Task LO-4 Define the term Transactional Analysis and what sort of ego state you mostly operate, justify by giving examples? Transaction Analysis :-A theory foranalyzing human behavior andcommunication. Developed by EricBerne. Seeks to explain how each of us has developed into the people we have become by understanding everything aroundus. A model for explaining why and how people think, act and interact like theydo. Some of the important assumptions made by TA are : Everyone is born ok. Each person has a right to be in this world and to be accepted as they are. Everyone is responsible for themselves All seek physical and emotional nurturing so our behavior is modified to achieve thisP.T.O THE 3 EGO STATES: Everyone has three ego states based on their childhood experiences and role models.Each ego state is a separate and distinct source of behavior. The three ego states are Parent Ego state or “The Should Ego state”, the Adult Ego state that “Computes Dispassionately” and the Child Ego state that “Makes you feel like you did when you were a child”.
PARENT EGO STATE:- o Thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavioral patterns based on lessons learned from parents and other „parental‟ sources o Parent ego state can be divided into two types: the Nurturing Parent ego state and the Critical Parent Ego state o The Nurturing Parent ego state includes the nurturing side and can be soft, loving and permission giving. o The Critical Parent (also sometimes called the Prejudiced Parent) includes part of our personality contains the prejudged thoughts,feelings and beliefs that we learned from our parents. o Values of the parent ego state : Condemning, Moralistic, Supportive, Encouraging, Judgmental, Nurturing and Critical.P.T.O. CHILD EGO STATE:- o Thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavioral patterns based on child like emotions o Divided into two parts: Free child ego state (known as Natural child) and Adaptive child ego state(includes Rebellious child ego state) o Free child: spontaneous feeling and behavior. o Characteristics: playful, expressive and emotional. o Adaptive child: Experience and parental influence on behavior o Part of the personality that has learned to comply with the parental messages received while growing up. o Rebellious Child ego state: Sometimes when faced with parental messages that are restricting, instead of complying with them, we rebel against them.
o Values ofchild ego state: Selfish,Mean, Playful, Affectionate, Whining, Manipulative and Curious, Impulsive, Pleasure seeking, Angry, Happy andSelf-centered. ADULT EGO STATE:- o Adult egostate is data processing center. o Part of our personality that can process data accurately, that sees, hears, thinksand can come up with solutions to problems based on the facts and not solely on our pre-judged thoughtsor childlike emotions. o Gives aperson a measure of objectivity. o Can evaluate parental and child programming and decide on what is all right and what needs to be changed.P.T.O. Three basic types of interactions:- Complementary Crossed Ulterior. o Complementary: When a transaction gets the expected response from a specific ego state in the other person. The lines of transactions are kept open between the transactors. Eg. Do you know where the xray is? It seems to be temporarily misplaced. I have a tracer in it.
P.T.O.o Crossed Transactions: When a transaction gets an unexpected response from an unexpected ego state in the other person. Frequent source of resentment between people. Eg. Do you know where the xray is? It is right where you left it. Can‟t you remember anything?
P.T.O. o Ulterior transactions:- When a transaction has a hidden message to it and it hooks the ego state the hidden message was going for not the one the overt message was aimed at. The ulterior message is more important to the sender than the overt message. Eg.1) Do you know where the xrayis ? I cant find anything when I need it.(Looks sad and pouts a little)2)Don‟t worry I will find it for you(Gives an affectionate look and touch). MY EGO STATE:-
My ego state is Child Ego State which has thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavioral patterns. Iamplayful expressiveand emotional.