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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
All Photos USFWS unless otherwise noted
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Arctic National Wildlife RefugeArctic National Wildlife Refuge
Jenni...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
National Wildlife Refuge System – AlaskaNational Wildlife Refuge Sys...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Douglas Yates
Photo credit: Douglas Yates
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Public Land Order 2214Public Land Order 2214
December 6, 1960Decembe...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
The Wilderness Act of 1964The Wilderness Act of 1964
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Allow airplane accessAllow airplane access
in Wilderness, within Wil...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
National Wildlife Refuge SystemNational Wildlife Refuge System
Impro...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Commercial Service ProvidersCommercial Service Providers
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Seeking CooperationSeeking Cooperation
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
But wait, is there really a problem?But wait, is there really a prob...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
But wait, is there really a problem?But wait, is there really a prob...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
RefugeRefuge VisitationVisitation
•Visitor use is concentrated: few ...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
Solutions?Solutions?
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
•Huge, wild, and remote; but visitation concentrated spatially, temp...
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
National Wildlife Refuge
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Jennifer Reed - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

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Jennifer Reed
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Exit Strategies Conference 2010
Sustainable Summits Initiative

Published in: Environment
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Jennifer Reed - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

  1. 1. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge All Photos USFWS unless otherwise noted
  2. 2. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Arctic National Wildlife RefugeArctic National Wildlife Refuge Jennifer Reed, Visitor Services CoordinatorJennifer Reed, Visitor Services Coordinator Arctic NationalArctic National Wildlife RefugeWildlife Refuge Exploring Remote RiverExploring Remote River Waste ManagementWaste Management
  3. 3. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge
  4. 4. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge System – AlaskaNational Wildlife Refuge System – Alaska  16 AK Refuges16 AK Refuges  >76 million acres>76 million acres  83% of the Refuge System83% of the Refuge System 18% of Alaska’s land mass18% of Alaska’s land mass
  5. 5. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Douglas Yates Photo credit: Douglas Yates
  6. 6. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Public Land Order 2214Public Land Order 2214 December 6, 1960December 6, 1960 The Arctic National Wildlife Range was established forThe Arctic National Wildlife Range was established for “the purpose“the purpose of preserving unique wildlife, wilderness, and recreation values.”of preserving unique wildlife, wilderness, and recreation values.”
  7. 7. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge The Wilderness Act of 1964The Wilderness Act of 1964
  8. 8. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Allow airplane accessAllow airplane access in Wilderness, within Wilderness, with some exceptionssome exceptions ANILCA, Alaska’s Lands Act of 1980ANILCA, Alaska’s Lands Act of 1980 Alaska Wilderness Refuges will:Alaska Wilderness Refuges will:
  9. 9. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge SystemNational Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997Improvement Act of 1997 • HuntingHunting • FishingFishing • Wildlife observationWildlife observation • Wildlife photographyWildlife photography • InterpretationInterpretation • Environmental educationEnvironmental education Six Priority Wildlife-dependent Public Uses:Six Priority Wildlife-dependent Public Uses:
  10. 10. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Commercial Service ProvidersCommercial Service Providers
  11. 11. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge
  12. 12. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Seeking CooperationSeeking Cooperation
  13. 13. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge But wait, is there really a problem?But wait, is there really a problem?
  14. 14. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge But wait, is there really a problem?But wait, is there really a problem? And if so, who should be solving it?And if so, who should be solving it?
  15. 15. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge RefugeRefuge VisitationVisitation •Visitor use is concentrated: few rivers, short seasonVisitor use is concentrated: few rivers, short season •Kongakut: > 20% of all visitors in < 30 daysKongakut: > 20% of all visitors in < 30 days •Complaints: more than 35 people at put-in for daysComplaints: more than 35 people at put-in for days •Is this superlative Wilderness?Is this superlative Wilderness?
  16. 16. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge Solutions?Solutions?
  17. 17. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge •Huge, wild, and remote; but visitation concentrated spatially, temporallyHuge, wild, and remote; but visitation concentrated spatially, temporally •Relative visitation low; but arctic environment has lower thresholdRelative visitation low; but arctic environment has lower threshold •HW Concentrations resolved with facilities; but not appropriate hereHW Concentrations resolved with facilities; but not appropriate here •Opportunities for extreme freedom; but with minimal regulation/education,Opportunities for extreme freedom; but with minimal regulation/education, heavy burden of individual responsibilityheavy burden of individual responsibility •Remote logistics appear simple; but complicated by complex social dynamicsRemote logistics appear simple; but complicated by complex social dynamics ContradictionsContradictions
  18. 18. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge
  19. 19. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge

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