Gujarat agriculture some facts !

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some facts about which other states should emulate. LEARN it f

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Gujarat agriculture some facts !

  1. 1. “Agriculture Growth”Gujarat Experience !! Dr B S Suran GM, NABARD, HO
  2. 2. Gujarat Agriculture at a Glance  Total Geographical Area : 196 lakh hectares  Net Area Sown: 98.51 lakh hectares  Total Cropped Area: 114.21 lakh hectares  Agro Climatic Zones : 8  Gross Irrigated area: 41.11 lakh hectares ( 36 % against gross cropped area)  Total Operational land holding : 42.39 lakh  Average land holding : 2.33 ha  Gujarat forms :  5 percent of country’s population  6 % country’s geographical area  7 % of India’s GDP  14 % of total exports  16 % of industrial production- 50 % refined oil, 45 % 2 drugs & pharma
  3. 3. Gujarat :Some facts to ponder ! Agriculture & its cropping is less traditional & commercial in nature Farmers are more commercially vigilant and have a better appreciation of the options. Agriculture is powered by dairy sector and its cooperatives. State was first to amend laws governing agri marketing & contract farming. State has been fortunate & supported by factors such as good monsoon. Spread of Bt cotton
  4. 4. Some facts : 1 Source of irrigation, 00 Ha -Gujarat (2004) 27,364(80.8%) 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,997(17.7) 5,000 262 (0.7%) 252 (0.7%) 0 Canals Wells / Tubewells Tanks Other sources
  5. 5. Gujarat State : Gross Cropped & Gross Irrigated Area (000 Hect.)Some facts : 2160001400012000 11421 11256.910000 10995.5 10791 10630.7 10497 10634.8 8000 10745.9 6000 4000 4111.2 4279.5 2000 3499.4 3342.1 3572.8 3637 2910.5 2334.4 0 1980-81 1990-91 1995-96 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-2004 2004-2005 Gross Irrigated Area Gross Cropped Area
  6. 6. Gujarat State : A P Y patterns for Food Grains Some facts : 39000 820680007000 67376000 6345 6345 5254 5882 55885000 4438 4395 3718 44814000 4209 4188 3999 3984 3983 3861 3769 38453000 31852000 1831 1601 1650 15931000 1361 1403 1404 1110 1166 857 0 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 Area (000 Hec.) Production (000 tons) Productivity ( Kg/hec)
  7. 7. Gujarat State : A P Y patterns for Oilseeds Some facts 470006000 58505000 4657 4699 39324000 3747 2930 30203000 3071 2994 2864 2861 2861 2900 2962 2856 2874 2852 1826 18782000 1738 1905 1572 1648 1309 13681000 979 1057 638 607 648 0 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 Area (000 Hec.) Production (000 tons) Productivity ( Kg/hec)
  8. 8. Gujarat State : A P Y patterns of Cotton Some facts : 59000 8276 78768000 7014 68727000 590360005000 428040003000 2146 1883.9 24222000 1684.6 2372 2354 1282.6 1920 2011 1675 1737.2 1673.4 1695 16111000 581 564 581 429 523 507 226 130 165 191 0 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 Area (000 Hec.) Production (000 bales) Productivity ( Kg/hec)
  9. 9. Some facts : 6 Share of AH in Agri GSDP 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 25% 27% 27% 28% 22% 26% 22% 23% 23% 10% 0% 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 %g e A H t o t o t a l G SD P %g e A g r i t o t o t a l G SD P
  10. 10. Area, production of Horticulture CropsSome facts : 7
  11. 11. Some facts : 8 Agri Credit (Rs Cr)400000 All India 366,900350000 Gujarat 301908300000 254658 229400250000 180485200000150000 125309100000 86891 62045 69560 19533 52827 50000 4517 6091 7936 10027 12129 13567 0 2824 3446 3931 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  12. 12. Some facts : 9
  13. 13. Some facts 10: D.Water availability & RF Rainfall2008-09 1400 960 1288 1291 Drinking water 1178 1200 1034 947 RAINFALL IN MM 1000 804 960 800 647 600 400 200 0 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 YEAR
  14. 14. Key Triggers ?? Innovative InnovativeWater harvesting Crop Approach to rural agri-extensionwater conservation electrificaion endeavor Diversification
  15. 15. Key Trigger : water harvesting and water conservation Mid 90’s large parts of the saurastra, kutch and northern Gujarat – train tankers Check dam revolution in 1999 by Rajkot, social worker in Jhamka village of Junagadh. Jaldhara Trust, built 213 check dams on rivulets Drought of 2001-02, served as a turning point for large scale Government participation GOG in 2003, launched the GGRC to propagate sprinkler and drip irrigation
  16. 16. Irrigation blocks 2002 Irrigation Blocks 2007 Over Exploited Over Exploited 12% 14% Critical 2% Critical 6% Semi critical 12%Safe 43% Saline 6% Safe Semi critical 68% 31% Saline 6%
  17. 17. Jyotigram Project Work executed Conventional Way • high tension line –56,307kms Joytigram Yojana • Low tension lines –22,157 Kms • no of trasnformers – • poles errected – 17 lakh • JG feeders – 1888 Single feeder • project cost – 1290 cr Separate feeders • Govt Grant – 1195 cr • No of days – 1000 approx Agriculture Domestic single Agriculture and Domestic 3 Phase, phase 24 Hours 8 hours Impact Impact -Farmers get continuous and-Majority power drawn for agriculture good quality power at pre--Crippling shortage in the domestic announced schedulessector -Domestic gets 24 hours-Quality of the power poor, cases of uninterrupted power supplydamages to farmers pump sets etc - less repairs of MI structures - Better quality of lives -
  18. 18. Glimpses of Krishi Mahatosav •Conservation of land •Crop planning according to Agro climatic zones •Campaign to enhance use of quality seeds and seed treatment •Balance use of fertilizers, vermi- compost, Guidance for fertigation •Efficient use of water for irrigation •Better water conservation and its use in enhancement of production •Enhancing scope of water conservation through khet talavadi, sim talav, boribund •Establishing water users associations •Campaign for Participatory Irrigation Mgt • GGRC/Irrigation department •Guidance by resource persons, talks, Extension through audio-video CDs to show at village level • Soil Health Cards – importance and its issue •Seminars, demonstrations through private participation •Extension through audio-video CDs to show at village level • issue of KCC • Literature distribution & khedut Shibirs •Child vaccination •Nutritive food kit distribution •Medical facilities and nutritious food to pregnant mother
  19. 19. Shift from jowar/bajra to Wheat14001200 1274 1154 1162 1158 1161 1129 1072 10911000 1016 946 926 922 800 859 734 755 703 600 518 400 479 442 358 304 200 241 222 212 166 161 174 129 147 128 0 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 Jowar Bajra Wheat
  20. 20. Thank you for the time suranbs@gmail.com bs.suran@nabard.org 022- 26539291, 26530010

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