Hiking The Trails Of Washington


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Beginning Hiking tips for where to go in NW WA, what gear to bring, descriptions of hiking trails and a few pictures too.

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Hiking The Trails Of Washington

  1. 1. Hiking the Trails of Washington An Information Guide for safely hiking in the Cascade & Olympic Mountains
  2. 2. Gear and Trip Planning <ul><li>What to Wear </li></ul><ul><li>What’s In Your Pack </li></ul><ul><li>Maps and Trail Info </li></ul><ul><li>Guidebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Passes and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Reminders </li></ul>
  3. 3. What to Wear: Packs & Boots <ul><li>Day Hikes – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pack size = 2000 - 2600 cu. in., internal frame (top loaders, panel loaders or a hybrid work great) and get one with a waist belt, sternum strap with the shoulder straps. Know your size (S-XL) or have the store measure the length of your back. Fit: ride on hips—should be adjusted so that hips (not shoulders) take the load. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boots need to be comfortable. Styles range from Over-the-ankle, leather, fabric; trail runners, low hikers. If you plan to hike a lot, vibram soles or a modified shank boot give the best support. There will be some break-in time for most new hiking boots. Find out the store’s return policy before buying. If it’s strict, break in gently by wearing to work, driving, doing yard work, walking on paved surfaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overnight Hikes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pack size= 3400 – 4800 cu. in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boots should have over-the-ankle support and stiffer sole. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What to Wear: Layers <ul><li>Be able to layer up or down as mountain conditions can change quickly and your ability to easily adapt is important for your safety AND having a fun hike. Managing body temp (hot or cold) is a critical skill but is frequently overlooked vs. physical conditioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Base layer (lightweight long johns, socks and underwear. Brand names include CoolMax, Thermax, Thermolene, Capilene, and many others.) </li></ul><ul><li>Insulating layer ( a t-shirt in warm weather; add a synthetic pullover in cooler weather. A turtleneck/high necked shirt will add comfortable warmth. Hiking pants/nylon sweats for lower body). Think synthetic, and fleece or wool are OK too. </li></ul><ul><li>Rain/Wind Protection ( waterproof jacket with ventilation area, rain pants) </li></ul><ul><li>Hat/gloves/mittens: Carry them all year (why?). </li></ul>
  5. 5. What’s In Your Pack <ul><li>Have the Essential gear in your pack to be ready and able to have a safe hike. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Navigation (map and compass) 2. Sun protection (eyes, skin, lips) 3. Insulation (extra clothing) 4. Illumination (flashlight/headlamp) 5. First-aid supplies 6. Fire 7. Repair kit and tools 8. Nutrition (extra food) 9. Hydration (extra water) 10. Emergency shelter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLUS – Insect Repellant, Whistle, Hiking poles, Communication Device, GPS </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Nutrition and Hydration <ul><li>Proper food and water intake : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water should be easily accessible and drunk frequently, every 15-30 minutes about ½ cup to cup of water. Do not guzzle a whole bunch at once. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper nutrition intake (60 % carbs, 20% fat, 20% protein) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good things to take to eat (pizza, sandwiches, dried fruit, whatever is tasty/salty and you like to eat it ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you start feeling strange and you lose power, most likely need to eat and drink. Some hikers call this bonking..blood sugar is too low. </li></ul><ul><li>Bladders vs. water bottles </li></ul>
  7. 7. What’s In Your Pack – Part 2 <ul><li>Sun Protection, Extra “dry” and “warm” clothing ( seasonal – gaiters, fleece vest ) . </li></ul><ul><li>First aid supplies – What you will need to use for yourself, think slips/trips/falls or sore feet. Extra meds, epi pen/Benadryl, contact lenses supplies, moleskin/band aids, antibiotic ointment, alcohol pads. http://www.wta.org/hiking-info/basics/like-your-life-depends-on-it-building-your-first-aid-kit </li></ul><ul><li>Illumination – Best is a LED headlamp w/a set of extra batteries . Hat brim/clip on LED lights or a small flashlight work OK too . </li></ul><ul><li>Repair kit (aka as pocket knife, duct tape & wire), Emergency shelter (space blanket), Fire (waterproof matches w/firestarter). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Navigation: Maps & Trail Info <ul><li>Green Trails are the map of choice for hikers. (publishes over 140 topographic recreation map titles) http://www.greentrailsmaps.com / </li></ul><ul><li>WA highway maps and FS road maps are also recommended to use for planning hikes. </li></ul><ul><li>WA Trails Association http://www.wta.org/ A great resource for current trail conditions go to Find A Hike/Freshest Trip Report from the top menu bar. </li></ul><ul><li>NW Hikers Forum – A friendly message board of experienced and active hikers who love to talk hiking and share information. http://www.nwhikers.net/ </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hiking Guides <ul><li>Day Hiking: Mount Rainier National Park Guide Book by Dan A. Nelson & Alan L. Bauer (The Mountaineers Books) </li></ul><ul><li>Day Hiking: Snoqualmie Region Guide Book by Dan A. Nelson with Alan L. Bauer (The Mountaineers Books) </li></ul><ul><li>60 Hikes within 60 Miles: Seattle Guide Book by Andrew Weber & Bryce Stevens (Menasha Ridge Press) </li></ul><ul><li>Best Wildflower Hikes Washington Guide Book by Art Kruckeberg with Karen Sykes & Craig Romano (The Mountaineers Books) </li></ul><ul><li>Best Hikes with Kids: Western Washington & the Cascades Guide Book by Joan Burton (The Mountaineers Books) </li></ul><ul><li>Best of the Pacific Crest Trail: Washington Guide Book by Dan A. Nelson (The Mountaineers Books) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Goat Flats – North Cascades Photo by Ken Barrett
