Eco Friendly Materials In Construction


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Eco Friendly Materials In Construction

  1. 1. Suraj Lawand,D.Y.Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi , Pune -44.
  2. 2. TRADITIONAL CONSTRUCTIONMATERIALSANDDISADVANTAGESElement Environmental DisadvantagesCement Contaminates SoilWhen In Contact With SoilBricks Loss ofValuable SoilWater Usage Loss Of WaterSand Makes River UnableTo RetainWaterFrames Wood Is UsedTo Make Frame Structure And Support SlabStones Mining Is DoneTo Get Stones
  3. 3. GREEN
  4. 4. Applications: Internal/ External Walls for all type of building South / East walls Roof /Terrace InsulationSalient Features: Accurate in size : Less wastages of mortar , fast application Hollow Volume : more than 25% of the total volume excellent for Heat/Thermal &Sound Insulation Light weight : Reducing RCC Structure Load Eco friendly : Fly ash basedTechnical Specifications : Appearance : Grey Cement colour, Size : 115x100x249 mm, Weight : 2.80-3.00kg, Density : 900-1100kg/m3, Compressive strength : 3.5 - 6N/mm2, Hollow Volume : more than 25% of the total volume, Water Absorption : less than 10%
  5. 5. Salient Features: 1. Heat insulation 2. Light weight 3. Hassle free application 4. Long lastingTechnical Specifications : Appearance : Grey Cement colour, Size : 300mm x 300mm (Hexagonal), Thickness : 65mm, Weight : 4 kg, Compressive strength : 4.6 N/mm2, Hollow Volume : more than 50% of the total volume
  6. 6. Applications: Construction:Because of perlites outstanding insulatingcharacteristics and light weight, it is widely used as aloose-fill /wall /roof / over deck insulation . Horticultural:Perlite is used throughout the world as a component ofsoil less growing mixes where it provides aeration andoptimum moisture retention for superior plant growth.For rooting cuttings, 100% perlite is used. Studies haveshown that outstanding yields are achieved with perlitehydroponic systems.
  7. 7.  Fabrocrette is a single component fibrous copolymer admixturespecially formulated to improve the properties of cementitiouscomposition. Fabrocrette reinforced concrete/plaster consists of millions offibers uniformly distributed throughout concrete /plaster to createa one-step micro-reinforcement system.These fibers stop microcracks that can develop because of water loss and shrinkage.Thegrowth of these cracks are blocked by the fibers thus ending thecrack in the micro stage and providing higher tensile strengthcapacity , it increases the mechanical properties such as bonding(adhesion)with various building material, flexural, compression, and impact strength. Properties : Specific gravity : 1.00 pH : 8.5( 0.5 tolerance) Solid contents : 34-45(1%) Application temperature : 5-40 ‘ c Colour :White fibrous liquid
  8. 8. PROPERTIES OF LECA:Lightness: Lightness of LECA is for the multi-separated air spaces which exist inside and among theaggregates, density of aggregates, depending on the size of Leca (i.e 0-25 mm ), rangesfrom 400 to 800 kg/m3Sound Insulation: Leca aggregate works as an best sound /acousticsThermal Insulation: Thermal conductivity coefficient :Leca aggregate is about 0.07 to 0.10 w/mk , and for,Leca concrete it ranges from 0.12 to 0.15 w/mk.Non-decomposability: LECA aggregate strongly resists against alkaline and acidic substances and pHvalue, makes it neutral in chemical post reaction with concreteWater Absorption: For closed inside porousness, average water absorption of Leca aggregate (0-25 mm) isabout 40% percent of volume in saturated state during 48 hours.Applications and Advantages: Four usual sizes are 0-4mm, 4-10mm, 10-25mm , and 0-25mm. Leca bulk dried density andtheir applications for different gradations are illustrated in table, below:
  9. 9. LECA IN CONSTRUCTION: Lightweight aggregates concrete: In all the cases which lightening and insulation should be considered in buildings, Leca lightweight aggregate ,(structural& non- structural) comparing to autoclaved aerated concretefoam concrete or concrete made of pumice or scoria has a wider range of applicability. LECA lightweight concrete block: LECA back is produced by mixing of Leca aggregates, Cement, sand and water. Using ofLeca aggregate decreases the concrete density.Advantages: Lightening up to 30% of dead load Self thermal & Sound Insulation Appropriate Behavior in Earthquake Low Module of elasticity of Leca Concrete, andhaving , cement base material as well as its mortar, in addition to the lightness, reduces thedestructive effects of earthquake on structure. Shapes of Leca blocks are designed forconducting vertical mortar in joints which minimizes the rubble threat. Referring tomentioned reasons, using of Leca blocks prevents buildings from asymmetric settlementand other detrimental side effects. Physical Operation LECA Blocks are suitable for any physical operation like cutting,nailing, transfixing and ridge extending to make proper route for wire, pipe and otherinstalling components without any cracking.
