THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
Attention: E...
gossip, sex and other topics, Krishnamurti’s quest becomes the readers, an
undertaking of tremendous significance.”
A shor...
own interest I have pursued a better understanding of complex calculus (integrals)
and the basics of quantum physics and q...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
On Readershi...
the need. Nevertheless, this is a book that a student should have access to, rather
than not.
If marketed correctly this b...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
The reason f...
disintegrating because the consciousness of human beings has been corrupted, and
that you are the world.
It is in only in ...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
The question...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
Contents pag...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590 Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
PREFACE
In writ...
names and words, the names are not important and I will explain the meaning of
any technical word or name when necessary.
...
It is tremendously important that we find out “what is true” and not just what
we have been “told to be true”. The reader ...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590 Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
INTRODUCTION
As...
From there, The third chapter, entitled “Have You Looked Here”, will look
directly at actual, unedited excerpts from the e...
few wise men along the way, and then proceeds to allow the reader to uncover the
truth of this for him or herself.
The nex...
intelligence that has its foundation in love by an understanding of truth—a truth
that is not an invention of man.
Kerry C...
What is meant by “Intelligence”?
A prerequisite for this book is to understand what we are looking to get at when
we use t...
way that we can look into what is true and what is false without our own opinions,
prejudices, conclusions, conditioning, ...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
TO QUESTION ...
It is important for us to question and to doubt, because religious offensive is on a
grand scale. If the propaganda and im...
particular religion and have striven for intellectual integrity within it, they have,
over and over, expressed their serio...
objects. Our major concern must be the concern for reality. We want to know, not
what would be nice and comfortable, but w...
The church in America has had its periods of quiescence and its periods of
upheaval. The period after the Civil War was a ...
What became referred to as Social Christianity subsided somewhat during the
1920’s for several reasons—One of the reasons ...
seriously questioning that system. What is even more confusing, there are those who
continuously question the system under...
fellowship is so rich and varied that it can take on many valid forms. Here we know
somebody must be wrong. If there are c...
would find out the truth about this wretched book with all of its contradictions and
they would read about a very vengeful...
are headed for eternal torment and torture. What reigns supreme in matters of
organized religion is thoughtlessness.
Why i...
conform and to be superficial about life. Making people more thoughtful is not
enough as long as there are real or imagine...
a virtue—indeed a necessary condition of respectability—not to deal with anything
outside normal academic questions. In fa...
was said to be a saint, and this would give them a better bargaining position and
could therefore shorten their stay in pu...
sacred, thought begins to worship as being sacred. So it is thought worshiping
thought, or thought worshiping itself. It i...
We need to ask ourselves: Could this process of imagination be responsible for
inventing the religions throughout the worl...
It would indeed be nice if there were a God who was both creator of the universe
and a benevolent provider, if there were ...
feeling of helplessness as well as distort one’s perception. It is out of these fears that
father figures, this time a mor...
In order for us to decide whether to accept or reject certain claims, we must be
committed to the truth. We can find truth...
This is especially so when it appears to people that their money is being handed
over uncritically to movements that foste...
United States Senate allowed the history-making event of someone from the Hindu
religion to do the opening prayer, many Ch...
can find it difficult to see why vital new movements often negate the church. This is
because most churches have become or...
been laid down as prophecy by those that claim to have interpreted it. Then there
are all the superstitions that perpetuat...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
ORGANIZED CO...
different from the mind that believed in religion, from Thomas Paine in the second
half of the 1700’s to J. Krishnamurti f...
at the time of settlement of the colonies, but it is different from that which exists in
any other location of Christianit...
If one thinks he is good, but is unaware of his evil, that will lead him to doing
wrong yet not realizing that he is doing...
greatness and the root of his misery. When we look directly and honestly at the
overall picture of the history of mankind,...
realize that it can go in two directions. Science can either be concerned with world
order and with the future of mankind,...
human situation without losing the interest of those concerned. It is difficult to get
people to understand the importance...
transition and new birth, and this justifies the conflicts and tensions which confront
us.” Or we say, “It is all in God’s...
religions and within religions, as well as countless and incalculable wrong actions
that have been taken against humanity ...
confronted by a problem of great magnitude—a problem that it cannot escape,
though it is trying, without weakening itself ...
Though it is true that both Christianity and the western world each played a role
in shaping each other, they remain in co...
Christianity is a religion of human beings as well as a religion from a divine
source. As it seems to maintain its contact...
The institutional conflict within Christianity is largely due to the tension between
that of authority and the concept of ...
The relationship between religious power and political power has always been an
interesting one in that it has often blend...
Many argue that the notion of a crisis in American religion is an invention put
forth by the intellectuals. They may have ...
superficially religious? Indeed America appears to be facing a seeming paradox;
organized religion is increasing its influ...
from the clash in theological interpretations, which has plagued Christianity
throughout history.
At this point it is nece...
even though they may be motivated by “Christian love and brotherhood”. Those
that consider themselves to be Christians and...
If we go back a few more years, on August 27, 1987, while George Bush was
campaigning for the presidency, he stated that n...
Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, or the Bill of Rights that says
anything about Christ, Christianity, or the...
that no pretext arising from religious opinions, shall ever produce an interruption of
the harmony existing between the tw...
I have read the bible four times from cover to cover, and I have done extensive
research to understand what the scriptures...
Pastor Sheldon Emry wrote, “What this will be is another significant step by our
nation and our people toward that day whe...
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE
Kerry C. Walker
4590 Knox Bridge Hwy
Canton, Georgia 30114
© 2007 Kerry C. Walker
HAVE YOU LOOKED...
I have also included explanations of “God” and “Personal God”.
* * * * *
Christ: 1. the Messiah whose appearance is prophe...
“Deciples of Christ” or “Campellites”.
* * * * *
God
God, Deity or Supreme Being. There are numerous theories as to the or...
personality of God. Differences also appear regarding the creativity of God. The
date and criteria of the many claims by w...
A narrower interpretation of a personal God is a deity who takes a personal
interest in the world in general and worshippe...
were Jewish patriots and world prophets, emotional poets and imaginative
historians, mystical idealists and cynical illusi...
additional Jewish writings called the Apocrypha. The New Testament consists of
early Christian literature. The Gospels tel...
Adam and Eve
In the Judeo-Christian and Islamic traditions, Adam and Eve are the parents of
the human race. Genesis gives ...
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The Dawn of Intelligence
THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE by Kerry C. Walker The question we must ask ourselves is this—Is the intelligent, sane, rational mind really a mind that is completely different than the mind that believes in religion?

Edited by Dr. John A. Henderson.

In this book we are going to question if an outside energy exists. We are going to be looking into whether or not there is an energy that operates outside of man and if there is energy outside the pseudo-religious trappings man has imposed upon himself. In order for one to look into this, one must first be intelligent enough to look into and set aside, or go beyond, if you will, what man has accepted as being sacred. Therefore we will look into religion as a process of education, and not as a matter of what to believe and what not to believe, of doing rituals or clinging to some superstitions.

"To live intelligently and to be whole human beings is a process of learning about ourselves and learning to be creative in the art of living so that we are no longer frightened, mediocre human beings. Only then will there be a chance for a better world." For cover of the book and additional information about the author search Wildman Walker's blog.

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
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  • This is the latest version of my work. I offer my work to the you for free. I want this book to be available to anyone and everyone. If you find any mistakes please feel absolutely free to let me know. Peace and blue skies...

