THE ANCIENT GREEK THEATRE
Student: Jake Seok
History of Greek Drama
About Twenty five hundred years ago, Western theatre was
born in Athens, Greece.
The ancient Athenians created a theatre culture whose form,
technique and terminology have lasted two millennia.
They created plays that are still considered among the
greatest works of world drama.
Famous Greek Playwright
Euripides was the youngest of Athens’ three greatest tragic
He altered the content of the epics by lessening
the heroic image and he became a precursor of
He wrote 108 plays during his life time.
THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREEK
The period around 600 BC - 200 BC was known as the
Golden age of Greek Theater arts.
Athens was the focal point for the flourishing arts.
The political and military epicenter gave birth to
great emperors, soldiers, philosophers, poets,
writers and actors.
Athenian Drama Competitions
In 534 BC, the ruler of Athens, Pisistratus, changed the
Dionysian Festivals and instituted drama competitions.
In the ensuing 50 years, the
competitions became popular annual
How Plays Were Performed
Plays were performed in the daytime. The annual drama
competitions in Athens were spread over several, entire
Actors probably wore little or no makeup. Instead, they
carried masks with exaggerated facial expressions.
Wore cothornos, or buskins, which were leather boots laced
up to the knees.
Tragedy, derived from the Greek words tragos (goat) and
ode (song), told a story that was intended to teach religious
Much like Biblical parables, tragedies were designed to show
the right and wrong paths in life
Lighting, Properties and Costume
Sun provided lighting.
For example, torches were used, more as properties in order
to heighten the power of the appearance of certain passages
or characters, the furies.
Gestures had to be large and sweeping and costumes had to
be large and flowing in order to allow free, athletic
movement, and to make a strong visual impression upon the