Research on innovation diffusion

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Research on innovation diffusion

  1. 1. RESEARCH ONINNOVATIONDIFFUSIONProf SURESHKUMAR.SCHIEF SCIENTIST AND ADVISER,CSIR-NIIST,TVM
  2. 2. ECONOMIC GROWTH AND SOCIAL CHANGE THERE IS GENERAL AWARENESS OF IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION IN PRODUCTS,PROCESSES AND FORMS OF ECONOMIC ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT
  3. 3. INNOVATION DIFFUSION IMPACT ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS TECHNOCULTURAL EFFECTS POLICY AND ECOSYSTEM EFFECTS
  4. 4. ECONOMIC AND SOC EFFECTS IMPACT ON EMPLOYMENT AND GROWTH BUSINESS ORGANISATION
  5. 5. MARKET AND INDUSTRIAL CHANGES IN PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
  6. 6. HUMAN IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION REQUIREMENT HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
  7. 7. POLICY EFFECTS DEMAND FOR NEW PUBLIC POLICIES ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR GROWTH IMPETUS
  8. 8. ECOSYSTEM EFECTS DEMAND FOR MORE INNOVATION AND BETTER INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM
  9. 9. IMPACT OF MICROELECTRONICS,BIOTECHNOLOGY,NANOMATERILSAND ICT ARE DIFFERENTBUT RAISE NORMATIVE ISSUESIMPORTANT FOR ECOSYSTEM FORINNOVATION AND DIFFUSION INGENERAL
  10. 10. MICROELECTRONICS MICROELECTRONICS [ME] CHARACTERISED BY LARGE COMPANIES FOR RADICAL RESEARCH GROWTH OF SMALL FIRMS BY DIFFUSION AND FURTHER INNOVATION
  11. 11. BIOTECHNOLOGY GROWTH OF NTBF-NEW TECH BASED FIRMS SIGNIFICANT INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION IN SMALL FIRMS LARGE FIRMS FLOATING NTBF
  12. 12. ICT ROLE OF PUBLIC FUNDED RESEARCH ALLIANCES WITH LARGE FIRMS INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION THRU SMALL AND LARGE FIRMS
  13. 13. NANOMATERIALS-NETWORKS STRATEGIC ALLIANCES NIS PPP TRIPLE HELIX NTBF RESEARCH NETWORKS
  14. 14. NORMATIVE ISSUES GENERAL ASPECTS IMPORTANT FOR INNOVATION AND DIFUSION DYNAMICS ACROSS SECTORS
  15. 15. -INNOVATION ANDDIFFUSION IS LINKED TOCOMPETITIVENESS
  16. 16. CRUCIAL CONCERN -ADOPTING AND ADAPTING TECHNOLOGICAL AND ORGANISATIONAL INNOVATIONS
  17. 17. RELATED ECOSYSTEM ISSUES• ECONOMIC• TECHNO-HUMAN/SOCIAL• CULTURAL AND SOCIAL STRUCTURES WHICH FAVOUR OR HAMPER DIFFUSION AND INTRODUCTIOM• THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL CONTEXT FOR INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION
  18. 18. ECONOMIC• APPROPRIATING ECONOMIC BENEFITS FROM INNOVATIONS• RELATED TO IPR ISSUES• TRIPS AND INDIAN PATENT ACTS
  19. 19. TECHNO-SOCIAL• RELATION BETWEEN NEW TECHNOLOGY AND• LABOUR PROCESSES• HUMAN ASPECTS AND SOCIAL ORGANISATION IN FIRMS
  20. 20. ORGANISATIONAL ASPECTS• FORMAL AND INFORMAL STRUCTURES• SMALL GROUP DYNAMICS• INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS• HRM ISSUES
  21. 21. J.SCHUMPETER-DISTINCTION BETWEEN INNOVATION,INVENTION AND DIFFUSION INVENTION-FIRST DEVELOPEMNT OF A NEW ARTIFACT OR PROCESS INNOVATION-ENTAILS ECONOMIC APPLICATION DIFFUSION-DESCRIBES ITS INTRODUCTION BY BUYERS OR COMPETITORS