    my email address is kerrycw1@gmail.com and my phone number is 423-260-5803
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The dawn of intelligence by kerry craig walker very latest 4 12 2013

  1. 1. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker Attention: Editorial Department Having been brought up in a loving but dysfunctional Christian family, I began to question religion at a very early age. My uncle was a preacher and he and my aunt were fanatically religious as, to a lesser extent, were most everyone else in this fairly large extended family. Religion was strongly imposed on me by certain members of my extended family, although not so much by my own mother and father. My father was a Christian who often questioned religion and he was also a Mason and he became Master of his lodge, and my mother was a Christian, but she did not impose it on anyone. She lived by example instead of imposition. I graduated from college near the top of my class in winter of 1977 with a Bachelors degree in Architecture. It was just after graduation that the initial research for this book began. I first looked into the bible and read it and studied it in detail, and shortly after this close study of the bible I read a book by J. Krishnamuti entitled The First and Last Freedom that questioned and rejected religion and delved into the problems of the conditioned mind. It was strange how I walked right over, and out of hundreds of books, I picked out this book. I read the back cover which stated, “In The First and Last Freedom he cuts away symbols and false associations in the search for pure truth and perfect freedom. Through discussions on suffering, fear, 1a
  2. 2. gossip, sex and other topics, Krishnamurti’s quest becomes the readers, an undertaking of tremendous significance.” A short time later I began to research everything related to religion and religious philosophies and philosophy in general. I studied histories of religion, origins of religion, conflicts of religion, and so on. I literally read or looked into most every book that was related to the subject. On the subject of Evolution, I have been a student of the subject for nearly thirty years. I have communicated with Anthropologist Richard E. Leakey, Director/Chief Executive of the National Museums of Kenya. I communicated by phone with the late Professor Stephen Jay Gould, a well known paleontologist that worked at Harvard, as well as to communicate with Joe Huffstetler of The Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, and Peter R. Hoover of the Paleontological Research Institute. I have also had correspondence with those associated with General Paleontology in Tulsa, Oklahoma. I have spent many hours at the University of Georgia, in Athens, studying evolutionary processes and the fossil record and many more hours of in home study through books and magazines and on the computer. I have continued to keep up with every new discovery and I have studied each in detail. I have also had deep interest in the study of Astronomy and all aspects of science related to the study of the Cosmos. Although not used directly in this book, for my 2a
  3. 3. own interest I have pursued a better understanding of complex calculus (integrals) and the basics of quantum physics and quantum mechanics. I have studied the work of scientists and researchers that are within, as well as outside of, the mainstream theories. I have found there to be problems with some conclusions made by science and deemed as “facts” in the past century. I have written an essay on this entitled “The Problem with Conclusions” and it will be included in this book. I have done research in the area of nuclear arms and other environmental concerns, as well as an uncovering of facts behind governmental misguidance and fraudulent organizations. I have studied nutrition and diet and, although I’m not a strict vegetarian (although I have been one in the past), I eat very little meat and have learned the many reasons for such a diet, both physiologically and environmentally. The research in these areas and other areas went on during the course of the last thirty years and has been supplemented by observations made by the author during this time. This book is a product of this research and these observations. This book is a serious and realistic expression of a truth that withstands any intelligent and open minded argument. I hope you will give it serious attention as you read my thoughts and commitment to this project. Kerry Craig Walker 3a
  4. 4. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker On Readership Targeted This book is for anyone that is beginning to question the belief systems of religion or for those that already question them. This is a book that is desperately needed and should be accessible to anyone through bookstores, public libraries, and college libraries throughout the country. Its time has come. When one looks at books in the religious and philosophy sections of public libraries, especially the smaller rural ones, there are literally no books, with few exceptions, that question religion. This is not a sign of intelligence, much less literary freedom. Those that go into a library should have the chance to look into both sides, but instead they are bombarded with books that propagate religion, mainly Christianity. There is, all too often, literally nothing to read in libraries outside the major cities that look at the facts of religion and what religion has actually created, nor anything that reasons for the rejection of them. In some of the better colleges and universities the situation is not as bad, but even in this case, if a book such as this were available it would condense the time for research. One’s research would not be such a lengthy process because one would not have to turn to so many different books to find the truth, unless of course one felt 4a
  5. 5. the need. Nevertheless, this is a book that a student should have access to, rather than not. If marketed correctly this book could do well in the bookstores, and if I may point out; with all the books of nonsense that are found in the bookstores, why should this one be denied? As to readership, this is a book that could be for anyone, and thus should be accessible to anyone through bookstores and libraries everywhere. The Author _________________________________________________________________ 5a
  6. 6. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker The reason for this book I feel an important need to put together a book that will contain the basic information that one would need to come upon an insight into the art of living. It will enable one to understand where one came from, with its mysteries, and why one has psychological fear and how to rid oneself of fear. This book will open the door to why there are religions and what it really means to be religious, whole and un-fragmented. It will enable one to come to terms with death; why humans are not what they should be, and why they conform when they should not. It will allow one to face the facts of one’s conditioning and how the conditioned mind is destroying the world. It will delve into how this conditioning forms the self, the ego, and the importance of ridding oneself of the overriding concern for the self through a self-knowledge that is not based on supposition or belief. It is only in the understanding of certain facts that one can understand the movement of truth and the importance of that movement. This work will convey a truth that will withstand any open minded argument; that the world is corrupt and 6a
  7. 7. disintegrating because the consciousness of human beings has been corrupted, and that you are the world. It is in only in the understanding and rejection of that which is false that one can come upon that which is true. In this one can understand the true nature of love and right relationship, and in this understanding one will not only grasp the art of living, but will be life itself. This is a simple and natural way of living that mankind has been denied, except in rare occasions, because of the imposition of fear through false belief systems that create confusion and an escape from what is true. It is to this book that much of my energy has gone. Though I have been detoured by the demented and bizarre power of those that bind together to destroy any flower in culture with their wretched acts of dishonesty, deception, and hatred, all in the name of a religion that nature left to itself would refuse to own. Though I have other talents that I have pursued, when I turn away from this, as I have tried, the observations I see around me continues to bring me back to this work. It is in my mind by truth that I should write this book and give another a chance to learn. Kerry Craig Walker _________________________________________________________________ 7a
  8. 8. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker The question we must ask ourselves is this—Is the intelligent, sane, rational mind really a mind that is completely different than the mind that believes in religion? THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE — The book to end all such books. By Kerry Craig Walker Edited by Dr. John A. Henderson In this book we are going to question if an outside energy exists. We are going to be looking into whether or not there is an energy that operates outside of man and if there is energy outside the pseudo-religious trappings man has imposed upon himself. In order for one to look into this, one must first be intelligent enough to look into and set aside, or go beyond if you will, what man has accepted as being sacred. Therefore we will look into religion as a process of education, and not as a matter of what to believe and what not to believe, of doing rituals or clinging to some superstitions. To live intelligently and to be whole human beings is a process of learning about ourselves and learning to be creative in the art of living so that we are no longer frightened, mediocre human beings. Only then will there be a chance for a better world. 8a
  9. 9. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker Contents page Preface 10 Introduction 13a What is meant by “intelligence” 17a I To Question Religion 1 II Organized Conflict 23 III Have You Looked Here? 46 IV To be a Nonconformist 100 V On Evolution 125 VI The Elimination of Metaphysics 195 and the Personal God VII The Unfortunate Journey 201 On Education 238 On Organizations 242 On Goals 247 On Law and Society 249 On Love 268 To be a Light to Oneself 270 On Health and Environment 274 On Self Understanding 283 The Problem with Conclusions 288 VIII We Have Been Told 291 Epilogue 313 Footnotes/References 317 9a
  10. 10. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590 Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker PREFACE In writing this book I’m going to use a great deal of information that looks at religion with doubt. I have done this for a reason, and that is because one must understand the importance of questioning everything, including the author, in order to arrive at the truth. In looking into the truth in regards to religious beliefs we should never stop doubting, because doubt, as Galileo taught, is the father of discovery. In order for us to understand anything we must begin by understanding ourselves, and the only way to do that is by participating and not just being an onlooker. I must say that I have been hesitant to start this book because I felt that there was something else that I would come upon that should be in a book of this sort. But, as it has been said, if an author waited for perfection to get started he would never start at all. It is suggested that the reader participate in this book and not just read it for mere entertainment. I’m not going to use a bunch of technical explanations or expressions in most of this book because I do not think they will help get this message across to others. Although the chapter “On Evolution” will have technical 10a
  11. 11. names and words, the names are not important and I will explain the meaning of any technical word or name when necessary. I’m not saying that I agree or disagree with personal philosophies of the people from whom I have quoted in this book, nor would the author ask that of you, for this book is not written so one can merely agree or disagree with it. Rather it is written so that one may come to what is true by discarding that which is false. I’m also not going to attempt to compare all the various religions with each other, for that is not my intent. One can be grateful that Comparative Religions has been replaced by the History of Religions, and it is hoped that if anyone should have the need to understand the history of various religions, that they should be wise enough to turn to other sources and look into the histories for themselves. As most people know, religious propositions are controversial, and some process of validation is necessary. Throughout our society there is no complete agreement about the existence of God, about life after death, or about who should be the religious authority. Such controversial matters are not something that should be sidetracked and ignored. The only questions worth asking are often controversial. Religious controversy should be welcomed as long as it is carried out with gentleness. 11a
  12. 12. It is tremendously important that we find out “what is true” and not just what we have been “told to be true”. The reader does not have to think this way or that way, or in any particular direction in order to read this book. All I am saying is that this should at least be looked into. The Author _______________________________________________________________ 12a
