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  1. 1. Name ________________________________Back yard syndrome – why could the building of key settlements in rural areasbe controversial?NIMBY – Not In My Back Yard - protecting your own environment and resisting further developments/change in the area.NIMBYISM – adopting the principles of NIMBY.Sustainable – adapting and using resources in such a way that will not affect communities, the economyor the environment in the future.Summary: We have a shortage of housing and demographics show the situation is going to get worse.We can either build on new land (Greenfield sites) in the form of new towns or eco towns, or try anduse our current land more effectively (Brownfield sites). Your task is to decide what is the best type ofdevelopment for the area around Leicester. Resource 1 a/ 1. Define urban and rural in your own words? Rural - - ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (1) Urban - ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (1) 2. Is Torquay a rural or urban area? Give a reason for your answer? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) Resource 1/ b/ 3. Describe the projected trends in urban and rural population growth 1950-2050. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) 4. Explain why these trends are happening? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (4) Page | 1
  2. 2. Resource 25. Where do the majority of elderly live? ____________________________________________________________________________ (1)6. Where do the majority of 0-30 year olds live? ____________________________________________________________________________ (1)7. Give 2 reasons for your answer to question 6. ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) Resource 38. From the Independent Article (page 4) list 3 reasons why there is a need for more housing? a/ ________________________________________________________________________ (1) b/________________________________________________________________________ (1) C/ ________________________________________________________________________ (1)9. a/ What reasons are given in resource 3 as to why we will not have enough houses in the future to meet the demand? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (4) b/ Use Resource 3 to explain why there is a housing crisis in Britain. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (3) Resource 410. List 2 features of a sustainable settlement that are to do with transport. a/ ________________________________________________________________________ (1) b/________________________________________________________________________ (1)11. Describe how sustainable settlements be getting some of their energy? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2)12. Describe and explain one problem that you can think of regarding a sustainable settlement? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) Page | 2
  3. 3. 13. List one advantage and one disadvantage of the box “Charging points for all electric cars.” Advantage __________________________________________________________________(1) Disadvantage _______________________________________________________________ _(1) Resource 514. Explain how the transport facilities of Kidderminster are sustainable? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2)15. In what way is Torquay not sustainable? ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2)16. Read the Eco-Protestor’s quote on page 7. They are against new eco-towns. What do you think they may want to do instead to provide the housing that we need? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (4)17. Read the Eco-charity spokesman’s quote. What responsibility falls on the government given the charities view? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (3)18. Use Resources 4 & 5 to explain why some people think building new settlements is the most sustainable way to provide new homes, whilst other people think we should use existing settlements. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (8) Page | 3
  4. 4. Resource 6 and OS Map 19. Locate each of the photographs in Resource 6 on the OS map. 20. Explain why the site near Leicester has been identified as a key settlement for new housing to be built on. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (6) 21. Complete the cost – benefit table below of the proposed settlement site using resource 6,7,8 and the OS map (8 marks) Cost BenefitEnvironmentalEconomicSocial Resource 7 22. From the images on page 9 – list 2 ways each picture shows the planners are trying to build for a sustainable and green future. Street Scene – 1/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 2/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1) Page | 4
  5. 5. Cycle Way 1/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 2/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1) Town Square 1/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 2/ _________________________________________________________________________ (1)23. What aspects of sustainability can you identify in the images? 1 Housing, construction and maintenance _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 2 Home energy _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 3 Transport _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 4 Food _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 5 Consumer goods _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 6 Government and business services and infrastructure _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 7 Waste _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 8. Water _________________________________________________________________________ (1) 9. Biodiversity _________________________________________________________________________ (1) Resource 824. What problems might the planners face in relocating the airport? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (4)25. Say whether the proposed development fact file lists SOCIAL, ECONOMIC or ENVIRONMENTAL factors...... (1 mark each) New town site (including airport site) Flying club, based at Leicester airport, will be relocated _____________ 32% of the total site will be used for housing including existing villages _____________ 15 000 homes will be built, 4500 of these will be ‘starter’ homes _____________ Large areas of green space – for leisure and agricultural purposes _____________ 14 000 proposed new jobs created in manufacturing and service industries _____________ Page | 5
  6. 6. Integrated public transport _____________ Footpaths and cycle paths _____________ Rapid transport tram network within the town and linked to Leicester city centre ____________ Services including schools, shops, health and leisure facilities _____________ Airport site Flying club, based at Leicester airport, will be relocated _____________ 100% of the total site will be used for housing _____________ 2000 homes will be built, 700 of these will be ‘starter’ homes _____________ Limited services _____________ Only existing transport links to Leicester city centre _____________26. For each of the following groups of people – say whether they are for or against and explain their view of the new housing proposal near Leicester. a/ Local Government ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) b/ Young family looking to get on the housing ladder ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) c/ An environmental activist ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) d/ A transport company ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) e/ A construction company ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ (2) Page | 6
  7. 7. Section C – The DecisionUse Resources 6, 7, 8 & 9, plus the OS map, other resources and your own knowledge to answer thisquestion.Leicestershire County Council has a target to build 4,000 new homes each year. It has 3 planning optionsaround the city of Leicester to help meet its target.Option 1Build a large new eco-town including 15,000 new homes on the greenfield site shown on the OS mapand in Resources 7 & 8.Option 2Build several smaller housing developments around Leicestershire, including 2,000 homes on the site ofLeicester airport shown on the OS map & in Resource 8.Option 3Provide 4,000 new homes a year by developing derelict brownfield sites in the county’s urban centresand returning as many empty houses to the housing stock as possible.You work for Leicestershire County Council planning office and have been asked to write a report for thecouncil suggesting which option is the most sustainable for Leicestershire. In your report you must: State your chosen option Explain why your chosen option is more sustainable than the other two options Explain any disadvantages your chosen option may have Acknowledge strengths of the other options Suggest a group of people who would disagree with your choice and explain which option they would prefer and whyThis will be marked in levels given to you in the lesson. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Page | 7
  8. 8. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Page | 8

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