Carbon Disclosure Project: Reducing Risk and Driving Business Value


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Carbon Disclosure Project: Reducing Risk and Driving Business Value

  1. 1. Reducing Risk AndDriving Business ValueCDP Supply Chain Report 2012-13Report written forCarbon Disclosure Project by: Carbon Disclosure Project +44 (0) 20 7970 5660 1
  2. 2. CDP Supply Chain Member Companies Lead Members Corporate Members CDP Supply Bank of America Accenture Chain Program The Coca-Cola Company Acer Inc. Dell Inc. Amdocs Ltd. The CDP Supply Chain FIBRIA Celulose AT&T Inc. Program is designed Goldman Sachs Group Banco Bradesco S/A to promote information Juniper Networks Braskem S/A sharing and innovation L’Oreal British Sky Broadcasting between CDP Supply Microsoft Corporation BT Group Chain members— PepsiCo City of Denver organizations that have Suzano Pulp and Paper Colgate Palmolive Company begun to integrate carbon Vale Diageo Plc. management strategy Walmart Domtar Inc. into their supply chains— Eaton Corporation and the companies Eletropaulo Metropolitana that provide goods and Eletricidade de São Paulo services to them as we transition to a low- S/A carbon economy. To learn Elopak more about becoming a Endesa member, please contact Eni SpA us or visit the Members Ford Motor Company and Signatories section Groupe Steria of Imperial Tobacco Group or email Jaguar Land Rover Ltd Johnson & Johnson Johnson Controls JT International SA KAO Corporation Kimberly-Clark Corporation KPMG UK Marfrig Alimentos MetLife, Inc. National Australia Bank National Grid Nestle Nokia-Siemens Networks Philips Electronics N.V. Reckitt Benckiser Rexam S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. SAB Miller Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. Unilever Vodafone Group2
  3. 3. Executive SummaryIn 2012, the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) conducted its The 29 percent of suppliers that have reduced theirfifth annual information request for member companies and emissions have saved some $13.7bn as a result. Iftheir suppliers. Companies that responded indicated that the remaining proportion of suppliers were to achievethey are more aware than ever of the considerable risks that reductions at that rate, this implies aggregate potentialclimate change poses to their global supply chains. Growing savings of all 2,363 suppliers could reach three timespercentages of respondents are making investments to that figure.reduce emissions and drive cost savings, though a notablecapability gap exists between the best-performing CDP 3. Leading companies are investing and makingSupply Chain members and their suppliers. In addition, a differencecompanies are increasingly aware of the potential business Compared with 2011 figures, we see an increase in thevalue that can be created through more sustainable supply proportion of suppliers realizing benefits in areas of bothchains—from new products to premium pricing to improved monetary savings and emissions reductions. For example,brand value to better awareness of consumer trends. the proportion of suppliers reporting emissions reductions has increased from 19% in 2011 to 29% in 2012.For this study, the CDP information request was sentto more than 6000 suppliers on behalf of 52 of the 54 Engaging effectively with suppliers is characteristic ofSupply Chain members. Responses were received from supply chain sustainability leaders. Although only 42%2415 organizations, including 52 members. The findings of suppliers receiving one invitation report physical risksare significant in that the members represent combined related to climate change, the percentage is abovespending power of almost US$1 trillion. (For more about the 67% for those receiving three or more invitations. Thisresearch methodology, see the sidebar on, “About the CDP suggests that as more members reach out to eachSupply Chain Report”). Key findings of this year’s report are: supplier, the supplier’s performance and awareness of climate change risk improves significantly.1. Supply chain risks from climate change are greater than ever Risk identification is one of the key factors that is spurring The business continuity risk to the global corporate investments in emission reductions activities. Regulations supply chain posed by climate change is clear. 70% of do not appear to be the primary driver here, but rather the respondents this year identify a current or future concerns about business continuity based on a growing risk related to climate change—risks with a potential to awareness of physical risks and customer demands. Of significantly affect business or revenue. More than half the total number of respondents investing in emission of the supply chain risks identified due to drought and reductions initiatives, 73% say they feel that climate precipitation extremes are already affecting respondents’ change presents a physical risk to their operations while operations or are expected to have an effect within the just 13% identify regulation as a sole driver of risk. next five years. 4. Supply chain sustainability is creating additional 2. A persistent performance gap exists between CDP business value Supply Chain members and their suppliers There is a stronger business case than ever before This year’s questionnaire results affirm a persistent for supply chain sustainability. We see business value gap between CDP Supply Chain members and their manifesting itself in the following ways: suppliers when it comes to sustainable supply chain performance. Only 38% of suppliers, compared with 92% • This year’s respondents are realizing business value of CDP Supply Chain members, report having a target through multiple areas such as operational efficiency, for emissions reduction. The percentage of members emissions reductions, product and service innovation investing in emissions reductions initiatives is 69%; by and premium pricing for low-carbon products. Better contrast only 27% of responding suppliers invest in integration of climate change strategy with overall such initiatives. business strategy is another success factor: among the respondents that integrate climate change Perhaps not surprisingly, the results being achieved differ strategy with business strategy, 41% report year-on- greatly; 63% of members report year-on-year emissions year emissions reductions compared with 33% who reductions while only 29% of suppliers indicate such an reported such reductions in 2011. achievement. 73% of members report monetary savings from emission reductions activities compared with only 29% of suppliers. 3