  13. 13. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590 Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker INTRODUCTION As was mentioned in the preface, this book will be looking into religion with a questioning mind, with a sense of skepticism. In the first chapter entitled “To Question Religion” I draw on my studies of philosophers and writers and the facts I have learned in the nearly 30 years of studying this subject---and I think once you have looked into something and seen the truth of it for yourself, without any outside influence, it becomes yours. One might add that the reader should be serious about this chapter as well as the rest of the book, if something is to be learned from it. After all, it is only by being serious about life that we learn not to take life too seriously. The next chapter, called “Organized Conflict”, moves from there to look into facts about religion and gives the reader clear observations of why organized beliefs create instability and conflict, and this is done without boring the reader with an endless supply of comparisons. One will simply be looking at certain observations as they present themselves from the other side of the coin, as it were, and it is not my intent to step on anyone’s toes by doing so. 13a
  14. 14. From there, The third chapter, entitled “Have You Looked Here”, will look directly at actual, unedited excerpts from the encyclopedia that help portray the circus that is born out of religion. The reader is then presented with a chapter called “To be a Nonconformist” which is composed of the works of what many in society and in the better universities has considered great thinkers, yet were nonconformist. It presents interesting facts about religion by the author and offers evidence of the simple intelligence that is capable of standing alone by refusing to go along with a neurotic and chaotic society and the bizarre belief systems that have created it. Moving on to Chapter five, “On Evolution”, the reader is taken through the facts behind evolutionary processes, yet the author questions the traditional acceptance of some facts ascribed to them. This work demonstrates how we must also question the conclusions and established facts of science as well as the problems presented by such conclusions. Several interesting and colorful pictures and diagrams accent this chapter. In the next chapter, “The Elimination of Metaphysics and the Personal God”, I explain why I have not covered any of the many metaphysical arguments in this book as well as to explain the problems with the concept of a personal God. My work in this chapter helps uncover the problems of this concept, using the help of a 14a
  15. 15. few wise men along the way, and then proceeds to allow the reader to uncover the truth of this for him or herself. The next to last chapter is called “The Unfortunate Journey”, and is composed of a series of writings by the author that began in 1977, when the search for truth began. These writings continue through both the times of confusion and clarity, until a sudden insight took place. It was then that the author was able to see through this blind illusion of traditional religions and all the rest of it. It continues on from there with works written after this initial transformation and deals with some of the struggles faced by the author. This chapter is subtitled with the author’s views on subjects that range from “law and society” to “health and environment”, and the on such topics as “education” and “love”. It also details the bizarre case of the State of Georgia’s failed attempts to destroy a nonconformist by criminal acts in order to manufacture the guilt of an innocent man, a man that was, in fact, the victim of a violent crime. The final chapter, entitled “We Have Been Told”, presents the views of what many consider the greatest thinkers in history, who have warned of the dangers of organizing any religious belief or idea. They taught that a movement that is not always changing, is already dead, and point out that we must find the truth for ourselves and must be totally responsible for our own actions. These are words that convey the reality of a direct perception that is brought about through an 15a
  16. 16. intelligence that has its foundation in love by an understanding of truth—a truth that is not an invention of man. Kerry Craig Walker ___________________________________________________________________ 16a
  17. 17. What is meant by “Intelligence”? A prerequisite for this book is to understand what we are looking to get at when we use the word “intelligence”. We are not talking about an intelligence based on knowledge alone, or the accumulation of knowledge to pass certain exams and to become a PhD and so on. (Not that there is anything wrong with having a PhD or any specialized degree, or knowledge in most forms, so don’t jump to that conclusion.) We will learn by doubting and it is by doubting that we will discover what is true and this doubt will bind us together, but we should doubt with an open and inquisitive mind. It is the object of this book to enable the reader to find out who he/she is, and to come upon self-understanding. To get the reader to consider whether or not it is possible for there to be an intelligence, which is not necessarily your intelligence or my intelligence, but an intelligence that operates when we understand ourselves completely and go beyond the content we call knowledge, and therefore self. The basis of this is an observation, which goes beyond the confines of the psychological knowledge within your brain, and the psychological contents of my brain. Thereby going beyond this fixed knowledge and conditioning, and observing what actually is. The observer may come to realize that the psychological content of man, of the brain, are often illusions, and not reality—illusions to be projected, protected, hurt, and all the rest. Reality exists outside of this content, and in pure observation. Then the observer is not separate from the observed. This is the only 17a
  18. 18. way that we can look into what is true and what is false without our own opinions, prejudices, conclusions, conditioning, and so on, getting in the way. I think you’ll find that beyond this content is an intelligence that operates naturally and, for the most part, effortlessly, without the constant function of will. I state this as a fact and that it is the only hope for man. Then each one of us will have minds with a natural order connected to the natural order of the cosmos, and we will see that everything is interconnected. This does not mean that we see everything and do everything the same, only that there is no conflict in this dialogue of open minds that recognizes the fallibility of man, and questions everything. Each one of us should see that our conscience is not separate from the conscience of the rest of humanity and there is universal intelligence. (If you don’t understand this, no worries, keep on reading, because if you read this entire book you just might.) _____________________________________________________________ 18a
  19. 19. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker TO QUESTION RELIGION Chapter I “Never stifle doubt, for doubt is the father of discovery.” Galileo For many years we have been witnessing a campaign for the revival of religion that is being carried on with all the slickness of modern day advertising. Most everywhere one looks and almost everywhere one goes, we are being bombarded with religious propaganda. The politicians are talking about god, and making sure they are looked upon as dutiful Christians. There have been attempts, and some have been successful, to inject religion where the Constitution expressly prohibits it. Few of us are taught to question religion and, outside the classrooms of some of the better colleges, the negative side of religion is rarely presented. One may research the negative side to religion via the internet or through some of the better libraries and book stores, but how many are taught to do this? In fact, for the most part, we are taught quite the opposite---we are taught not to question religious beliefs. 1
  20. 20. It is important for us to question and to doubt, because religious offensive is on a grand scale. If the propaganda and imposition of religions remains unchecked, the trend will make those who are not part of traditional religions into second-class citizens. In all of this the proper mood is the mood of doubt. It may be reasonable to call Descartes the father of modern philosophy because, even if we do not accept his conclusions we should accept some of his method: Start by doubting what we can doubt, and demand evidence at every point. This is the best antidote to superstition. The act of doubting shows a concern for the truth. To many Americans have no concern for the truth and those that are not concerned for the truth do not bother to question, because questioning requires thinking, and thinking requires doubting. The dangerous man is not the man who questions, but the man who is indifferent. I care therefore I doubt is at least the beginning of a valid method in examining the philosophy of religion. It is important to find out if religious beliefs are a product of heritage and our conditioning. So what we should do is look into religion openly and intelligently, but with a questioning mind, so that one can determine truth. Most are indifferent about attitudes towards religion. After considering the facts about the world around us, one should either accept or reject a religious belief. If there is one thing clear about religionists, it is that, though they may subscribe to a 2
  21. 21. particular religion and have striven for intellectual integrity within it, they have, over and over, expressed their serious doubts about such beliefs. It is difficult to rid our minds completely of the haunting suspicion that the entire religious structure may be nothing more than the illusion of some grand and beautiful castle in the air. Could it be that there is no being worthy of our commitment? Perhaps god is just an idea in human minds, an idea as insubstantial as a mirage in the desert. It may be easy to construct theories about the world or to create beliefs, but we know many of these are purely fanciful. Once we realize that they are fanciful they should have very little effect upon either our thought or our conduct. The grandeur of a dream provides no certainty that it is anything more than a dream. Our lack of belief in gods and religions is increased by our study of history and a study of the universe. We are well aware of how people continued to talk confidently about the gods of ancient Greece long after they were sure that these were fictitious beings. We are in a similar situation. The millions who flock to church on Sundays to pray and to hear sermons are exercising their imaginations. Their prayers, as well as their answers, are a product of their own thought. It is likely that the only energy is that of the cosmos and that there is no “Supreme Being” that can listen and respond. To say that we know better by the light of faith is not a convincing answer; the early Greeks had faith, but their faith was centered on nonexistent 3
  22. 22. objects. Our major concern must be the concern for reality. We want to know, not what would be nice and comfortable, but what is. We are fortunate to be living in a time in history that enables us to find truth. In regards to the truth of religion, one needs but to do the research. In a way that has not been possible before, the truth of religious philosophy is now both possible and necessary. It is possible because our time is marked by reason and logic. It is necessary because new challenges are arising every day in a world with advancing science and technology along with increasing populations. There is no subject matter more important than religion, yet people continue to have absolute dogmatic religious beliefs. They will say they believe in the bible, but have not read the bible or if they have read the bible they are afraid to question it. Others may be very dogmatic about a particular belief one moment, then, moments later, contradict that belief by their own actions. We should not be indifferent about our religious beliefs when they involve the most fateful questions? Many people know little about the religion they claim to believe in. They may say it is very important, but they obviously ignore it. Over 60 percent of Americans claim affiliation with some form of religion, and many of these are indifferent to their beliefs. (This statistic varies from different sources, some claim a higher percentage, but I felt the ballpark of 60 percent makes the point). 4
  23. 23. The church in America has had its periods of quiescence and its periods of upheaval. The period after the Civil War was a time of relative stability and steady growth. It marked a time when church membership and church attendance was the norm for the American middle class. This era also marked the spawning of the Social Gospel and the appearance of a succession of fiery evangelists and the growth of cults and new religious groups. The relative quiescence and identification of organized religion with its secular setting were healthy for church growth. Church membership grew from an estimated 6 percent of the population in 1776 to 16 percent by 1850. The churches a half-century later could count one-third of the population as members. The proportion rose to more than 50 percent by the mid-1920’s and reached two-thirds during the 1950’s. (According to my studies of various statistics, these are as close as it gets). The Social Gospel was given formal approval in a social creed adopted in 1908 by the Federal Council of Churches, forerunner of the present National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States. The notion that the gospel commanded people to be better citizens and to undo injustices inflicted by an indifferent and often corrupt society, on the poor, the weak, and the oppressed, began to be injected into theological discourse and to influence the policies of major churches. 5
