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15/10/2010   1
        Definitions and explanations

                                Background and History

                         ...
        In 1987 the Prime Minister of
Historical                                               Norway, Gro Harlem
develop...
Key word associations:
                                                 2002 Australian Bureau of
Local governance       ...
        To be sustainable simply
Definitions and                                                  means to enable things ...
        The capacity of human
                                                 systems to provide for the full
Key word a...
Key word associations
                                                     “Consequently, when we use
                   ...
Further Reading…
Books…

Mark Whitehead. 2007. Spaces of
sustainability: geographical
perspectives on the sustainable
soci...
VPB436… Develop and
implement a program to
support behavioural                              Without the implementation of...
Definitions and
  Viewpoints
                                                                             Complexity of h...
Definitions and                                  What are the factors that
Viewpoints                                    ...
Definitions and                                 Reciprocal interactions of
Responses                                     ...
Definitions and                                 Development of human
Viewpoints                                       beh...
     Is behaviour applicable to
Definitions and                                 individuals, groups or
Responses         ...
Behaviour                                        Is it an assumption
assumptions                                       th...
Behaviour                                       Assumes behaviour change
assumptions                                     ...
Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999.




15/10/2010   VPB436 Develop and implement a program to ...
Definitions and                                  Can leave people uncertain
Responses                                    ...
Definitions and                                  Behaviour change is a process
Responses                                 ...
Stages of behaviour                             Pre-contemplation stage…
change

Key word associations:                  ...
     Contemplation stage…
Definitions and
Responses
                                                 Later, something ha...
     Preparation for change…
Definitions and
Responses
                                                 The person prepa...
     Preparation for change…
Definitions and
Responses
                                                 There might be i...
     Action stage…
Definitions and
Responses
                                                 Eventually, the person wil...
     Maintenance stage…
Definitions and
Responses
                                                 Once a new behaviour ...
     Maintenance stage…
Definitions and
Responses

Key word associations:
                                              ...
Sustainability Victoria Act 2005.


 Trying to develop plans for a sustainable business practice focusing on a
long-term o...
   Access
    ‘Revit:Stakeholder
    engagement- a
    toolkit’ and use as a
    resource guide.
   The sustainable business
    community is continually
    striving towards enhanced
    corporate, ecological, cultura...
   Access and look at
    Sustainability Victoria’s
    6 Goal Business Plan.

   ‘Stakeholder’ is a
    generic referen...
   A sustainable idea will
    always face pressures,
    from, if nothing else,
    time alone acting as a
    pressure....
   Access ‘Sustainable
    development and
    business success:
    Reaching beyond the
    rhetoric to superior
    per...
   Is industry specific,
    however, some great
    tips can be found at
    http://www.rfsustainable
    cities.eu/rubr...
   Read
    http://www.abfoundation
    .com.au/news/media_re        For an excellent
    leases/4                      ...
   Visiting this site is a must do activity.
http://www.environment.gov.au/water/policy-
       programs/weo/best-practic...
http://www.musgrave.ie/sustainability/about_report.html




                  Visit
   http://www.globalreporting.org/Ho...
   What is meant by the
    term;

    “Consumer Society”?

   When did we become
    one?


                           ...
   How does
    consumerism-
    manufacturing
    contribute to global
    pollution?

   Define a few key
    environm...
   What is an
    environmentally
    preferred business
    practice?




                         http://eao.uncc.edu/N...
   What sort of social
    effects are derived from
    production and
    consumption?




                             ...
   What type of inter-
    generational factors
    will influence the
    development of
    production and
    consumpt...
   Visit:
   http://www.chronicpoverty.org/pu
    blications/search/simple/doctype
    /15


   Where are the future
  ...
   Sustainable production is context
                                                                    dependent. It is...
   Political trends and priorities modifying
                                                       the regulatory proces...
Visit:

http://www.ecotec.com/publications.html

http://www.product-life.org/

http://www.product-life.org/en/major-
publi...
   A number of characteristics must be
                                                                   satisfied in or...
   The maintenance or restoration of
                                                                            ecologic...
   The use of goods and
    services that respond to
    basic needs.

   Provides a better quality
    of life while mi...
   What does a ‘product
    carbon footprint’ mean?

   What is an ecological
    footprint?

   What is eco-design?


