The passive voice sentences are frequently used
It is used when we want emphasize the action of
It can be used when we don't want name the doer
of the action because it isn't important.
It can be used when we don't know who is the
doer of the action.
Passive voice verb is formed with the verb to be
and the past participle of the main verb.
Negative auxiliary is added to the verb to be in
Interrogative sentences are started by the verb to
be followed by the subject and the past
participle (present simple tense).
Subject+To be (conjugated)+Past participle
Margaret is helped by the teacher.
Subject+To be (conjugated in negative)+Past
Margaret is not helped by the teacher.
To be (conjugated)+Subject+Past Participle
Is Margaret helped by the teacher?
EXEMPLES IN OTHER TENSES
She was named delegate in 1998.
She was not named delegate in 1998.
Was she named delegate in 1998?
The film can be seen in my house.
The film can not be seen in my house.
Can the film be seen in my house?
They have been stuck in the fight.
They have not been stuck in the fight.
Have they been stuck in the fight?
Past Perfect Simple
Mary had been phoned before the concert.
Mary had not been phoned before the concert.
Had Mary been phoned before the concert?
Future with will
You will be sacked by your boss.
You will not be sacked by your boss.
Will you be sacked by your boss?
Future with going to
The shop is going to be closed in ten minutes.
The shop is not going to be closed in ten
Is the shop going to be closed in ten minutes?
ACTIVE VOICE TO PASSIVE VOICE
Intransitive sentences can't be changed to
passive voice because objects are required for
The subject of the passive sentence is the object
of the active sentence.
The object of the passive sentence is the subject
of the active sentence. If the subject is the doer
in the active sentence, we will put it after the
preposition BY in the passive voice and it is
known as Subject Agent.
Peter listens a song.
A song is listened by Peter. (S. Agent)
We must add the verb to be conjugated in the
same tense the main verb had in the active voice.
The main verb of the active sentence should be in
past participle tense in the passive sentence.
My son don't eat vegetables. (Present Simple)
Vegetables are eaten by my son. (P. Simple+P.
When the sentence has two objects, the subject
of the passive voice can be the indirect object or
the direct object:
Lola sewed Katy a beautiful dress.
Katy was sewn a beautiful dress by Lola.*
A beautiful dress was sewn to Katy by Lola.
*This form is preferred in English.
If the indirect object is a pronoun in the active
sentence (her, me, his..), we will put it as subject
form (She, I, he..) in the passive sentence.
If the subject is a pronoun in the active sentence
(I, we, they...), we will put it as a indirect object
pronoun in the passive sentence (me, us, them..)
Mike sent her a love letter.
He gave me some sweets.
She was sent a love letter by Mike.
I was given some sweets by him.
They filmed the scene in France.
I read a lot of books.
Mum cooks breakfast every day.
Doctors should help patients.
Michael doesn't eat vegetables.
The scene was filmed in France.
A lot of books are read.
Breakfast is cooked every day by mum.
Patients should be helped by doctors.
Vegetables are not eaten by Michael.