  24. 24. What became referred to as Social Christianity subsided somewhat during the 1920’s for several reasons—One of the reasons was that it called forth a counter- movement on the part of fundamentalist churches, which formed their own federation and began to press their influence that much stronger. Another reason was the fact that science was clearly unraveling some of the “Biblical Facts” and more people began to question the validity of these beliefs. This contest between Fundamentalism and Modernism was impressed on the nation during the famous Scopes trial of 1925, when an obscure biology teacher in Tennessee was charged with the offense of teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution, which was in defiance of the state law that forbid the teaching in public schools of anything contrary to the biblical story of creation. Although I do not endorse this theory of evolution in its purest form, the facts behind evolutionary process on our earth cannot be denied. (One should read my writings and study my work On Evolution in Chapter 5 to learn what I have come to understand.) Other reasons for this brief stagnation in the growth of Social Christianity was the fact that people were becoming more educated and beginning to feel free to question such belief systems. In all of this we learn that we must not accept something as being true just because we have been told it was true or because it would be nice if it were true. It is, of course, important to have an awareness of order, but when one attempts to come upon this awareness through a means, which has been laid down by man, one should at least question its validity. Too many live under some system without 6
  25. 25. seriously questioning that system. What is even more confusing, there are those who continuously question the system under which they live or profess to live. More should be willing to investigate their religious beliefs. We shouldn’t simply accept what tradition and heritage have lain down—the religious vitality of our time is so great that it must be studied, questioned, and even opposed when found to be false or harmful. It cannot be neglected. Religious phenomena are abundant and varied, but do they have any grounding in reality? In spite of the current vitality of religion in the Western World, (as well as other parts of the world), this question is an exceedingly important one in many minds. How is one to begin to know the truth to such momentous questions? In dealing with these matters we are concerned with the logic of religion. It is obvious that any revelation should be tested by reason. There are many false claims based on revelation. We should be aware that many revelations are false, because there are absolutely contradictory claims in them. It cannot be true that there is only one way for man to find God and that there are many ways for man to find God. The elimination of contradiction must be recognized as a necessary condition for any sane, rational discussion. When there is a contradictory revelation we know that something is wrong. There are many contradictions in Christian beliefs. For example, out of the seemingly infinite, the Roman Catholic view is that theirs is the only true church whereas the Protestant view is that the Christian 7
  26. 26. fellowship is so rich and varied that it can take on many valid forms. Here we know somebody must be wrong. If there are conflicts and contrasts of revelation between two groups of Christians, there are greater conflicts when other sects are involved and even greater conflicts when other religions are involved. If a belief system based on supernatural powers is found to be false it has no foundation in reality. If any religion or any part of a religion is false, we should give it up. To continue a faith merely for gratification or because it is socially or financially useful is to deny what is asserted—If a religion is not true wrong actions will come out of it. If a religion is not true, it is evil. I am often amazed at how little people know about what they profess to believe. It is obvious that most belief systems are based on conditioning. Most people say they believe something to be true but have not investigated it. This problem of “blind faith” appears to be rampant. For many years I have talked with people about their religious beliefs, and over these many years there have been many different forms of expression for various beliefs. There are also those that you have heard time and time again, with all the quotes they repeat and so on. But what is even more startling is their ignorance of a bible that they often profess to be the “Word of God”. If these people really believe this to be the words of God, it looks like they would want to read it from cover to cover and find out what God said. Of course, if they did read it from cover to cover without fear of questioning it, they 8
  27. 27. would find out the truth about this wretched book with all of its contradictions and they would read about a very vengeful and violent god. Religious beliefs are not as pervasive as they appear in the United States. When suddenly asked about what they believe, they usually give responses that go back to the time when they last talked about such questions, often many years ago. People who say they believe in the literal interpretation of the bible do not know what is in the bible, and would be rather surprised if someone told them. People may say they believe in immortality and yet be hard put to say whether they believe that one goes to heaven or hell right after death, or whether one is consigned to one or the other only after some last judgment. To most people who believe in immortality via the Christian belief, it has never occurred to them that there is a difference. Belief in heaven is far more popular than belief in hell, and few of those who claim to believe in hell consider the prospect that they might go there— Hell is strictly for others. Theologians equivocate about the different beliefs in hell, leaving unclear whether they believe in it or not, or for what precisely people are damned eternally; yet these same people preach and write about God and His relationship to man. To bring up the subject of hell is widely considered indelicate, although it would be difficult to think of a more important question than whether some or many humans 9
  28. 28. are headed for eternal torment and torture. What reigns supreme in matters of organized religion is thoughtlessness. Why is it that so many are evasive about the subject? Even in the Sunday schools they attend they learn nothing about religions other than their own, and little about their own. Secondly, most people, including the educated, are religiously illiterate. People read all kinds of material that have no lasting value, but they may never read those works that may allow them to learn to understand themselves and to eliminate the fear of the unknown. To single out those who are opposed to traditional religions for failing to make their position better known makes little sense. If someone publishes a book that deals critically with religion and the truth about religion and reaches a wide audience, he should not allow the thoughtlessness of those that do change to reflect his own failure to bring about this change. Nor would it be gracious for him to recite a long litany of people who applauded this or that book privately but failed to champion it publicly. But it needs to be said that the greatest failures are not from those who reject traditional religions, but, rather, from the thousands that have not spoken out. To think that the beliefs which so many pay lip service to are profound, is like saying that the fact that many men wear neckties points to a deep and profound stance. In both cases we are confronted by unthinking conformism. It is easier to 10
  29. 29. conform and to be superficial about life. Making people more thoughtful is not enough as long as there are real or imagined penalties for not conforming. Throughout history there have been penalties for not conforming. In some eras there were more penalties and punishments for non-conforming, and in some eras there was more freedom. I have often been asked, “What are those who are aware of all this to do, if anything? Do we need a new strategy…?” I am not an “organization man”, and have gone it alone for a long time, but I would certainly welcome more support. I do not see this as a battle between the children of light and the children of darkness; rather, it is up to those who see through this nonsense of organized religion and the subsequent confusion and neurosis in our society to refuse to be a part of it. There are faults greater than a stubborn belief in immortality. One good example would be for a person to be aware that a belief is false, then not have the courage to admit it. It is foolish to be enraged by false or confused beliefs. I feel, quiet frankly, that I have no dependence as a writer or a speaker to get people to think more conscientiously. I have learned not to expect anything from anyone when it comes to psychological attitudes and beliefs, and if I were to expect people to be more aware, I would be disappointed. I see people just the way they are, as long as they bring no harm to me or to others. It is up to the individual, and not to me, to see through this blind illusion. For a long time even those who felt this obligation, have leaned over backwards not to deal too critically with truly vital questions. It is often considered 11
  30. 30. a virtue—indeed a necessary condition of respectability—not to deal with anything outside normal academic questions. In fact, it has become fashionable not to deal with the truly important questions, at least not very painstakingly. I wish more intellectuals, scholars, teachers, and writers would deal critically with the most important questions of faith, morals, and politics. People like those described above may not necessarily be pernicious, what is disheartening however is that even the best universities in a wealthy country that prides itself on its colleges, should provide such a poor education. It is sad that, in a democracy in which there is so much freedom to speak, write, and to learn, people are so unconcerned about truth. Religious beliefs and their influence on our daily lives and on our culture need to be considered in this larger perspective. It behooves us to be serious about what we know about organized religion, to either accept it or reject it, but not to be indifferent to it. We cannot be true to our responsibilities as human beings if we believe lightly or if we reject lightly any significant conviction. It wasn’t long ago that belief in purgatory flourished in the Roman Catholic Church, and to this day in many pockets around the world belief in purgatory still exists. Purgatory simply is where one goes before being judged and then sent to heaven or hell. Throughout church history the time spent in purgatory could be shortened by giving up material possessions, or by giving money to the church, or by the purchase of certain relics. For example, one might buy the leg bone of what 12
  31. 31. was said to be a saint, and this would give them a better bargaining position and could therefore shorten their stay in purgatory, hopefully getting a faster shot to heaven. Most Catholics have abandoned belief in purgatory because it has no apparent New Testament basis. Many have given up belief in hell, for reasons just indicated; now all that is left is belief in heaven, and even that is the subject of endless jokes. This alone should convince us of the importance of finding out what is true for ourselves, and in this logic we must discover, not according to any psychiatrist, philosopher, priest, or authority, what actually is true. One can only wonder why education in the area of religion is so poor. Why the lack of insight into our religious beliefs? It is strange indeed how so many are able to maintain their traditional faith while at the same time they entertain philosophical and scientific notions which make their faith impossible. But what is this faith that people have? And why does it take on so many different forms? The logical result of the notion of something existing for one person and not for another would refer merely to what is in the mind of the “knower”. But, obviously, when men have worshiped God they have not supposed that they were worshiping ideas in their own minds, for these would not be worthy of worship. One cannot and must not underestimate the power of imagination. History shows us how powerful is man’s imagination. Consider the many gods of the past and the many bizarre beliefs that have now been abandoned. All over the world man’s imagination has created things as being sacred; and what thought creates as being 13
  32. 32. sacred, thought begins to worship as being sacred. So it is thought worshiping thought, or thought worshiping itself. It is a form of self-delusion or self-worship. Of man’s many characteristics, perhaps the most significant is his imagination. It is the true key to his success, but it may also be the key to his neurosis, and, ultimately, the cause of his failure. As far as we know, man may be the only animal capable of cognitive reasoning and logic, at least to such great extent. He is capable of mentally bringing any specific thing in the world into conjunction with any other. He can fantasize while he is awake and steer his fantasies in any desired direction. He can combine experience with imagination and test the resultant thought within his mind for practicality. Man’s brain can become, as it were, a screen from which he can project and construct ideas. There, future can be blended with past, components removed and replaced with others, the flow of ideas accelerated, slowed, or repeated at will. But, at times, man’s thought processes may turn illusion into reality, and, therefore, man’s conclusions that result from these thought processes may be wrong. This process of imagination can lead man to a state of neurosis, or, in extreme cases, psychosis, in that his rambling thought processes cannot be stopped and his imagination controls him. This process is often accelerated by man’s constant pursuit of pleasure, or by this idea of becoming or state of acquisitiveness—to become psychologically something more tomorrow that he is today. 14