  11. 11. Parking Passes & Regulations <ul><li>Free Days- 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A pass will not be required on these two days: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Trails Day June 6, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Public Lands Day September 26, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>NW Forest Pass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost = Annual Passes cost $30.00 (good for one year from month of purchase) Day Passes cost $5.00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a result of a Congressional order, in the Northwest Region (Region 6) of the USFS, we now have the Northwest Forest Pass program. For $30 you must now buy a pass that's good at all Forest Service trailheads through out Oregon and Washington. The pass is valid for one year from the day you purchased it. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE: If you do not wish to pay the $30, you may do two days of volunteer work on Forest Service trails with WTA. Your volunteer service will be acknowledged with a free annual pass . (www.wta.org) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Parking Passes & Regulations cont. <ul><li>National Park entrance fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free weekends: June 20-21, July 18-19 and Aug 15-16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per park passes: week/7 day = $15, annual pass = $30. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>America the Beautiful – National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass - Annual Pass = $80 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides access to: Federal recreation sites that charge an entrance or Standard Amenity Fee. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senior Pass cost = $10 (Age 62 or older , Valid for: Lifetime of pass holder) . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Replaces National Parks, Golden Eagle Hologram, Golden Access and Golden Age passport passes. Those in circulation are still honored according to the provisions of the pass. Paper Golden Age and Access can be exchanged for the new America the Beautiful pass. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Scary Stories <ul><li>It is easier than you think to avoid becoming a missing hiker, lost hiker, or dead hiker. This presentation is to help you make smart choices and be prepared for the unexpected when you decide to go hiking. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 20, 2007…Search and rescue volunteers and authorities are continuing the search for Mary Wingfield, a Seattle hiker lost on the Stetattle Creek trail in North Cascades National Park since Sept 16 th . Searchers have found several notes and other items left by Wingfield several hundred yards off the trail. The notes indicate she is without food, water or a map and is attempting to hike downstream. Sept 21, 2007 – Missing Seattle Hiker found OK in the North Cascades National Park, she was was found Friday afternoon . At about 2 p.m., a U.S. Customs and Border Protection helicopter was flying back and forth above Stetattle Creek. On a hunch, pilot Chris Rosen decided to fly beyond the designated search area . He thought maybe Wingfield got confused and headed upstream, instead of down. “And that’s exactly what she’d done” said Rosen. “ She’d wandered a good way out of the search area.” Rosen spotted Wilnfield at the top of a waterfall. Wingfield said she headed upstream because nothing had seemed familiar the other way. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jul 14, 2004 …Searchers resumed their search Thursday morning for a missing hiker in the Cascades. Wednesday marked George Hurlbut's fourth night lost somewhere near Denny Creek , west of Snoqualmie Pass. There is some hope Hurlbut, 55, might have made the same mistake other hikers have made and that he may be wandering miles away - alive and well - somewhere in the middle fork of the Snoqualmie River. &quot;We don't know that for sure, but we're definitely checking it out. From past searches we know that's where the drainage pushes them,&quot; said Deputy Ed Christian. Hurlbut's SUV was found parked at the Denny Creek trailhead near Snoqualmie Pass. A lot of people come to this spot to take a day hike to Melakwa Lake. Hikers who have gotten lost here before missed the trail on the return trip and can go in entirely the wrong direction. The summer weather is in this missing hiker's favor. Hurlbut has been lost since Sunday . He didn't tell anyone exactly where he was going . If he left a main trail he could very well be in the middle of nowhere, and just as difficult to find. About 70 searchers were on the ground Wednesday, 50 more will join them Thursday. Jul 15, 2004 George Hurlbut, who had been missing for five days in the Cascades near Denny Creek, was found alive and well Thursday afternoon . King County police say he is a bit dehydrated, but was otherwise OK. He didn't tell anyone exactly where he was going. His wife called friends Sunday night concerned after he didn't check in, and coworkers became concerned when he didn't show up for work at Washington Mutual on Monday. Those coworkers then formed their own search group and scoured all the parking lots around the popular hiking trailheads around I-90. They found Hurlbut's car on Tuesday but there was no sign of him, and the area is honeycombed with trails. At the searches' peak, 150 searchers were looking for him, but there was no sign of him until he walked out of the woods near the North Bend McDonald's. