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Peter RUPITSCH
Sustainable Summits Conference NZ 2016
Protection and Sustainable Development
Alpine Convention:
 international treaty between the Alpine Countries: Austria, Fr...
 90.912 sq.km (less than 20% suitable for settlements)
 seven countries, 83 regions
 about 6,200 communities
 the natu...
Population
Alpine inhabitants
Surface (km2) of the Alpine 
area
Austria 3,318,045 54,592
France 2,683,801 40,801
Germany 1...
Rapid growth
 is to be observed in both the main urban centres and the low-
altitude locations in the mountain valleys,
...
Framework 
Convention
Spatial 
planning and 
sustainable 
develop‐
ment
Conserva‐
tion of 
nature and 
countryside
Mountai...
ALPARC ‐ Alpine Network of Protected Areas
 gathers all categories of protected areas of large size within the Alpine
Con...
2.373 km² ~ 2,83 % of the national territory
Glaciers Lakes
no access (0,25%)
Silene acaulis
Core Zone
Maintenance of natural ecological and evolutionary
processes without human interference (IUCN Cat. II)
Core Zone...
 No watercrafts
 Installation for energy generation - except for alpine huts
 no dams (hydro electric)
 No Cable cars,...
Planned Hydro‐power stations
Planned water intakes
Planned Hydro‐power stations
Planned water intakes
State/Federal
Governments
Private Others
Individuals
Communes
Alpine Club
Carinthia 1% 84% 13% 2%
Salzburg 35%* 59% 6% 0%
...
Surface area: 1,856 km²/180 km² glaciers/766 moors/
848 lakes/approx. 15,000 animal species/approx. 1,500 plant species
ibex capra
back again: bearded vulture
Luchs
Wolf
Bär
Discussion
Tourism
 1800: first ascent of Grossglockner - the highest mountain of Austria
(3.798m)
 primarely for scientific reason...
~ 80 huts (3.000 beds)
Grossglockner High Alpine Road 1935
Austrian law form 1921: free acces above the tree line
Persuasion and example rather than by law or regulation
two typs:...
 Main visitor attraction , open from May to October, ..
 One of the most senic routes in Europe, reaching 2.576 m
 80% ...
Visitor Center
 Sereral visitor centers
 Selfguiding trails
 Guided tours
 ….
Services
 visitor centers
 Selfguiding trails
 Guided tours
 ….
Nature trailsInformation pointsInformation/education centres
Visitor facilities 
IUCN: Good Practice
Sustainable Mobility Services
Why?
Sustainable visitor‐service during their national park vacation with
sustainable mobili...
holidays by train
special ticketing by DEUTSCHE and OESTERREICHISCHE BAHN to
raise train arrivals in the park region
Sustainable Mobility Services
Nationalpark Bus
xxx
An integrated transport system, based on high frequence „fixed lines“ and low
frequence „call services“
service for hi...
Alpine Trails
Alpe‐Adria‐Trail
 The Alpe-Adria-Trail is the joint flagship hiking project of the three countries
Carinthia, Slovenia an...
Starting point
Alpe‐Adria‐Trail:
Stage 2: mountain farmer landscape with a special hertige site:
high alpine mills at Apriach
NP Hohe Tau...
Create a walking route across three countries, all of them celebrated
for their glossy landscapes and strong cultures, and...
Natur Experience
 Objectives
 Quality  
 Partnership
 Education/Training 
 Research
Protected Areas and Tourism: adde...