  33. 33. We need to ask ourselves: Could this process of imagination be responsible for inventing the religions throughout the world? Once we understand the processes of thought and the power of conditioning the answer to this question is fairly simple and obvious. Let us go a step further and ask ourselves if this process of thought is responsible for creating God and if man has unfortunately been conditioned to believe in God. This does not deny the extraordinary mystery and wonder of life, nor does it deny the existence of some unknown natural energy behind the processes of life and our awesome universe. I no longer have an interest in formal theology, but I am not irreligious. I have a strong ethical sense, and I think we should love, and that love should be the foundation for any intelligent life. We are all part of the universe, a cosmos, that has certain forms, patterns, and interrelations, and the possibility for order does exist. But I do not know what this energy is, so it remains in the realm of the unknown, and this fact may always be so. That these natural forces are there may be observed, but to name or label these forces is the problem. In other words, the idea of God is a wonderfully convenient abstraction through which we can satisfy our yearning for order in the universe. If things go wrong, the concept of God not only can give us hope and succor, but since the universe is too big for most of us to comprehend, it also relieves us of some responsibility. Of course there are the many beliefs in God, but the approach is human and not celestial, in that man made God and not vice versa. 15
  34. 34. It would indeed be nice if there were a God who was both creator of the universe and a benevolent provider, if there were a heaven of total peace in a future existence. But this may be just how we wish it for ourselves. There is probably no one on this earth that wishes more than I do that a tangible supreme being or biblical god made me, after all I have been through, but unfortunately “he” didn’t. Creation is not as simple as that. (Many readers may ask, “What it is that you have been through.” I don’t want to talk about my past, for the simple reason that what I have come into is unrelated to the past or to what I did or did not do. Even though many events happened to me because of my insights into the truth, my past has no relation to this work. Having said that, I will mention as a means of making a point that some negative events happened to me as a result of my observations and the dishonesty of those with belief systems, and one such event is covered later in this book. I will say that one is lucky to have not been killed or literally burned at the stake by the believers, although in their actions of brutality they did come very close.) Beliefs, which become dogmas, are not the residue of sane rational thinking, nor the final result of awareness; they are illusions, fulfillments of the oldest, strongest, and most insistent wishes of mankind. The secret of their strength is in the strength of their wishes. Most of us are aware of how those that are psychologically weak and helpless need someone to cling to, and one may be aware of how fear creates a 16
  35. 35. feeling of helplessness as well as distort one’s perception. It is out of these fears that father figures, this time a more powerful one called god, came about. Most of us are afraid to put what we believe to any kind of test. We either don’t have the intelligence to question what we believe or our conditioning, coupled with fear, prevents us from looking at anything different from what we were taught. A belief that has never been questioned is unworthy of be called a belief. It is important to inquire and to question what we have been told is true. We must not continue to tolerate the beliefs in which our environment has conditioned us to think to be true, just because we are part of that environment. In other words, we should not tolerate false beliefs just because they are accepted by society. In any case we can be sure that the truth about religions will be hidden from those who, in an effort to get along with everyone, approach it in the mood of tolerance. The notion that religion is a nice thing for those who are interested in it is absolute nonsense, because it shows a primary confusion about the nature of the subject studied and it is condescending. To go along with the belief of another just to be accepted by them, is wholly unproductive. More people should ask themselves if it is fair or right for them to condition or to expose their children to which they are indifferent. And is it fair or right for people to impose on those around them a belief to which they are indifferent? In spite of their indisputable lack of authenticity, religious ideas have exercised the very strongest influence on mankind. 17
  36. 36. In order for us to decide whether to accept or reject certain claims, we must be committed to the truth. We can find truth; we only need to do the research. Not what we believe to be true, or have been conditioned to believe, but that which is true in reality, and that which is ultimately concerned about mankind and this earth on which he lives. It is the truth about man that he is ultimately concerned about that which determines his ultimate destiny beyond all preliminary necessities and accidents— yet it seems we continue to overlook the problems that threaten to destroy us. Even with mans ability to adapt to change, it is amazing that the Church has survived as it has over the years. With all the different sects (over 250 of them) and all the different rituals and beliefs that stem from this one bizarre religion, Christianity, one would think more people would see through all the nonsense. Fortunately, many have. There have been many who have stopped giving, or at least have been reluctant to give money to the Church. The reason for this is not because people are without funds or that they are ungenerous, it is because they are aware that their money is being used for purposes that they simply do not approve. They are finding that much of the money is being used for the mere growth of the church itself and other monies are being filtered down and going for purposes other than it was intended. 18
  37. 37. This is especially so when it appears to people that their money is being handed over uncritically to movements that foster violence and use anger as a force for good. From the annihilation of the American Indians, to the prison movement, to the slave trade and the more recent actions in the Middle East, Pakistan, and Afghanistan are good examples of such violence. The intolerance by some church members and the violence and hatred on individual levels is pervasive and yet the root causes stemming from the mindset of those with these bizarre beliefs are almost completely ignored. The problem is even worse when some prominent church leaders actually announce their support of violence as a method of social change. In fact the very nature of religion is to bring harm to the nonbelievers—the scriptures themselves command such violence. If we could make a list of the individual acts of violence that have been carried out by church members it would stretch from here to kingdom come. Then there is all the nonsense that goes on with the fundamentalist churches. I have always been able to see through the circus of the fundamentalists as many others have, but the recent explosion of sex scandals, fraud, and misuse of funds by the fundamentalists, as well as the strange tactics of acquiring those funds has brought many more to the realization of this circus. Pope Benedict XVI has reaffirmed the universal primacy of the Roman Catholic Church, approving a doctrine that says other Orthodox Christian Churches were defective and that other Christian denominations were not true churches. When the 19
  38. 38. United States Senate allowed the history-making event of someone from the Hindu religion to do the opening prayer, many Christians met it with outrage and called it an abomination. This simply shows the intolerance of many religious activists and many others associated with the Christian religion. They may want to proselytize and impose their religion in the public square, but it is clear that they mean only their religion! Some are now asking if the organized Christian Church should be approaching its demise. Perhaps, they say, after generations of existence, it is time for the church to realize that it is near the end of its tether and accept the reality that it will eventually cease to be. This observation is being seriously put forth not only by those who are consciously outside or antagonistic to it, but by those who are devoted members and supporters. Most members of religion are superficial about their beliefs and go to church on the basis that it is a good thing to do, and it makes them feel better about life. It is these people that unthinkingly support the propaganda of religion and raises the billions of dollars that continue to be spent in building these structures for worshiping a god that does not exist. We must admit that many are refusing to be part of Christianity, and that is creating some dark days for the church. Many devout people are clearly discouraged, and the reasons for their discouragement are fairly obvious. There is, in the church, a sharp division marked by mutual distrust and many are beginning to question their beliefs. No one that is reasonably aware of contemporary events 20
  39. 39. can find it difficult to see why vital new movements often negate the church. This is because most churches have become organizations, intent only upon their own survival, and constructed on a foundation of lies. Many people who call themselves Christians seem to have gotten lost in the idea of being forgiven, to the point that they think they may just as well be sinners since they will be forgiven. Even more alarming is how people who call themselves Christians will bring harm to a non-believer by any means possible believing all the while that God is on their side. It is as if their very beliefs sustain them in a state of pathological dishonesty and a denial of the truth about anything, including the truth about their own lives. Their lives revolve around the illusions of these beliefs and the continued effort to sustain them. But, if we could go a little deeper, could it be that it is the effort that is produced by these false beliefs and the avoidance of reality that create the problems in the first place? Over the past centuries there have been many accounts of churches and church leaders who have predicted the return of Christ and the literal end of the world. Over and over men have claimed to be able to read the signs of the future, but the humbling fact remains that all who have announced Christ’s return or the literal end have been wrong. In practically every case concerning the literal end, the prophetic interpretations are different from that which is described in the bible. If one looks at the whole context one cannot possibly extract the meaning that has 21
  40. 40. been laid down as prophecy by those that claim to have interpreted it. Then there are all the superstitions that perpetuate Christian belief… The general public feeds off anything concerning life after death, psychic phenomenon, the paranormal, miracles, the crafts of mediums and mentalists, and everything supernatural. The greed factor keeps the producers of such programming hard at work. Yet the fact remains that no one has been able to prove supernatural powers! In fact those that claim to move objects with the power of the mind, the faith healers, and those that claim to use supernatural powers in their magic, have been debunked time and time again. The propagandist for such nonsense, in the name of the all mighty dollar, does a grave injustice to mankind. Misinformation like this—of people who claim they can subvert nature, communicate with the dead, or that they can do real miracles and they want to get paid for it…has a negative influence on society. In fact we are responsible for our own actions, and superstitions cloud an individual’s ability to function sanely and rationally, and to come to terms with life and death. The greatest of teachers and the wisest of men sought to set man free of all superstitious practices and to center on the truth and on that which is real. ___________________________________________________________ 22
  41. 41. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590(A) Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker ORGANIZED CONFLICT Chapter II “Why doest thou prate of God? Whatever thou sayest of him is untrue.” Maister Eckart * * * * * It would be nice if one could look at the history of all organized religions, and see the evil that has come out of their beliefs. The study of histories of the religions of America alone would be overwhelming. More difficult for the historian than the newness of America is the complexity of its makeup. The compounding of this country’s ethnic or religious diversity has continued almost unabated for centuries. There have been many who have broken away from mere obedience of the so-called moral law and have maintained that faith alone was necessary for salvation. Those that have broken away from tradition, some more radically than others, have been continuous. From Giordano Bruno in the second half of the 1500’s to Mistress Anne Hutchinson in the 1630’s to Timothy Leary in the 1960’s. There have been those who have questioned the entire structure of religious beliefs, but maintained that the religious mind was completely 23