  4. 4. Among responding CDP Supply Chain members, 43% sustainability in day-to-day processes; and to manage reported emissions reductions in 2011; in 2012, that multiple parts of the organization more effectively. Sound number rises to 63%. Similarly, 39% of members performance measurement and effective decision making reported monetary savings from emissions reductions depends on high quality data. Good data management activities in 2011; in 2012, that number grows to 73%. practices can help reduce emissions, improve operational efficiency and support revenue-generating opportunities. • Leveraging reputation through sustainability Common data collection forums like CDP Supply credentials and increasing a company’s awareness Chain help in reducing data redundancy, lowering data of consumer behavior related to sustainability are management costs and improving risk management identified by respondents as top opportunities for capabilities. From a process perspective, interventions business value creation this year. Respondents identify such as supplier engagement, cross-functional “changing consumer behaviors” and “reputation” as collaboration and communications are increasingly the top two opportunities related to climate change important. Finally, companies are discovering that they that can increase intangible business value. The can benefit if traditional approaches to governance are percentage of respondents identifying “changing accompanied by activities to build sponsorship among consumer behavior” as a key driver of intangible key executives and manage change across all value-generating opportunities from climate change affected stakeholders. has risen from 17% to 23%, while those identifying “reputation” has increased from 16% to 19%. As CDP respondents look to the future, they should be aware of the importance both of protecting against risk 5. To achieve a leadership position in supply chain and of driving value for their businesses. The risks posed sustainability, companies should have strong by climate change to business operations and continuity capabilities in data, process and governance are very real, and supply chain professionals have an Making investments in sustainable supply chains is important role to play in mitigating those risks. At important, but it must also be accompanied by efforts the same time, sustainability in the supply chain also to improve capabilities in several areas: the ability provides a lens to identify opportunities for revenue- to manage data and measure progress; to embed generating innovations.4
  5. 5. Table of ContentsExecutive Summary 3About the CDP Supply Chain Report 6The Accenture Perspective 8Introduction: The Business Value of Supply Chain Sustainability 9 1. Supply chain risks from climate change 9 2. Persistent performance gap between members & suppliers 11 3. Leading companies are investing 13 4. Supply chain sustainability - source of additional business value 16 5. Key enablers - Data, Process & Governance 19Conclusion 22 5
  6. 6. About the CDP Supply Chain Report The CDP Supply Chain Program aims to drive action on suppliers in North America and other regions. The response climate change amongst both purchasing companies rate for Latin America, 50%, is consistent with last and their suppliers. The program provides a platform year’s results. for companies and other purchasing organizations to collect business-critical climate change information from CDP also worked with Accenture to survey the CDP Supply their suppliers. The program currently has 54 members Chain member companies on their own sustainable supply (including one US city). The majority of members are chain strategies. Select members were interviewed to located in Europe (22) and North America (19). Seven draw additional qualitative insights. A team of experts from members are located in Latin America. 2415 companies CDP and Accenture analyzed responses to the survey and responded to this year’s information request including 52 conducted supporting outside research to gather insights member companies and 2363 of their suppliers, a 39% and case studies response rate. While that rate is slightly lower than in past for this report. years (it was 44% in 2011), the questionnaires were sent to far more companies (over 6000), leading to a more Scoring Methodology: All responses to the 2012 supplier comprehensive picture of supply chain emissions among information request were scored on two factors by CDP members. In addition, for a second consecutive year, the Scoring Partners: 1) transparency, in the form of a numeric response rates in Europe and Asia outpace the rate for disclosure score; and 2) action on climate change, in the form of a letter-grade performance band. In 2010, SUPPLIER PARTICIPATION IN CDP INFORMATION REQUEST • Answered questionnaire • Declined to participate • No response No. of unique Response 2009 suppliers rate 715 98 589 1402 51% 2010 1000 59 794 1853 54% 2011 1864 95 2275 4234 44% 2012 2415 173 3627 6215 39% 30% increase in participants over 2011 SUPPLIER RESPONSE RATE BY REGION • Answered questionnaire • Declined to participate • No response I 2011 response rate Total Invitations Asia 66% 66% 2% 32% 624 Europe 68% 62% 2% 36% 1990 ROW 50% 59% 3% 38% 121 Latin America 50% 48% 3% 49% 554 North America 50% 42% 3% 55% 46766 7965
  7. 7. in recognition of a promising trend in improved suppliers with a sufficiently high disclosure score (≥50) alsotransparency among large public companies, CDP received a performance band. Disclosure scores under 50introduced a performance component to its scoring do not necessarily indicate poor performance; rather, theysystem to recognize companies that are taking action on indicate insufficient information to evaluate performance.climate change. Last year, the same performance scoringwas introduced to the CDP Supply Chain program and all FirstCarbon Solutions, the CDP Supply Chain scoring partner, performed the scoring evaluations of the suppliersPERFORMANCE BAND BY SECTOR who do not overlap with or were not evaluated in the Investor CDP program in 2012—a majority of the 2415 who• A/A- • D responded to the information request.• B • E• C NConsumer Discretionary 3% 12% 17% 28% 40% C 195Consumer Staples 4% 9% 13% 31% 43% C 198Energy 5% 12% 35% 24% 24% C 17Financials 14% 20% 20% 23% 23% C 35Health Care7% 34% 11% 17% 31% D 35Industrials 2% 13% 23% 26% 36% C 261Information Technology 3% 18% 23% 26% 30% C 184Materials 3% 15% 26% 28% 28% C 172Telecommunication service 3% 24% 21% 18% 34% D 38Utilities 4% 30% 37% 7% 22% D 27Note: Only companies with disclosure scores greater than 50 are scored for performance DISCLOSURE SCORES BY REGIONPERFORMANCE BAND BY REGION (MIN, MAX, 25-75TH PERCENTILE AND AVERAGE)• A/A- • D 100• B • E• C 80 NAsia2% 16% 30% 30% 22% C 123 60 51 55 46Europe 39 47 5% 19% 26% 23% 27% D 392 40Latin America 13% 31% 56% D 62 20North America1%13% 17% 28% 41% C 567 0 Asia Europe Latin North ROWROW America America 28% 22% 33% 17% C 18 239 655 215 1261 45Note: Only companies with disclosure scores greater than 50 were scored for performance 7
  8. 8. The Accenture Perspective Accenture has been privileged to work with CDP on this In the first stage, companies focus on improving year’s CDP Supply Chain report, the second year of this transparency, working with an evolving set of performance important collaboration. The report also draws on a body of indicators and setting up basic information systems to diverse supply chain sustainability research conducted by capture sustainability benefits. Companies often begin by Accenture. This includes the findings from “Sustainability setting up their own data collection systems but as more 24”, a day long virtual conversation involving business, and more stakeholders ask for similar information they are government and civil society leaders from more than twenty expected to adopt universally accepted reporting standards countries. In addition, we have also leveraged our “Lessons and platforms. For all the forward momentum when it from Leaders” series capturing viewpoints of multiple comes to sustainability, Accenture finds that data collection C-suite leaders, including the CEO, Chief Strategy Officer, and management remains an often elusive piece of the Chief Procurement Officer and Chief Supply Chain Officer. puzzle. Although data is being collected through scorecards, questionnaires, audits, etc., best practices have yet to be An important benefit of this year’s report is the ability to determined when it comes to analyzing data and using the learn from the insights and case studies