Waste disposal system in UK and USA


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Students of class VIII of Modern English School studied the waste disposal system of UK and USA and presented in the form of powerpoit presentation.

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Waste disposal system in UK and USA

  1. 1. Waste are the unwanted materials thatare not prime products. Waste may begenerated during the extraction of rawmaterials, the processing of raw materialsinto intermediate and final products, theconsumption of final products andhuman activities. Residual recycled orreused at the place of generation areexcluded.
  2. 2. Waste can be of different types exerted from different fields. any non put rescible waste, consisting of combustiblematerials, such as paper, cardboard ,etc. ndustrial waste means solid waste generated by manufacturingor industrial processes. waste that is made from harmful chemicals. normally it refers to waste products that cannot be consideredgeneral waste, produced from healthcare premises, such as hospitals, clinics, doctor’soffices, veterinary hospitals and labs. The Waste Market undertakes the interesting task of examiningthe creative ways in which a handful of European countries, namelyBelgium, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, and Sweden, have managed theirwaste collection market.
  3. 3. The UK produces about 330 million tonnes of waste a year, a quarter of which is fromhomes and business. Councils in England have been told to increase recycling rates to50% by 2020 - that is about double the current rate.
  4. 4. Medical Waste In the UK, clinical waste and the way it is to be handled is closely regulated. Everything is done under qualified workers. Applicable legislation includes theEnvironmental Protection Act 1990 (Part II), Waste Management LicensingRegulations 1994, and the Hazardous Waste Regulations (England & Wales) 2005, aswell as the Special Waste Regulations in Scotland. (England & Wales) 2005, as well as the Special Waste Regulations in Scotland.
  5. 5. Chemical WasteChemical Waste is the waste made from harmful chemicals. Chemical wastemay fall under regulations such as COSHH in the United Kingdom, or theClean Water Act and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act in the UnitedStates. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and theOccupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), as well as state andlocal regulations also regulate chemical use and disposal. Chemical waste mayor may not be classed as hazardous waste.
  6. 6. The 2009 Commercial and Industrial waste arisings results were published on 16December 2010. Since publication, it was discovered that some of the waste datafor one business in the food, drink and tobacco sector, in the South West, wasentered incorrectly, resulting in an overestimate of waste generation byapproximately 100,000 tonnes. This also affects the national C&I total wastearisings estimate, the C&I waste management data and some waste types.
  7. 7. Domestic WasteMuch of household waste can be minimized by recycling items such asnewspapers, plastic beverage containers, glass, and aluminum. Recyclers inlocal areas can be found using the DEQs Recyclers Directory. The WaxmanMarkey Bill-American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACESA)indirectly promotes recycling as a means to address global warming. EPAcreated the Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to help solid waste planners andorganizations track and voluntarily report greenhouse gas (GHG) emissionsreductions from several different materials management practices.
  8. 8. Medical WasteImproper management of healthcare wastes from hospitals, clinics and other facilities inGCC countries pose occupational and public health risks to patients, health workers,waste handlers, haulers and general public. It may also lead to contamination of air, waterand soil which may affect all forms of life. In addition, if waste is not disposed ofproperly, members of the community may have an opportunity to collect disposablemedical equipment (particularly syringes) and to resell these materials which may causedangerous diseases. According to World Health Organization, hospital-associatedinfections (HAI) affect approximately 5% of hospitalized patients. The complexity ofinfectious healthcare waste problems and the recent rise in the incidence of diseases suchas AIDS, SARS and Hepatitis B open up greater risk of contamination throughmishandling and unsafe disposal practices.
  9. 9. Chemical WasteChemical Waste Management and Waste Management of North America(Petitioners) required review of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)regulations that establish informal procedures for administrative hearingsconcerning the issuance of corrective action orders under Section:3008(h) of theResource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), as modified by Section. Theresponsibility for determining whether or not a waste must be classified ashazardous rests with the generator. The federally established scheme for thisdetermination is described below in the Chemical Waste instructions. Assistance inmaking the determination is available from the Office of Environmental Healthand Safety (EHS).
  10. 10. Waste Industries USA picks up trash companies nearly as often as it picks up trash canThe active consolidator has made more than 130 acquisitions since 1990. When its notbuying companies, Waste Industries USA is collecting, hauling, and disposing of solidwaste for 875,000 municipal, residential, commercial, and industrial customers in thesoutheastern US. The company has 36 collection operations, and about 65 drop-offcenters, 29 transfer stations, 12 recycling facilities and nine landfills. In 2008 ChairmanLonnie Pool Jr. led an investor group that took the company private for about $544million.
  11. 11. From the above info we knew that waste is harmful for us in various ways. We cantake various steps to handle waste. Above has a nice description of the wastemanagement in United Kingdom and United State Of America.MESSAGE :SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT SAVE THE EARTHENVIRONMENT WILL SAVE YOU,…. SAVE THE FUTURE,….AWARENESSIf you really want to see the later face of the beautiful Earth, come on do somethingfor the innocent generation….
  12. 12. Class :VIII ‘C’Modern English School,Kahilipara,Guwahati-19