www.hohetauern.at
peter.rupitsch@ktn.gv.at
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains
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Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains

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Day 3 - Presented to Sustainable Summits 2016
Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains

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Peter Rupitsch: People in the Austrian mountains

  1. 1. Peter RUPITSCH Sustainable Summits Conference NZ 2016
  2. 2. Protection and Sustainable Development Alpine Convention:  international treaty between the Alpine Countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy,  Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, Switzerland and European Union  embracing the environmental, social, economic and cultural dimensions of the Alps
  3. 3.  90.912 sq.km (less than 20% suitable for settlements)  seven countries, 83 regions  about 6,200 communities  the natural, cultural, living and economic environment for nearly 14 million people  unique combination of natural diversity  30.000 animal species, 13.000 plant species (388 endemic)  20% protected areas  and cultural history (linguistic diversity: many languages and dialects)  water (Europe`s water reservoir) and wood reserves  an attractive tourist destination for approximately 120 million guests every year The Alps
  4. 4. Population Alpine inhabitants Surface (km2) of the Alpine  area Austria 3,318,045 54,592 France 2,683,801 40,801 Germany 1,476,519 11,160 Italy 4,364,538 51,995 Liechtenstein 36,838 160 Monaco 36,950 2 Slovenia 385,973 6,766.6 Switzerland 1,929,424 25,211 Alps 14,232,088 190,717 Source: national statistical institutes, year 2013 (1st January). Data for Slovenia refer to the part of municipalities belonging to the Alpine Convention.
  5. 5. Rapid growth  is to be observed in both the main urban centres and the low- altitude locations in the mountain valleys,  while the small communities in the mountains proper are shrinking at a growing rate.  Population growth in the mountains is only to be found in a small number of communities where tourism is a main source of income for the local people • Natural change alone is not sufficient • In areas with the most 65+ population, population loss is also tendentially more severe. • Where population grows, is in the most cases due to in- migration phenomena • . urban growth and rural decrease
  6. 6. Framework  Convention Spatial  planning and  sustainable  develop‐ ment Conserva‐ tion of  nature and  countryside Mountain  farming Mountain  forests Energy Tourism Soil  conserva‐ tion Transport Decl. climate  change Decl.  population  and culture Protocols and declarations
  7. 7. ALPARC ‐ Alpine Network of Protected Areas  gathers all categories of protected areas of large size within the Alpine Convention area.  since 1995: intensive exchange between  the alpine parks, nature reserves, biosphere reserves,  institutions of nature protection,  local actors, populations and  scientists.
  8. 8. 2.373 km² ~ 2,83 % of the national territory
  9. 9. Glaciers Lakes
  10. 10. no access (0,25%) Silene acaulis
  11. 11. Core Zone Maintenance of natural ecological and evolutionary processes without human interference (IUCN Cat. II) Core Zone Maintenance of natural ecological and evolutionary processes without human interference (IUCN Cat. II) Buffer Zone Protection and sustainable management of a traditional cultural landscape for the conservation of a high biological diversity (IUCN Cat. V) Buffer Zone Protection and sustainable management of a traditional cultural landscape for the conservation of a high biological diversity (IUCN Cat. V) Communities Maintenance of a diverse cultural landscape for sustain- able rural development securing the ecological and economic foundation of the region and strengthening the quality of life and the cultural identity of its people Communities Maintenance of a diverse cultural landscape for sustain- able rural development securing the ecological and economic foundation of the region and strengthening the quality of life and the cultural identity of its people Management Goals NationalParkRegion
  12. 12.  No watercrafts  Installation for energy generation - except for alpine huts  no dams (hydro electric)  No Cable cars, ski lifts, ski runs  except ski-touring  No motorised aircraft  no helicopters (except for supply of huts and emergencies)  No motorised vehicles  (except for agriculture, forestry and NP-Management) generally prohibited (Austrian NP‐System) 
  13. 13. Planned Hydro‐power stations Planned water intakes Planned Hydro‐power stations Planned water intakes
  14. 14. State/Federal Governments Private Others Individuals Communes Alpine Club Carinthia 1% 84% 13% 2% Salzburg 35%* 59% 6% 0% Tyrol 0% 54% 46% 0% Total 16% 62% 21% 1% * owned by Austrian Federal Forests which operates as private enterprise. land ownership
  15. 15. Surface area: 1,856 km²/180 km² glaciers/766 moors/ 848 lakes/approx. 15,000 animal species/approx. 1,500 plant species
  16. 16. ibex capra
  17. 17. back again: bearded vulture
  18. 18. Luchs Wolf Bär Discussion
  19. 19. Tourism  1800: first ascent of Grossglockner - the highest mountain of Austria (3.798m)  primarely for scientific reasons  1840 - 1860: beginning of alpine tourism  : the first alpine huts (shelters) are bulit;  a mountain guide club has been founded  1930-35: the Grossglockner high alpine road opend the area to mass tourism  1981: Hohe Tauern National Park has been founded – 1st NP in Austria! 9 Mio. Overnight‐stayings per year (45 % summer, 55 % winter)
  20. 20. ~ 80 huts (3.000 beds)
  21. 21. Grossglockner High Alpine Road 1935
  22. 22. Austrian law form 1921: free acces above the tree line Persuasion and example rather than by law or regulation two typs: 1. Day-trippers (by car) - mainly in summer 2. hikers, mountaineers, … Visitor Management Challange: maximize the benefits and minimize the harm!
