Smart Senior Strategies:Providing Care and Nutrition for the Aging Horse                   Lydia F. Gray, DVM            M...
Your Presenters     SmartPak.com   2
Agenda    •   When does a horse become “senior”?    •   How does the body change?    •   Which conditions are common in se...
When does a horse become “senior?”    •     Chronological age – actual number of years of life          from birth    •   ...
How does the body change?    •       External changes    •       Internal changes             Research: Brosnahan MM, Para...
How does the body change?    External changes    –   Lower Body Condition Score    –   Swayback/Sag    –   Hollow above ey...
How does the body change?    Body Condition Score (BCS):    – System for estimating fat cover over six different body area...
How does the body change?Internal changes–   Decreased digestion, absorption, metabolism–   Loss of muscle mass–   Loss of...
Which conditions are common in seniors?    •   Digestive (dental, colic, diarrhea, choke)    •   Metabolic (Cushing’s Dise...
What can senior horse owners do? 1.   Diet 2.   Preventive Care 3.   Exercise 4.   Observation10
What can senior horse owners do?     Diet: Forage      –   Hay (grass vs. alfalfa)      –   Hay cubes, pellets and other f...
What can senior horse owners do?Diet: Grain–    Complete Feed (vitamins, minerals, protein, energy, fiber)–    Fortified G...
Understanding Commercial Feeds          Vitamin/Mineral            Supplement            SmartPak.com         13
What can senior horse owners do?     Diet: Supplements for seniors       –   Multi-Vitamins       –   Vitamins B and C    ...
Multi-Vitamins:     Product Recommendations15
Vitamin B/C Supplements:     Product Recommendations16
Digestion Supplements:     Product Recommendations17
Amino Acid Supplements:                    Product Recommendations     Research: Graham-Theirs PM, Kronfeld DS, Hatsell C ...
Antioxidant Supplements:     Product Recommendations19
Weight Gain Supplements:     Product Recommendations20
Anti-Inflammatory Supplements:        Product Recommendations21
Joint Supplements:     Product Recommendations22
What can senior horse owners do?     Preventive Care       –   Physical examination       –   Vaccinations       –   Paras...
What can senior horse owners do?Exercise– Turnout– Controlled exercise  • Warm up and cool down  • Daily vs. randomly  • T...
What can senior horse owners do? Observation: –   Warm weather –   Cold weather –   Herd status –   Bedding –   Dehydratio...
Questions & Answers        SmartPak.com   26
Questions1.   Whats the best way to make sure your horse is getting the right amount of     vitamins and minerals if they ...
Questions1.   What do you suggest to keep weight on a mid twenties retired thoroughbred,     who doesnt seem to eat his ha...
Questions1.   My gelding is 19 years and retired to a retirement farm in Kentucky due to     degenerative arthritis and st...
Questions1.   Is it true that alfalfa is bad for their kidneys?2.   Is it safe/advisable for a horse who is losing his tee...
Thank you for attending our Webinar!        Please visit us at SmartPak.com, email us at CustomerCare@SmartPak.comor call ...
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Smart Senior Strategies: Providing Care and Nutrtion for the Aging Horse

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  • Smart Senior Strategies: Providing Care and Nutrtion for the Aging Horse

