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this is the outline of post-colonialism theory

Published in: Education, Technology


  1. 1. Post-colonialism and Literature Flash review
  2. 2. Backgrounds <ul><li>Michel Foucault: discourse and power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discourse is constructed by language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is productive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antonio Gramsci: hegemony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domination without violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hegemony gives pseudo-consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edward W Said: orientalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orient is western creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orientalism is a rationalization of western domination </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Concepts <ul><li>Imperialism: ideological concept to legitimate economic and military power of a nation to others </li></ul><ul><li>Colonialism: practical form based on the ideology of imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial discourse: representation and perspective used by colonial power to make colonial subject obey colonial rules </li></ul>
  4. 4. Textual analysis <ul><li>Rereading canonic literature </li></ul><ul><li>Studying the representation of colonial subject in colonial text </li></ul><ul><li>Reading literary works from the colonies </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rereading canonic literature <ul><li>Do the writers who write colonial themes support colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they criticize colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Can the works without colonial themes be read in the context of colonial discourse? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Studying the representation of colonial subject in colonial text <ul><li>Investigating the colonial values resisted by the colonial subject </li></ul><ul><li>Homi Bhabha: ambivalence, split, instability in colonial discourse (mimicry) </li></ul><ul><li>Gayatri Spivak: subversion of subaltern towards colonial discourse </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reading the texts from the colonies <ul><li>Do the texts receive or resist colonial discourse? </li></ul><ul><li>Do the texts involve in de-colonization of consciousness and challenge the dominant discourse from the periphery? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The definition of post-colonialism <ul><li>Historical period: after the end of colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>The way of reading: text and colonial heritage, text and colonial immigrants, text and the themes of colonialism and imperialism </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to read texts in post-colonial way ? <ul><li>Resisting neutral readership </li></ul><ul><li>Resisting meta-historicism </li></ul><ul><li>Western culture related to colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>Reinterpreting past colonial discourse to resist recently colonial representation lasting after the en of colonialism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reading orientalism <ul><li>Orientalism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructing binary opposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As western fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As an institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As literary work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legitimating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As latent and manifest form </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Mimicry <ul><li>The contradiction of colonial discourse: colonial subject as the other, domestication of colonial subject by omitting the otherness </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nation (B Anderson) <ul><li>Nation only exists in imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Nation unifies the people </li></ul><ul><li>Nation depends on history, tradition and symbols to unify the identity of community </li></ul><ul><li>Nation gives sense of belonging and participation in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Nation needs unifying language </li></ul><ul><li>Nation settles the border between us and them </li></ul>
  13. 13. Colonialism and nationalism <ul><li>Phase 1: anti-colonial nationalist elites receive modern European culture (the hybrid of western technology and eastern spiritualism </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2: anti-colonial nationalist elites look for mass support by emphasizing traditional values to take power from the colonialists </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 3: anti-colonial nationalist elites realize the ideas and covering neocolonialism to settle their support </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End