  42. 42. different from the mind that believed in religion, from Thomas Paine in the second half of the 1700’s to J. Krishnamurti for the 1900’s; I place myself among these. Many strong religious beliefs and insights into the holistic and un-fragmented mind have not been neatly housed in churches. The extreme variety of the American religious heritage is the central problem for anyone who would undertake even a synopsis of their histories. By 1700 a traveler making his way from Boston to the Carolinas would encounter a variety of Congregationalist, Baptist of several varieties, Presbyterians, Quakers, and several other forms of Puritan radicalism; Dutch, German, and French Reformed; Mennonites and radical Pietists, Anglicans, Roman Catholics of many varieties; here and there a Jewish congregation and a few members of Freemasonry, Hermeticism, Alchemy, and even a few Roscrusians; and of course a vast number of the unchurched—some strongly alienated from any form of organized religion. And as the years passed the variety would rapidly increase. By the 1920’s the Monophysite Church of Armenia—the oldest established church in Christendom—had put down American Roots, as had each of the three main branches of the Syrian Church: Jacobites, Nestorian, and Orthodox. Virtually every surviving heresy and schism in Christian history had its representatives in America as did the many new sects, and new sects continue to be formed. One thing that can be noticed about Christianity in America is that it possesses characteristics of its own. It is not only different from that which existed in Europe 24
  43. 43. at the time of settlement of the colonies, but it is different from that which exists in any other location of Christianity. Christianity here has been shaped by Americans to suit Americans. It would be even better if I could go a step further and show a comparison of the many different forms of beliefs in the many different sects in this country, but again the task becomes overwhelming and I should have to keep you here until kingdom come, if you will pardon the expression. In looking at the histories one could probably see many of the different beliefs as well as the conflicts within them, but, as mentioned, the variety and complexity is too great. One historian had set out to write a history of American Christianity, and, after looking into the many religions, stated, “I found the project to be so difficult that I abandoned it…The coherence of the facts in the religious history of our land cannot yet be seen. The facts themselves are abundant to embarrassment, and they cannot be strung upon any single thread that I have been able to discover.”(1) If one were to look into the history of this planet from about six or eight thousand years ago until present, since the beginning of so-called civilization, one would find that all though history man has exploited and used his power, whether politically, or religiously. It seems that where there is man, there is good and there is evil; but where man is ambitious, exploiting his ideas, and attempting to dominate and control others, there is very little good. 25
  44. 44. If one thinks he is good, but is unaware of his evil, that will lead him to doing wrong yet not realizing that he is doing wrong. He will justify his evil doings. But if one believes he is evil, without being aware of his capacity for good, he may be overcome or obsessed by evil. The symbols for “good” and “evil” are inventions of thought, and it is this process of thought that brings about the many problems. Thought creates or invents those labels given to good and to evil; thus, without the movement of thought, except when necessary in order to perform a specific task, evil would not exist—at least not in any relationship with the good. But it should also be considered that if it is the actions of this constant chattering of the ambitious mind, the constant movement of thought with its superficial reactions, that has created these distinctions, then one must surely go beyond those labels for any radical change to be made. In other words, this complex and uncontrolled movement of thought, if at once observed and understood—and on most levels brought to an end—brings about a natural state of being, without supposition or belief. In this state man recognizes his capacity for goodness and love, and observes the beauty in nature and in the world around him. All the thought created illusions as well as the motives that sustain them disappear because the observer is no longer separate from the observed. It is like three good scientists looking through a microscope and observing the same thing. The history of man is so filled with problems created by man’s own hands, with a little good mixed in, that true philosophy must inform him of both the root of his 26
  45. 45. greatness and the root of his misery. When we look directly and honestly at the overall picture of the history of mankind, the greatness of man gets lost in the misery. The question is__ Why?__ Why has man always lived in strife? Destroying each other in the name of God, Country, or whatever. There was a time when religion ruled the world. It is known as the Dark Ages. From about 476 A.D. and up until 1100 A.D., man not only ceased to advance in the world of art, science, medicine, and technology, but in many ways he actually went backwards. This continued in some form until as late as the 1400’s, particularly in the field of medicine. Could it be that as we sit here in this modern world, with all the modern communications, transportation, surgery, and so on, that we are still living in the remnants of the Dark Ages? It seems to me that we are in many ways. We are now living in a world that should enable us to find out many of the facts that help explain everything from the physical forces of our planet to the physical forces of the universe. Though we can still live with a sense of wonder, we are able to learn more about our marvelous earth and this incredible universe than ever before. As far as we know, wherever we go in the universe certain laws of physics apply. There are the unknowns, like the lack of a complete understanding of evolutionary processes or the understanding of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, yet we are in a position to explore our existence unlike ever before. Information such as this is placed at our finger tips by science. But if we have insight through science we must 27
  46. 46. realize that it can go in two directions. Science can either be concerned with world order and with the future of mankind, or, as we so often see, it can be concerned with short-term benefits that only benefit the few. We should also look at the problem with conclusions in science, because some of these conclusions may be in error and lead us astray as history has demonstrated in certain areas of established “scientific facts” that are later found to be wrong (see my writings on The Problem with Conclusions in Chapter 7). Education through science could enable us to live a good life, by giving us the ability to have an awareness of the information that would develop characters productive of harmony rather than strife. At present it is treating us like guinea pigs, filling us with misinformation and propaganda about just about everything from food and medicine to politics and war. Our children are being taught that it is acceptable, even noble and patriotic, to kill others, and even to die, because men of politics are willing to sacrifice the future of mankind for their own momentary prosperity. But this phase will pass when men have acquired the same understanding of themselves as they have of the physical forces of nature. Then men will understand their motives, and understand their responsibility to stand against all forms of greed, deception, and corruption. Then we will truly be free. Much of the current thought and literature of today is concerned with the terrible problems that confront man. Speakers and writers addressing these problems often find it difficult to express the serious nature of the contemporary 28
  47. 47. human situation without losing the interest of those concerned. It is difficult to get people to understand the importance of an attitude of negation, to negate the negative, when so many are caught in this attitude of blind and naïve optimism. We cannot think in realistic terms concerning the present state of mankind unless we are adequately aware of the environment that surrounds us. We cannot afford to ignore the unpleasant, perhaps disastrous future that awaits us all. It is only by bringing man (and this includes woman) to an awareness of this that he can hope to change. We can go on using the systems that have failed us for millennia or we can discard all that and start anew. This, it seems, may be the powerful and as yet untried resource whereby we can meet the problems of this age with confidence. It is not a conviction which ignores the struggles that face man even if he learns to understand himself; nor is it based on a naïve assumption that the problems of man arise from causes which will easily disappear once he approaches them with a serious determination to resolve them. And, most important of all, it is a conviction that is aware of the fact that the ultimate source of the problems that plague man is man himself. Why is it so difficult to convince ourselves that each one of us is part of the whole of mankind? The simple truth is that the state of each one of us, is not separate from the rest of mankind. In other words, we are the world. Most of us don’t want to face this simple fact. We make excuses and say things like, “The world is in a period of 29
  48. 48. transition and new birth, and this justifies the conflicts and tensions which confront us.” Or we say, “It is all in God’s hands”. Or we say, “It has always been like this and always will be.”—This is our dilemma and our challenge. We must look for the proper place for religious thought and ask ourselves if these many processes and inventions of thought should be organized. There are many that would like to dismiss religion as being an important subject of present day discussions, and honesty requires us to admit that the state of religion around the world is not one of universal vibrant health. The influence of religion on society varies from locality to locality and this condition is affected by local as well as worldwide conditions. However, one could not be far off by saying that religion as a whole, along with the rest of the world, is facing problems that threaten to destroy it. The ideas of religions are failing to measure up to the responsibilities of the time. All religions must plead guilty to this. The religions of the world not only find themselves confronted by many intelligent movements that are in opposition to them, but they are inheritors of a tradition of opposition to each other. Faced by deeply concerned people who have come to reject them emphatically, they are also in a state of conflict in their own institutions. Religion is the chief opponent of religion. This situation of conflict is not just the result of traditions of the past. Much of the history in the western world has been furnished by the conflicts between 30
  49. 49. religions and within religions, as well as countless and incalculable wrong actions that have been taken against humanity because of such beliefs. Then there are all the conflicts of the religions of the east! But these conflicts between religions are much more than the continuation of age-old misunderstandings—they are the problem of organizing any spiritual or supernatural belief. The history of Christianity is a record of constant conflict. From time immemorial there has been conflict caused by Christianity and conflict within Christianity itself. There have been only brief moments in history when the conflicts of Christianity appeared to be resolved, but these resolutions were ones of appearance only, and not of fact. Christianity has often stepped in and created conflict with established morals, customs, and religions in particular geographic locations. This was especially true of the Mediterranean and European areas. It was only when the church had apparently succeeded in its purpose that the conflict temporarily subsided. The modern secular lifestyle that developed in the West again brought conflict to Christianity. As time went on some groups of the Christian faith would actually attempt to merge with the modern secular life, while others were to remain in opposition. Scientism, nationalism, colonialism, capitalism, industrialism, socialism —these and similar movements within western life, each presented both opportunities and problems to the separate branches of the Christian religion. The well-know conflict between Christianity and science is but one example of religion 31
  50. 50. confronted by a problem of great magnitude—a problem that it cannot escape, though it is trying, without weakening itself and strengthening its opponent—as in many cases of like nature, Christianity’s claim to having met the problem is more superficial than it is actual. The conflicts between Christianity and the realities that exist are antagonisms that are often sidestepped by the lay members of the church. They have brought about a way of life in which the divisions and hostilities of the two realms are either overlooked or forgotten. In some cases they seem to adjust the claims of one area to compensate for the demands of the other. For many who are outside the church, the conflict seems no more apparent. Though they may look upon the practice of Christian worship with little or no profoundness, they do not commit themselves to the negation of it. And many people, when confronted, claim that there may still be something in the Christian faith that holds meaning to them. It is fairly obvious that this is merely because of their conditioning and their inability to stand outside the pack, as it were. Some of these have developed the habit, or they have been conditioned or programmed mentally, to participate in occasional Christian rites, and they often give lip service to the basic dogmas of Christian belief in its broad form. They cannot make Christianity a central part of their lives, yet they cannot bring themselves to turn their backs on it completely. They are victims of conformism, caught in the illusion of conditioning, tradition, and habit, but they are unaware of their tragic situation. 32
