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THE greatest soul in the
        world
 MAHATMA GANDHI “BAPU”
Mohandas
Karamchand
Gandhi was born
on 2 October 1869
in Porbandar,
Gujarat commonly
known as
Mahatma
Gandhi. His
father’s name was
Karamchand
Gandhi and
mother’ name
was Putlibai.
In May 1883, the
13-year-old
Mohandas was
married to 14-
year-
old Kasturbai
Makhanji (her
first name was
usually
shortened to
"Kasturba“.
In 1888, Gandhi
                                       travelled to London,
                                       England, to study law
                                       at University College
                                       London where he
                                       studied Indian law and
                                       jurisprudence and to
                                       train as a barrister at
                                       the Inner Temple.
His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed
because he was too shy to speak up in court. He returned to
Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants
but was forced to close it when he ran afoul of a British
officer.
Gandhi spent 21 years
in South Africa, where
he developed his
political views, ethics
and political leadership
skills. Indians in South
Africa were led by
wealthy Muslims, who
employed Gandhi as a
lawyer, and by
impoverished Hindu
indentured laborers
with very limited rights.
Reactions to blacks
                     After the black majority came to power in
                    South Africa, Gandhi was proclaimed a
                    national hero with numerous
                    monuments.Gandhi focused his attention on
                    Indians in South Africa, but historians have
                    also examined his changing ideas on the
                    proper role for blacks. White rule enforced
                    strict segregation among all races and
                    generated conflict between these communities.
                    At first Gandhi shared racial notions prevalent
                    in the 1890s. Bhana and Vahed argue that
                    Gandhi's experiences in jail sensitized him to
M.K. Gandhi while   the plight of blacks. "His negative views in the
serving in the      Johannesburg jail were reserved for hardened
Ambulance Corps
during the Second   African prisoners rather than Africans
Boer War (1899)     generally."
Gandhi's first major
                              achievements came in
                              1918 with the Champaran
                              and Kheda agitations of
                              Bihar and Gujarat. The
                              Champaran agitation
                              pitted the local peasantry
                              against their largely
                              British landlords who
Gandhi in 1918, at the time
                              were backed by the local
of the Kheda and              administration.
Champaran Satyagrahas
Mahatma Gandhi
                             spinning yarn, in
                             late 1920




With Congress now behind him in 1920,
Gandhi had the base to employ non-
cooperation, non-violence and peaceful
resistance as his "weapons" in the struggle
against the British Raj.
Under his leadership, the
                                  Sabarmati Ashram,
Congress was reorganised with
                                  Gandhi's home in Gujarat
a new constitution, with the
goal of Swaraj. Membership in
the party was opened to anyone
prepared to pay a token fee. A
hierarchy of committees was set
up to improve discipline,
transforming the party from an
elite organisation to one of mass
national appeal. Gandhi
expanded his non-violence
platform to include
the swadeshi policy—the
boycott of foreign-made goods,
especially British goods.
Salt Satyagraha (Salt March)
Gandhi stayed out of active politics and, as such,
the limelight for most of the 1920s. He focused
instead on resolving the wedge between the
Swaraj Party and the Indian National Congress,
and expanding initiatives against untouchability,
alcoholism, ignorance and poverty. He returned
to the fore in 1928. In the preceding year, the
British government had appointed a new
constitutional reform commission under Sir John
Simon, which did not include any Indian as its
member. The result was a boycott of the
commission by Indian political parties.
World War II and Quit India                     Gandhi and Nehru in 1942

Gandhi initially favoured offering
"non-violent moral support" to the
British effort when World War II broke
out in 1939, but the Congressional
leaders were offended by the
unilateral inclusion of India in the war
without consultation of the people's
representatives. All Congressmen
resigned from office.[80] After long
deliberations, Gandhi declared that
India could not be party to a war
ostensibly being fought for democratic
freedom while that freedom was
denied to India itself.                 Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah,
                                        Bombay, 1944
Partition and independence, 1947
As a rule, Gandhi was opposed to the concept of partition as it
contradicted his vision of religious unity.Concerning the partition of
India to create Pakistan, while the Indian National Congress and Gandhi
called for the British to quit India, the Muslim League passed a
resolution for them to divide and quit, in 1943. Gandhi suggested an
agreement which required the Congress and Muslim League to
cooperate and attain independence under a provisional government,
thereafter, the question of partition could be resolved by a plebiscite in
the districts with a Muslim majority.When Jinnahcalled for Direct
Action, on 16 August 1946, Gandhi was infuriated and visited the most
riot prone areas to stop the massacres, personally.[91] He made strong
efforts to unite the Indian Hindus, Muslims and Christians and struggled
for the emancipation of the "untouchables" in Hindu society.On the 14
and 15 August 1947 the Indian Independence Act was invoked. In border
areas some 10—12 million people moved from one side to another and
upwards of a half million were killed in communal riots pitting Hindus,
Muslims and Sikhs.
Assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
On 30 January 1948, Gandhi was shot while he was walking to a
platform from which he was to address a prayer meeting. The
assassin, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu nationalist with links to the
extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who held Gandhi responsible for
weakening India by insisting upon a payment to Pakistan.Godse and
his co-conspirator Narayan Apte, were later tried and convicted; they
were executed on 15 November 1949. Gandhi's memorial at Rajghat,
New Delhi, bears the epigraph "Hē Ram”
“Before you do anything, stop and recall the face of the
  poorest most helpless destitute person you have seen and ask
  yourself, “Is what I am about to do going to help him?”



