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Energía Solar

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Una presentación hecho para la escula de verano de la Departamiento de Óptica en CICESE.

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Energía Solar

  1. 1. Laboratorio de Energía Alterna Renovable Sostenible Energía Solar Agusto 2009 Dr. Rodger Evans Tuesday, August 18, 2009 1
  2. 2. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 2
  3. 3. Óptica Diseño Audar Dar no sufrir Servicios Tuesday, August 18, 2009 2
  4. 4. Laboratorio • Alterna de que ? Tuesday, August 18, 2009 3
  5. 5. ¿ Porque ? • Energía produce trabajo • Energía para entropía • orden • información • Cultura es información • Sociedad es hecho de cultura Tuesday, August 18, 2009 4
  6. 6. Energía = Sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 5
  7. 7. Control de energía = Control de sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 6
  8. 8. Energía = Sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  9. 9. Energía = Sociedad { libre sostenible Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  10. 10. Energía = Sociedad { libre sostenible Libertad Permaculture Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  11. 11. Fuentes de energía Tuesday, August 18, 2009 8
  12. 12. • Nuclear • Viento • Solar • Mar • Ondas • Marea • Geotermal • Gravidad (hydro) Tuesday, August 18, 2009 9
  13. 13. • Viento • Solar • Ondas • Gravidad (hydro) Tuesday, August 18, 2009 9
  14. 14. Enería Gratuito Tuesday, August 18, 2009 10
  15. 15. Enería Gratuito Tuesday, August 18, 2009 10
  16. 16. la Tierra Tuesday, August 18, 2009 11
  17. 17. • 78% N2 • 20.95% O2 • 0.93% Ar • 0.038% CO2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 12
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  21. 21. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 14
  22. 22. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 15
  23. 23. Fuente Concentración Conversion Tuesday, August 18, 2009 16
  24. 24. Consumo de Energía Tuesday, August 18, 2009 17
  25. 25. Fossile Tuesday, August 18, 2009 18
  26. 26. Fossile Tuesday, August 18, 2009 19
  27. 27. Fossile • Barrato • Casa • Transporte simple • Gas (natural o propano) • Concentrado • Aciete (califacion) • Util (plásticos) • Luz- gas o carbono • Infraestructura • Auto • Industria Tuesday, August 18, 2009 20
  28. 28. Radiación Solar Tuesday, August 18, 2009 21
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  38. 38. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 27
  39. 39. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 28
  40. 40. Estación CICESE Tuesday, August 18, 2009 29
  41. 41. mes J/m^2/dia kW h/dia julio 2.55E+07 6.8 enero 3.89E+06 1.05 promedio 1.47E+07 3.96 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 30
  42. 42. 14 MJ/m2 de día 3.8 kWh de m2 uso (mi casa) 130kWh cada dos mes 0.5 m2 @100% PV (25%)=>2 m2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 31
  43. 43. Concentración Tuesday, August 18, 2009 32
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  50. 50. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 38
  51. 51. Scheffler Reflector Tuesday, August 18, 2009 39
  52. 52. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 40
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  65. 65. Diseños • Photovoltaic • Currente Directo • crystalina • Pillas • pelicula delgado • Respuesta rapido • Óptica • 3+ años • directo • concentrado Tuesday, August 18, 2009 52
  66. 66. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 53
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  70. 70. Diseños • Photo-termal • Energía termal • directo • Stiriling • califación de • Organic Rankin casa • califación • agua domestico • Energîa • ‘Solar Pond’ almacenado • concentrado • agua, sal, terra, piedra Tuesday, August 18, 2009 57
  71. 71. Conversion Tuesday, August 18, 2009 58
  72. 72. ful for olar SOURCE: JUDY PEARSON pes , or made well, good Figure 1 Panel Cooker The “Cookit” panel cooker is simple but effective Tuesday, August 18, 2009 59
  73. 73. A Parabolic designs, illustrated in fig- ure 3, have a dish reflector with a As you can see from these examples, parabolic shape that reflects sunlight solar cooker designers have been h ly Figure 3 Parabolic Cooker Parabolic solar cookers produce concen- trated heat COOKING WITH THE SUN! P.2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 60
  74. 74. RENEWABLE ENERGY into a focal region THE INFINITE POWER OF TEXAS vessel, usually dar placed. Dependin reflector, very hig be reached. Such large solar collecti fore high power; b SOURCE: JUDY PEARSON do not have an in chamber, so they to a conventional Some cooker desi Figure 2 Box cooker Box cookers are excellent for slow high concentratio cooking cooker with an in chamber. Such de Tuesday, August 18, 2009 centrator ovens, c 61
  75. 75. El Paso solar pond 70 kW Organic Rankin cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 62
  76. 76. El Paso solar pond 70 kW Organic Rankin cycle Isreal; Ormat, 150 kW Organic Rankin cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 62
  77. 77. Rankin Cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 63
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  79. 79. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 65
  80. 80. <.''+%+()&9+$9"($#&*+$)&9)"%$0+&)+:*("#"0.+9 +-)'(#)%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% !"#$%&'(#)%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% ./0)*+%#)*,)-"#!% #1/23%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% Tuesday, August 18, 2009 66
  81. 81. Motor Stirling • Convertador termal- mechanica • alta eficiencia • Dificil a fabricar • Alta pression Tuesday, August 18, 2009 67
  82. 82. Sandia Nation Labs stirling engine Tuesday, August 18, 2009 68
  83. 83. Diseños • Photo-photo • Filtracion • Daylighting • calor • Activo • UV • Espejos y lentes • Desparciemiento • Passivo • Diseño Tuesday, August 18, 2009 69
  84. 84. Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º Invierno solsticio S Califación Solar Passivo para casa en Ensenada BC, Mexico Tuesday, August 18, 2009 70
  85. 85. Califación y illuminación Solar Passivo para oficina en Ensenada BC, Mexico Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º Invierno solsticio iluminación de oficina Calefacción de aire S Tuesday, August 18, 2009 71
  86. 86. Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º lin hd Invierno lout solsticio hwin htot S ht •zero luz directo •máximo iluminación •vista sin obstrución Tuesday, August 18, 2009 72
  87. 87. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 73
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  89. 89. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 73
  90. 90. Look again at that dot. That's here. That's home. That's us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of m o r a l s , e ve r y c o r r u p t p o l i t i c i a n , e ve r y "superstar," every "supreme leader," every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there – on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 74
  91. 91. The Earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that, in glory and triumph, they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot. Think of the endless cruelties visited by the inhabitants of one corner of this pixel on the scarcely distinguishable inhabitants of some other corner, how frequent their misunderstandings, how eager they are to kill one another, how fervent their hatreds. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 75
  92. 92. Our posturings, our imagined self-importance, the delusion that we have some privileged position in the Universe, are challenged by this point of pale light. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 76
  93. 93. The Earth is the only world known so far to harbor life. There is nowhere else, at least in the near future, to which our species could migrate. Visit, yes. Settle, not yet. Like it or not, for the moment the Earth is where we make our stand. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 77
  94. 94. It has been said that astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience. There is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our t i ny w o r l d . To m e , i t u n d e r s c o r e s o u r responsibility to deal more kindly with one another, and to preserve and cherish the pale blue dot, the only home we've ever known. Carl Sagen May 11th, 1996 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 78
  95. 95. Gracias Tuesday, August 18, 2009 79

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