from participating results to improve practice and process. More often than companies. We have found that the intentions of executives not, this data ends up just being reports of numbers, not to improve sustainability in their supply chains are generally information and knowledge that can actually be used for high, but that challenges remain in moving forward in a better decision making. practical, cost-effective manner. For example, a 2010 Accenture-UN Global compact Study1 revealed that 88% of In the next stage of the maturity curve, companies develop CEOs believe they should be integrating sustainability into the capability to integrate sustainability within their their supply chain, but only 54% believed that this has been operations, including the design of products and services. achieved within their company. Clearly, actual performance Embedding sustainability early on in the innovation cycle is lagging behind expectations. and establishing operational capabilities to profitably meet market demand at scale while being sustainable could Moving up the maturity curve help companies capture significant value. For example, We have found, based on our work and our conversations Accenture estimates that retailers can realize 3% to 5% with C-level executives, that companies appear to be reductions in supply chain costs through green packaging moving up the maturity curve of supply chain sustainability initiatives in addition to revenue uplift from environmentally (See Figure). conscious consumers. 3. New business $$$$$ Finally, at the most mature level, the business possibilities of models and sustainable supply chains lead companies to develop new platforms business models to capture value and drive new markets. An important trend here is buyers becoming venture capitalists. Buyers looking to invest and develop suppliers’ capabilities may be more likely to benefit from their 2. Sustainable products $$$ improved competencies. Sustainable technologies could or service design also significantly alter the business models; for example digital distribution of music has permanently changed the music industry’s business model; cloud computing is bringing down technology cost barriers. 1. From compliance $ to improved Some companies are even adopting business models that operational involve working with a range of non-traditional partners such efficiencies as NGOs, or even competitors within their own sector. The investment community may also be a factor in the increased role of sustainability. As investors recognize the business case of sustainability, the call for action is becoming louder every day. Accenture believes that a dual perspective with regard to supply chain sustainability will become increasingly important: a focus on social and environmental concerns on the one hand, and on increased business value on 1. UN Global Compact-Accenture, “A New Era of Sustainability,” CEO the other. Study 2010, July 2010.8
  9. 9. Introduction: The Business Value ofSupply Chain SustainabilityWhy is attention to supply chain sustainability good for 1. Supply chain risks from climatebusiness? The supply chain accounts for between 50% and change are greater than ever70% of both total expenses and greenhouse-gas emissionsfor most manufacturing companies.2 Supply chains can 70% of the respondents this year identify a current oralso be exceedingly fragile. As supply chains have been future risk related to climate change with a potential toextended in response to globalization, they have become significantly affect business or revenue.increasingly vulnerable to natural disasters, civil conflict andmany other common risks. Companies participating in this The findings show clearly that members and suppliersyear’s CDP Supply Chain Program are deeply engaged with perceive increased supply chain vulnerability due tothe risks that climate change poses to their global supply physical risks such as precipitation extremes, hurricaneschains. These risks mean that supply chain professionals and flooding, and water shortages. Indeed, more than halfhave a tremendous opportunity to help their organizations of the instances identified by respondents indicate thatreduce greenhouse gas emissions and cut costs. some level of impact would be felt within the next five years (See Figure 1). Many leading companies are takingThis year’s CDP Supply Chain Report focuses on the innovative steps to address climate change risks from afollowing five key insights. supply chain sustainability perspective. Questionnaire respondents see precipitation and temperature extremes, droughts, weather events (hurricanes, typhoons), and the rise in sea levels as having major cost implications. Other concerns include the potential for reduction or disruption in production capacity, reduced demand for goods and services, and even the2. “Managing Supply Chain Greenhouse Gas Emissions,” United States inability to do business (See Figure 2).Environmental Protection Agency, December 2010.1 COMPANIES ARE ALREADY FEELING THE 2 POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CHANGE IN IMPACT OF DROUGHT AND PRECIPITATION PRECIPITATION EXTREMES OR DROUGHTS EXTREMES ON THEIR BUSINESS ON BUSINESS OPERATIONS• Current 44% Reduction/disruption in production capacity• 1-5 years 31% Increased operational costs• 6-10 years 11% Inability to do business• > 10 years 6% Reduced demand for goods/services 4% Increased capital costs 44+31+116431t• Unknown 3% Other 1% Wider social disadvantagesTimeline for impact from change in precipitation extremesand droughts 32% 19% 11% 9% 29%Note: Responding companies identify 463 instances of potential impacts from changein precipitation and droughts on the supply chain. The expected timeframe distributionis shown above. Companies identified multiple risk related impacts and the data is a collection of all instances identified by reporting companies. Of the 459 instances identified; 75% indicated reduction/ disruption in production capacity or increased operational cost as impacts of precipitation extremes/droughts 9
  10. 10. Several companies responding to this year’s questionnaire Supplier awareness is an even greater concern. 19% of detail some of the potential effects of precipitation respondents indicate that their suppliers are not aware extremes on their operations. At beauty products of the water risks affecting operations; another 38% say company L’Oreal3, extreme rain and extreme dry weather that their suppliers are aware but not actively engaged in can both adversely affect operations and the company’s addressing the challenge (See Figure 3). supply chain. For example, the flooding of any of the company’s riverside premises would likely lead to the Supply chain-related risk costs are present every day, yet suspension of operations, which would reduce the output too few discussions of supply chain risk management deal of that business unit. In addition, the company also faces with the reduction of these present costs in a systematic, risks in terms of supply chain interruption, which was the quantitative way. Better analytics skills will be important to case in Thailand following the 2011 floods. engaging in supply chain risk-cost analysis. A related environmental concern has to do with water risks which, in turn, can put the entire supply chain at risk. More than half of the members surveyed rank water-related supply chain risks as either high or medium. Yet only a quarter of those companies have engaged in the work to identify risks at the level of detail necessary to mitigate potential supply chain disruptions (See Sidebar, Johnson & Johnson). 3. From CDP Information Request 2012 3 SPECIFIC MITIGATION STRATEGIES FOR WATER RISKS ARE GENERALLY NOT YET IN PLACE • Low • Medium • High How do you rank the risk? (%) Supply Chain Disruption 24% 21% 55% Regulations 29% 29% 42% Energy 3% 57% 40% Water 46% 18% 36% N=54, 9 members did not respond to the CDP-Accenture survey Member survey How engaged are your suppliers in managing water (% responded yes) related risks? 25% 50% 25% 19% 38% 6% 37% • Yes • Suppliers are not aware • No • Suppliers aware but not engaged • Not Applicable • Suppiers are completely engaged • Not Applicable10
