? (public and private investors, energy infrastructure owners, energy system businesses, end-users as consumers and producers …)  If end-users are involved, are their economic benefits clear and transparently communicated?  Is there a clear analysis of risks and uncertainties and how the consequences are shared among the partners in the replication project? (e.g. consequences of hacking, sharing of losses …)  Can the replication be financed by the actors involved, and/or is it bankable?  Does the use-case make sense from the economic perspective for the municipalities and/or regions affected by it? (e.g. local value added, local employment, tax revenues …)  Does the use-case, once transferred to other sites in the same country and beyond, have the potential to provide benefits for the whole economy, in terms of value added and employment?  Does the use-case, once transferred to other sites in the same country and beyond, have the potential to provide benefits for the decarbonisation of the energy system at large?
  18. 18. ReFlex Checklist (II) 18 Institutionsand Regulations  Do the same national legal frameworksand standardisation rules apply? a) requirements for unbundling of energy supply and grid operation and energy market regulation (not all the same under EU regulation) b) tariff models for end-users c) grid codes (e.g. allowing for DC grids or direct lines) d) rules for licencing of distribution system operation e) data protection and privacy regulations  Are the energy market institutions comparable? a) room for local energy utilities (e.g. Stadtwerke) to act as grid operator, energy supplier, energy producer, storage provider b) room for local energy exchange in “citizens energy communities” or business-to-business cooperation  Does the state provide measures to foster integration of renewable energy sources and flexibility services? a) regulatory-body’s legal space for allowing replication projects (e.g. regulatory sandboxes) b) requirements for climate and energy strategies and implementation plans c) regulators’ possibilities for accepting Capex and Opex for calculating grid tariffs Social and political visions, practices, networksand culture  Is there an explicit or implicit shared vision between actor and stakeholders?  Are the benefits of the use case for third parties (neighbours, citizens, competing businesses …) explicitly or implicitly considered in a mission model?  Are the actors and stakeholders convinced of the economic, ecological and social sustainability of the use case?  Is the network of actors involved robust for long term commitment? (joint investments of businesses, households, public-private partnerships …)  Do establishes practices of end-users exist, on which to build on? (e.g. demand response tariff-schemes, …)  How developed is the trust between actors and stakeholders? (e.g. trust in state institutions regarding private data, ICT security, ….)
  19. 19. The ReFlex Community of Practice 1902/20/2019 ISGAN, REFLEX - HOW TO REPLICATE?
  20. 20. ReFlex COP – Community of Practice 20 What is a CoPs? Practitioners Learning-Network Goals and Challenges Experiences and Expertise CoP Replication learning from failure generating knowledge technology & functionality of use cases collaboration use-case context Planning, Deciding, Co-creating Demo Sites Experiences
  21. 21. ReFlex COP – Community of Practice 21 Why did we choose CoPs? • Not having to make mistakes twice • Learning from others – not by mistakes • Thus - Speeding up process • Failures are not communicated broadly – you need atmosphere of trust “I just have to say how much the ReFlex project have made an impact for me. Even being ”only” knowledge sharing, it has been eye-opening and also very stimulating to work with all the smart colleagues in the project.” Anna Eriksmo, Hyllie-Malmö
  22. 22. 22 The ReFlexBox Xiubei Ge, EIFER Enrique Kremers, EIFER A tool based on replicability experiences to assess flexibilities in Smart Grids for transferring and scaling-up best practices 02/20/2019 ISGAN, REFLEX - HOW TO REPLICATE?
  23. 23. Context & Objectives of the Tool 23 • ReFlexBox is a planning tool for decision makers that want to assess how flexibility can increase the efficiency of their energy system (higher RES penetration, avoided grid reinforcements, reduced emissions, etc.) in early planning stages (pre-study) • ReFlexBox helps to better understand and disseminate the use of energy flexibility from Smart Grid projects • The multi-method modelling tool (agent-based, system-dynamics) allows to assess typical setups of buildings in the middle European area that can be scaled up and replicated at different representative locations
  24. 24. ReFlexBox Building Setup 24 Residual demand Grid im/exports P2H Devices Heat Storages ReFlexBox identifies the “shiftable” energy through different flexibility means for each moment in time Electrical Storages Static generation Static demand Static demand Heat flow Power flow Flexible energy availability is dynamic in time!
