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Dr Jamili Nias: Mt Kinabalu and addressing social pressures

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Day 3 - Presented to Sustainable Summits 2016
Dr Jamili Nias: Mt Kinabalu and addressing social pressures

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Dr Jamili Nias: Mt Kinabalu and addressing social pressures

  1. 1. MOUNT KINABALU Addressing Social Pressures Jamili Nais, PhD Director, Sabah Parks 10 August 2016
  2. 2. 1. The Surrounding communities - Kinabalu the Sacred Mountain, and the indigenous people surrounding it - Boundary issues 2. Tourism / Climbing issues (Inclduing the Kinabalu Earthquake) Social Pressures?
  3. 3. Sabah Parks Areas Gazetted: 1964 Area: 75,370 ha Gazetted: 1984 Area: 139,919 ha Gazetted: 1979 Area: 27,972 ha Gazetted:1974 Area: 4,929 ha Gazetted: 1978 Area: 15,864 ha Gazetted: 1977 Area: 1,740 ha Gazetted: 2004 Area: 35,000 ha Gazetted: 2009 Area: 16,860 ha Area: 1,028,000 ha
  4. 4. Kinabalu Park: World Heritage Site since Dec 2000 One of the richest biodiversity in the world (per unit area)
  5. 5. KINABALU PARK A World Heritage Site • Gazetted: 1964 • Area : 75,370 ha • 88 km from Kota Kinabalu City • Mount Kinabalu (4095.2 m) • The first recorded successful ascend By Sir Hugh Low in 1851
  6. 6. Kinabalu Park Headquarters, note Visitor Reception at the centre (1969)
  7. 7. State of Sabah, Malaysia Sabah State, Borneo
  8. 8. 1. Communities surrounding the Park
  9. 9. Kinabalu Park Kinabalu Park, a World Heritage Site, 2 Dec 2000 Year 2010, Villagers unhappy
  10. 10. 11 Three ideas that changed my outlook: 1. World Park Congress, Durban SF – Benefit beyond Boundaries, 2. Congress of Ethnobiology, Tofino, Canada – Reconnecting people with their sacred mountains inside Parks, 3. Tongariro, NZ – The Maori and their lands and mountains
  11. 11. Ideas I tried to implement on Kinabalu:
  12. 12. Kinabalu Community Day (2nd Dec ) • Initiated in 2010 • To strengthen relationship • Free climb for the communities (max 150 pax) • Community bazaar inside the park
  13. 13. Kinabalu Council of Elders
  14. 14. “Monolob” Ritual The 'monolob' ritual is performed by the community's high priest to appease the mountian spirits and request safe passage for climbers.
  15. 15. EcoLinc Project • To promote Community Conservation Areas • As widlife corridors between Kinabalu Park and the Crocker Range Park.
  16. 16. The EcoLinc initiative
  17. 17. 2. Boundary issues
  18. 18. Park Rangers inspecting disputed/overlapping boundaries Claimed by the villagers as their “Native Customary Rights” lands
  19. 19. Kinabalu Park & Sayap Village Ongoing discussion and Searching for solution
  20. 20. Reserve Crocker Range Park: A Biosphere Reserve The Community Use Zone: one of the best example in the world of harmony between nature-local communities
  21. 21. 3. Tourism issues
  22. 22. Control of climbers Before the EQ: 220; now: 135 pax/day
  23. 23. 4 The Kinabalu Earthquake 5th June 2015
  24. 24. 19 KM long 12 main peaks Low’s Peak: 4095.2M
  25. 25. Low’s Peak, 4095.2 m
  26. 26. 1. Sabah Parks/Kinabalu Park has been managing the Mountain since 1964. 2. Detailed record of climbers started in 1993: 1993 to May 2015 (22 years) = 930,669 climbers Number of fatalities (22 years) = 22 Percentage of fatalities = 0.017% Climbing Mt. Kinabalu:
  27. 27. Starting point Mountain huts The summit
  28. 28. At 7.15am on 5 June 2015: The Kinabalu EQ 6.0 RS
