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Olivier Moret & Pascal Mao: Mountain Sustainability Issues facing Mont Blanc

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Day 1 - Presented to Sustainable Summits 2016
Olivier Moret & Pascal Mao: Mountain Sustainability Issues facing Mont Blanc

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Olivier Moret & Pascal Mao: Mountain Sustainability Issues facing Mont Blanc

  1. 1. The Mountaability Issues  facing the Mont Blanc  mountain range Situation review August 8, 2016
  2. 2. A unique location ‐ Straddles three borders ‐ Surrounded by three major cities: 12 million people ‐ Easily accessible
  3. 3. Switzerland Italy France
  4. 4. From a small French village to an international tourist destination 3 centuries Chamonix
  5. 5. The cradle of European mountaineering Paccard and Balmat First ascent of the Mont Blanc 1786
  6. 6. A mountaineering history book Riccardo Cassin Walker Spur Grand Jorasse 1938
  7. 7. A theatre for mountaineering media coverage 1966 1982
  8. 8. A laboratory for mountaineering innovation
  9. 9. A microcosm where we can encounter all the SSC issues - Climate change and visitor numbers - Promotion of new behaviours - Preservation of high mountains for the enjoyment of future generations
  10. 10. Climate change Annual average temperature
  11. 11. 1916 2001 Glacier melt - Traditional routes inaccessible in summer. - Inaccessible first pitches
  12. 12. Increasing Rockslide
  13. 13. Vanishing routes ! 2005 2011
  14. 14. Visitor numbers • 5 million  visitors each year in  the Chamonix valley • 32 mountain refuges • 2 big cable cars on the French  and the Italian side
  15. 15. Aiguille du Midi 12,500 feet 500,000 visitors each year
  16. 16. Skyway Monte Bianco 11,500 feet 500,000 visitors each year
  17. 17. Tête Rousse refuge Goûter refuge
  18. 18. Goûter refuge The aiguille du Goûter 12 700 feet Accidentology Tête Rousse refuge couloir traverse The ridge
  19. 19. Victim nationality
  20. 20. Safety solutions
  21. 21. Pollution and waste ‐ Aerial flyover ‐ Waste
  22. 22. Pollution and waste ‐ Aerial flyover ‐ Waste
  23. 23. Bivouacking
  24. 24. Ecofriendly refuge
  25. 25. A paradox Sustainability versus economic growth
  26. 26. Thank you for your attention

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