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Power and Politics in Organization

Power and Politics in Organization

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Power and Politics in Organization

  1. 1.  Presented by : Sonali Vaity & Sushant Patil
  2. 2.  The capacity to direct or influence the behavior or the course of action of others  Power refers to a capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B, so B acts in accordance with A’s wishes
  3. 3.  Power does not require goal similarity, only dependence  Leadership requires some match between the goals of the leader and those being led  Leadership focuses on the downward influence on followers  Groups as well as individuals can use power to control other individuals or groups
  4. 4.  Positional Power  Expert Power  Referent Power  Reward Power
  5. 5.  Legitimacy  Rational persuasion  Inspirational appeals  Consultation  Exchange  Personal appeals  Ingratiation  Pressure  Coalitions
  6. 6. Organizational Politics are the activities managers engage in to increase their power and use it to achieve their goals. Political strategies: Specific tactics used to increase power and use it effectively.  Political can be negative, but also is a positive force allowing needed change.  Everyone throughout the firm engagers in politics  Political activity allows a manager to gain support for an idea.
  7. 7.  Politics arises when employees aspire to achieve something beyond their authority and control in a short span of time  Lack of supervision and control at the workplace  Too much of gossip at work lead to politics  Arrogant superiors  Jealous colleagues
  8. 8. To make effective use of organizational politics, leader must be aware of specific political tactics & strategies There are three major tactics  Gaining Power  Building relationship with superiors & co-workers  Avoiding political blunder
  9. 9. All political tactics are aimed at gaining & maintaining power, even the power to avoid a difficult assignment. Six techniques to gaining power  Develop power contacts  Control vital information  Control lines of communication  Bring in outside expert  Make a quick showing
  10. 10. Much of organization politics involve building relationship with network member who can be helpful now or later Strategies for building relationship  Make & manage impression on others  Ask satisfied customers to speak about you  Be overly courteous, pleasant & positive  Flatter others
  11. 11. A strategy for retaining power is to refrain from making power eroding blunders which can prevent one from attaining power  Criticizing the boss in public forums  By passing the manager  Overt display of disloyalty  Being or perceived as a poor team player  Act in haste  Declining an offer from top management
  12. 12.  Power is the ability to influence people and events.  Managers need to use power effectively.  Closely related to power is politics. Politics relates to the ways people gain and use power in organizations.  Political activities in an organization are inevitable and managers should manage them carefully.  Power and politics are present in all organizations and are inevitable. However it depends on the stakeholders whether to use it for their selfish benefits or for an organizational development that can lead to everyone's benefits.

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