Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Postcolonialism

20,671 views

Published on

this is the outline of post-colonialism theory

Published in: Education, Technology

Postcolonialism

  1. 1. Post-colonialism and Literature Flash review
  2. 2. Backgrounds <ul><li>Michel Foucault: discourse and power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discourse is constructed by language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is productive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antonio Gramsci: hegemony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domination without violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hegemony gives pseudo-consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edward W Said: orientalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orient is western creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orientalism is a rationalization of western domination </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Concepts <ul><li>Imperialism: ideological concept to legitimate economic and military power of a nation to others </li></ul><ul><li>Colonialism: practical form based on the ideology of imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial discourse: representation and perspective used by colonial power to make colonial subject obey colonial rules </li></ul>
  4. 4. Textual analysis <ul><li>Rereading canonic literature </li></ul><ul><li>Studying the representation of colonial subject in colonial text </li></ul><ul><li>Reading literary works from the colonies </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rereading canonic literature <ul><li>Do the writers who write colonial themes support colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they criticize colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Can the works without colonial themes be read in the context of colonial discourse? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Studying the representation of colonial subject in colonial text <ul><li>Investigating the colonial values resisted by the colonial subject </li></ul><ul><li>Homi Bhabha: ambivalence, split, instability in colonial discourse (mimicry) </li></ul><ul><li>Gayatri Spivak: subversion of subaltern towards colonial discourse </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reading the texts from the colonies <ul><li>Do the texts receive or resist colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Do the texts involve in de-colonization of consciousness and challenge the dominant discourse from the periphery? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The definition of post-colonialism <ul><li>Historical period: after the end of colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>The way of reading: text and colonial heritage, text and colonial immigrants, text and the themes of colonialism and imperialism </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to read texts in post-colonial way ? <ul><li>Resisting neutral readership </li></ul><ul><li>Resisting meta-historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Western culture related to colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>Reinterpreting past colonial discourse to resist recently colonial representation lasting after the en of colonialism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reading orientalism <ul><li>Orientalism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructing binary opposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As western fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As an institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As literary work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legitimating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As latent and manifest form </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Mimicry <ul><li>The contradiction of colonial discourse: colonial subject as the other, domestication of colonial subject by omitting the otherness </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nation (B Anderson) <ul><li>Nation only exists in imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Nation unifies the people </li></ul><ul><li>Nation depends on history, tradition and symbols to unify the identity of community </li></ul><ul><li>Nation gives sense of belonging and participation in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Nation needs unifying language </li></ul><ul><li>Nation settles the border between us and them </li></ul>
  13. 13. Colonialism and nationalism <ul><li>Phase 1: anti-colonial nationalist elites receive modern European culture (the hybrid of western technology and eastern spiritualism </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2: anti-colonial nationalist elites look for mass support by emphasizing traditional values to take power from the colonialists </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 3: anti-colonial nationalist elites realize the ideas and covering neocolonialism to settle their support </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End

×