  51. 51. Though it is true that both Christianity and the western world each played a role in shaping each other, they remain in conflict because the heart of Christianity is not concerned with the all consuming passion of material existence. Many in the Christian faith have apparently become neurotic to the extent that they live, on the one hand, a material existence yet on the other hand negate that existence. In many ways those caught up in this aspect of the Christian faith are in direct opposition to the very welfare of mankind itself. Caught in the contradiction of wishing material well being for man while giving lip service to beliefs that are not controlled by the material, Christianity has not escaped being criticized by its adherents as well as its foes. It is, indeed, difficult to believe that Christianity is against human preoccupation with the material things of this world, for when one looks around at the over-all Christian picture one sees a life style contrary to this. This is not surprising since most Christians know little to nothing about what it is that their faith actually teaches, and those few that do are constantly baffled by contradictions. Yet, all too often, both the ill informed and the well read are unable to look unless what is being presented is directly related to their view on Christianity. This unwillingness to look is the nature of Christianity. In Christianity no area of life can exist which is outside or beyond that which is of Christian concern. 33
  52. 52. Christianity is a religion of human beings as well as a religion from a divine source. As it seems to maintain its contact with humanity it is succumbing more and more to the demands of humanity. Everything about Christianity seems to have to bend from the divine to meet the human needs. The Christian religion, like its people, finds itself disjointed. In fact it is because the religion has been so inconsistent and contradictory concerning the unity of existence that western Christians themselves have lost any consciousness of that unity, if any conscious unity ever existed. There are some within the church that are not only ready to admit to this but who are looking to every means to call Christians to the task of breaking down the barriers between the secular world of today and the Christian religion. They are the ones who are often accused of being revolutionaries, even anti-Christian. As they look to bring every human action under the judgment of God they are met by the realization of the times, which have concluded that there is no God, or if there is, he has separated himself from intervening directly with human life. Not only does Christianity find itself in conflict in meeting human demands, it also finds itself in conflict within its own 250 plus institutions or sects. There is no way that one can believe in the beliefs of one sect totally and wholly, without in some way, being in contradiction with the beliefs of another. On top of this, there are often conflicts within a single sect. “The churches have at times been a force for social reform, at other times a bulwark of status quo. Often the two tendencies have caused conflicts and rifts between a single denominational body.” 34
  53. 53. The institutional conflict within Christianity is largely due to the tension between that of authority and the concept of freedom, which is ever present within religion. The amount of authority that should be placed on its people has always been a problem for religion. Christianity has been put into the position that it must answer the question of whether faith will be bound by authority to the degree that religious insight will be limited to those forms acceptable to that authority, or whether greater or even complete freedom shall be allowed. Will not such freedom by its very nature serve to weaken the supremacy of the authority? A problem during the history of Christianity, especially for the west, is the fact that different sects have been strung in opposition to each other on the basis that separate groups are claiming to possess absolute truth. Though the past century has seen less open conflict between some of these groups, the problem still exists. It is difficult to understand why religion has become so important when there is so much contradiction and conflict within religion. One of the most obvious conflicts in terms of organized Christianity is found in the different expression of belief in the Protestant and Roman Catholic faith. Outside of the many differences in basic beliefs there is the one main conflict and that is the Protestant rejection of papal authority, and the Roman Catholic’s insistence upon that authority. 35
  54. 54. The relationship between religious power and political power has always been an interesting one in that it has often blended the propaganda of a particular religion with that of politics. Many politicians have done so without having had any or little prior religious relationship. Though there has always been the mixing of the two, the separation between religion and political authority has long been advocated, at least in theory. But in recent times the touting of religious affiliations and beliefs by politicians has expanded and this has contributed greatly to the religious and secular division in western culture. Yet it is only through the separation that is supposed to be a foundation of our country, that religious liberty or freedom from such religions can be insured. It would be sad to see any particular religion imposed on the people by a political power. Since the beginning of American society there has been a peculiar relationship between religion and politics. Numerous observers of the American scene have maintained that the political health of our society is nurtured by the “vitality of the churches”. It should not be surprising then that today there appears to be a linkage between the crisis in the churches and the condition of our country overall. The political institutions are in as much turmoil as the churches. Both are caught in a revolution of moral and ethical codes and there are many people who are questioning the overall system. 36
  55. 55. Many argue that the notion of a crisis in American religion is an invention put forth by the intellectuals. They may have a point. Recent surveys show that some 40 percent of the population is ether attending a service via the television or in church every Sunday; religious books make up one of the most expansive sectors of the publishing industry; and college students continue to crowd religion courses. The fact of crisis, however, cannot be dismissed that easily. Although the institutional aspects of religion may go on working in what may appear to be a successful way, if the spirit or the truth has gone out of them the prognosis for the future is not good. Observing these institutions in over twenty years of study, it does appear that the spirit has gone out of them and I’m afraid that the truth was never there. As I interpret the mass of hard data, I cannot help but see that the fortresses of faith are going through the most profuse alterations in history. The credibility of the church is being challenged on many fronts. Traditional creeds are being drastically revised. Hallowed canons are being shelved. Religious practices and rituals are being changed daily. Church leaders are being faced with new, bold, persistent demands—many questioning the actions of the church. Are we really as religious as we appear? The root meaning of the word religion means to be whole, un-fragmented and as taken from Sanskrit, it means “to bind all the energy in one place to come upon that which is true”. Are we perhaps only 37
  56. 56. superficially religious? Indeed America appears to be facing a seeming paradox; organized religion is increasing its influence on society, but morality is losing its influence. Is it any wonder that these bizarre beliefs that are out there in la la land would bring about problems for the young, and problems for our culture? The state of our country offers abundant evidence that religion is not producing a positive outcome. The U.S. has one of the worst records in the world in terms of criminal victimization. Our judicial system is broken, and we put innocent human beings in jail and let criminals off the hook because of this bizarre legal system that has its foundation in this ever so strange religion. We live in a “rip-off” society and every day we read of consumer fraud, political corruption, judicial corruption, police corruption, tax cheating, bribery, payoffs, and so on…. In talking with Christians I’m often amazed at how frightened they are to look at the reality of death, as well as the reality of life. They cannot simply look at what is. If I point to any indication of the falseness of their faith, they clam up and refuse to listen or to look. Not only are there divisions within Christian ranks, they are accompanied by a conflict of thought within the Christian faith. This conflict of thought within Christianity is obviously the major reason for the divisions within the organizations that have formed from the faith. One cannot help but be aware of the fact that the inability of Christianity to meet the problems of mankind stems almost entirely 38
  57. 57. from the clash in theological interpretations, which has plagued Christianity throughout history. At this point it is necessary that we understand the limitations of thought. It may be difficult for many of us to see the fact that knowledge is limited therefore what thought creates is limited. If one understands this it becomes fairly simple for one to understand the nature of human frailty, as well as to be conscious of the need for man to have freedom from institutional limitations. As with all religions, Christianity has an ongoing problem with superstition and the tendency of its followers to hold on to beliefs of the past, which are now challenged as not being worthy of belief. Most Christians are guilty of this. This reveals itself in every form, in fear from belief in the Devil and in hell, with its eternal punishment and suffering, to the world of witches, the illusions of angels, and so on. All of this points, again and again, to the neurosis and conflict that is ever present in the realms of thought within the Christian faith, and to the limitations of human thought in general. What this points to is not only the conflicts within the slightly odd minds of the Christian faithful, but to what exist only in the believers mind. The differences in belief concerning the literal interpretations of the bible as against the symbolic view that human beings are fallible in both its productions and interpretation, has created and continues to create a conflict between Christians, 39
  58. 58. even though they may be motivated by “Christian love and brotherhood”. Those that consider themselves to be Christians and who are earnestly seeking to be worthy of this religion, are often confronted by others that say they are not really Christians if they do not accept the biblical interpretations as the literal word of God. The religious attitude of the world today is confronted by an awareness of the problems with organized beliefs, as well as the continued conflict in the atmosphere of suspicion and fear. The future of both the sane and rational attitude of man himself depends upon the extent of this awareness. Can there be any choice? When President Reagan came into office secular politics made a tragic transformation. At present historians are not likely to use the term “secular politics”. With the making of 1983 the “Year of the Bible” by Proclamation 5018, filed not long after Congress passed law 97-280 on October 4, 1982 declaring the western bible “The Word of God”, secular politics and the Constitution went out the window. This was followed by a Proclamation by executive order, Executive Order 6100, on February 22, 1990 by President George H. W. Bush making 1990 the “International Year of Bible Reading. With the “Ten Commandments” hanging in our courthouses in towns throughout the country and the bible being taught in public schools, it would hardly seem appropriate to use the term secular politics. 40
  59. 59. If we go back a few more years, on August 27, 1987, while George Bush was campaigning for the presidency, he stated that non-believers should not be considered citizens or patriots, and that this was “one nation under God”. Because this man’s belief in god invokes the “Christian God”, his statements would also apply to anyone that did not believe in this concept of a creative energy, higher power, or god, or for anyone that had a concept of a natural energy behind creation. There are many that feel that these actions are a violation of the Constitution of the United States of America, and upon close examination of the Constitution one must admit that this is obviously the case. When historians wrote on “the principle separation between church organization and political authority” they must have never dreamed of this taking place. Should we not have church-state separation and the intelligence to recognize that only by such separation can individual liberty and freedom be insured? It was the intent of the first U.S. Congress that the Government not interfere with the Christian religion or any other religion or lack of religion. Now not only is the Government becoming involved with religion, they are actually endorsing it through law. I have read and studied the writings and beliefs of our founding fathers and they would roll over in their graves if they could! Why do we even have a Constitution that clearly calls for the separation of church and state? There is nothing in the 41
  60. 60. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, or the Bill of Rights that says anything about Christ, Christianity, or the bible. In fact the terminology just talks of a Creator and natural rights, but nothing about this bizarre religion. Thomas Paine was sickened by what he found in the bible and he was abhorred by it. Abraham Lincoln constantly made fun of the bible and had his thoughts on this religion been known and not altered by a journalist to paint a completely erroneous picture of him as a “Church going bible believing Christian” he might never have become president. In 1797 the Treaty of Tripoli (the Treaty of Peace and Friendship) was ratified (which means it was formally approved and invested with legal authority) by the United States of America and signed by Joel Barlow, the United States consul- general. The fact is the treaty was approved by President John Adams and Secretary of State Timothy Pickering and ratified by the United State Senate by a unanimous vote. Article 11, reads: "As the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religions; as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion, or tranquillity, of Mussumen; and, as the said States never entered into any war, or act of hostility against any Mahometan nation, it is declared by the parties, 42