  11. 11. Mitigating water risks: Johnson & Johnson4 Johnson & Johnson is particularly active in the area of mitigating water risks because water and natural ingredients are crucial components in its products, especially in the consumer sector, which comprised US$14.9 billion in sales in 2011. Johnson & Johnson actively works to identify regions that are exposed to current and projected water risks. The company has analyzed its current and future water scarcity risk using tools such as the World Business Council on Sustainable Development’s Global Water Tool. After identifying regions that may experience these risks, Johnson & Johnson has actively worked to reduce its risk by decreasing water consumption and implementing robust risk management programs.2. A persistent performance gap exists between CDP Supply Chainmembers and their suppliers92% of members report having a target for emissions aggregate potential savings of all 2,363 suppliers couldreductions compared with only 38% of suppliers. The reach three times that figure.percentage of suppliers investing in emission reductioninitiatives has remained at 27% for several years, while What can be done to improve supplier performance? CDPthe percentage of CDP Supply Chain members that report Supply Chain members continue to use risk management asmaking such investments has jumped from 39% in 2011 to a key parameter to manage supplier rewards and incentives.69% in 2012. As reported by Imperial Tobacco, “When suppliers ask for price increases due to energy costs, we first turn to theirAwareness of the broad suite of risks affecting sustainable CDP reporting history. We require reporting on energy andsupply chains is another major difference between CDP climate risk management before granting these increasesSupply Chain members and suppliers. While 79% of unless there are exceptional circumstances.”5members identify regulatory, physical and other climate-related risks, only 31% of suppliers are able to name this Better collaboration with suppliers to develop theirfull suite of risks. And 90% of members report identifying capabilities is another key to success. Stronger governancephysical risks related to climate change compared with only is also important. Although suppliers are maturing along45% of suppliers. the curve of integrating their climate change strategies with business strategies, board-level oversight still appears to beGiven these differences, it is perhaps not surprising that missing. As in last year’s questionnaire response, over 60%the performance of members and suppliers in terms of of suppliers report having an integrated climate changeemissions reductions and cost savings differs considerably. strategy but only 34% report board-level oversight. ByFor example, 63% of members report year-on-year contrast, 81% of members report board-level sponsorshipemissions reductions; only 29% of suppliers report such for climate change-related achievement. Similarly, while 73% of members reportmonetary savings from emission reductions activities, only29% of suppliers claim to have achieved such savings. 4. From CDP Information Request 2012Suppliers are reporting $13.7 bil in savings, this implies 5. From CDP Information Request 2012 11
  12. 12. Guest Commentary Under the weather: building resilience to extreme events on the path to green and inclusive growth “Major climate events are already impacting today’s business bottom lines. Insurance costs and availability are being dramatically affected in many parts of the world. Private companies cannot and should not wait for international climate agreements.” By Rachel Kyte In the United States, extreme heat As countries and cities grow at a record Vice President of Sustainable and the lack of rain in the summer of pace—thus increasing exposure of Development, World Bank 2012 led to the worst drought in over the population to disasters—there is a half a century, with severe impacts on unique, but rapidly closing, window of In 2011 the world experienced the corn and soybean crops—impacts opportunity to invest in resilience and highest disaster losses ever recorded, that are trickling down to food prices. achieve green and inclusive growth. continuing a trend that has seen In October 2012, superstorm Sandy Without timely action, the potential for economic costs grow continuously—a created havoc on its path along the catastrophic consequences is high. total of US$3.5 trillion over the past US Atlantic coast. The full extent 30 years. Extreme weather events of Sandy’s economic impact is still If we do not act now, we could account for over 78% of the events uncertain, but it is estimated to be in experience a 4°C warmer world recorded over the same period and is the order of US$50 billion. this century, with catastrophic responsible for two-thirds of the losses consequences. The recent report Turn (US$2.6 trillion). Major climate events are already Down the Heat, commissioned by impacting today’s business bottom the World Bank, provides a clear and Recent experience is a stark reminder lines. Insurance costs and availability shocking picture of the state of the that no country, rich or poor, is are being dramatically affected in many planet in a 4°C warmer world and the immune from the impacts of disasters parts of the world. Private companies disruptive impacts on agriculture, water rooted in climate change. In Thailand, cannot and should not wait for resources, ecosystems and human the 2011 floods resulted in losses international climate agreements. As health. It concludes that while every of approximately US$45 billion (or companies recognize opportunities and region of the world will be affected, about 13% of GDP). The impacts risks from climate change, they need to those least able to adapt—the poor spread across borders. Japan’s step up to the challenge and increase and most vulnerable—will be hit industrial output, already suffering their climate-smart investments. hardest. While promoting aggressive the consequences of the March Policymakers also need to step up now mitigation efforts, we will have to 2011 tsunami, fell by 2.6% between and help mitigate the profound risks of remain focused on adaptation, helping October and November of that year climate change. developing countries in particular to due to disruptions in electronics and build resilience to the impacts of automotive supply chains. these changes.12