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Better Outcomes - Be Prepared… <ul><li>May 28, 2009 - Searchers on Thursday were sent to find two hikers lost in the Salmon River area. Russ Gubele with Mountain Ridge Search and Rescue said the hikers were two adults who called 9-1-1 Thursday morning saying they got lost in the snow. The two were not hurt and said they had food and were pretty well equipped. Searchers tracked the cell phone to a ridge and located the pair around 4 p.m. The hikers said they got lost Wednesday and spent the night in the woods, having just enough food to get them through Thursday. Not long after 4 p.m. Clackamas County Search & Rescue crews made contact with the hikers and in about a half-hour SAR Command Post officials heard the message &quot;We got'em – We got'em -We are with them both and they are safe.&quot; &quot;That was great news to hear, I was getting concerned&quot;, Deputy Scott Meyers said. &quot;I love this job.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>On Wednesday, two hikers lost in the area since Monday were safely rescued by crews on the bank of the Salmon River. One of those rescued Wednesday said they had forgotten some of the &quot;ten essentials:&quot; Compass, first aid kit, emergency blanket, fire starter, knife, flashlight, whistle, water bottle, rain gear and sunscreen. </li></ul>---- NWCN – Oregon News
  15. 15. Where to Go and When? <ul><li>Where to find hiking trails, close-in vs. driving times. </li></ul><ul><li>Wildflower Hikes </li></ul><ul><li>Snoqualmie Pass & Stevens Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Rainier, Olympics and Beach hikes </li></ul><ul><li>Hikes to Lakes, to Lookouts </li></ul><ul><li>Blueberry/Huckleberry Hikes </li></ul><ul><li>Phone numbers for Backcountry Information </li></ul>
  16. 16. So many choices – know your preferences <ul><li>Are you willing to drive a couple hours to get to the trail/hike? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you care if part of the drive is on dusty/muddy FS roads that are rocky and somewhat potholed? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you care whether there are flies and mosquitoes biting? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want to hike far? High? Or Both? </li></ul><ul><li>Is solitude important when you hike or do you want to meet other folks hiking too? </li></ul><ul><li>Do the people you are hiking with hike at the same pace and are reliable? Are you compatible with the goal for the hike (journey vs. destination)? </li></ul><ul><li>E = easy (<8 mi RT, 1100’ gain) M = moderate (8-10 mi RT, <2100’ gain), S = strenuous (+10 mi, +2100’ gain). </li></ul><ul><li>Know the answers to the above questions before you plan the hike and you will have fun, safe hikes for many seasons. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Safety: Share your trip details with a family member or friend. <ul><li>Whether you hike with a group or by yourself it is important to make a plan and share it with a backup – a friend, family member or co-worker. </li></ul><ul><li>Give the destination name, trail/map details,distance and what date/time you “expect” to be back (add a reasonable amount of time for travel to/from TH), the names/numbers of other people on the hike. Basically information you want S&R to know when they are coming to help. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to phone/check in with your backup when you are back from the hike. </li></ul><ul><li>Leave valuables at home. Don’t leave anything in the car at the TH . Thieves know where to look and may be hanging around watching you put your wallet under the seat or the iPod in the trunk. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hikes with Kids <ul><li>Kids should have their own packs with their essentials (rain gear, whistle, flashlight/headlamp, extra water and food, hat/gloves etc). Go over safety before and after each hike. Three sharp blasts of a whistle is the signal for help, they should not use the whistle for anything but safety. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep kids within sight as much as possible, make them responsible for keeping you in sight rather than Mom/Dad policing this. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start out with close in hikes (not long to drive) and 3-4 miles RT, less than 1000’ gain easy hikes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As it makes sense, involve the kids with planning the trip and look at the map together as you hike too. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goods trails that are kid friendly: </li></ul>Barclay Lk – Hwy2 / Index area Dewey Lks -Chinook Pass Snow Lk -AL Mt Fremont LO – MR/Sunrise Hope & Mig Lks – Hwy2 Franklin Falls- AL/I90 Sheep Lk – Chinook Pass Naches Pk Loop – Chinook Pass Rattlesnake Ledge/ North Bend-I90 Greenwater (Meeker) Lks – Hwy410 Reflection Lk/Faraway Rock –MR/Paradise Noble Knob –Hwy 410/Corral Pass CG Deception Pass SP, Goose Rock – Hwy20 /Whidbey Is.
