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Oxy hydrogen as a supplementary to increase efficiency

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Oxy hydrogen as a supplementary to increase efficiency

  1. 1. OXY HYDROGEN AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOINCREASE EFFICIENCY AND TO CONTROL EMISSION OF HARMFUL GASES
  2. 2. WORKING PRINCIPLE OF OXY HYDROGEN GENERATORHHO added in to the air intake manifold and injects into thecylinders (where HHO mixes) with the fuel, ignites- resultscomplete combustion of the Hydrocarbon fuel, lowering emissionand increasing fuel efficiency.
  3. 3. ELECTROLYZERELECTRODEELECTROLYTEPULSE WITH MODULATORAC to DC converterHOSEPIPECLAMPNOZZLE
  4. 4. An electrolyzer is adevice used toseparate Hydrogenand Oxygen fromwater via electrolysis.
  5. 5. ELECTROLYSIS:• Electrolysis is a non spontaneous chemical reaction using direct current (DC).• Electrolysis is commercially highly important as a stage in separation of elements from naturally occurring sources such as ores using an electrolytic cell.• Batteries are the main source of electricity in the field of automobile its works under the principle of Electrolysis.
  6. 6. ELECTRODE:• An electrode is a conductor through which electric current is passed. It can be in various forms like wires, plates or rods.• Electrode can may be constructed of metal, such as copper , silver or lead. However, an electrode may also constructed using Non-Metals like carbon.• An electrode passes current between a Metallic part and Non-Metallic part of an electrical circuit.• In an electrochemical cell, an electrode is called either an anode or cathode.• A cathode is described as a negative electrode. Current enters the cell at the cathode and reduction takes place. Electron are repelled from cathode.• An anode is an positive electrode where oxidation takes place. Current leaves the cell at the anode.
  7. 7. ELECTROLYTE: • An electrolyte is any substance containing free ions that make the substance electrically conductive. • The most typical electrolyte is an ionic solution, but molten electrolytes and solid electrolytes. Commonly, electrolytes are solutions of acids, bases or salts. • Some gases may act as electrolytes under conditions of high temperature or low pressure. Electrolyte solutions are normally formed when a salt is placed into solvent such as water. Nacl(s) → Na+(aq) + Cl-(aq) • If a high proportion of the solute dissociates to form free icons, the electrolyte is strong; if most of the solute does not dissociate, the electrolyte is weak. • The properties of electrolytes may be exploited using electrolysis to extract constituent elements and components contained within the solution.
  8. 8. PULSE WITH MODULATOR: • Pulse – width modulation (PWM), or pulse – duration modulation (PDM), is a commonly used technique for controlling power to inertial electrical devices, made practical by modern electronic power switches. • The average value of voltage (and current ) fed to the load is controlled by turning the switch between supply and load on and off at a fast pace. • The main advantage of PWM is that power loss in the switching devices is very low. When a switch is off there is practically no current, and when it is on, there is almost no voltage drop across the switch. Power loss the product of voltage and current, is thus in both cases close to zero. • PWM also works well with digital controls, which, because of their on / off nature, can easily set the needed duty cycle. • The term duty cycle describes the proportion of ‘on’ time to the regular interval or ‘ period ’ of time; a low duty cycle corresponds to low power is off for most of the time. Duty cycle is expressed in percent , 100% being fully on.
  9. 9. AC to DC converter:• Converters which convert the alternating current (AC) from the mains to a direct current (DC) are used in a great variety of applications.• AC to DC converts generally comprise a rectifier bridge to rectify the AC current of the input line and a regulating devise supplying on output of one or more regulated DC voltages.• AC-to-DC convertors which receive power from AC power mains often rectify the sine wave (AC) mains voltage. Many AC-DC power converters employ factor correction.• The power factor correction (PFC) techniques can be used to reduce the harmonics content of the input current into what approximates sine wave. Such power factor circuits are, however, generally complex.• A front-end boost PFC converter is one way to obtain good input harmonic current to meet these international standards. Another DC to DC converter is generally cascaded from the front-end boost PFC converter to provide a steady output voltage.
  10. 10. HOSEPIPE:It is used to transfer HHO from electrolyser toair intake of the IC engineIt is used to hold the electrolyser in the bumber.
  11. 11. NOZZLE:Here nozzle is used to transfer the HHO fromelectrolyser from the hosepipe which towardsthe engine direction because the HHO allow togo to engine.
  12. 12. BENEFITS: ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY: As shown in the given diagram, use of HHO gas reduces the Carbon monoxide (CO) emission to 27%, Nitric oxide (NO) emission to 28%, Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) emission to 51%, Nitrogen oxides (NOX) emission to 32%.
  13. 13. FUEL SAVING: Additional fuel burning – resulting fuel saving up to 30% depending on the condition of the engines and running platform.
  14. 14. INCREASE ENGINE EFFICIENCY: • Hydrocarbon fuels and lower ignition energy of fuel – resulting. • Increased fuel efficiency between 10 to 30% -results, investment on Hydro-Gen can be recouped in less than a year. • Reducing emission minimum by 60%. • Engine runs smoother and Vehicle life extended as well. • Engine heat-up is minimized at 15 to 20%.

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