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New Zealand Natural History Part2 Op 08


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New Zealand Natural History Part2 Op 08

  1. 1. New Zealand Natural History Part 2 Flora and Fauna Hillary Jenkins, Otago Polytechnic 2008
  2. 2. IMPORTANT… Images you are about to see are some of our special places and their inhabitants many of which are ENDEMIC to New Zealand - Features forming New Zealand’s National Parks and the UNESCO World Heritage Status - Features which contribute to a booming tourism industry
  3. 3. Before humans… <ul><li>The New Zealand islands looked very different than today </li></ul><ul><li>No mammals except a couple of bat species and the NZ Fur seal </li></ul><ul><li>An abundance of birds, many flightless </li></ul><ul><li>Large forested areas of prehistoric trees throughout the country </li></ul>
  4. 4. Let’s take a closer look at the climate zones and at some of the native plants and animals that live there today
  5. 5. The Alpine Zone Glaciers Braided rivers Wide open valleys Ice covered mountains
  6. 6. Aoraki Mount Cook
  7. 7. Mountains & Alpine Valleys Tussock grasses grow here
  8. 8. 600 species of Alpine Plants 93 % found only in New Zealand
  9. 9. Mount Cook Buttercup- the world’s largest buttercup
  10. 10. Daisies and Spaniards specially adapted for survival
  11. 11. Miniature brooms
  12. 12. More buttercups, daisies and bristly carrots
  13. 13. Flightless Takahe lives in Alpine tussock (One known population left in the wild) ‏
  14. 14. Kea - Worlds only Alpine Parrot (only in the South Island of New Zealand) ‏
  15. 15. Invertebrates – food for birds
  16. 16. The Temperate Forests
  17. 17. <ul><li>Podocarp Forests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kahikatea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rimu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A few precious remnants left </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Beech Forests Sliver Red Mountain Black
  19. 19. Kiwi!?
  20. 20. Karearea - New Zealand Falcon
  21. 21. NZ Robin and giant native worm
  22. 22. Tieke - Saddleback
  23. 23. Kereru – New Zealand Wood Pigeon
  24. 24. Rare Flightless Parrot Kakapo 86 (+ about 5 new babies this year) left in the world
  25. 25. Harakeke – New Zealand Flax an amazing resource
  26. 26. Piwakawaka (Fantail) and Tui /
  27. 27. The Subtropical Forest
  28. 28. Dense lush warm forest full of diversity
  29. 29. Ancient Ferns- from 100million years ago 200 species, 40 endemic to New Zealand
  30. 30. More ferns, orchids & mosses Koru
  31. 31. Nikau Palm New Zealand’s only true Palm species
  32. 32. Kauri - Tane Mahuta our biggest tree /
  33. 33. The Coastal Zone Sand Dunes Estuaries Salt Marshes Headlands
  34. 34. Cormorants on a West Coast Beach
  35. 35. Coastal Flowering Hebe
  36. 36. Penguins and NZ Fur Seals
  37. 37. Today… <ul><li>Threats from introduced predators such as possum, rabbit, stoat, cat , dog & rats </li></ul><ul><li>Threats from development and industry </li></ul><ul><li>Tremendous work being done by DOC and community groups on habitat restoration, species protection & pest control </li></ul>
  38. 38. Further reading Nature Guide to the New Zealand Forest by John Dawson and Rob Lucas New Zealand Alpine Plants by J T Salmon Field Guide to Birds of New Zealand by Heather, B and Robertson, H Native Plants Photo’s by Nicky Snoyink (otherwise stated) ‏