Learning Objectives• Identify the key facts in the play• Identify the main parts of the play
ParaphraseThou hast by moonlight at her window sungWith feigning voice verses of feigning love, feigning = pretending You’ve pretended to be in love with her, singing fake love songs softly at her window by moonlight
Key Facts FULL TITLE · A Midsummer Night’s Dream AUTHOR · William Shakespeare TYPE OF WORK · Play GENRES · Comedy; fantasy; romance; LANGUAGE · English CLIMAX · There is no real climax. The conflicts of the play are all resolved quickly by magic. PROTAGONIST · the four lovers. ANTAGONIST · the antagonist is not a person, but accidents and mistakes stand in the lovers’ way. SETTINGS · Combines elements of Ancient Greece Athens and the forest outside its walls THEMES · The difficulties of love; magic; fantasy and reality
Lysander Hermia Dimitrius Egeus Theseus Hippolyta The play starts off with Egeus complaining about his daughter Hermia. Egeus wants his daughter to marry Dimitrius, but Hermia wants to marry Lysander. Egeus complains to Theseus, the Duke of Athens, who is going to marry Hippolyta. Theseus tells Hermia she must listen to her father or else be punished.
Lysander Hermia Helena Lysander and Hermia decide to run away and get married. Hermia tells her best friend Helena that she and Lysander are going to run away.
Helena loves Demetrius, but Demetrius want to marry Hermia.Helena tells Demetrius that Hermia and Lysanderare going to run away to get married. Helena hopes Demetrius will love her again.
Oberon Titania the princeIn the woods, Oberon, the king of the fairies, and Titania, the queen of the fairies, arefighting over a young prince.Oberon wishes to make him a knight, but Titania refuses to give him to Oberon.
Oberon Robin GoodfellowOberon decides to teach Titania a lesson.Oberon sends his servant, Robin Goodfellow, to find a magical flower. The juice of this flower, when spread over a sleeping person’s eyelids ,makes that personfall in love with the first thing he or she sees upon waking. .
In the meantime, Helena has told Demetrius about Lysander and Hermia and so Demetriusfollows them into the woods.Helena follows Demetrius and he acts cruelly towards herOberon sees the couple and has an idea
Oberon Robin GoodfellowRobin Goodfellow brings Oberon the magical flower,Oberon tells Robin Goodfellow to spread the juice of the flower on the eyelids of theyoung Athenian .He wants to make Demetrius love Helena.
Robin Goodfellow goes into the woodsand finds a young Athenian asleep inthe woods. LysanderRobin thinks that this is the young man.He spreads the juice on Lysander’s eyelids.
Helena LysanderLysander opens his eyes and sees Helena who is looking for Demetrius.Lysander immediately falls in love with Helena.
Hermia wakes up and cannot find Lysander.Hermia thinks Demetrius has killedLysander, and she runs away from him.
Oberon tries to fix Robin Goodfellow’s mistake and he spreads the juice of the flower on Demetrius’s eyelids.Demetrius opens his eyesand falls in love with Helena
Both Demetrius and Lysanderhate Hermia and poor Helenathinks they are all three playinga trick on her. Goodfellow needs to fix his mistake so he causes them all to get lost in the woods and while they are asleep he spreads the juice of the flower on Lysander’s eyes.
Lysander wakes up, sees Hermia and falls in love with her again.Lysander marries Hermia and Demetrius marries Helena.
the actors Goodfellow BottomMeanwhile there are some actors rehearsing in the woods and the naughtyPuck, Goodfellow, has put a donkey’s head on Bottom, one of the actors.
Oberon spreads the juice of the flower on Titania’s eyelids Titania BottomTitania’s wakes up, sees Bottom, and falls in love with him.
Oberon takes the prince.Titania’s wakes and sees how silly she has been. Titania’s wakes and Oberon make up.
List of CharactersThe AtheniansTheseus – Duke of AthensHippolyta – Queen of the Amazons, betrothed to TheseusEgeus – father of Hermia, wants her to marry DemetriusHermia – in love with LysanderHelena – in love with DemetriusLysander – in love with HermiaDemetrius – in love with Hermia at first but later loves HelenaThe FairiesOberon – Titanias husband and King of the FairiesTitania – Oberons wife and Queen of the FairiesRobin Goodfellow/Puck – servant to OberonPeaseblossom – fairy servant to TitaniaMustardseed – fairy servant to TitaniaThe Mechanicals (An acting troupe)Nick Bottom – wears the head of a donkey and is loved by Titania
HomeWorkRead lines 20-45 and answer the questionYour answer must be an essay with the necessary evidence andexplanation:Why has Egeus brought his daughter and the two men before the duke?