...
The term ‘product carbon
footprint’ refers to the
GHG emissions of a product
across its life cycle, from raw
materials thr...
http://www.bsigroup.com/Standards-and-Publications/How-we-
can-help-you/Professional-Standards-Service/PAS-2050
http://i.treehugger.com/images/2007/5/24/one-bike.jpg                  http://www.inhabitat.com/wp-content/uploads/100rede...
   Eco design
       Design which is meant to
        address all environmental
        impacts of a product
        thr...
http://www.grcblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/graphic2.jpg   http://www.scienceinthebox.com/en_UK/sustainability/pic/l...
   What are the key
    characteristics of Life
    Cycle Assessment?

   What are the limitations
    of LCA?




     ...
   Attributional LCA
                                     Aims at describing the
       describes the pollution      env...
   Consequential LCA
                                    Aims at describing the
       estimates how pollution     effec...
   Describes the principles      In ISO 14040 LCA is
    and framework for life         defined as the
    cycle assessm...
   When associated with
    providing a Product
    Carbon Footprint, only
    products which use the
    same LCA method...
   Time consuming.

   Costly.

   Not uniform in application or
    interpretation.

   Used to mis-direct or
    “Gr...
   International Journal of Life
    Cycle Assessment (IJLCA).

   Journal of Cleaner
    Production (JCP).

   Journal...
Further Reading…
Books…

Seeking sustainability in an age of
complexity. 2007
Author: Graham Harris
Pub: Cambridge




15/...
Further Reading…
Books…

Social Learning towards a
sustainable world. 2007
Ed. Arjen E.J. Wals




15/10/2010    VPB436 De...
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Business breakfast sustainability presentation full version no hyperlinks

