<ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>World War 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The Great depre...
<ul><li>Origin: Britain (1750 – 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to Pg 78 and 79 </li></ul><ul><li>Overall significance: Inve...
<ul><li>A video clip on the machines used in the Industrial Revolution:  http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12325-the-ind...
Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Impact on Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in demand for tin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Opening of Suez Canal <ul><li>The need to search for a shorter trade route to the East.  </li></ul><ul><li>It took at leas...
 
Opening of Suez Canal <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps planned for the construction of the Suez Canal. </li></ul><ul><li>A can...
 
<ul><li>Suez Canal was officially opened in 1869. </li></ul><ul><li>Significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drastically reduci...
Keppel Harbour <ul><ul><li>1852: The New Harbour was built (later re-named Keppel Harbour in 1900) to cope with the increa...
 
World War 1 <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance system (...
 
World War 1 <ul><li>Direct trigger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. </li...
 
<ul><li>Rush for food and the control on imports and exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of food shortage causes people to ...
<ul><li>Singapore’s trade threatened </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Emden’s presence in the region affected Singapore’s trade. ...
World War 1 <ul><li>Nov 1914: Britain ordered the sepoy regiments to depart for Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>A mutiny took...
<ul><li>The Indian Mutiny </li></ul><ul><li>“ Among the Indian troops present in Singapore were a number of Muslims. When ...
<ul><li>Wall Street Crash in 1929    The Great Depression    Massive unemployment   Decrease in demand for consumer goo...
The Great Depression <ul><li>Significance for Singapore  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in demand for tin and rubber </li>...
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Chapter 5 - How did external events before WW2 affect Singapore?

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Chapter 5 - How did external events before WW2 affect Singapore?

  1. 2. <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>World War 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The Great depression </li></ul>Overview
  2. 3. <ul><li>Origin: Britain (1750 – 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to Pg 78 and 79 </li></ul><ul><li>Overall significance: Invention of machines that changed production methods drastically. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>A video clip on the machines used in the Industrial Revolution: http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12325-the-industrial-revolution-machines-and-factories-video.htm </li></ul><ul><li>A video clip on how steam engines work: http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12327-the-industrial-revolution-the-steam-engine-video.htm </li></ul>
  4. 5. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Impact on Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in demand for tin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore was made the port-of-call for European and American steamships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved communications </li></ul>
  5. 6. Opening of Suez Canal <ul><li>The need to search for a shorter trade route to the East. </li></ul><ul><li>It took at least 120 days for ships travelling from London to reach Singapore. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Opening of Suez Canal <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps planned for the construction of the Suez Canal. </li></ul><ul><li>A canal in Egypt connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Suez Canal was officially opened in 1869. </li></ul><ul><li>Significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drastically reducing travelling time between Asia and Europe. (London to Singapore: 50 days) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion of trade due to increased volume of ships passing through Straits of Melaka. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Keppel Harbour <ul><ul><li>1852: The New Harbour was built (later re-named Keppel Harbour in 1900) to cope with the increase in trade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1912: Singapore Harbour Board set up to make improvements to the port. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. World War 1 <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance system (Allied Powers VS Central Powers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms and naval race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Slavic nationalism </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. World War 1 <ul><li>Direct trigger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><li>Rush for food and the control on imports and exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of food shortage causes people to hoard food supplies  Causes a fall in supply in the market  Prices increase  People panic and hoard more in case prices increase further </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a need to control imports and exports (Limit exports to other countries and increase imports from Siam and Vietnam) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Singapore’s trade threatened </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Emden’s presence in the region affected Singapore’s trade. (Sep 1914) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroyed in Nov 1914 by HMAS Sydney. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. World War 1 <ul><li>Nov 1914: Britain ordered the sepoy regiments to depart for Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>A mutiny took place on Feb 1915. </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>The Indian Mutiny </li></ul><ul><li>“ Among the Indian troops present in Singapore were a number of Muslims. When the war broke out, Turkey allied with Germany and Indian Muslims were reluctant to attack their fellow co-religionists. There was, further, a rumour that the Kaiser was on the verge of converting to Islam. These issues were used to enflame the Indian troops by the imam at the local Mosque and, on February 15th, 1915, they mutinied, killing both their own officers and a number of British citizens. Forty were killed altogether; people did not at first know what was going on because they were celebrating Chinese New Year and thought the gunfire was firecrackers. The British authorities eventually put together a force of Johor troops, sailors, civilians and regulars from Burma. When the mutiny was put down, 47 of the ringleaders were executed by firing squad.” </li></ul><ul><li>- John Walsh </li></ul><ul><li>(Extracted from: http://east-asianhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/singapore_in_world_war_one) </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Wall Street Crash in 1929  The Great Depression  Massive unemployment  Decrease in demand for consumer goods </li></ul>
  16. 22. The Great Depression <ul><li>Significance for Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in demand for tin and rubber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1930: Quotas imposed on the number of immigrants allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deportation of unemployed Indians and Chinese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition improved by 1934. </li></ul></ul>

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