  13. 13. 3. Leading companies are investing and making a differenceDespite the continued global economic slowdown, This long-term attitude when it comes to the return onour study points to increases in investments to improve investments is aptly summarized by Diageo’s CFO, Deirdresupply chain sustainability and reduce emissions. For Mahlan: “In my view, effective management is aboutexample, the percentage of members investing in emission making choices that support the efficient growth of thereductions initiatives was 39% in 2011 but rises to 69% in business over the long-term. It is insufficient, and even2012. The percentage of suppliers investing remains flat irresponsible, to consider only short-term payback whenthis year, perhaps due to the continued global economic making investment decisions6.”slowdown, though absolute numbers of suppliers reportinginvestments has risen from 482 to 642. Members and suppliers who are realizing the shortest payback periods are investing in behavioral changeExtreme weather is a likely catalyst for company action activities (See Figure 5). For suppliers, transportation is alsoon climate change, with physical risk identified as a major a key activity with more than two-thirds of initiatives withdriver of investment. Of the 678 companies investing in payback periods of less than a year.emission reductions initiatives, three quarters (73 percent)say they feel that climate change presents a physical risk 6. “Business resilience in an uncertain, resource-constrained world,” CDPto their operations; just 13% identify regulation as a sole Global 500 Climate Change Report 2012, Carbon Disclosure Project. .driver of risk. 4 NUMBER OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES REPORTED BY MEMBERS AND SUPPLIERSAdditionally, recognizing climate risk also appears toimprove carbon performance: of the 716 companies that • < 1 yearhave reduced their emissions just 14% did not acknowledge 2011 2012 • 1-3 years 236 2072 242 2969any climate change-related risks. • > 3 yearsMany investments pay back relatively quickly. The 40% 32% 34% 32%percentage of initiatives with a short pay back period has Investmentincreased from 20% in 2011 to 26% in 2012 (See Figure 4). payback, Members 33% 30% vs Suppliers 40%Members show the inclination to undertake longer-term 40%initiatives, demonstrating their increasing commitment tosupply chain sustainability. They, on average, take on 35% 38% 20% 26%10% to 15% more projects with longer payback periods Analysis excludescompared to suppliers. 643 SME’s Member Supplier Member Supplier5 PAYBACK PERIOD FOR INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES REPORTED BY MEMBERS AND SUPPLIERS• < 1 year • 1-3 years • > 3 yearsMembers 2012 Suppliers 2012Behavioral change Behavioral change 67% 13% 20% 72% 18% 10%Fugitive emissions reductions Transportation: use 50% 50% 65% 19% 16%Transportation: use Process emissions reductions 33% 50% 17% 43% 24% 33%Transportation: fleet Transportation: fleet 33% 17% 50% 42% 17% 41%Energy efficiency: building fabric Low carbon energy purchase 28% 29% 43% 41% 10% 49%Product design Product design 27% 60% 13% 38% 24% 38%Energy efficiency: processes Energy efficiency: processes 22% 50% 28% 38% 35% 27%Process emissions reductions Energy efficiency: building services 16% 38% 46% 30% 40% 30%Energy efficiency: building services Energy efficiency: building fabric 15% 53% 32% 18% 43% 39%Low carbon energy purchase Fugitive emissions reductions 12% 25% 63% 17% 29% 54%Low carbon energy installation Low carbon energy installation4% 17% 79% 16% 18% 66% 13
  14. 14. Eaton: impressive results from Investment results Analysis of this year’s questionnaire finds that increasing emission reductions initiatives numbers of respondents are identifying hard business Diversified power management benefits from their sustainability initiatives. For example, compared with 2011 figures, we see an increase in the company Eaton has engaged proportion of suppliers realizing benefits in areas of both in several significant emission monetary savings and emissions reductions (See Figure 6). reductions activities. These The number of suppliers reporting savings from emission include re-lighting, HVAC upgrades reduction initiatives has risen from 505 to 686, and those reporting emissions reductions has risen from 328 to 683. and compressor optimization Individual companies are reporting impressive results at key manufacturing plants. In from these initiatives (See Sidebar on emission reductions activities at Eaton). 2011, completed projects included lighting upgrades, building shell Among CDP Supply Chain members, 43% reported emissions reductions in 2011; in 2012, that number rises to insulation, equipment upgrades, 63%. Similarly, 39% of members reported monetary savings heat recovery, compressed air from sustainability programs in 2011; in 2012, the number grows to 73% (See Figure 7). installation, and ventilator control and energy management. These Member performance for Scope 1 and Scope 2 reporting is improving year over year, with 100% of members reporting projects will eliminate about 85,000 in 2012. More than 60% of suppliers report Scope 1 or metric tons of greenhouse gas Scope 2 emissions. emissions per year. The company Scope 3 emissions reporting has seen improvements invested US$17 million in capital across all 15 categories as defined by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol of the World Resources Institute (WRI) and costs for the upgrades and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development projects annual energy savings (WBCSD). Business travel and employee commuting continue to be the most widely reported categories for of US $6 million—meaning the Scope 3 emissions. company could achieve payback on its investment in less than three years.7 7. From CDP Information Request 2012 6 INCREASING NUMBER OF MEMBERS AND 7 CDP SUPPLY CHAIN MEMBERS REPORT MORE SUPPLIERS ARE IDENTIFYING TANGIBLE SUCCESS THIS YEAR WITH ACTIVITIES RELATED BUSINESS BENEFITS SUCH AS EMISSIONS TO EMISSIONS REDUCTION REDUCTION AND MONETARY SAVINGS • Yes • 2011 • No • 2012 2011 38 36 Monetary savings 33 28% 72% 21 19 19 Emissions reductions 19% 81% N 2011 = 1864 Investments Emissions Monetary reductions savings 2012 N 2011 = 49, N 2012 = 52 Monetary savings 30% 70% Emissions reductions 30% 70% N 2012 = 241514
  15. 15. Guest CommentaryWalmart: a partnership with CDP Supply Chainto reduce suppliers’ greenhouse gas emissionsIn 2010, when Walmart committed To achieve its ambitious sustainability In 2012, Walmart requested CDPto cutting 20 million metric tons of goals, Walmart realized it would have climate change disclosures from 3,000greenhouse gas emissions from its to work closely with its suppliers of its largest suppliers by spend. Ofglobal supply chain over five years, the to innovate new approaches and the 1,100 suppliers who submittedcompany turned to CDP Supply Chain collaborate on projects to reduce or complete responses, 58% of themto engage suppliers and help drive eliminate greenhouse gas emissions at reported more than 2,400 greenhouseinnovation in reducing greenhouse every step in the supply chain. gas emission reductions activitiesgas emissions. through CDP. Of these initiatives, 640 Walmart not only encourages suppliers (27%) will pay back within the yearAddressing greenhouse gas emissions to participate in the disclosure and and 1,247 (52%) will have a paybackand the carbon footprint at the world’s reporting process, it also established period of three years or less.largest retailer is no small task. But with processes and channels to facilitateaggressive targets to greatly reduce communication and collaboration. It Walmart and CDP are working toemissions, Walmart turned to CDP to created, encourage suppliers to improvehelp it measure and report on progress. a forum for suppliers to submit best their scores in the coming years byCDP’s science-based approach practices and share success stories. fully calculating and reporting theirenables Walmart and suppliers to emissions footprints, introducingdisclose only once. According to Rob Kaplan, Senior emission reductions targets, and Manager of Sustainability at Walmart, showing progress toward their goals.Walmart set three major sustainability “We know there are pre-competitivegoals in 2005: to be supplied 100% opportunities out there that create As suppliers implement and reportby renewable energy, to create zero shared value for our partners. We just emission reduction activities, Walmartwaste and to sell products that sustain need to hear about them. We hope to hopes to capture qualifying projectspeople and the environment. As open communication and collaboration that will contribute to the company’sWalmart looked for new ways to work channels with our supply chain goal of reducing supply chaintoward its goals, it realized it needed to partners to identify and share what’s emissions by 20 million metricaddress its global supply chain, which working in sustainability innovation.” tons by 2015.accounts for 90% of its overall carbonfootprint, as well as its own operations,which account for the remaining 10%. 15