  1. 1. 15/10/2010 1
  2. 2.  Definitions and explanations  Background and History  Influences…  Application and examples 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  3. 3.  In 1987 the Prime Minister of Historical Norway, Gro Harlem development Brundtland, launched the Key word associations book Our Common Future (Australian) National Strategy for that effectively reinvigorated Ecologically Sustainable Development 1992 the modern era of sustainability. GDP no longer a viable measure of human progress  Prime Minister Brundtland chaired the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission). http://www.thwink.org/sustain/deadlock/E1_OurCommonFutureCover.gif 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  4. 4. Key word associations:  2002 Australian Bureau of Local governance Statistics issues Measuring National government Australia’s Progress (ABS International treaties 2002). Global corporations Non government organisations  Publication uses sustainability indicators as a reporting Community groups measure. Households  http://www.abs.gov.au/ Measuring Australia’s Progress 2002 What are the key components of an indicator? 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 4
  5. 5.  To be sustainable simply Definitions and means to enable things to guidelines continue to achieve a form of Key word associations: existence which can be Sustainable maintained indefinitely.  Derives from the Latin word susinere denoting a sense of support in both physical and emotional terms.  Adjective used to qualify, clarify or add meaning to http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/tandfboo ks/20010C1E/20010C1Ecoverw01c.jpg nouns and other phrases. 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  6. 6.  The capacity of human systems to provide for the full Key word associations range of human concerns in Agenda 21 Outcome of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit on the the long term. Environment and Sustainable Development World Health Organisation  Referring to the long term survival of our species and the Visit: http://www.dec.wa.gov.au quality of our lives. Stops the promotion of unmaintainable practices 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  7. 7. Key word associations  “Consequently, when we use the term sustainable we You Tube – The Bill- Shortfilm Germanwatch rarely use it in isolation, but instead we add it to words Wales Institute for Sustainable Education. Located at… like agriculture, economy, http://www2.cat.org.uk/wise/ environment and of course society”  Mark Whitehead 2007 Visit http://www.cat.org.uk/ 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  8. 8. Further Reading… Books… Mark Whitehead. 2007. Spaces of sustainability: geographical perspectives on the sustainable society. Routledge. Auden Schendler. 2009. Getting Green Done. PublicAffairs. In Search of Sustainability. Ed. Goldie, Douglas, Furnass. 2005. CSIRO PUBLISHING. 15/10/2010 VPB435 Apply the concepts of sustainability to a major challenge © GippsTAFE 2010
  9. 9. VPB436… Develop and implement a program to support behavioural  Without the implementation of change and sustainable behaviour change, sustainable practices practices are difficult to Key word associations: implement. Learning pathways Behaviour identification  Why? Sustainable practice identification  Identification of the sustainable practice.  Identification of the associated behaviour. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 9
  10. 10. Definitions and Viewpoints  Complexity of human behaviour Key word associations: Fostering social marketing Interdependent interactions  Behaviour is related to independent and interdependent interactions between person, people, environment and time. http://www.coderfriendly.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/spectrum_proces_complexity.jpg 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 10
  11. 11. Definitions and  What are the factors that Viewpoints influence behaviour? Key word associations:  Ways of understanding… Factors influencing behaviour… Comprehension  Common sense Cognitive processing  Experience  Intuition Listening  Science Timeframe  Tradition Information quality  Authority  Values 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 11
  12. 12. Definitions and  Reciprocal interactions of Responses persons operating within linked social systems. Key word associations: Factors influencing behaviour…  Conflict, inequality, dominance Systems perspective and oppression in social life Conflict perspective  Self-interest and rational Rational choice perspective choices regarding effective ways to accomplish goals 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 12
  13. 13. Definitions and  Development of human Viewpoints behaviour throughout life. Key word associations: Development perspective  Social behaviour learned as Social behaviour perspective individuals interact with their Humanistic perspective environments.  Individual inherent value, freedom of action and search for meaning. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 13
  14. 14.  Is behaviour applicable to Definitions and individuals, groups or Responses organisations? Key word associations:  “By applying techniques from a variety of fields, it’s possible to design systems which help users to reduce the environmental http://architectures.danlockton. impact of using them: effectively, making co.uk/design-for-sustainable- behaviour/ users more efficient by designing for behaviour change. This project aims to develop and test a method for assisting designers to create behaviour-changing products and services in this area, and then run user trials with prototypes, to determine which approaches are actually most effective at changing users’ behaviour, and reducing energy or other resource use.” 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 14
  15. 15. Behaviour  Is it an assumption assumptions that…People react in standard and rational ways to new Key word associations: information they receive? Learning pathways Behaviour identification Sustainable practice definition  How do people react to change?  How would you react to change? 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 15
  16. 16. Behaviour  Assumes behaviour change assumptions only has to happen once. Key word associations:  People do not just change once, Problems associated with assuming they often move back and that people react in standard and rational ways to new information forward between behaviours in they receive. response to many influences. Behaviour change programs Source: Parnell & Benton.  Assumes people change at the Facilitating Behaviour Change. same time. 1999.  Not everyone is ready to change at the same time a program intervenes in their lives. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 16
