5 year plans


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Objectives and Achievements of all five year plan and what more should be there in current five year plan

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5 year plans

  1. 1. Submitted To: Submitted By: Namrata Sandhu Gagandeep Kumar
  2. 2. What is the purpose of a five-year plan? Highlight the focus and achievement of each five-year plan till date. Also detail the objectives of the current five-year plan. In your opinion is this system of planning successful? Would you recommend that we continue with it in the future
  3. 3. The pioneers of the Indian government formulated 5 years plan to develop the Indian economy. The duty of the chairman of the planning commission in India is served by the Prime Minister of the country The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India
  4. 4. The Standard of Living Community and Agriculture development Energy and Irrigation Communications and Transport Industry Target of GDP Growth 2.1 per year
  5. 5. GDP 3.6% per year Evolution of good irrigation system IMPROVEMENT in: Roads civil aviation Railways Electrical Equipment
  6. 6.  To increase the National Income by 25%  To make the country more industrialized  To increase employment opportunities so that every citizen gets a job  GDP Target 4.5%  Development of: Mining & Industry Community & Agriculture development Power & Irrigation Social services Communications & Transport Miscellaneous
  7. 7. GDP 4% 5 Steel Plants A hydro-electric power project Production of coal increased More railway lines Land reform measures Improved the living standards of the people The large enterprises in seventeen industries were nationalized
  8. 8.  GDP 5.6%  More stress to agriculture  Subsidies  Effective use of country’s resources  To increase the national income by 5% per year  To increase the production of agriculture so that the nation is self sufficient in food grains  To provide employment opportunities for every citizen of the country
  9. 9.  GDP 2.4%  Organizations formed  Panchayat  Zila parishads  Laid emphasis on: Oil conservation Irrigation Afforestation Dry farming  Many fertilizers and cement plants were built  Green revolution
  10. 10. GDP 5.7% To reform and restructure governments expenditure agenda (defense became one major expense) To facilitate growth in exports To alter the socio economic structure of the society
  11. 11. GDP 3.3% Great advancement has been made with regard to India’s National Income Considered as one of the emerging powers Served as a stepping stone for the economic growth Food grains production increased
  12. 12. GDP 4.4% Stress on Employment, Poverty Roads development Tourism expansion Self-reliance in agriculture and defence To check rural and urban employment Production support policy
  13. 13. GDP 5% Roads were widened Tourism expanded Food production was above 118m tons
  14. 14.  To improve productivity level  To initiate modernization for achieving economical and technological self- reliance  To control poverty and unemployment  To develop indigenous energy sources and efficient energy usage  To promote improved quality of life of the citizens  To introduce minimum needs program for the poor  To initiate family planning
  15. 15. Speedy industrial development Emphasis on the information technology sector Self sufficiency in food Science and technology also made a significant advance Several successful programs on improvement of public health Government investments in the indian healthcare sector
  16. 16.  Anti-poverty program  Improved facility for education to girls  The government undertook to increase productivity of: Oilseeds, fruits, vegetables, pulses, cereals, fish, egg, meat, milk etc.  Communications  Emergence of informatics and hooking up of telecommunications with computers  Transport  Inland waterways, civil aviation, coastal shipping
  17. 17. Social justice Using modern technology Agricultural development Anti-poverty programs Full supply of food, clothing and shelter Increasing productivity of small and large scale farmers Making India an independent economy
  18. 18.  Prioritize the specific sectors which requires immediate investment  To generate full scale employment  Promote social welfare measures like improved healthcare, sanitation, communication and provision for extensive education facilities at all levels  To check the increasing population growth by creating mass awareness programs  To encourage growth and diversification of agriculture  To strengthen the infrastructural facilities  To place greater emphasis on role of private initiative in the development of the industrial sector
  19. 19. Rise in the employment level Poverty reduction Self-reliance on domestic resources Self sufficiency in agricultural production GDP Growth per annum 5.6%
  20. 20.  To prioritize rural development  To generate adequate employment opportunities  To stabilize the prices  To ensure food and nutritional security  To provide for the basic infrastructural facilitate like education for all, safe drinking water, primary healthcare, transport, energy.  To check the growing population increase  To encourage social issues like women empowerment  To create a liberal market for increase in private investments
  21. 21. A combined effort of public, private and all levels of government Ensured the growth of India’s economy Service sector showed fast growth rate
  22. 22. OBJECTIVES  To transform the country into the fastest growing economy of the world  Targets an annual GDP growth 8.1%  Human and Social development  The Social net  Industry and Services: Industry, minerals, energy, information, technology, tou rism, real estate, construction, internal trade  Forests and Environment  Science and Technology  Special area programs Schooling to be compulsory for children
  23. 23. Agricultural growth 10% 8% GDP Growth Reduction of poverty rate by 5% points by 2007 Providing gainful and high-quality employment at least to the addition to the labour force Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50% by 2007.
  24. 24. OBJECTIVES Average GDP growth 9% Agricultural Growth 4% 58 million employment opportunities Unemployment reduction of 5% 10% reduction in poverty
  25. 25. 7.9% GDP growth Development of agriculture (3.3 % growth) Development of social services Increase in rate of capital formation Increase in National income
  26. 26. Objectives  Growth rate at 8%  Reduce Poverty by 10% (29.8 % in year 2009-10)  Improving the facilities of education, Infrastructure and health  The UID will act as a platform for cash transfer of the subsidies in the plan  The plan aims towards achieving a growth of 4 percent in agriculture  Aimed to attract private investments of up to US$1 trillion in the infrastructural growth  50m employment opportunities
  27. 27. GDP 5% in 2012-2013 Fiscal deficit is 4.89% of GDP 2.9% increase in Per capita income Positive Points Inclusive Growth Private investment Infrastructure development
  28. 28. Growth rate of 6.5-7 % in 2013-14 Generate attractive employment opportunities for youth We can target for more reduction in Poverty rate Reduce Fiscal deficit e.g Target of 4% in 2013-14 3.5% in 2014-15 Stop circulation of black money
  29. 29. Inclusive growth suffers in last plans also Proper Implementation Privatization of sectors
  30. 30. Thank You