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critically analyse the role of social worker

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critically analyse the role of social worker

  1. 1. A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF ROLE OF SOCIAL WORKERS FOR SEXUALLY ABUSED FEMALES AND CHILDRENS
  2. 2. Effects of Sexual Abuse on the Victims • Low self-esteem • Depression • Anxiety • Isolation • Regressive behaviors • Dissociation • Nightmares • Flashbacks • Difficulty concentrating • Feeling unsafe • Promiscuity • Early pregnancy • Prostitution • Drug and alcohol abuse • Self-harm behaviors (cutting, burning) • Eating disorders • Abstinence of sex • Interpersonal difficulties (trouble at work or home…) • Running Away
  3. 3. SUPPORTING A SURVIVOR
  4. 4. FEMALE SEXUAL ABUSE
  5. 5. HOW CAN A SOCIAL WORKER HELP.? • Recognizing and naming the symptoms. • Developing support and coping strategies. • Have a concrete safety plan. • Help to Develop trusting relationships. • Mobilizing social network. • Control of body: making the victim get enough sleep, exercise, food, regulation of symptoms and understanding his/her self-harm behavior. • Safety of environment: safe place to live, plan to protect, transportation, financial resources.
  6. 6. EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT Trauma I – client who has a single instance of trauma, stable background and previously had safe coping mechanisms. Trauma II – client who experienced multiple traumas. II A – client has come from a stable background, can distinguish the multiple traumas from one another. II B – client is unable to distinguish the traumas from one another. (“Complex PTSD” – J. Herman) II B-R – someone who previously had safe coping mechanisms, but has become overwhelmed by so many traumas (i.e.: holocaust survivors ). II B- nR – someone who has never had safe coping skills.
  7. 7. Role of socal worker:key factors  social workers are generally more confident working with sexual abuse in the family, compared with cases involving internet based abuse, grooming, trafficking or child sexual exploitation  sexual abuse may be underreported or difficult to identify in situations where child neglect or other concerns are the primary reason for referral  adequate support is not always available to sexually abused children or their families once safeguarding actions have been taken and the case has been closed  regular support and supervision is important in developing social workers’ skills and confidence. Peer- and counselling-based support are key in managing the emotional impact of the work  training was variable in terms of availability, access, focus, format, quality and relevance to practice. Many social workers felt they had to ‘learn on the job.’ Counselling with confidence
  8. 8. WHEN THE VICTIM IS A CHILD
  9. 9. Immediate Actions 1. Interview the child first, then the parents in turn. Under all circumstances the best interests of the child should be served. 2. Do not act hastily to remove the child. This may imply to the child that he/she is to blame for the abuse. Removal and placement of a child should be a last resort if there is no other way to protect the child. 3. Contact the Child Protection Unit. 4. A family member not involved directly or indirectly in the abuse or an accountable adult should accompany the victim. 5. Offer reassurance to the child. Assure her or him that you will work with the abuser to try to stop them from such conduct, but that at all times protection of the victim is your priority. 6. Should the perpetrator be the father and the mother is likely to protect the child, or vice versa, assist the non-abusing parent to protect the child from further abuse. 7. Open a case file with only the necessary information.
  10. 10. Longer term Actions 1. Work with the parents: reestablish the motherchild relationship. 2. Ensure that other children in the home are not at risk. 3. Assist the abuser to be involved in effective treatment.
  11. 11. THANK YOU for all your time and attention. PRESENTED BY : SUSHMITA TRIPATHI (2016MW01) SANDEEP TRIPATHI (2016MW06) M.S.W , MNNIT ALLAHABAD

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