    1. 1. Smart Senior Strategies:Providing Care and Nutrition for the Aging Horse Lydia F. Gray, DVM Medical Director/Staff Veterinarian Jessica Normand Senior Director – SmartSupplements™ June 14, 2012
    2. 2. Your Presenters SmartPak.com 2
    3. 3. Agenda • When does a horse become “senior”? • How does the body change? • Which conditions are common in seniors? • What can senior horse owners do? • Questions & Answers3
    4. 4. When does a horse become “senior?” • Chronological age – actual number of years of life from birth • Physiological age – age at which physical functions begin to decline • Demographic age – survivorship of an age-group relative to the entire population4
    5. 5. How does the body change? • External changes • Internal changes Research: Brosnahan MM, Paradis MR. Assessment of clinical characteristics, management practices, and activities of geriatric horses. JAVMA, Vol 223, No 1, July 1, 2003, pp99-103.5
    6. 6. How does the body change? External changes – Lower Body Condition Score – Swayback/Sag – Hollow above eyes – Graying coat – Dental disease – Decreased capacity for exercise6
    7. 7. How does the body change? Body Condition Score (BCS): – System for estimating fat cover over six different body areas to develop a single score for overall condition; ranges from 1 to 97
    8. 8. How does the body change?Internal changes– Decreased digestion, absorption, metabolism– Loss of muscle mass– Loss of bone density– Lax connective tissue– Weakened immunity– Dental disease– Reduced cardiopulmonary function8
    9. 9. Which conditions are common in seniors? • Digestive (dental, colic, diarrhea, choke) • Metabolic (Cushing’s Disease) • Respiratory (“heaves” or RAO) • Lameness (arthritis, laminitis, abscesses) • Immune (increased infections, poor healing)9
    10. 10. What can senior horse owners do? 1. Diet 2. Preventive Care 3. Exercise 4. Observation10
    11. 11. What can senior horse owners do? Diet: Forage – Hay (grass vs. alfalfa) – Hay cubes, pellets and other forms – Beet Pulp – Pasture – Complete Feed Grazing Muzzle11 Freedom Feeder
    12. 12. What can senior horse owners do?Diet: Grain– Complete Feed (vitamins, minerals, protein, energy, fiber)– Fortified Grain (vitamins, minerals, protein, energy)– Ration Balancer (vitamins, minerals, protein)– Vitamin/Mineral Supplement aka “Multi-Vitamin” (vitamins, minerals)12
    13. 13. Understanding Commercial Feeds Vitamin/Mineral Supplement SmartPak.com 13
    14. 14. What can senior horse owners do? Diet: Supplements for seniors – Multi-Vitamins – Vitamins B and C – Digestion – Amino Acids – Antioxidant – Weight Gain – Anti-Inflammatory – Joint Supplements14
    15. 15. Multi-Vitamins: Product Recommendations15
    16. 16. Vitamin B/C Supplements: Product Recommendations16
    17. 17. Digestion Supplements: Product Recommendations17
    18. 18. Amino Acid Supplements: Product Recommendations Research: Graham-Theirs PM, Kronfeld DS, Hatsell C et al. Amino acid supplementation improves muscle mass in aged horses. J Anim Sci. 2005 Dec;83(12): 2783-2788.18
    19. 19. Antioxidant Supplements: Product Recommendations19
    20. 20. Weight Gain Supplements: Product Recommendations20
    21. 21. Anti-Inflammatory Supplements: Product Recommendations21
    22. 22. Joint Supplements: Product Recommendations22
    23. 23. What can senior horse owners do? Preventive Care – Physical examination – Vaccinations – Parasite control – Hoof care – Dental work23
    24. 24. What can senior horse owners do?Exercise– Turnout– Controlled exercise • Warm up and cool down • Daily vs. randomly • Time offResearch: McKeever KH. Exercise physiologyof the older horse. Vet Clin North Am EquinePract. 2002 Dec;18(3):469-90.24
    25. 25. What can senior horse owners do? Observation: – Warm weather – Cold weather – Herd status – Bedding – Dehydration – Saddle Fitting – Ability to lie down/get up25
    26. 26. Questions & Answers SmartPak.com 26
    27. 27. Questions1. Whats the best way to make sure your horse is getting the right amount of vitamins and minerals if they are easy keepers, on pasture 24-7, and only get a couple handfuls of senior feed once per day?2. What type of feed is recommended for a 30 year old horse without back molars and a severe swayback?3. What is the number one cause to look for in a senior horse that has started to lose weight that otherwise has never had any weight issues?4. What is the best way to keep weight on a horse during the winter who refuses to eat hay? I do have good pasture but he did drop some weight this winter. I am now feeding sweet feed combined with alfalfa and oats.5. What is the best joint supplement for our 40+ app mare that we have at our barn? She seems to be stiffer in movement with each day. It gets worse with the weather changes also, we dont want to keep her on an aspirin or bute regimen. SmartPak.com 27
    28. 28. Questions1. What do you suggest to keep weight on a mid twenties retired thoroughbred, who doesnt seem to eat his hay very efficiently, without relying too heavily on grain for the calories he needs?2. Does driving a senior horse exacerbate arthritis? This horse is ridden regularly, but would like to drive as he is well trained to drive. Hasnt been driven in last 10 years. Is presently 30 with no health problems. Must eat 3rd cutting hay; poor teeth.3. Should you clip your older horse if he doesnt shed out completely? Or is there a reason he is keeping that longer hair? Note: this is not type of long hair associated w/Cushings, just normal winter coat that does not shed.4. Please provide tips for preventing or nipping in the bud "metabolic syndrome". Have had an older horse suddenly have laminitis and appear thin on spring grass.5. My horse is 28 years old and on Smart Digest. He has arthritis in his hocks, kissing spines, sesamoiditis. He is able to still walk and trot on the grass comfortably with me riding him. Playing he can act like a 2 year old. I am interested in Smart Flex SmartPak.com 28
    29. 29. Questions1. My gelding is 19 years and retired to a retirement farm in Kentucky due to degenerative arthritis and stifle issues. Hes turned out 24/7 with 22 acres of grazing, water, salt blocks, a shallow pond and lots of hills and trees. Is that good enough?2. My daughters 20 year old Welsh pony has foundered before and he has dental issues from a previous mouth injury as a yearling. He struggles with digesting hay and spits out a lot of quids. I have him on a grass hay pellet and Im wondering if this is ok?3. My appx. 24 year old TB is hard to keep weight on he is currently on 4 Qt of Triple Crown Senior 3X per day along with Omegatin. I feel like that is too much grain for him to digest and it is also not really helping with the weight gain...ideas?4. Keeping weight on the active senior horse - especially when they are already being given all the hay they will eat. SmartPak.com 29
    30. 30. Questions1. Is it true that alfalfa is bad for their kidneys?2. Is it safe/advisable for a horse who is losing his teeth to be allowed to "graze“? What are special hot weather needs of senior horses? What are special "hoof" health needs of senior horses? What "supplements" are recommended for senior horses?3. Increased immune deficiency in my older horse (Sweet Itch as a common term) has seemed to increase. Any ideas about how to support him nutritionally to help this condition?4. I would also be interested in information on behavior changes -- what changes might be common in older horses vs what changes might be signs of disease that can/should be addressed.5. I have an 19 year old Appendix who is not worked very hard but sweats a lot after a training session when he is standing in the cross ties. Not so much during the session, but afterwards. Should I supplement with B vitamins maybe? He gets SeniorFlex already . SmartPak.com 30
    31. 31. Thank you for attending our Webinar! Please visit us at SmartPak.com, email us at CustomerCare@SmartPak.comor call us at 1-800-461-8898 if we can answer any further questions. ~ Your Friends at SmartPak SmartPak.com 31

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