Date : July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918 peace treaty signed June 28, 1919 Location : Europe, Africa and the Middle East (briefly in China and the Pacific Islands) Result : Allied victory end of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian Empires foundation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East transfer of German colonies to other powers; establishment of the League of Nations
What weapons used in World War 1 <ul><li>Machine guns : These weapons were first used in the American Civil War to devastating effect. But with World War One their effectiveness reached frightening new levels. Firing up to 600 bullets a minute ,Machine Guns were then deemed to be ‘ weapons of mass destruction ’. </li></ul>
What weapons used in World War 1 <ul><li>Artillery : These were the new and upgraded versions of cannons. where there so many cannons used in one war alone. For four years the British had been using artillery and firing 170 million shells in that time. But Germany had a plan up their sleeve. For years, German scientists were developing the biggest artillery ever known. It was call the ‘Big Bertha’. Big Bertha was so powerful it could fire at the heart of Paris from 120 kilometres away. </li></ul>
- What machine guns were used and how were they made? German : As already noted the Germans quickly grasped the potential importance of machine guns on the battlefield. From the outset the German army demonstrated the value of the machine gun by creating separate machine gun companies to support infantry battalions. British Army : The British however did not create their Machine Gun Corps until October 1915 until this time the few machine guns available were attached in sections to individual battalions. A mere two guns were allocated to each infantry battalion in 1914. - How was machine guns used? Just kill the people . Machine guns are so effective in World War 1 because It is so fast to kill the people. - What effects did it have? Water cooled machine guns would still overheat relatively quickly (sometimes within two minutes), with the consequence that large supplies of water would need to be on hand in the heat of a battle - and, when these ran out, it was not unknown for a machine gun crew to solve the problem by urinating into the jacket.
- What Artillery were used and how were they made? In late 1915 the British succeeded in hastening production of their first mortar. It was not of an impressive designed, Mortars fired from this device had a maximum range of 1,500 yards and featured a built-in 25-second fuse, although this was soon changed to a percussion (impact) fuse. - How was Artillery used? Just kill people . Artillery is so effective in World War 1. Because it can fired from this device had a maximum range of 1,500 yards - What effects did it have? Artillery were undeniably effective effective in terms of trench warfare. Soldiers would often strain their ears to catch the "plop!" sound that indicated the firing of an enemy artillery, and consequently hasten into cover. The Artillery could fire as many as 22 bombs per minute and had a maximum range of 1,500 yards. In addition to the light Artillery the British also produced a 2-inch medium mortar and a 9.45-inch heavy mortar