  25. 25. Features and boundaries • Predefined household energy system setup (see technologies in figure), typical for the middle European Area • Replicability: The setup can be transferred to representative locations (Berlin, Krakow, Malmö, Biel- Benken) • Upscaling: The number of buildings can be changed • Variable energy consumptions of the buildings (-30% up to +20%) of a reference building • The output is presented as flexibility potential, which is expressed both: • Technically, as an energy histogram over a year • Simplified, for decision makers as an “additional capacity to charge electric vehicles, without any grid reinforcement” 25
  26. 26. Use of flexibility to alleviate peak loads 26 FLEXIBILITY POTENTIAL Heat and base load AdditionalEV charging Pmax! Pmax Load Time No flexibility Flexibility
  27. 27. Demo of the Tool 27
  28. 28. Example 1: adding technologies 28 • Reference – only heat storages +31 EVs +64 EVs • Additional PV & Battery EV assumptions: C onsumption: 20 kWh/ 100 km A verage driving distance: 50 km/d Recharge cycle: 1/day C harging point ratio: 1 C P / 1 EV C harging power: 2.9kW Location: Biel (Switzerland) Number of 100: Households Building efficiency: average Other use of flexibility (energy management, utility services, etc.) Other use of flexibility (energy management, utility services, etc.) or or
  29. 29. Example 2: flexibility in two locations 29 • Malmö (SW) +60 EVs• Biel (CH) +64 EVs Other use of flexibility (energy management, utility services, etc.) Other use of flexibility (energy management, utility services, etc.) or or
  30. 30. Demo of the Tool 30 • Online Demo Version: allows to run two preset cases https://cloud.anylogic.com/model/1344a774- 26c7-45f8-a259- 96c95bcf5e4f?mode=SETTINGS • Full Downloadable Version: allows you to customize the setup and replicate to other locations: https://files.eifer.kit.edu/nextcloud/s/FHpptye dfwebx0h • Change number of households from 50-100 • Select two different climatic zones • Replicating the site to a new location by using custom meteorological data • Renovate an existing neighborhood by increas ing its energy efficiency • Activate and deactivate selected devices
  31. 31. Outlook 31 • Possible adaption of the tool to Further sites (southern Europe, rest of the world) Other configurations (change of technologies applied, e.g. use with HVAC systems, white goods / appliances) • Post-treatment of detailed results provided by the tool allows to map flexibility in an hourly basis • The EIFER team is available and can answer your questions and support further adaption of the model  kremers@eifer.org Example of Carpet Plot showing hourly flexibility potentials
  32. 32. Learnings and Recommendations 32 Don‘t copy – Co-create! 02/20/2019 ISGAN, REFLEX - HOW TO REPLICATE?
  33. 33. Learnings from ReFlex for Replication 33 Demo Sites are based on Peculiar Context-Conditions – Not to be copied! • Public funding – as use-cases are not yet profitable • Organisational and personal overlaps of key actors • To construct laboratory conditions – Financial incentives from project funding for end-users • Key-actors sharing visions on long-term transformation of the local enregy-system • Involved end-users are highly motivated, interested and educated Compatible & Adaptable Context-Dimensions – Require Co-Creation! • Geography and Space, Technology • Policies of Actors, Micro-Economics, Macro-Economics • Formal Institutions, Actor-Constellations, Actor- & Stakeholder Network • Social- and Entrepreneurial Practice and Cultural Peculiarities
  34. 34. Success-factors for Flexibility-Solutions • Shared Visions & Missions-Models • Who benefits? Instead of: Who pays? (the customer) • Learning from & with Practitioners in Communities of Practice • Co-Creation & unconventional Cooperation • Overlapping Networks (Policy, Economy, Research, …) • Many actors are involved – including end-users, … • Collaborative Business Models • Room for Change regarding Context-Factors 34
  35. 35. Towards Adaptive Replication of Use-Cases 1/8/2018 35 Self-optimized Demo-Sites Fully Integrated Solutions Transformed Energy System Reproduced functionality of Good-Practice Solutions Policy Support: Regulatory Sandboxes, CoPs Transdisciplinary Co-creation Replication, Roll-out, Expansion based on
  36. 36. Klaus Kubeczko (AIT) Enrique Kremers & Xiubei Ge (EIFER) klaus.kubeczko@ait.ac.at kremers@eifer.org, xiubei.ge@eifer.uni-karlsruhe.de

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