“We must become the change we want to see in the world.”




 “There are times when you have to obey a call which is the highest of all,
 i.e. the voice of conscience even though such obedience may cost many
 a bitter tear, and even more, separation from friends, from family, from
 the state, to which you may belong, from all that you have held as dear
 as life itself. For this obedience is the law of our being. ”



Thankyou to see my presentation

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M.K Gandhi

  • 1. THE greatest soul in the world MAHATMA GANDHI “BAPU”
  • 2. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’ name was Putlibai.
  • 3. In May 1883, the 13-year-old Mohandas was married to 14- year- old Kasturbai Makhanji (her first name was usually shortened to "Kasturba“.
  • 4. In 1888, Gandhi travelled to London, England, to study law at University College London where he studied Indian law and jurisprudence and to train as a barrister at the Inner Temple. His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was too shy to speak up in court. He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants but was forced to close it when he ran afoul of a British officer.
  • 5. Gandhi spent 21 years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics and political leadership skills. Indians in South Africa were led by wealthy Muslims, who employed Gandhi as a lawyer, and by impoverished Hindu indentured laborers with very limited rights.
  • 6. Reactions to blacks After the black majority came to power in South Africa, Gandhi was proclaimed a national hero with numerous monuments.Gandhi focused his attention on Indians in South Africa, but historians have also examined his changing ideas on the proper role for blacks. White rule enforced strict segregation among all races and generated conflict between these communities. At first Gandhi shared racial notions prevalent in the 1890s. Bhana and Vahed argue that Gandhi's experiences in jail sensitized him to M.K. Gandhi while the plight of blacks. "His negative views in the serving in the Johannesburg jail were reserved for hardened Ambulance Corps during the Second African prisoners rather than Africans Boer War (1899) generally."
  • 7. Gandhi's first major achievements came in 1918 with the Champaran and Kheda agitations of Bihar and Gujarat. The Champaran agitation pitted the local peasantry against their largely British landlords who Gandhi in 1918, at the time were backed by the local of the Kheda and administration. Champaran Satyagrahas
  • 8. Mahatma Gandhi spinning yarn, in late 1920 With Congress now behind him in 1920, Gandhi had the base to employ non- cooperation, non-violence and peaceful resistance as his "weapons" in the struggle against the British Raj.
  • 9. Under his leadership, the Sabarmati Ashram, Congress was reorganised with Gandhi's home in Gujarat a new constitution, with the goal of Swaraj. Membership in the party was opened to anyone prepared to pay a token fee. A hierarchy of committees was set up to improve discipline, transforming the party from an elite organisation to one of mass national appeal. Gandhi expanded his non-violence platform to include the swadeshi policy—the boycott of foreign-made goods, especially British goods.
  • 10. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) Gandhi stayed out of active politics and, as such, the limelight for most of the 1920s. He focused instead on resolving the wedge between the Swaraj Party and the Indian National Congress, and expanding initiatives against untouchability, alcoholism, ignorance and poverty. He returned to the fore in 1928. In the preceding year, the British government had appointed a new constitutional reform commission under Sir John Simon, which did not include any Indian as its member. The result was a boycott of the commission by Indian political parties.
  • 11. World War II and Quit India Gandhi and Nehru in 1942 Gandhi initially favoured offering "non-violent moral support" to the British effort when World War II broke out in 1939, but the Congressional leaders were offended by the unilateral inclusion of India in the war without consultation of the people's representatives. All Congressmen resigned from office.[80] After long deliberations, Gandhi declared that India could not be party to a war ostensibly being fought for democratic freedom while that freedom was denied to India itself. Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Bombay, 1944
  • 12. Partition and independence, 1947 As a rule, Gandhi was opposed to the concept of partition as it contradicted his vision of religious unity.Concerning the partition of India to create Pakistan, while the Indian National Congress and Gandhi called for the British to quit India, the Muslim League passed a resolution for them to divide and quit, in 1943. Gandhi suggested an agreement which required the Congress and Muslim League to cooperate and attain independence under a provisional government, thereafter, the question of partition could be resolved by a plebiscite in the districts with a Muslim majority.When Jinnahcalled for Direct Action, on 16 August 1946, Gandhi was infuriated and visited the most riot prone areas to stop the massacres, personally.[91] He made strong efforts to unite the Indian Hindus, Muslims and Christians and struggled for the emancipation of the "untouchables" in Hindu society.On the 14 and 15 August 1947 the Indian Independence Act was invoked. In border areas some 10—12 million people moved from one side to another and upwards of a half million were killed in communal riots pitting Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.
  • 13. Assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi On 30 January 1948, Gandhi was shot while he was walking to a platform from which he was to address a prayer meeting. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu nationalist with links to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who held Gandhi responsible for weakening India by insisting upon a payment to Pakistan.Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte, were later tried and convicted; they were executed on 15 November 1949. Gandhi's memorial at Rajghat, New Delhi, bears the epigraph "Hē Ram”
  • 14. “Before you do anything, stop and recall the face of the poorest most helpless destitute person you have seen and ask yourself, “Is what I am about to do going to help him?” “We must become the change we want to see in the world.” “There are times when you have to obey a call which is the highest of all, i.e. the voice of conscience even though such obedience may cost many a bitter tear, and even more, separation from friends, from family, from the state, to which you may belong, from all that you have held as dear as life itself. For this obedience is the law of our being. ” Thankyou to see my presentation