Annually more than 17.6 m3 of water come from precipitation, of which about 11.5 billion m3 evaporate.
My current task is assessment of Lake Sevan Basin River’s water quality assessment with dates of hidrochemical monitoring for animal farming, irrigation, recreation uses…
Armenia has an agreement with Turkey concerning the use of the Araks and Akhuryan rivers, according to which the water of these two transboundary rivers is divided equally between the two countries. Another agreement with Turkey concerns the joint use of the dam and the reservoir of the Akhuryan River. Armenia has an agreement with Turkey concerning the use of the Araks and Akhuryan rivers, according to which the water of these two transboundary rivers is divided equally between the two countries. Another agreement with Turkey concerns the joint use of the dam and the reservoir of the Akhuryan River.
The construction of a gold mining factory and a safe dump-tail should excludes the pollution and degradation of the ecosystem of Lake Sevan...
K&apos;arahunj: k&apos;ar - stone, hunj – henge, may be older than the UK&apos;s Stonehenge. It is possible that the builders of K&apos;arahunj had contact with the megalithic cultures of Atlantic Europe.
Combating surface and groundwater pollution in armenia
Combating surface and groundwater
Environmental Impact Monitoring Center
UNEP/UNESCO/BMU International Short Course on Climate
Change Adaptation: Soil and Water
18 October – 11 November, 2010 Dresden, Germany
Ancient geographers called the Armenian Highlands, the ‘’Island of Mountains’’.
Country is about 1800 meters above sea level.
Armenia is located between Europe and Asia in a
region known as the Transcaucasus. North of Armenia
is Georgia. To the South is Iran. To the East and
Southwest is Azerbaijan, and to the West, Turkey.The
total Armenian population (worldwide) is estimated to
be 11 million. However, only 3 million Armenians
actually live in Armenia! 8 million live in other
countries: Russia, the United States, France, Turkey
and Lebanon have the highest populations of
Armenians living outside Armenia.
Total Area 29,800 sq km
Mount Ararat is the highest mountain
in Armenia. According to the Bible,
this is where Noah’s Ark came to rest
after the flood waters receded
Only one third of Armenia's land is arable, and that portion blooms due to enormous and
continuous effort on the part of its indigenous population. That's why they say "Armenians
squeeze bread out of stone". The legend goes that when Armenians came to God to ask for
their piece of land, all the good land had already been distributed, so God gave them the
leftovers, full of stones. Armenians infused this land with their soul and expressed all their
hopes through it.
The alphabet was invented in 405 AD. 96% of the population speak
Armenian and about 75% Russian.
Yerevan is the capital of Armenia, was founded nearly 2,800 years ago and is one of the oldest
cities in the world.
Some products of Armenia are grains, tuf stone, fruit, brandy, minerals, livestock, chemicals, and
synthetic rubber. Armenia is known the world-over for its apricots, considered to taste better than
anywhere else in the world.
Making thread for weaving cloth, carpet.... in armenian great poet Tumanyan's museum,
Dilijan is blessed with a cool, moist climate, and pleasant evergreen forests,
and extends along the Getik River.
Dilijan, a hamlet in the hills, reminds the unsuspecting visitor of Switzerland.
5% of the population live in areas with
water shortages. Other parts of the
country have available water resources,
but they have inadequate water storage
and infrastructure facilities.
A young boy collects drinking water
from the community spigot in his village
Overview of Water Resources
Water resources of the RoA
46.6 billion m3
National water resources
35.9 billion m3
Annual renewable water resources
Originated within Armenia
6.8 billion m3
Originated outside of the country
2.3 billion m3
3.2 billion m3
3.6 billion m3
(Araks and Akhuryan)
1.2 billion m3
1.0 billion m3
Overview of Water Resources
Armenia’s Average Water Balance
of surface water
surface water quantity
State Hygiene and
of drinking water sources
(Monitoring of groundwater
quantity and quality)
(Monitoring of water
of water use and
Existing Water Monitoring Functions
and Legally Responsible Parties
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MONITORING CENTER
Collection, assessment and
generalization of environmental
information through continuous
or periodic observation of
determined quantitative and
qualitative indicators which
characterize the state of all
environmental components and
their change as a result of natural
and anthropogenic factors’
impact (performs water, air, soil
and precipitation environmental
monitoring and quality
Ensure data accuracy
for collection and
impact analysis. Help to
develop and implement
state policy and strategy
for organizing the
monitoring of the state
of the environment,
Environmental Impact Monitoring Centre (EIMC)
Scientific Production Department
for Soil Monitoring
Quality control group
for Ground Water
1st stage specialist
Combating surface and groundwater pollution
MNP of RA
left part is coming from Turkey!!!
Armenia's rivers flow into two large aquatic arteries of the Southern Caucasus- the
basins of the Kura River in the north and the Araks River in the south. The Akhurian,
Hrazdan, Kassakh, Vokhchi, Arpa, Vorotan Rivers run into the Araks River, and the
Debet and Agshtev Rivers pour into the Kura River.
There are no water treaties between the three South Caucasian countries, a
condition directly related to the political situation in the region. Nagorno-
Karabakh is one of the main obstacles, making it difficult for Azerbaijan and
Armenia to sign a treaty even one relating only to water resource management.
Lake Sevan 38.5 billion m3
about 1,900 m above sea level
A fresh water lake of pure natural
beauty such as that embodied by
Lake Sevan is rare. The emerald of
Armenia, Lake Sevan covers 1256
square kilometers and reaches a
maximum depth of 82 meters.
