Leaders Or Managers Op 08

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Leaders Or Managers Op 08

  1. 1. Leaders or Managers What is the difference? Hillary Jenkins, Otago Polytechnic
  2. 2. <ul><li>The biggest difference is the way leaders or managers motivate others </li></ul>
  3. 3. Leader <ul><li>has followers </li></ul><ul><li>has vision </li></ul><ul><li>sets direction </li></ul><ul><li>takes new roads </li></ul><ul><li>is responsible for change </li></ul><ul><li>is passionate </li></ul><ul><li>sells ideas </li></ul><ul><li>builds structure </li></ul>
  4. 4. Manager <ul><li>has subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>objectives to follow </li></ul><ul><li>follows existing roads </li></ul><ul><li>plans the details </li></ul><ul><li>is responsible for stability </li></ul><ul><li>keeps control </li></ul><ul><li>tells ideas </li></ul><ul><li>maintains the structure </li></ul>
  5. 5. Is it possible to be both a leader and a manager? <ul><ul><li>The short answer is yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While they are quite different roles, a person can be both </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lets take a closer look at Leadership… <ul><li>Leadership can be learned </li></ul>
  7. 7. Traits of a leader <ul><li>Need for achievement –likes responsibility and works hard to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence – have good reasoning, thinking capacity and judgement </li></ul><ul><li>Decisiveness – makes difficult decisions without hesitation </li></ul><ul><li>Self Confidence – having a positive self image </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative – getting jobs done with minimal supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisory ability – gets the job done through others </li></ul>
  8. 8. Traits of a leader <ul><ul><li>Need for achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisory ability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate yourselves from 1-10 on the above traits, (10 being excellent 1 being pretty bad) then add all the numbers together to get an over all score </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Now check your score as an effective leader: <ul><li>54-60 Outstanding </li></ul><ul><li>42-53 Very Good </li></ul><ul><li>30-41 Good </li></ul><ul><li>6-29 Needs a bit of work </li></ul>
  10. 10. Four Styles of Leadership <ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez Faire </li></ul><ul><li>Charismatic </li></ul>
  11. 11. Autocratic <ul><li>dominates team members </li></ul><ul><li>makes decisions on their own </li></ul><ul><li>quick to praise or punish </li></ul>
  12. 12. Democratic <ul><li>consults team members for decision making </li></ul><ul><li>values team members </li></ul><ul><li>Empowers people to direct themselves </li></ul>
  13. 13. Laissez faire <ul><li>minimum leadership </li></ul><ul><li>appropriate when the team are all highly skilled & have proven performance </li></ul><ul><li>allows visionary workers to excel </li></ul>
  14. 14. Charismatic <ul><li>Good listeners & information gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>create a sense of purpose that is motivating and inspiring </li></ul><ul><li>makes everyone feel important </li></ul>
  15. 15. Choosing the right style <ul><li>Styles are influenced by a leaders experience </li></ul><ul><li>One size does not fit all </li></ul><ul><li>Style depends on qualities of leader, characteristics of audience, and nature of situation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Laissez Faire – Democratic – Autocratic <ul><li>Decisions of minor consequence OR Major consequence </li></ul><ul><li>Few environmental dangers OR many environmental dangers </li></ul><ul><li>Competent individuals OR Incompetent individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Proficient Leadership within OR Deficient leadership within group </li></ul><ul><li>Unified group OR Divided group </li></ul>
  17. 17. In summary an effective leader is: <ul><li>A director and a motivator </li></ul><ul><li>An implementer and an innovator </li></ul><ul><li>A mentor and a team builder </li></ul><ul><li>An expert and a moral force </li></ul><ul><li>An organizer and a developer of people </li></ul><ul><li>These are the great challenges of an expert leader… </li></ul>

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