  23. 23.  Main visitor attraction , open from May to October, ..  One of the most senic routes in Europe, reaching 2.576 m  80% owned by the state, 20% by the provinces of Salzburg and Carinthia  Toll road  900.000 visitors, down from a peak of 1,5 million in the early 1960s and 1,3 in the early 1990s (fall of the eastern-border)  Road is excluded from the park,  close coorperation Grossglockner High Alpin Road
  24. 24. Visitor Center  Sereral visitor centers  Selfguiding trails  Guided tours  ….
  25. 25. Services  visitor centers  Selfguiding trails  Guided tours  ….
  26. 26. Nature trailsInformation pointsInformation/education centres Visitor facilities 
  27. 27. IUCN: Good Practice
  28. 28. Sustainable Mobility Services Why? Sustainable visitor‐service during their national park vacation with sustainable mobility systems How? Partnership:  International: Deutsche Bahn (German Railway Association)  national: regional tourism board , Austrian Alpine Club, Parkmanagement Funded by the Ministry of Environment (klima-fonds)
  29. 29. holidays by train special ticketing by DEUTSCHE and OESTERREICHISCHE BAHN to raise train arrivals in the park region
  30. 30. Sustainable Mobility Services Nationalpark Bus
  31. 31. xxx An integrated transport system, based on high frequence „fixed lines“ and low frequence „call services“ service for hikers and park-visitors to reach the park-entry points without own car.
  32. 32. Alpine Trails
  33. 33. Alpe‐Adria‐Trail  The Alpe-Adria-Trail is the joint flagship hiking project of the three countries Carinthia, Slovenia and Friuli (Italy).  With a length of almost 700km, the trail is connecting the shifting landscapes and cultures in three countries from the glacier to the adriatic sea.  8 hiking stages are winding through the carinthian part of the Hohe Tauern National Park, followed by 5 stages, crossing the Triglav National Park  The trail management is running a booking-centre, which offers flexible and sustainable trail services (including luggage transport) along the whole trail.  Founded 2012, the trail has been yet ranked by the National Geographic Traveller several times; this year „TOP 10“ among „Best New Trails“. 
  34. 34. Starting point
  35. 35. Alpe‐Adria‐Trail: Stage 2: mountain farmer landscape with a special hertige site: high alpine mills at Apriach NP Hohe Tauern NP Triglav Soca River Adriatic Sea
  36. 36. Create a walking route across three countries, all of them celebrated for their glossy landscapes and strong cultures, and you´re left with something a bit special. The new Alpe‐Adria‐Trail threads a path through parts of Austria, Slovenia and Italy, beginning beneath the snow‐tipped immensity of the Grossglockner in the Central Alps and finishing at the fishingharbour of Muggia in the Adriatic Coast.  That´s quite a journey! National Geographic Traveller World´s Best Hikes
  37. 37. Natur Experience  Objectives  Quality    Partnership  Education/Training   Research Protected Areas and Tourism: added value!!!
  38. 38. www.hohetauern.at peter.rupitsch@ktn.gv.at

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