Types of Injuries
• • Upper back & neck
Foot & toe Injuries
• • Shoulder
Lower leg & ankle
• • Elbow
• The thigh
• Lower back
Shoulder and Elbow Injuries
Usually occurred this injuries to
• Baseball players
• Tennis players
The most common baseball injuries
Data from MLB
Name Part of Injury
Rafael Soriano Lower back
Tom Glavine Elbow
Tom Gordon Elbow
Rich J. Hill Elbow
Bill Bray Shoulder
Taylor Buchholz Elbow
Jeff Francis Shoulder
Miguel Gonzalez Elbow
John Smoltz Shoulder
Andrew Sisco Elbow
• Elbow 60%
• Shoulder 30%
• Lower back 10%
Therefore, Elbow was the most possible injury
that baseball players can have!!
• It is generally defined as either
Cumulative(overuse) or Acute(traumatic)
Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the
muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time
for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or
pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they
aren't treated early.
Acute or traumatic injuries occur due to a sudden
force, or impact, and can be quite dramatic.
• Little League Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)
Also called golfer’s elbow Little League Elbow
• Bursitis of the Elbow
• Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
Park, Chan Ho
• Nationality: Korean
• Date of Birth: 1973/06/30
• Height: 188 cm
• Position: Pitcher
• Salary per
• Current Team: Philadelphia
• However, his injury was not the common
injury in baseball.
• He had Cumulative(overuse) on his back.
• His injury was called Low back pain.
What is Low back pain?
• Four out of five adults will experience significant
low back pain sometime during their life. After
the common cold, problems caused by the lower
back are the most frequent cause of lost work
days in adults under the age of 45.
• A sprain of the low back can occur when a
sudden, forceful movement injures a ligament
which has become stiff or weak through poor
conditioning or overuse
Increase the likelihood of injury
• Poor conditioning
• Improper use
How Should Low Back Pain be
• Most low back pain can be safely and effectively
treated following an examination by your
orthopaedic surgeon and a prescribed period of
activity modification and some medication to
relieve the pain and diminish the inflammation.
Although a brief period of rest may be helpful,
most studies show that light activity speeds
healing and recovery. It may not be necessary for
you to discontinue all activities, including work.
Instead, you may adjust your activity under your
How Can Low Back Pain be Prevented?
• exercising regularly to keep the muscles that
support your back strong and flexible
• using the correct lifting and moving techniques;
get help if an object is too heavy or an awkward
• maintaining your proper body weight; being
overweight puts a strain on your back muscles
• avoid smoking
• maintaining a proper posture when standing and
sitting; don't slouch