  22. 22. PRACTICAL PARADIGM ECONOMICAL BEHAVIOUR TECHNICAL BEHAVIOUR INDUSTRIAL BEHAVIOUR ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
  23. 23. ECONOMICAL BEHAVIOUR ECONOMICALLY MINDED RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENTS INTRODUCE INVENTION AS AN INNOVATION FROM START
  24. 24. TECHNICAL BEHAVIOUR DIFFUSION ENTAILS FURTHER INNOVATION ON THE PART OF THE DEVELOPER AND USER
  25. 25. INDUSTRIAL BEHAVIOUR INVENTION SUGGEST POTENTIAL FOR TECHNOL.PROGRESS AND INDUSTRIAL GROWTH
  26. 26. ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOUR INNOVATION AND DIFFUSION HINT AT ECON./SOC/ORGAN INCENTIVES AND IMPEDIMENTS TO THE INCORPORATION OF TECHNOL ADVANCES INTO ECO.PRODUCTS/PROCESSES
  27. 27. TECHNOLOGY ASINFORMATION ARROW ANALYSED TECHNOLOGY AS INFORMATION STARTED THE AREA OF ECONOMICS OF R AND D
  28. 28. ARROW---MAIN POINTS CHARACTERISED BY PUBLIC GOOD FEATURES POTENTIAL TO BE TRANSMITTED AND REUSED REPEATEDLY
  29. 29. PROPERTY OF INNOVATION  STIGLITZ WORK  ON ECONOMICS OF IMPERFECT INFORMATION  UNCERTAINTY AND INTANGIBLE  ECONOMICS OF TANGIBLES DIFFERS
  30. 30. STIGLITZ—MAIN POINTS  NOTIONAL OPPORTUNITIES EITHER GIVEN OR  ARE SUBJECT TO THE EXOGENOUS DYNAMICS OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES
  31. 31. AGENCY EFFECTS  INFLUENCES ACTUAL EXPLOITATION  AFFECTED BY FACTORS CAUSING IMPERFECT INFORMATION
  32. 32. FACTORS AFFECTINGEXPLOITATION  INCENTIVE STRUCTURE  FORMS OF MARKET COMPETITION AND  PAST AVAILABLE INFORMATION ON WHICH AGENTS CAN DRAW UPON
  33. 33. INFORMATION VS.PRIORKNOWLEDGE NELSON AND WINTER,DOSI,PAVITT ETC. ADOPTED AN APPROACH BASED ON SHARP DOMAIN DISTINCTION BETWEEN INFORMATION AND PRIOR KNOWLEDGE
  34. 34. COGNITIVE ASPECTS PRIOR KNOWLEDGE AS AN ELUSIVE SET OF COGNITIVE STRUCTURE,SEARCH RULES,TACIT CAPABILTIES GUIDING INVENTIVE ACTIVITIES
  35. 35. HEURISTIC ASPECTS RATES AND DIRECTIONS OF ACTIVITY SHAPED AND LIMITED BY SKILLS AND HEURISTICS OF THE SEARCHING AGENTS, THEIR PAST EXPERIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE
  36. 36. TECHNOLOGYTRAJECTORIES• CONCEPTUALISE PROCEDURES AND DIRECTIONS OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES• IN TERMS OF TECHNOLOGY PARADIGMS AND TRAJECTORIES[DOSI]
  37. 37. RADICALVS.INCREMENTAL• PARADIGM SHIFTS- KONDRATIEFF WAVES• PATH DEPENDENCIES AND EVELOPMENT TRAJECTORIES
  38. 38. PRIVATE VS.PUBLIC• THE EMPRICAL UNDERSTANDING OF• BALANCE BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY KNOWLEDGE
  39. 39. DYNAMICS OFKNOWLEDGE• NEW OPPORTUNITIES GENERATED IN• UNIVERSITIES/PRO[PUBLIC RESEARCH ORGAN] AND• WITHIN BUSINESS SECTOR IN PRIVATE R&D [NELSON]
  40. 40. INCENTIVES ECONOMICALLY MOTIVATED AGENTS UNDERTAKE RISKS AND COSTS OF INNOVATION
  41. 41. RETURN ON INVESTMENT APPROPRIABILTY CONDITIONS AND DIFFERENTIAL ECONOMIC RETURNS FROM INNOVATION[LEVIN]
  42. 42. MARKET STRUCTURES RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARKET STRUCTURES AND INCENTIVES TO INNOVATE[DASGUPTA
