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Sports Injuries


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Sports Injuries

  1. 1. Sports Injuries Ji Soo Song
  2. 2. Types of Injuries • • Upper back & neck Foot & toe Injuries • • Shoulder Lower leg & ankle • • Elbow The knee • The thigh • Hip • Buttocks • Lower back
  3. 3. Shoulder and Elbow Injuries Usually occurred this injuries to • Baseball players • Tennis players • Golfers
  4. 4. The most common baseball injuries include: • Shoulder • Elbow
  5. 5. Data from MLB Name Part of Injury Rafael Soriano Lower back Tom Glavine Elbow Tom Gordon Elbow Rich J. Hill Elbow Bill Bray Shoulder Taylor Buchholz Elbow Jeff Francis Shoulder Miguel Gonzalez Elbow John Smoltz Shoulder Andrew Sisco Elbow
  6. 6. Data Summary • Elbow  60% • Shoulder  30% • Lower back  10% Therefore, Elbow was the most possible injury that baseball players can have!!
  7. 7. Baseball Injuries • It is generally defined as either Cumulative(overuse) or Acute(traumatic) Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they aren't treated early. Acute or traumatic injuries occur due to a sudden force, or impact, and can be quite dramatic.
  8. 8. Elbow Injury • Little League Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) Also called golfer’s elbow Little League Elbow • Bursitis of the Elbow • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
  9. 9. Shoulder Injury • Shoulder Tendinitis, Bursitis, and impingement Syndrome • Torn Rotator Cuff • Frozen shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis) • Shoulder separation Rotator Cuff Tendonitis • Shoulder Instability Glenohumeral Arthritis
  10. 10. Park, Chan Ho • Nationality: Korean • Date of Birth: 1973/06/30 • Height: 188 cm • Position: Pitcher • Salary per year(2009):$250,000.00 • Current Team: Philadelphia Phillies
  11. 11. Back Injury • However, his injury was not the common injury in baseball. • He had Cumulative(overuse) on his back. • His injury was called Low back pain.
  12. 12. What is Low back pain? • Four out of five adults will experience significant low back pain sometime during their life. After the common cold, problems caused by the lower back are the most frequent cause of lost work days in adults under the age of 45. • A sprain of the low back can occur when a sudden, forceful movement injures a ligament which has become stiff or weak through poor conditioning or overuse
  13. 13. Increase the likelihood of injury • Poor conditioning • Improper use • Obesity • smoking
  14. 14. How Should Low Back Pain be Treated? • Most low back pain can be safely and effectively treated following an examination by your orthopaedic surgeon and a prescribed period of activity modification and some medication to relieve the pain and diminish the inflammation. Although a brief period of rest may be helpful, most studies show that light activity speeds healing and recovery. It may not be necessary for you to discontinue all activities, including work. Instead, you may adjust your activity under your orthopaedist's guidance.
  15. 15. How Can Low Back Pain be Prevented? • exercising regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and flexible • using the correct lifting and moving techniques; get help if an object is too heavy or an awkward size • maintaining your proper body weight; being overweight puts a strain on your back muscles • avoid smoking • maintaining a proper posture when standing and sitting; don't slouch
  16. 16. Thank you 