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Agustina Barros + Sebastian Rossi - Aconcagua National Park, Human Waste Management

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Agustina Barros + Sebastian Rossi
Aconcagua National Park, Human Waste Management

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Agustina Barros + Sebastian Rossi - Aconcagua National Park, Human Waste Management

  1. 1. ACONCAGUA PROVINCIAL PARK HUMAN WASTE MANAGEMENT Exits Extrategies: Managing Human Waste in the Wild July 30-31, August 1, 2010 Sebastian Rossi Agustina Barros P.Betancourt P.Betancourt
  2. 2. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  3. 3. Aconcagua Provincial Park Aconcagua Provincial Park Campsites Localities Peaks Railway Highway Rivers Natural Protected Area System Mendoza, Argentina MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  4. 4. Villalba et al, (2003) Andes Centrales de Chile-Argentina
  5. 5. Climate •Cold and dry (above 4000m below 0°C) •Freezing days all year round •Strong winds (200 km/h) •Water •Mountain rivers •Under ground water •Glacier lakes •Wetlands in meadows Climate •Cold and dry (above 4000m below 0°C) •Freezing days all year round •Strong winds (200 km/h) •Water •Mountain rivers •Under ground water •Glacier lakes •Wetlands in meadows Geology and Soils U- shaped valleys, moraine deposits Mountain glaciers Thin soils, sandy loam Meadows soils: rich in organic matter Geology and Soils U- shaped valleys, moraine deposits Mountain glaciers Thin soils, sandy loam Meadows soils: rich in organic matter MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  6. 6. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction Weather Forecast (July) Base Camp and High Altitude Campsites (2010) Source: weatherforecast.com Horcones Lake Mulas and Canada campsites
  7. 7. •>30.000 day visitors •8000 mountaineers and trekkers MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction + 250 private and Park personnel =120 days + 7000 mules trampling + 250 private and Park personnel =120 days + 7000 mules trampling
  8. 8. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  9. 9. Human Waste Management Zones 2400-3000m MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction 4500m-6962m 3000-3500m 3500-4500m
  10. 10. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction CAMPSITE SEASON # DAYS TOTAL Horcones Day visitors 30000 1 30000 Climbers & Trekkers 7000 1 7000 Park rangers 6 90 540 37540 liters of water 12 liters of sewage discharges 450480 Confluencia Day visitors 0 0 0 Climbers & Trekkers 5550 3 16650 private personnel 10 90 900 Park rangers 3 90 270 17820 liters of waater 12 liters of sewage discharges 213840 Pampa de Leñas Day visitors 0 0 0 Climbers & Trekkers 1028 2 2056 private personnel 5 90 450 Park rangers 2 90 180 2686 liters of waater 12 liters of sewage discharges 32232 P. Mulas & P. Argentina & High Altitude Campsites Day visitors 0 0 0 Climbers & Trekkers 4548 4 18192 private personnel 57 90 5130 Park rangers 9 90 810 24132 liters of waater 0.93 liters of sewage discharges 22500
  11. 11. Front country toilets •leaching field is in a alpine meadow •water extraction and pollution in a fragile ecosystem – priority conservation area •Visitor Centre •30.000 visitors •700 people day •Toilets, shower and dishwasher MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction MEADOWS (2%) MEADOWS (2%)
  12. 12. septic tank pit Low altitude toilets toilets, shower and dishwashes exits connected to the septic tank. •chemical products (liquids) affect the pit absorption capacity= new pits constructed • lixiviation to the soil • pollution of under ground water and river MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  13. 13. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction 1 2 3 4 Toilets base camps P.Betancourt
  14. 14. Toilets high altitude MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction 1 hour= USD 1500 Total= USD 315.540 Human waste= USD 25500 = 10% NO3 (mg/l) December= 6.30 February= 27.70 NO3 (mg/l) = Not detected Campsite Control • percolation of urine and some faecal matter on permafrost soil •relative high cost
  15. 15. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction Toilets high altitude
  16. 16. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction •nutrient enrichment from faecas matter and urine scalds •parasite diseases • weeds invasion
  17. 17. MulesHuman wasteCampsitesTourismFeaturesIntroduction
  18. 18. THANKS! sebadrossi@yahoo.com.ar huincabarros@yahoo.com.ar

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