  43. 43. PATH DEPENDENCY HISTORY COUNTS PAST TECHNOLOGICAL ACHIEVEMENTS INFLUENCE FUTURE ONES
  44. 44. MODELS DEVELOPMENT OF PATH DEPENDENT MODELS[ARTHUR AND DAVID] EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS AND THEORETICAL MODELLING[ROSENBERG]
  45. 45. NATURE OF INNOVATION UNFOLDS THE DETERMINANTS AND NATURE OF INNOVATION AND INVENTION, DRIVING FORCES, PATTERNS OF INNOVATION DIFFUSION
  46. 46. DIFFUSION STUDIES SOCIOLOGY STUDIES ON ADOPTION OF RURAL/AGRI INNOVATIONS DIFFUSION OF SOCIAL INNOVATIONS LIKE FOR HEALTH CARE,EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
  47. 47. GEOGRAPHICAL AND EMPIRICAL ASPECTS ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY STUDIES ON INNOVATION DIFFUSION IN ITS SPATIAL DIMENSION[ROGERS] DIFUSION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES [MANSFIELD]AND SURVEYS[METCALFE/STONEMAN]
  48. 48. DIFFUSION KINETICS TECHNICAL ECONOMIC SECTORAL
  49. 49. TECH FEATURE DIFFUSION KINETICS DEPEND ON THE FEATURES OF TECHNOLOGIES BEING ADOPTED AND/OR SUBSTITUTED
  50. 50. ECONOMIC-INCENTIVE KINETICS DEPEND ON THE INCENTIVES THAT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT PROVIDES FOR ADOPTION
  51. 51. AGENCY EFFECTS ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF WOULD BE ADOPTERS ADOPTERS VS.INNOVATORS-BASS
  52. 52. INDUSTRIAL-SECTORAL INTERFIRM INTERINDUSTRY ,REGIONAL INTERTECHNOLOGY VARIANCE IN SPEED OF DIFFUSION [MANSFIELD AND NASBETH]
  53. 53. DIFFUSION PATTERN STUDIES SUMMARY FINDINGS RELATED TO LOGISTICS[ORIGINATION,LINKAGES AND MECHANISMS] TEMPORALITY AND VARIANCES
  54. 54. PACE AND TEMPORALITY SLOW AND TAKES TIME AND WIDE VARIATIONS IN THE RATES OF ACCEPTANCE S SHAPED DIFFUSION CURVES- PRECISE FORM VARIES ACROSS INNOVATIONS-A TIME DEPENDENT PROCESS
  55. 55. LOGISTICS AND VARIANCE PARTICULAR DIFFUSION PATTERNS DETERMINED BY HOW THE SEQUENCE OF ADOPTION GOES FORWARD AND WHAT INFLUENCES IT DIFFERENCES IN PATTERNS OF INNOVATION DIFFUSION AND HOW THE INNOVATION HAS ORIGINATED AND WHAT IS ITS INFLUENCE ON ADOPTION
  56. 56. EMERGING PARADIGM NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM INTERNATIONALISATION OF RESEARCH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TRIPLE HELIX OF RESEARCH GOVT AND INDUSTRY STRATEGIC ALLIANCES
  57. 57. PUBLIC FUNDEDRESEARCH• PRO IS COMING BACK TO THE CENTRE STAGE ABROAD• PARADIGM SHIFTS VS INCREMENTAL INNOVATION• A NEW PATTERN OF GOVT FUNDING BASED ON FORESIGHT STUDIES
  58. 58. PUBLIC FUNDED RESEARCH ANDINNOVATION MANAGEMENT-CSIR• CONCEPTS LIKE TRIPLE HELIX• NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM• PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS• RESEARCH NETWORKS• STRATEGIC ALLIANCES
  59. 59. DIFFUSION MODELS LINEAR MODEL SCIENCE PUSH MARKET PULL MODELS ENDOGENOUS CAPACITY MODEL INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY PARADIGM ALTERNATE RESEARCH AGENDA
  60. 60. THANK YOU

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