Jesuit relations


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Jesuit relations

  1. 1. The Jesuit Relationsby Kyle Fluck<br />
  2. 2. Jesuit Relations Introduction<br />The Jesuit Relations constitute the most important set of documentary materials on the 17th century encounter of Europeans and Native Americans. <br />Relations are the annual reports of French missionaries of the Society of Jesus on their efforts to convert the natives to Christianity. <br />They describe in detailed reports the customs, habits, and cultures of native nations.<br />The Relations are yearly chronicled to give information about the progress of colonization, outbreaks of war, the spread and destruction of epidemics, and any other events affecting the Indians. <br />The Jesuit Missionaries were all college teachers during there career, they were well prepared to teach arithmetic , writing, rhetoric and speech.<br />
  3. 3. Intro. Cont.<br />There were tribes known as the Hurons that were formed far before the Europeans arrived.<br />Before the Jesuits arrived in North America, the natives had already had extensive contact with French Fishermen and explorers. <br />In 1625 when the Jesuits arrived they made Quebec their headquarters. <br />The trip for the Jesuits was paid for by themselves, they were here to teach the natives because they believed they must ‘sacrifice themselves’ for New France.<br />
  4. 4. Jean de Brebeuf<br />He was a Jesuit Missionary, He spent a great amount of his life living among the Huron people. He did this to learn about their customs and rituals. <br />He found that through translation of their stories they were very similar to scripture. <br />
  5. 5. Cont.<br />Their stories were comparable to the scriptures about Adam and Eve, the flood, and Kane and Abel.<br />It is shown that the Hurons were an organized civilization, they had a government in place, they held trials for murderers, they punished sorcerers, and did not tolerate thieves. Because of this they were not compared to civilizations of the East.<br />
  6. 6. Diplomacy and War<br />The Jesuits were not there to conquer, but instead to really coexist and integrate themselves within the tribes. <br />Although they were there in peace tribal conflicts did intensify because of the introduction of European weaponry due to trading. <br />However in 1645 Peace was negotiated between conflicting tribes at a place known as “Three Rivers”<br />
  7. 7. Diplomacy & War Cont.<br />This peaceful negotiation led to a second short era of peace known as “The Great Peace of Montreal” between New France and the 40 nations in 1701. <br />In between these two events a war of fur trading took place. It placed the Huron's and Algonquin's against the Iroquois and League of Five Nations. <br />During this time the Jesuits converted many Huron’s but the Iroquois invasions took their toll and wiped out many Huron’s and Jesuits. <br />
  8. 8. Writings On the Natural Environment<br />The tribes surrounding New France believed very much in the supernatural world. <br />There were stories regarding eclipses that the Indians had that explained that there were supernatural women and children who blocked out the sun as a sign of accomplishment. <br />Another Story was that comets were “fiery serpents flying through the air intertwined with caduceus (the Indian interpretation of the wand of Mercury), borne on wings of flame.”<br />
  9. 9. Writings on the Natural Environment<br />Because the Indians worshiped the land they were unwilling to separate the happenings between nature and faith.<br />The Jesuits however were fascinated with the stars and sky and studied them and recorded any comets or activity. <br />The Natives taught the Jesuits about the land and how to use it for food and shelter, both sides learned significant things from the other. <br />
  10. 10. Exploration<br />The Jesuits often traveled <br />With the French as Chaplains<br />To look for possible mission sites.<br />-During their trips they met with several tribes and learned from them, they traded with them and worked on converting them. <br />
  11. 11. Father Marquette<br />Father Marquette had relations with many Indian tribes and traded and learned from them, he led the way for many of the Jesuits influence. <br />Father Marquette used the <br />Mississippi river during his <br />Travels and learned all about <br />The tribes along it and the <br />Woods and creatures around the <br />river<br />