  17. 17. Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 17
  18. 18. Definitions and  Can leave people uncertain Responses about how to change and maintain their behaviour, or how Key word associations: to encourage change in others. Learning pathways Behaviour identification  Attention is not focused on the interaction between individuals Sustainable practice definition and programs. Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999.  People who do not respond ‘adequately’ are not taken into account within the program. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 18
  19. 19. Definitions and  Behaviour change is a process Responses that takes place over time. It is never straight forward, nor is it a Key word associations: single event. Learning pathways Behaviour identification Sustainable practice definition  People go through stages Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. before final changes are made, 1999. and many things happen after they start to make changes. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 19
  20. 20. Stages of behaviour  Pre-contemplation stage… change Key word associations:  In the beginning, a person might not realise that change is Stages of change model possible, desirable, or relevant Source: Parnell & Benton. to them. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999.  The person has not begun to contemplate change or the need for change. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 20
  21. 21.  Contemplation stage… Definitions and Responses  Later, something happens to prompt the person to start Key word associations: thinking about change. Learning pathways Behaviour identification  Perhaps hearing that someone Sustainable practice definition else has made changes? Maybe something else has Source: Parnell & Benton. changed, resulting in the need Facilitating Behaviour Change. for further change?. 1999.  The person has started the process of contemplating change.. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 21
  22. 22.  Preparation for change… Definitions and Responses  The person prepares to undertake the change. Key word associations: Learning pathways  This will require gathering Behaviour identification information about the change, Sustainable practice definition finding out how to achieve the change, learning what skills are Source: Parnell & Benton. necessary and deciding when Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999. the change will take place.  It may include talking with others to assess how they feel about the likely change. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 22
  23. 23.  Preparation for change… Definitions and Responses  There might be intense feelings associated with the change, and Key word associations: the person might need time to Learning pathways reflect on those feelings. Behaviour identification Sustainable practice definition  The person may consider what impact the change might have Source: Parnell & Benton. and who will be affected. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999.  The preparation stage may occur quickly and easily or it may take some time. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 23
  24. 24.  Action stage… Definitions and Responses  Eventually, the person will change their behaviour. Key word associations: Learning pathways  The person is acting on Behaviour identification previous decisions, experience Sustainable practice definition information, new skills and motivations for making the Source: Parnell & Benton. change. Facilitating Behaviour Change. 1999.  A new behaviour has been adopted!.. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 24
  25. 25.  Maintenance stage… Definitions and Responses  Once a new behaviour has been adopted, practice is Key word associations: required for the behaviour to be Learning pathways consistently maintained. Behaviour identification Sustainable practice definition  Maintenance occurs when the Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. behaviour has been 1999. incorporated into the rest of the person’s life. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 25
  26. 26.  Maintenance stage… Definitions and Responses Key word associations:  It becomes just one of a whole range of behaviours the person Learning pathways undertakes. Behaviour identification Sustainable practice definition  Once behaviour is familiar, and occurs without requiring active Source: Parnell & Benton. Facilitating Behaviour Change. thinking, it can be said that the 1999. behaviour has been maintained. 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 26
  27. 27. Sustainability Victoria Act 2005. Trying to develop plans for a sustainable business practice focusing on a long-term outlook towards the economic, environmental, cultural and social impacts of your business.
  28. 28.  Access ‘Revit:Stakeholder engagement- a toolkit’ and use as a resource guide.
  29. 29.  The sustainable business community is continually striving towards enhanced corporate, ecological, cultural and social responsibility.
  30. 30.  Access and look at Sustainability Victoria’s 6 Goal Business Plan.  ‘Stakeholder’ is a generic reference to a person, group, organisation or institution.
  31. 31.  A sustainable idea will always face pressures, from, if nothing else, time alone acting as a pressure. The question is can the idea be maintained? http://edgewatertech.wordpress.com/2009/01/
  32. 32.  Access ‘Sustainable development and business success: Reaching beyond the rhetoric to superior performance’ and use as a resource guide.
  33. 33.  Is industry specific, however, some great tips can be found at http://www.rfsustainable cities.eu/rubrique.php3? id_rubrique=96 by using retrospective skills, i.e. how have, why did they.
  34. 34.  Read http://www.abfoundation .com.au/news/media_re  For an excellent leases/4 guideline on sustainability and businesses.  Read http://www.abfoundation .com.au/research_know ledge/research/53
  35. 35.  Visiting this site is a must do activity. http://www.environment.gov.au/water/policy- programs/weo/best-practice.html
  36. 36. http://www.musgrave.ie/sustainability/about_report.html  Visit  http://www.globalreporting.org/Home
  37. 37.  What is meant by the term; “Consumer Society”?  When did we become one? http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/sears/1897%20Cat.jpg
  38. 38.  How does consumerism- manufacturing contribute to global pollution?  Define a few key environmental impacts relating to production and consumption. http://michaelgreenwell.files.wordpress.com/2007/06/motivator7743859.jpg
  39. 39.  What is an environmentally preferred business practice? http://eao.uncc.edu/NL/Nov07/lst.gif