  29. 29. Climbers stranded on the Summit Plateau
  30. 30. Boulders and rocks: Preventing the stranded climber from going down & preventing SAR personnel from going up
  31. 31. Park staff & Mountain Guides safely brought down all the stranded climbers
  32. 32. Ridzuan Kohinin (Mountain Guide) Jonathan Tom Nius, (staff of Sutera Sactuary Lodges)
  33. 33. Sadly, 18 people lost their lives that day, including 04 Mountain Guides • 277 people were on the summit area on that day (187 climbers, 46 Mountain Guides, and the rest are Kinabalu Park staff and the lodges private operators).
  34. 34. After 5 days, the SAR operation was officially closed on 10th June 2015. I went up for the damage assesment on 11/6/15, 07 days after the EQ (with my Park Manager and Senior Park Ranger)
  35. 35. Panar Laban hut: Before and after
  36. 36. The Previous summit trail
  37. 37. Rockfall on the summit trail
  38. 38. The iconic Donkeys Ears
  39. 39. Historical Donkey’s Ears
  40. 40. Not much damage at the summit plateau, beyond 3,500 m
  41. 41. 1. Global Parks Volunteers (Canada) 2. Japan Association of Mountain Guides  (fully sponsored by JICA) 3. Local Geotechnical engineering expert (Dr Saravanan of Nexus Consulting, KL) 4. Kinabalu Restoration Technical Committee (Chaired by the Director of Sabah Parks)  Resulting in the Restoration plan: External and Local helps
  42. 42. Surveys and studies: With the Japan Asstn of Mt Guides at the Summit
  43. 43. Field surveys
  44. 44. Field surveys
  45. 45. Restoration Plan of Action:  1. To establish two new trails: ‐ “The Ranau Trail” and  “The Kota Belud Trail” 2. To construct a “rock fall barriers and boulders  stabilization system”. The implemtation will be in three phases.
  46. 46. Ranau Trail (Beautifully challenging) & Kota Belud Trail
  47. 47. Restoration team Parks staff, Mountain Guides & villagers
  48. 48. KM 1.5: before & after
  49. 49. 01 September 2015:  Completion of phase 1
  50. 50. Restoration Technical Committee On the 8th August, at 8 am with a total of 88 climbers
  51. 51. Phase 2a. Construction of Ranau Trail
  52. 52. The Steps
  53. 53. The Ranau Trail
  54. 54. The Kota Belud Trail
  55. 55. Official Opening ( Timpohon to Summit) 1 Dec.2015 Mount Kinabalu was reopened to climbers on 1st Disember 2015, after 179 day (less than 6 months) of the earthquake. Max 135 pax/day.
  56. 56. Via ferrata was reopened to the public on 19 Januari 2016
  57. 57. MoSAR: Mountain SAR SOP for Mt Guides
  58. 58. SAR Simulation
  59. 59. 5. Rockfall barrier system: Tendering phase now
  60. 60. Proposed Restoration Works at Mt Kinabalu
  61. 61. 20M 90M Rock Stabilization  (B2) Danger Zone 9.0 M Rock Fall Barrier   (90m) Rock Fall Barrier    (70m) Phase one of the proposed rock fall barrier system at Kinabalu
  62. 62. New Mt huts complex on Mt Kinabalu : Under construction after the earthquake
  63. 63. New Sewerage System for Mount Kinabalu: Tendering process completed Centralized Sewarage treatment  plant ‐Kandis Shelter • Serving all facility  from Sayat‐Sayat to Kandis Shelter
  64. 64. The Kinabalu Restoration project:
  65. 65. Labour of love from the Park staff, Mountain Guides & villagers!
  66. 66. Labour of love from the Park staff, Mountain Guides & villagers!
  67. 67. KINABALU will be back – “Better than Before” KINABALU is back – “Better than Before”
  68. 68. Thank You End Terima kasih Pounsikou

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