  10. 10.  AcceleratingConstruction, Saving time, Labor, and material For lightness anddifferent sizes and dimensions of Leca blocks, walling up could be done in high speedwhich ,leads to save time, labor and material. Safe for Installation Being chemically neutral, Leca aggregate and blocks , are thebest bed for buiding installation and prevent pipe and wires from decay. Leca blocksare designed in a way not to be only lightweight but cover all required.FLOORING AND ROOFING: Lightness, insulating, durability, non-decomposability,structural stability, andchemical neutrality features are collected in Leca as the best lightweight aggregatefor flooring and roofing and in the most suitable and reasonable replacement forpumice, scoria and polystyrene, moreover Leca aggregates are used to markinsulating lightweight concrete for all floors substructures under stone, marble orceramic etc.,Wasting energy is 35% through the roofs while it is 15% for the walls.LECAAGGREGATE IN AGRICULTURE: Leca prepares the best convenience bed for growth of Plants due to:Ventilating of thesoil and root, preventing soil from evaporation and saving water for sponge like bodyof aggregate, water feeding adjustment, lightness insulation, chemically neutral,environmental-friendly, cleaner than soil and no pestilential effects on soil,plants oryour hands.
  11. 11.  Nodullär aggregates are round in shape with coarse texture, off white / ivorycoloured with a cellular structure inside , are pelletized and processed resultingin light , porous , aerated modules with a tough outer shell aggregates, used forroof/heat insulation . In addition each of the Nodullär balls also acts to form of geometric barrierwhich helps to displace and irradiates heat over a larger surface area the air entrapped thus ,reduces the rate of heat transfer compared with dense, natural aggregates.Resulting the use of Nodullär in concrete improves, (i.e. reduces) the thermalconductivity.Therefore , the thermal properties of Nodullär have been usedwidely to improve thermal insulation in buildings and structures.Advantages of Nodullär: Light weight Thermal insulation due to a low conductivity coefficient Soundproofing with a high acoustical resistance Moisture impermeability Durability Fire resistance A pH of nearly 7 Reduction of construction dead loads and earthquake lateral loads
  12. 12. Recommended Use : Concrete, Plaster AC/GI Sheet etc., Primed MetalTechnical Information : Form :Viscous liquid Colour : Off white,Tintable to any light shade(using suitable stainer ) Sp.Gravity : 1 to 1.2 Solids by weight : 45% to 50% Dry Film thickness : 45 microns per coat Temp. Resistance :Withstand up to 1200 C Fire resistance : 8 Sec. (ISI limit is 20 SEc.) Water absorption : Nil Abrasion resistance : 6000 Cycles Shelf life : Six Months Coverage : 1 kg. eco# will Cover 25 to 30 sq.ft. area in double coat forsmooth surface
  13. 13. Advantages: Ready to use single pack system Re radiates heat and controls heat transfer Reduces air-conditioner running cost. Its coating shields the surface from heat and water Does not crack due to wide temperature fluctuation Cleans up with soap and waterSpecial Features: . eco# enhances roof durability and reduces both building cooling loads and the urban heat island effect. . eco# has excellent abrasion and water resistance it is also resistant to fungal growth. . eco# is recommended for reduction in the “carbon foot print” of a building as it reduces fuelconsumption of the air-conditioning plant In general the surface temperature is in the range of 60°C to 90°C in summer and this can besubstantially reduced by coating the roof. eco# typically various types of roofs will show reduction (aftercoating) of surface temperature as indicated below : RCC, cement finished surfaces 10° C to 12° C Asbestos cement sheets ... 12° C to 15° C powder coated sheets ... Up to 20° C Does not crack due to wide temperature fluctuation Cleans up with soap and water The above figures are indicative and will vary according to ambient atmospheric conditions such as windvelocity etc
  14. 14.  Direction For Use: Application areas to be cleaned with a hard brush ,to remove alldust, weak paint, fungus etc. Cleaned area to be washed with water The surface should be moist before application Stir the paint thoroughly before each use Apply first coat with brush / spray on the cleaned and washedsurface Apply second coat after a gap of at least one hour. Ensure that thecoated area does not come in contact with water for at least onehour After coating, allow it to cure for at least 24 hours For Best Performance , Apply even number of coats #Best results are obtained when all walls and roofs are coatedwith eco#
  15. 15. Ready to use thermal insulating plaster, which also substitutes POPover sand cement plaster,applied over brick / rcc upon interiorswalls.1.Low density , higher coverage2.Gradual setting , with no shrinkage cracks3. No water curing Good bond4.good strength5. Easy workability6.Type : gysum powder, 2-5% vermiculite & insulating additives7.Packing : 25kg hdpe bags8.Colour : off white9.Bulk Density : 1350 kg/m310.Thermal conductivity : 0.50 w/mk11.Setting time : 12-15 min12,Coverage : 55-60m2 / 12mm /1000kg