  19. 20. Mt. Rainier National Park Hikes <ul><li>South access: Nisqually entrance (Paradise) via Hwy 7 </li></ul><ul><li>South East access: Stevens Canyon entrance via SR 12/SR 123 </li></ul><ul><li>North access: Carbon River/Mowich Lk via Hwy 410 / SR 165 </li></ul><ul><li>North East access: White River entrance (Sunrise) via Hwy 410 </li></ul><ul><li>East access: Chinook Pass via Hwy 410 </li></ul>Sunrise hikes : Mt Fremont LO Glacier Basin Burroughs Mtn Skyscraper Pass Berkley Park Grand Park Palisade Lakes Sourdough Ridge/Dege Peak Forest Lake Paradise Hikes: Mazama Ridge Skyline Van Trump Park Edith Creek Other Park Hikes: Crystal Lks Summerland/Panhandle Gap Shriner Peak Naches Peak Silver Falls Indian Bar Mowich Lake Hikes: Spray Park/Falls Tolmie Peak/Eunice Lake Paul Peak Mowich River
  20. 21. State Park and DNR Trails <ul><li>The SP trails are well maintained and a lot of them have campgrounds too. DNR trails will be more boot beaten and you can bring your dogs along for the hike on DRN and SP trails. </li></ul>Wallace Falls SP Deception Pass SP Mt. Si & Little Si Tiger Mt Rattlesnake Mtn/Ridge Elbe Hills and Tahoma State Forest Mt. Pilchuck State Forest
  21. 22. Wildflower Hikes – July and early Aug <ul><li>Guidebook Keys : AL = Alpine Lks SCO = South Cascades & Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>GP = Glacier Pk/Henry Jackson MR = Mt. Rainier NP NC = North Cascades </li></ul><ul><li>Bullion Basin -SCO Indian Henry’s –MR Tronsen Ridge -AL </li></ul><ul><li>Noble knob –SCO Berkley Pk -MR Beveryly Crk -AL </li></ul><ul><li>Buckhorn Pass -SCO Spray Park -MR Navaho Pass -AL </li></ul><ul><li>Nannie Ridge –SCO Van Trump Park –MR </li></ul><ul><li>Snowgrass Flats-SCO Grand Park -MR </li></ul><ul><li>Bearhead Mtn -SCO Windy Gap –MR </li></ul><ul><li>Cispus pass -SCO </li></ul><ul><li>Church Mtn -NC </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow aster butte -NC </li></ul><ul><li>Spider Meadows -NC </li></ul>
  22. 23. Snoqualmie and Steven Pass Hikes <ul><li>These are also known as the Alpine Lakes Wilderness, Henry L. Jackson Wilderness and Wild Sky Wilderness. </li></ul><ul><li>Granite Mtn LO Tonga Ridge Surprise Lk </li></ul><ul><li>Talapus Lk Barclay Lk Lake Serene </li></ul><ul><li>Ollalie Lk Hope & Mig Lks Pratt Lk </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Josephine Longs Pass Snow Lk </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan Butte Bandera Mtn Navaho Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Annette Lk Cooper River Lake Vahalla </li></ul><ul><li>Melakwa Lk Franklin Falls Eightmile Lk </li></ul><ul><li>Kendall Katwalk </li></ul><ul><li>Dorothy, Bear and Deer Lks Esmeralda Basin/ Fortune Crk Pass </li></ul>