Twenty-eight rivers and springs
flow into Sevan but only the river
Hrazdan origins from it.
Over a mile high, the water of
Sevan reflects the palette of vivid
colors from lazur to deep blue,
hypnotizing with its magnetic and
majestic aura. A famous species
of trout called the Salmon Trout
(Ishkhan) or “Prince Fish, is‿
the signature fish of the lake.
To help compensate for the excessive water withdrawals and to restore the lake’s ecological
condition, however, water has, since 1982, been transferred to the lake through a 48-km tunnel
from the Arpa and Yeghegis Rivers. An average of about 250 million cubic meters of water per
year has been diverted to the lake through this tunnel. Under the Law on Lake Sevan, the water
level of the lake is projected to rise, roughly by the year 2030, to 1,903 meters above sea level.
Agricultural runoff and sewage discharges have increased nutrient levels, causing eutrophication.
The lake’s waterquality and ecosystem continue to be threatened by pollution from point sources,
such as sewage and industrial discharges, and from nonpoint sources, such as agricultural
pollution runoff. The condition of the lake is a matter of widespread national concern, and
scientists, have been studying how to best restore the delicate balance of its ecology.
Our Ripsik bravely save Lake Sevan's sampling bottle
The "SOS Sevan" initiative group (Eco-Alliance) calls the Armenian authorities, NGO’s,
international community, to support the public campaign to save Lake Sevan, and make the
"Geopromining" Company stop its illegal activity, that has an intention to construct in the basin
of Sevan Lake a gold reprocessing plant that comprises a gold-mining plant, cyanides' and
pesticides' stock and a dump-tail of the cyanide wastes, which will penetrate into the ground
waters, water basin of Lake Sevan . They are appealing to the state authorities to review the
contracts with the mentioned company and declare the given licenses invalid.
Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment NGO
There are 9,480 small and large rivers with total length of about
23,000 km, 14 of those rivers are more than 35 km long and 379
rivers are more than 10 km long.
There is a need for major investments to restore water treatment facilities or construct
In most enterprises treatment facilities are out of operation. Untreated or insufficiently treated
sewage is the main cause of the pollution of water bodies. In fact, none of the 19 existing waste
water treatment plants functions, the technologies applied in the plants are not efficient and do
not meet modern requirements, needs to be reconstructed using modern treatment technologies.
Eco-activist Mariam Suxudyan
In order to combat water pollution, we must understand the problems and
become part of the solution.
Public participation and,
particularly, NGO in water
resources management should not
be underestimated. There is
effective mechanism of public
participation in decision-making
through public hearings in the
process of environmental impacts
Lake Gosh had
an average degree of pollution and was in eutrophic condition (assessed by Carlson
The microphits cleaning works was carried out by
BURG Youth Environmental Center NGO's
About 96% of water used for
drinking comes from
groundwater resources. On
most of the territory of
Armenia, it is possible to use
groundwater for drinking needs
without additional treatment.
Certainly, water quality in some
springs deviates from chemical
and biological standards. About
25% of springs have high
concentrations of nitrites,
nitrates and fluorine
compounds. From ecological
point of view, most important
are the following issues:
ecological and sanitary
protection of ground water
sources and some surface water
bodies, landfills management,
non-point water pollution
( landfills, agricalture, eco-
Pollution causing significant damage to water is falling under
the criminal low.
Sanctions-imposed by the legal system on a violator, such as
prison sentence, financial penalty, permit revocation.
Formal mechanisms are either civil or criminal. Civil actions
may be either administrative (i.e., directly imposed by the
enforcement agency) or judicial (i.e., imposed by a court or
other judicial authority).
Administrative punishments in the form of money penalties for
administrative offences. Fins for surface or ground water
quality damages are calculated by multiplying minimum
allowance with 500-800.
The authority to use formal enforcement mechanisms must be
provided in environmental law.
Pw(€s) for each ton
Suspended solids 10
Total P 78
Trace metal’s soils 997
Environmental payments (pollution charges) in RoA is calculated
For lake Sevan they are multiplied
One of the most important steps towards reform in the
water sector was the adoption of a new Water Code on 4
June 2002 and, in order to ensure its enforcement, 80
regulations have been adopted by the Government
since 2002, which relate, among others, to the
procedures for water use permit provisions,
transparency and public participation in the decision-
making processes, accessibility of information,
establishment of the state water cadaster, formation of
water resources monitoring, management of
transboundary water resources.
Imagine you walking in the street in summer heat and suddenly a group of children or
teenagers come up to you running and pour pails of water over you…..
You are astonished, confused and do not know what to do, if you are in Germany, France,
Russia or elsewhere. Nevertheless if you are in Armenia, the only thing to do is just smile
and laugh from the heart…It’ s VARDAVAR !!!- Water splashing day in Armenia.
Armenian traditions, including Vardavar has long history connected to pagan Goddess
Astghik. According to legend she spread love on earth, walking over roses that turn red from
her blood. As goddess of fertility she was associated with water. Festivity days are changing
each year calculated 98 days after Easter, always on Sundays.
Proud of them!!!
Wrestling, weightlifting, judo, chess, boxing are the most popular sports in Armenia.
King Artur Abraham
Lavash is a thin, easily rolled layer bread, which is baked on a hot
wall of a stove-tondir (stove dugged in the ground)
In Armenia, Barbecue is very famous (pieces of meat
piled on a skewer and grilled on a burned charcoal