  16. 16. 4. Supply chain sustainability is creating multiple forms of business value Premium pricing opportunities Analysis of this year’s CDP Supply Chain program results Another factor that can improve business value through findings uncovers several important ways that companies sustainability is the opportunity to charge premium prices are driving improved business value from their supply chain on products or services that carry with them a perceived sustainability initiatives, beyond emissions reductions sustainability benefit to the customer. and cost savings. Integrating climate change strategy to business strategy is a key enabler for better performance. For example, Brazilian chemical company Braskem, has 41% report year-on-year emissions reductions compared developed a new product called Green Polyethylene, based with 33% who reported such reductions in 2011. on the interest from its customers in low-carbon raw materials and also based on the company’s experience in Product and service innovation manufacturing with the use of ethanol. This product is a less This year’s response has strong evidence of companies expensive biopolymer, but is commanding a price premium looking for opportunities to leverage supply chain-based over conventional polyethylene made using fossil fuels. This product and service innovation. New, low-carbon products pricing was defined based on investments in new technology are seen by respondents as a major driver of future growth. and on a lower scale compared with conventional Dow Chemical, for example, sees enormous opportunity for polyethylene facilities.11 growth through more sustainable products. The company believes that it can grow sales of clean-energy enabling Improving corporate reputations products from US$5 billion per year to US$15 billion According to respondents to the CDP information request, per year.8 two especially important dimensions of the value of supply chain sustainability are positive effects on reputation/brand, A new package type developed by The Coca-Cola and the manner in which it can lead to increased awareness Company, PlantBottleT, looks, functions and recycles just of changing consumer behaviors (See Figure 9). like traditional polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic, but does so with a reduced carbon footprint. Coca-Cola In addition, as employers look for an “edge” in attracting estimates that, since 2009, use of PlantBottleT packaging and retaining skilled workers, a company’s reputation when has eliminated the equivalent of almost 100,000 metric tons it comes to sustainability and corporate social responsibility of carbon dioxide emissions from its PET plastic bottles.9 becomes more important. For example, News Corporation is increasingly aware of the importance of boosting its 10% of participating CDP Supply Chain members report reputation in the area of environmental sustainability as a that they are receiving more than 50% of revenues from way to attract top talent. In their response to the CDP Supply low-carbon products; 16% report they are receiving at least Chain questionnaire, the company cited a Hill + Knowlton 10% of revenues from such products. In five years, these numbers are anticipated to be 13% and 23%, respectively (See Figure 8). 9 IMPROVING CORPORATE REPUTATIONS AND UNDERSTANDING CONSUMER TRENDS ARE Creating new services TWO IMPORTANT BENEFITS OF SUPPLY CHAIN Transforming a company’s internal supply chain SUSTAINABILITY EFFORTS sustainability capabilities into a profitable service offered to customers is another important trend shown by the research. • 2011 For example, BASF offers customers a large number of • 2012 sustainability services through its “Success-Added Value through Sustainability-Initiative,” including consultancy on energy management and assessment of products and value Changing consumer behavior 17% chains using eco-efficiency and lifecycle analyses.10 23% Reputation 16% 8 PERCENTAGE OF CDP SUPPLY CHAIN MEMBER 19% RESPONDENTS REPORTING REVENUES FROM Other Drivers LOW-CARBON PRODUCTS 6% 7% • More than 50% Induced Changes in Human and Cultural Environment • 10%-50% 3% • Less than 10% 3% Fluctuating Socio-Economic Conditions Today 6% 10% 6% 84% 3% Increasing Humanitarian Demands In 5 years 2% 13% 10% 77% 2% N=52 N 2012 = 2415, N 2011 = 186416
  17. 17. study that found that 75% of top MBA students saycorporate reputation will play a critical role in deciding Higher revenues from newwhere they want to work. The study—conducted among products at Philipsstudents at elite business schools in Europe, Asia, and theUnited States—found that 40% of those surveyed rated CDP Supply Chain memberssocial responsibility as an “extremely” or “very” important in some cases are reportingmeasure of reputation; 34% made the same rating forhaving an effective environmental policy.13 dramatic sales increases from low-carbon products. At Philips,Improving brand valueAchieving a reputation as an innovator and leader in green for example, the company’sproducts, and in sustainable supply chain capabilities, is “EcoDesign” process aimsan important driver of brand value. Indeed, one recentstudy found that Honda’s brand value increased 28% and to create products that haveGE’s 17% because of their initiatives in improving supply significantly less impact on thechain and product sustainability.14 environment. Sales from Philips’A recent Interbrand report15 notes three ways that green products increased in 2011companies’ attention to environmental sustainabilityinfluences brand value: to 39% of the company’s total sales and Philips is committed • By creating new sources of revenue; • By positively influencing customers’ choices; and to increasing that percentage to • By helping companies adapt to future opportunities, 50% of total sales by 2015.12 supporting the longevity of the business.Public perception of trends and new developments insustainability are often closely linked to certain namesand brands. For example, auto manufacturer Daimler The questionnaire respondents identify 495 potentialhas been a leader in supply chain improvements such as instances of business opportunities driven by corporatefuel-cell technologies. Daimler believes the reputational reputation. More than half of those instances (55%) indicatebenefit of being the predominant player in developing and a potential increase in demand for products and servicesestablishing fuel-cell technology can boost its recognition (See Figure 10).as a technology leader. Because of this recognition,people might choose to buy a Mercedes-Benz instead of 8. From CDP Information Request 2012a competitor’s car because they believe the company is a 9. From CDP Information Request 2012leader in sustainable mobility.16 10. From CDP Information Request 2012 11. From CDP member interviews 12. From CDP Information Request 2012 13. Hill + Knowlton, 2007 14. Sustainability and its impact on brand value,” Interbrand, 2010. 15. “Sustainable innovation: Staying true to your brand promise,” Interbrand, 55+10+985321t 16. From CDP Information Request 201210 POTENTIAL BENEFITS RELATED TO REPUTATION- DRIVEN OPPORTUNITIES DERIVED FROM CLIMATE CHANGE ACTIVITIES Note: Companies identified55% Increased demand for existing products/services 495 potential instances of10% Wider social benefits opportunities9% Other driven from8% New products/business services reputation.5% Increased stock price (market valuation) 55% of these5% Premium pricing opportunites indicated a3% Reduced operational costs potential increase2% Increased production capacity in demand for1% Investment opportunites products/services1% Increase in capital availability1% Reduced capital costsAnalysis includes data from 52 members, 2363 suppliers including 643 SMEs 17