  61. 61. that no pretext arising from religious opinions, shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries." “Official records show that after President John Adams sent the treaty to the Senate for ratification in May of 1797, the entire treaty was read aloud on the Senate floor, including the famous words in Article 11, and copies were printed for every Senator. A committee considered the treaty and recommended ratification, and the treaty was ratified by a unanimous vote of all 23 Senators. The treaty was reprinted in full in three newspapers, two in Philadelphia and one in New York City. There is no record of any public outcry or complaint in subsequent editions of the papers.”(2) In the history of the United States the viewpoints of religious beliefs have gone unchallenged for decades, and now those that question the validity of religions must come together and stand their ground. We are now reaping the harvest of generations indoctrinated from infancy to believe in untruths. In addition, Public Law 97-280 states “that renewing our knowledge of faith in God through Holy Scripture can strengthen us as a nation and a people,” and it rules that the United States has a “national need to study and apply the teachings of the Holy Scripture.” 43
  62. 62. I have read the bible four times from cover to cover, and I have done extensive research to understand what the scriptures say, and I find overwhelming evidence of a vengeful god along with pages and pages of disturbing scriptures. There is absolute proof that this is not a “Holy” book, but a very wretched one. If we look at what we did to the Indians, it is no wonder we had this book in hand! But there are hundreds of gods and many so-called “Holy Scriptures” throughout the world, all different and all claiming to be the one and only God. Is it right to limit all people in the United States to but one book of scriptures? Even if one believes in that one book, and having read it, feels it is the truth, this can hardly be fair to those who believe in a different religion or those who believe in a different God. Nor is this fair for those who have freed themselves from the illusions of any religious belief. Under Public Law 97-280 a study of the “Holy Scripture” may well be made a part of every public and private school curriculum, and all those attempting to prevent any American citizen from acquiring “knowledge of and faith in God through the Holy Scripture” may soon be said to be attempting to weaken America. Individuals and organizations who advocate the banning of the bible from public schools or who actively oppose any bible study group or interfere in any way with the Christian religion would be guilty of violating this law and guilty of sedition against the United States of America. 44
  63. 63. Pastor Sheldon Emry wrote, “What this will be is another significant step by our nation and our people toward that day when every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is LORD, to the glory of God the Father.”—That attitude is another step further back into the Dark Ages?—And if history holds true it will lead to more conflict. If the religious influence of the United States has the power to force their beliefs on all of the citizens, to the exclusion of those who have different beliefs, then those who are free from religious beliefs will live in a country whose government imposes on an essential freedom. _______________________________________________________________ 45
  64. 64. THE DAWN OF INTELLIGENCE Kerry C. Walker 4590 Knox Bridge Hwy Canton, Georgia 30114 © 2007 Kerry C. Walker HAVE YOU LOOKED HERE? Chapter III * * * * * One could go on and on about the many conflicts, problems, and contradictions that are within and have been created by traditional religions. I have compiled some terms that may be of interest to those that want a better picture of the many problems that are brought about by religion, or for those who would just like to look into it for fun. It is interesting to note Webster’s definition of Christ and Christianity. Although there is no clear historical evidence of Jesus Christ’s existence, it is interesting to note that he was referred to as “Jesus” or “Jesus of Nazareth” for several hundred years after his alleged existence and then he was referred to as “Jesus the Christ”. The word “Christ” meant “anointed”. The name “Christ” took on many different meanings over time, such as Messiah, king, and so on. Sometime around the mid 800’s, and during a big Church convention, it was decided to drop the “the” from the term “Jesus the Christ” and to call him “Jesus Christ”. This was, in my opinion, the birth of Organized Christianity. Webster, in his definition of Christ, made this fact known. 46
  65. 65. I have also included explanations of “God” and “Personal God”. * * * * * Christ: 1. the Messiah whose appearance is prophesied in the Old Testament. 2. Jesus of Nazareth, regarded by Christians as the realization of the Messianic prophecy: originally a title “Jesus the Christ”, later used as part of the name “Jesus Christ.” Christian: 1. a person professing belief in Jesus as the Christ, or in the religion based on the alleged preaching’s of Jesus. 2. a decent, respectable person 3. in general, anyone born of Christian parents. 4. in church history, (a) a member of a sect which is the offshoot of three other churches, which rejects creeds, accepts the Bible literally, and believes in open communion and immersion (b) one belonging to a similar sect called 47
  66. 66. “Deciples of Christ” or “Campellites”. * * * * * God God, Deity or Supreme Being. There are numerous theories as to the origin of the belief in God or Gods. Some of them negate religiosity by ascribing its origin to fear, to the objectification of desire, to priest and state craft, to hallucinations prompted by mind altering plants, to social injustice, to dreams and trances, and so on. Most of the early gods had their origin in man’s emotional response to beneficent phases of the natural world—the dawn light which banished the cold and dangers of the darkness, the warming, stimulating sun, the storm rain which brought refreshment to the land and crops after drought, the cooling winds, the fresh life giving waters, the fertile, food-producing earth, and so on. Each of the major monotheistic world religions worships a Supreme Being, who is the sole god of the universe, the maker of all things, omniscient and all-powerful. God is also good. In ancient Israel God was named Yahweh. The God of the Hebrew Bible also became the God of Christianity, but generic words, such as theos in Greek or Deus in Latin, were often used to refer to him. In Islam the term is Allah. Great diversity and much controversy are found in theology today by those who hold different ideas of God. The categories of consciousness, intelligence and purpose as applied to God are in question. Ideas differ with respect to the 48
  67. 67. personality of God. Differences also appear regarding the creativity of God. The date and criteria of the many claims by which God may be known are in dispute. Tracing its origin back to primitive revelation cannot prove the reality of God. In virtually every case the idea of God has been determined to be an invention of thought where its only existence is in the minds of man. Nearly all scientific claims make it clear that God has been invented, but a few scientists consider the possibility that, outside of God, there is a natural energy, a cosmic energy, that operates on living things. Personal God Personal God, Persons as we know them are social, that is, they enjoy persoal relations. A “personal God” suggests one who can carry on such a relationship and can respond to prayer. The broadest definition of this term is a God who is a personal being, i.e. a being with a personality, including the capacity to reason and feel love, as in the cases of Zeus, Apollo and Athena and other deities common to European Pagan polytheism. In the case of the Christian belief in the Trinity, God is an impersonal “ousia” or substance, manifested in three “hypostasis” or persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. These views are intended to challenge the concept of deity which is a guiding principle, a blind creative force or a philosophical ideal. 49
  68. 68. A narrower interpretation of a personal God is a deity who takes a personal interest in the world in general and worshippers in particular. This view is intended to challenge a deistic outlook. A still narrower definition would be a God whose personal interest in worshippers is so great that the deity communicates directly with them and actively intervenes in their lives through miracles. * * * * * It would be best if everyone could understand the problems brought about by religion, but unfortunately many people are not able to do that. It is then necessary to look into religion to get a view of the nonsense that goes on within them. On the other hand, it is amusing to those who have realized the truth about religion. I have chosen terms that are related to Christianity, but if we were to look into all the various beliefs, ideas, and contradictions that are found in Christianity it would probably take more pages than are in the thickest book. So we are going to look at just a small portion of this bizarre religion. The Bible is made up of many books, and in turning from one writing to another the reader soon realizes that not only the literary style but also the ideas and attitudes change radically. It is believed that the bible took shape over a period of more than a thousand years. Among the writers that contributed to its contents 50
  69. 69. were Jewish patriots and world prophets, emotional poets and imaginative historians, mystical idealists and cynical illusionist, not so kindly teachers and some unsophisticated scholars. Some writers had a tribal religion based on primitive fears and superstitions; others propagated the concept of supernatural belief systems that they claimed led to God. The writers of some stories in the Bible are unknown. There is much debate as to the authorship of the Bible. To follow are examples of what one can find in relation to biblical “facts”, and related topics. If looked at with an unconditioned and open mind, one can see the circus that is born of religion. * * * * * Bible (Western and Eastern Orthodox) Sacred scriptures of Judaism and Christianity. The Jewish scriptures consist of the Torah (or Pentateuch), the Neviim (“Prophets”), and the Ketuvim (“Writings”), which together constitute what Christians call the Old Testament. The Pentateuch and Joshua relate how Israel became a nation and came to possess the Promised Land. The Prophets describe the establishment and development of the monarchy and relate the prophets' messages. The Writings include poetry, speculation on good and evil, and history. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Bible includes 51
  70. 70. additional Jewish writings called the Apocrypha. The New Testament consists of early Christian literature. The Gospels tell stories of the life, person, and teachings of Jesus Christ, although there is no clear historical evidence to support these writings. The Acts of the Apostles relates the earliest history of Christianity. The Epistles (Letters) are correspondence of early church leaders (chiefly Paul) and address the needs of early congregations. Revelation is the only canonical representative of a large genre of early Christian apocalyptic literature. Genesis First book of the Bible. Its name, taken from its first verse, means “origin of generation” or “beginning.” Genesis provides the creation story for Judaism and Christianity and begins the history of the Israelite people. In addition to God's creation of the universe, it includes the story of Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, Noah and the Flood, the Tower of Babel, and God's covenant with the three patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, concluding with the story of Jacob's son Joseph. It is traditionally ascribed to Moses, but modern scholars have identified at least three literary strains in it, dating from 950 to the 5th century, though incorporating material from much earlier. It is one of the five books that make up the Pentateuch (Torah). 52
  71. 71. Adam and Eve In the Judeo-Christian and Islamic traditions, Adam and Eve are the parents of the human race. Genesis gives two versions of their creation. In the first, God creates “male and female in his own image” on the sixth day. In the second, Adam is placed in the Garden of Eden, and Eve is later created from his rib to ease his loneliness. For succumbing to temptation and eating the fruit of the forbidden tree of knowledge of good and evil, God banished them from Eden, and they and their descendants were forced to live lives of hardship. Cain and Abel were their children. Christian theologians developed the doctrine of original sin based on the story of their transgression; in contrast, the Quran teaches that Adam's sin was his alone and did not make all people sinners. Cain and Abel In the Hebrew scriptures, Cain and Able were the sons of Adam and Eve. According to Genesis, Cain, the firstborn, was a farmer, and his brother Abel was a shepherd. Cain was enraged when God preferred his brother's sacrifice of sheep to his own offering of grain, and he murdered Abel. When God asked where Abel was, Cain pretended ignorance, saying, “Am I my brother's keeper?” God punished Cain 53

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