  23. 24. Lakes & Lookout Hikes: Mid July - Oct <ul><li>Lake Vahalla -GP </li></ul>Mason Lk -AL Annette Lk -SCO Joan Lk -GP Pratt Lk -AL Melakwa Lk -AL Lena Lk - SCO Barclay Lk -F2 Ingalls Lk -AL Crystal Lks -SCO Snow Lk -AL Goat** Lk -GP Lk Lillian -AL Lk Ann -NC Palisades Lk -MR Thorp Lk -AL Lake Serene -AL Swimming Deer Lk -AL Dewey Lks -MR Greenwater Lks -SCO Jug Lk -SCO Talapus & Olallie Lks -AL Chain Lks -NC Green Lk -MR Lake 22 -GP Heather Lk -GP Lost** Lk - SCO Echo Lk -SCO
  24. 25. Lookout Hikes <ul><li>Tolmie Pk -MR Mt Fremont -MR High Rock -SCO </li></ul><ul><li>Gobbler’s Knob -SCO Mt Pilchuk -GP </li></ul><ul><li>Shriner Pk -MR Mt Higgins -GP Miner’s Ridge </li></ul><ul><li>Sunrise Pk -SCO Mt. Dickerman -GP Alpine LO -GP </li></ul><ul><li>Red Top -TC Park Butte -NC Granite Mtn -AL </li></ul>
  25. 26. Blueberry Hikes – Late Aug - Sept <ul><li>Tonga ridge -AL Lk Josephine -AL Lk Vahalla -AL </li></ul><ul><li>Hannegan pass -NC Summerland -MR Skyline divide -NC </li></ul><ul><li>Naches peak loop -MR Mt Dickerman -GP Excelsior mtn -NC </li></ul><ul><li>Park butte -NC Blanca lk -GP Lk Ann -NC </li></ul>
  26. 27. Phone Numbers for Backcountry Information <ul><li>DOT 511 </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Fires 800-562-6010 </li></ul><ul><li>Weather/Seattle Times Info </li></ul><ul><li>Main Number206-464-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>NW Interior206-464-9901 </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Area206-464-9902 </li></ul><ul><li>Cascade206-464-9904 </li></ul><ul><li>Extended West206-464-9907 </li></ul><ul><li>Extended East206-464-9908 </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Rainier206-464-9915 </li></ul><ul><li>State Parks 360-902-8844 </li></ul>Mt. Rainier National Park Headquarters 360-569-2211 Carbon River R.S. 360-829-5127 Nisqually R.S. HQ+Ext. 3314 Ohanapecosh R.S. 360-569-6001 Paradise R.S. HQ+Ext. 2328 Sunrise R.S. HQ+Ext. 2328 White River R.S. 360-663-2425 Mt Baker/Snoqualmie Nat’l Forest  Forest Headquarters 425-775-9702 Darrington R.D. 360-436-1155 Glacier P.S.C. 360-599-2714 North Bend R.D. 425-888-1421 Mt. Baker R.D. 360-856-5700 Skykomish R. D. 360-677-2414 Snoqualmie Pass 360-434-6111 Verlot P.S.C. 360-691-7791 White River R.D. 360-825-6585 Olympic National Park Headquarters 360-565-3130 Dosewallips R.S. 360-877-5569 Elwha R.S. 360-452.9191 Heart O’ the Hills R.S. 360-452-2713 Hoh R.S. 360-374-6925 Lake Crescent R.S. 360-928-3380 Lake Ozette R.S. 360-963-2725 Quinalt R.S. 360-288-2444 Staircase R.S. 360-877-5569 Storm King/Sol Duc 360-928-3380
  27. 28. Questions??? <ul><li>Ready to “Take A Hike”? </li></ul>
  28. 29. Hike Checklist <ul><li>Pack w/essential gear, boots, food & water </li></ul><ul><li>Maps (road and trail) </li></ul><ul><li>Park pass </li></ul><ul><li>Hike information left with a backup person and the time/date you should be back before they contact S&R. ( road, TH and destination name/trail#, trail miles, map name, names of people on hike ). </li></ul><ul><li>It is a good idea to have extra water and dry clothes in the car when you get back. </li></ul>