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2차지속관광포럼 4.지속가능한관광의 한국사회내 의미와 가능성(나효우)


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2010.11.30 제2차 지속가능한관광 정책포럼 자료집
4.지속가능한 관광의 한국사회 내 의미와 가능성(나효우/이사장/지속가능한관광 사회적기업네트워크)

* 이 포럼은 제2회 아시아사회적기업활동가대회 ASES2010의 분과회의로 기획되었습니다.

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2차지속관광포럼 4.지속가능한관광의 한국사회내 의미와 가능성(나효우)

  1. 1. Sustainable Tourism in Korea: Definition and PossibilityKAST (Korea Associationfor Sustainable Tourism)
  2. 2. Travel Trend of Recent 20 Years The First Generation The Second Generation (2000-2009) The third Generation (1989-1999) Development of the Internet, (2010~ ) Beginning of overseas abundant travel information, Sustainable Tourism travels, package tours individual backpackingTravel culture in Korea has drastically changed since 1989, the yearafter 88 Seoul Olympics, when overseas travel limitation was lifted.In the 1990s, most of the travel patterns were group package.Then, in 2000s individual backpacking became popular due todevelopment of the Internet and means of transportation.Recently Korean travelers pay great attention to global climatechange, carbon offset, and sustainable tourism.
  3. 3. RESPONSIBLE TOURISM IN DESTINATIONSAccording to the World Summit on Sustainable Development inJohannesburg in 2002.Having the following characteristics, Responsible Tourism:1. minimizes negative economic, environmental, and social impacts;2. generates greater economic benefits for local people and enhancesthe well-being of host communities, improves working conditions andaccess to the industry;3. involves local people in decisions that affect their lives and lifechances;4. makes positive contributions to the conservation of natural andcultural heritage, to the maintenance of the worlds diversity;
  4. 4. Sustainable Tourism in Korea<Government>-.Announced National Green <New Travel Trend>Growth Strategy -Reaction to mass tourism-.Targets worlds 7th by 2020 and & raised awareness ofthe 5th by 2050 environment preservation-.Targets Green Developed -Rapid change inCountry in economy and all the international tourism trendareas in society -New paradigm in tourism:-.Announced 5-Year Plan for Diverse demands, variousGreen Growth formats, nature-friendly,-.Presidential Committee for Green cultural experience focusedGrowth (For example, ecotourism,-.Currently plans and runs projects nature tour, adventure tour,for the purpose of; climate change culture tour, and themeadaptation & independent energy tours)resource, creation of growth -Different generationsmotivation, improvement of life develop different travelquality, and strengthening of typesnational pride.
  5. 5. In the past, Korean travels used to beled by travelers or travel agencies.However, as public awareness ofenvironment and responsible travelshas been raised, travels are increasinglyfocused on respecting localenvironment and people.Domestically Green Tourism aroundagricultural regions is rising. AndResponsible Tourism(Fair-travel) orGood Travel are becoming more andmore popular for international travels.The number of travel agencies as socialenterprise specializing in sustainabletourism is growing as well. Particularlythe community-based tourism, drivenby local people, is being introduced asa way to consider local economy andenvironment while increasing localemployment at the same time.
  6. 6. Travel Agents in KoreaFor the past 20 years the number of Korean travelers has increased so rapidlythat now annually 13 million people travel abroad.Asia, including China, Japan and Southeast Asian countries consists the 76%of all the overseas travels. The number of travel agencies has grown rapidlyas well.Now there are approximately five thousand travel agencies, among whichthree thousand are dedicated to overseas travels.
  7. 7. Sustainable Tourism, however, has to compete against mega travelagencies that lead low-cost shopping-driven tourism.In addition, as a social enterprise it is very difficult for sustainabletravel agencies to develop travel products independently and withoutany structural support from the government.Various information networking is crucial as well in developingsustainable travel products.
  8. 8. 1) Inbound Travels by Foreign Visitors In 2008, 6.89 million people visited Korea. This translates into 8.6 billion dollars (ten trillion Korean Won) in tourism income. Four countries out of the 5 most visited are visitors from Asian countries (71.9% of total visitors). Therefore, sustainable tourism needs to be developed accordingly. < Year 2008> Ranking Country Visitors Proportion Remarks 1 Japan 2,378,102 34.5% 2 China 1,167,891 17.0% (Grand total visitors from Asian 3 United States 610,083 8.9% countries : 71.9%) 4 Taiwan 320,244 4.7% 5 Philippines 276,710 4.0% Others 2,137,811 31.0% (Proportion if Asian Countries : 11.9%) Total 6,890,841 100.0%
  9. 9. 2) Outbound Travels by Korean NationalsIn 2009, 13 million Koreans visited foreign countries and spent 13.7 billiondollars (16 trillion Korean Won) overseas. The 76.4% of Korean travelersvisited Asian countries. Therefore, travel programs need to be developedfor them to better understand the cultures of Asian regions. <Year 2008> Ranks Country Numbers Proportion Remarks 1 China 3,670,805 30.6% 2 Japan 2,195,285 18.3% (Grand total Visitors to Asian 3 Hong Kong 839,727 7.0% Countries: 76.4%) 4 United Stats 719,766 6.0% 5 Thailand 683,777 5.7% (Proportion of Asian Countries: Others 3,886,734 32.4% 14.8%) Total 11,996,094 100.0%
  10. 10. How to makea SustainableTourism Traveler (여행자) - Active participation to new travel culture Productive consumerism (Ethical Spending) Travel Agent (여행사) - Development eco-friendly, thoughtful, contributing Travel Destination, programs Community (여행지) - Diversified employment - Community Based Tourism through new travel models - Building together socially and economically alternative community
  11. 11. Case Study : Good Travel Inc .,-.Travelers and the local respect and care each others’ history, environment, culture and economy “Responsible Travel”-. Inspiration, Fun and Experience “Sharing and Learning Travel”-. New relationship is cherished and lost-lasting “Sustainable Travel “
  12. 12. 1. Sightseeing is not enough! Experience the travel.2. Sustainable, environment-friendly approach3. Understand local economy, society, culture, and environment.4. Make contributions to local economy.5. Spontaneous and participatory contribution6. Resist the same old style! See Differently.7. Learn through travel. Learning programs.8. Create a travel within. Building relations. “The local and travelers take care each other in Good Travel. Both enjoy the travel through sharing their experiences.”
  13. 13. KAST ( The Korea Association for Sustainable Tourism) ActivitiesEco-Travel Agency SchoolFirst Batch : Aug- NovSecond Batch : Oct – Dec
  14. 14. KAST (The Korea Association for Sustainable Tourism) CampaignCampaign on Responsible tour (May)Survey on Tourism (Aug)