  40. 40.  What sort of social effects are derived from production and consumption? http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/lpbr/pictures/benkler0806.jpg
  41. 41.  What type of inter- generational factors will influence the development of production and consumption?  http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/12/1 7/are-you-analyzing-how-you-impact- ecosystems http://images.amazon.com/images/P/0415341949.01.LZZZZZZZ.jpg
  42. 42.  Visit:  http://www.chronicpoverty.org/pu blications/search/simple/doctype /15  Where are the future production models and changes going to occur?
  43. 43.  Sustainable production is context dependent. It is defined and interpreted by different societies in line with…  Economic trends, such as those related to growth and to market and pricing mechanisms, that may change ecological balances, social cohesion and determinants of economic welfare.  Socio-cultural trends changing the requirements for human satisfaction, http://www.cals.uidaho.edu/igert2/images/palouse_farming2.jpg including new lifestyles or society’s ecological concerns.
  44. 44.  Political trends and priorities modifying the regulatory process that deal with management of the environment, the economy and society.  Ecological conditions & Environmental limits  Our knowledge of those circumstances and limits;  International issues including the economic and physical transfer of materials, energy and products across boundaries & resources http://images.wool.com/pub/pastures_aust_map.jpg
  45. 45. Visit: http://www.ecotec.com/publications.html http://www.product-life.org/ http://www.product-life.org/en/major- publications/the-product-life-factor http://www.businessinsociety.eu/month/20 09/10 http://www.cdn-inc.com/sustain-approach.html
  46. 46.  A number of characteristics must be satisfied in order to ensure that production processes and the use of products and materials operate within environmental limits.  The sustainable use of renewable resources and renewable energy.  The management of non-renewable resources, for example in closed material loop systems.  The use of non-renewable energy in ways that maintain the integrity of natural cycles, http://per.mojofiti.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/img07.jpg such as the carbon cycle;
  47. 47.  The maintenance or restoration of ecological and environmental systems that provide environmental sinks for wastes and pollution arising from production, Visit: products and materials in use and waste. http://www.re-f-use.com/  The minimisation of transportation needs.  These systems should:  Operate in a competitive market framework;  Provide for social cohesion and quality of life, implying a satisfaction of human needs.  extended to all members of the http://www.core77.com/blog/events/150_examples_of_sustainability_3072.asp population.
  48. 48.  The use of goods and services that respond to basic needs.  Provides a better quality of life while minimising the use of natural resources, toxic material and emissions of waste and pollutants. http://www.sustainable-everyday.net/ccsl/data/04.jpg
  49. 49.  What does a ‘product carbon footprint’ mean?  What is an ecological footprint?  What is eco-design? http://florida.sierraclub.org/Northeast/images/JR%20Green%20Carbon%20Footprint.jpg
  50. 50. The term ‘product carbon footprint’ refers to the GHG emissions of a product across its life cycle, from raw materials through production (or service provision), distribution, consumer use and disposal/recycling. It includes the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), together with families of gases including hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) http://www.bkc.co.nz/Portals/0/images/greenhouse%20gases.jpg
  51. 51. http://www.bsigroup.com/Standards-and-Publications/How-we- can-help-you/Professional-Standards-Service/PAS-2050
  52. 52. http://i.treehugger.com/images/2007/5/24/one-bike.jpg http://www.inhabitat.com/wp-content/uploads/100redesigntitle.jpg http://weblogsurf.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/hadidpavilion-ed01.jpg http://www.ubergizmo.com/photos/2008/5/eco-design-jacket.jpg
  53. 53.  Eco design  Design which is meant to address all environmental impacts of a product throughout it’s complete lifecycle, while also aiming to enhance function, quality and appearance. http://anordinarymom.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/metamorphosis-of-monarch-butterfly.jpg
  54. 54. http://www.grcblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/graphic2.jpg http://www.scienceinthebox.com/en_UK/sustainability/pic/lca.gif  http://www.lcacalculator.com/ http://www.ecobox.me/images/life-cycle.jpg
  55. 55.  What are the key characteristics of Life Cycle Assessment?  What are the limitations of LCA? http://image.wareseeker.com/software/wii/abc/details_b7f84153b-wallpaper_1_800.jpg
  56. 56.  Attributional LCA Aims at describing the  describes the pollution environmental and resource flows within properties of a life cycle a chosen system attributed to the delivery and its subsystems. of a specified amount of the functional unit.
  57. 57.  Consequential LCA Aims at describing the  estimates how pollution effects of changes and resource flows within within the life cycle. a system change in response to a change in output of the functional unit.
  58. 58.  Describes the principles  In ISO 14040 LCA is and framework for life defined as the cycle assessment. "compilation and evaluation of the inputs,  Defines the goal and outputs and potential scope of the LCA. environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle”.
  59. 59.  When associated with providing a Product Carbon Footprint, only products which use the same LCA methodology can be compared.  Huge variability in omitting/including impact categories. http://hoklife.com/wp-content/uploads/lifecycle_building_submittal_21.jpg
  60. 60.  Time consuming.  Costly.  Not uniform in application or interpretation.  Used to mis-direct or “Greenwash” a business process. http://thesietch.org/mysietch/keith/files/2008/03/greenwash-painting.jpg
  61. 61.  International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (IJLCA).  Journal of Cleaner Production (JCP).  Journal of Industrial Ecology (JIE).  Environmental Science and Technology (ES&T). http://environment.research.yale.edu/documents/images/h-n/JIE-Nanomaterials.gif
  62. 62. Further Reading… Books… Seeking sustainability in an age of complexity. 2007 Author: Graham Harris Pub: Cambridge 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 63
  63. 63. Further Reading… Books… Social Learning towards a sustainable world. 2007 Ed. Arjen E.J. Wals 15/10/2010 VPB436 Develop and implement a program to support behavioural change and sustainability 64

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