  18. 18. BT: Emissions reductions that Understanding customer behaviors and trends Improving business value from supply chain sustainability, improve brand value and even achieving competitive advantage, often depends Telecommunications giant BT has on being a first mover in the market. But that first-mover advantage depends, in turn, on developing a close seen important benefits to its understanding of customer behaviors and trends such that brand value from its programs to one can identify a customer need—and then capitalize on it—before a competitor does. reduce emissions and mitigate negative environmental effects. The respondents identify 579 instances of sustainability related opportunities based on consumer behavior. Almost A wide variety of corporate 58% of these are expected to drive increased demand stakeholders (consumers, of existing products and service and another 27% are expected to drive demand for new products and services business customers, suppliers, (See Figure 11). investors, governments and The vast majority of respondents see increased demand communities) are increasingly for existing products and services as the key benefit; looking for BT to demonstrate a however, among these, North American and Latin American companies place more of an emphasis on new product strong commitment to tackling development than European or Asian companies. climate change. BT’s ability to respond to these needs has had a positive impact on the perception of BT’s brand and reputation. In 2012, BT handled more than £2.7 billion in bids from customers who wanted to understand the company’s credentials on corporate responsibility and sustainability, up from £2.1 billion in 2011.17 58+27+4321t 17. From CDP Information Request 2012 11 AN IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF CONSUMER BEHAVIORS CAN DRIVE IMPORTANT BUSINESS BENEFITS Note: Companies identified 579 instances 58% Increased demand for existing products/services of potential 27% New products/business services opportunities 4% Premium Pricing Opportunites resulting from 4% Reduced Operational Costs changing 3% Wider social benefits consumer 2% Other behavior driven 1% Increased production capacity by climate .5% Increased stock price (market valuation) change. The above graph is .5% Increase in capital availability a breakdown by type of opportunity and geography. • North America New products/business services-breakdown • Europe 47% 36% 14% 2% 1% • Asia • Latin America Increased demand for existing products/services-breakdown • Rest of world 50% 31% 12% 5% 2%18
  19. 19. The business and societal benefits of investing in resource productivity By Prof. Dr. Ernst von Weizsäcker 1. Investments in resource productivity, What is needed is an effective Co-Chair, International Panel for such as improving the energy mix of private capital and public Sustainable Resource Management, efficiency of buildings, have a higher management. Markets are superb former dean of the Donald Bren economic multiplier than general at steering an efficient allocation School of Environmental Science expenditure because resource of resources and at stimulating and Management at the University efficiency investments provide innovation, but they do not provide of California-Santa Barbara and Co- a tangible financial return public order and law, moral standards, President of the Club of Rome. on investment in addition basic education and infrastructures. to providing additional Markets are also miserably inefficient, One of the keys to creating greater productivity improvements. and often even counterproductive, business value from supply chain 2. Investments in improving resource when it comes to protecting sustainability is increasing resource efficiency and recycling have a the commons and steering productivity. This emphasis represents higher economic welfare outcome innovation toward long-term, a radical change from the usual than general expenditure on many sustainable benefits. mindset of business, which has goods and services because they traditionally focused primarily on reduce demand for energy, water Market commodity prices tend improving labor productivity. Thanks to and virgin resources and thus to reflect the cost of exploration, technology, these efforts at improving delay (and even in some cases extraction, shipping and refining, labor output were enormously fruitful: prevent) the need to spend billions plus appropriate profits, minus state labor productivity has increased on new energy and water supply subsidies. Some speculative elements twentyfold over the past 200 years. infrastructure and new regarding future scarcity and some extractive industries. cartel benefits can also be included. Today, however, it is not labor that 3. Jobs are created locally by green But there is hardly any account for is in short supply but rather basic initiatives. This results in more of a long-term scarcity and for damage to resources, primarily water and city’s or town’s energy, water and public goods such as stable climate energy. This situation calls for a major materials investments being spent in conditions. Hence it seems justified to shift in thinking: the same level of a way that supports local jobs and think of artificial price signals imposed innovation and effort now needs to the local economy. by public authorities. In theory, one go into using technology to improve could consider moving commodity resource productivity. Companies Practically speaking, however, how prices upwards in proportion with the and nations making scarce resources can companies move forward to drive advance of resource productivity, thus more productive should enjoy major better resource productivity? Can they establishing a “ping pong” dynamic economic advantages over those that do it alone or do they need a broadly similar to the ping pong over 200 years fail to account adequately for the accepted business environment? In between labor productivity gains and new scarcities. fact, pioneers can go ahead prudently wages/labor costs. with little, if any, risk to their economic Investments in resource productivity performance. Philips, for example, Policies of this kind require a healthy transform and stimulate the economy has decided to concentrate on LED balance between public and private in three main ways: and Toyota went ahead, together with goods, or between the state and Honda, to introduce the hybrid car the markets. and was successful both domestically and abroad.5. To achieve a leadership position in supply chain sustainability, companiesshould have strong capabilities in data, process and governanceAnalysis of this year’s CDP Supply Chain information Progressive companies typically use supplier scorecards,request reaffirms that integration of data, process and requests for proposals (RFPs), requests for informationgovernance is especially important in achieving competitive (RFIs) and basic procurement data systems to collectadvantage through supply chain sustainability. supply chain sustainability information. Advanced companies set emission reductions targets and metrics in Data absolute or intensity terms, and they monitor those metrics“What gets measured gets managed,” runs an old corporate regularly. Some companies also use advanced climate truism. This makes the gathering and analysis of data and change-related data collection and monitoring platforms information especially critical to improving supply chain like CDP Analytics to analyze and improve their emission sustainability. Although many progressive companies have reduction performance. basic data collection systems in place, these systems are not necessarily helping the supply chain organization to set and improve emission reductions targets. 19
  20. 20. Some companies are taking environmental and supply Based on this year’s questionnaire responses, there is chain stewardship to the next level by implementing evidence of several important process innovations being information systems across multiple supply chains to drive adopted by leading organizations: ambitious initiatives like traceability. For example, Walmart has initiated an ambitious program to track its eggs back Putting in place standard procedures through the supply chain to the hen itself. This is designed and codes of conduct to result in only problem eggs being quarantined and not Organizations are realizing the need for standard entire egg cartons. This improved use of information is procedures and codes of conduct when it comes to expected to not only result in direct savings but also reduce consistent and high-impact supply chain sustainability. In the packaging material waste associated with the cartons some cases, companies are successfully using processes and the emissions involved in the entire chain.18 to become more engaged with suppliers, evaluate performance and even intervene when necessary. One Collaboration and standardization are increasingly company, in fact, has contractual obligations in place and important to reducing the reporting burden on companies. will go so far as to break relationships with suppliers who CDP has set the accepted global standard on carbon violate them. Based on the survey results, 34% of members emissions and water data collection. CDP is working with include contractual obligations and 35% include supplier other organizations such as EcoVadis to encourage the use training beyond CDP’s support, to drive better carbon of CDP data and reduce duplicate requests. One supplier management across their supply chains. received 28 requests from customers through CDP Supply Chain in 2012. Customer collaboration means they needed Increasing the quality of communications and reporting to respond only once, rather than to 28 separate and Results from this year’s CDP Supply Chain questionnaire potentially different requests. clearly highlight the cause-and-effect relationship between communications/reporting and performance. Companies Process are communicating their environmental sustainability The aim of establishing robust processes related to supply goals and initiatives with a broader group of stakeholders chain sustainability is to support long-term improvements (including suppliers and consumers) to demonstrate their and progress. One important objective of developing more progress. They are also using this communications strategy effective processes is to embed policies, procedures and to drive improvements within the supply chain. codes of conduct into everyday operations. Sustainability within a supply chain is more than just one person’s or even Results indicate that companies with a well-established one department’s responsibility. It should not be something communications strategy who have been reporting their separate from normal processes; it should just be the progress beyond two years, as well as companies that “way things work.” were first-year communicators last year, see significantly improved value realization over the last year by adopting a well-designed communications and reporting strategy (See Figure 12). 18. From CDP member interviews 12 COMPARISON OF YEAR-ON-YEAR VALUE REALIZATION BY FIRST-YEAR AND EXPERIENCED COMMUNICATORS • 2011 • 2011 • 2012 • 2012 Experienced Communicators First Year Communicators 51% 42% 47% 46% 38% 39% 29% 30% 35% 34% 28% 24% Investments Monetary Emissions Investments Monetary Emissions savings reductions savings reductions year on year year on year N 2011 = 1171, N 2012 = 1017 N 2011 = 80, N 2012 = 5920
  21. 21. The results also reveal that companies communicating Improving supplier performancebeyond the minimum, mandatory reporting requirementsshow an improving year-on-year performance trend. at PepsiCoSuch companies say they are twice as likely to invest in PepsiCo continues to roll outemission reductions activities and realize monetary savings. its Environmental SupplierWe are also seeing a positive trend on performance for Outreach (ESO) program thatrepeat suppliers; those who reported this year as well aslast year; when compared to suppliers who reported only started in early 2008 as a pilotthis year (See Figure 13). Thus the CDP Supply Chain with contract manufacturingProgram enables companies to improve their performanceon carbon management. operations in the United States. In 2011 the program includedGovernanceBetter management and coordination of sustainability 50 suppliers representing moreactivities across the organization is important to success. than 120 facilities from across allThe following are some especially important keys toeffective governance: major supplier categories. Under the program, PepsiCo makesEncourage and support cross-functional collaborationTo drive greater value for customers, companies are available its ReCon (Resourceimproving collaboration among internal functions, focused Conservation) program which ison carbon management and sustainability. This year’smember survey finds that corporate functions such as leveraged to drive conservationMarketing and Legal are now more involved in decision in the company’s own operationsmaking when it comes to sustainability. Procurementcontinues to play a central role. Companies should facilitate as well as its supply chain. Thecollaboration between the procurement team and other tool is applicable to water, energy,internal and external stakeholders to achieve sustainability-oriented process improvements. greenhouse gas emissions and solid waste, and is available to all PepsiCo food and beverage facilities and strategic suppliers under the ESO program worldwide.19. From CDP Information Request 2012 Highlights from 2011 for the North13 PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF RESPONDENTS American engagement program TO CDP INFORMATION REQUEST IN 2011 & 2012 include 2.5% improvement in• Reporting in 2011 & 2012, N = 1348 thermal energy efficiency, 7%• Reporting in 2012 only, N = 1067 improvement in electrical energy efficiency, and an 18.7% reduction in waste-to-landfill compared to 2010. This corresponds to an 37% 39% estimated productivity of US$1.7 36% million in 2011.19 21% 19% 18%Investments Savings Emissions reductions 21