What is clothing made up of?
Good fashion has a combination of the elements and principles of
Elements of design are the
parts, They structure and carry
the work. The elements of
FORM OR OBJECT
Principles of design are concepts. They affect
content and message.
The principles of design are;
Out of the 6 elements of design, line
is the strongest and most important
¥…. There can be no shape.
¥…. Without shape there can be no
¥…. Without form there can be no
texture and there can be no pattern.
TYPES OF LINE
Lines can be;
• short or tall
• thick or thin
• can lead you
away, or move you
forward in an
Vertical lines tend
DIRECTIONAL / JAGGED LINES
lines can be
natural, having the
creates a soothing
Diagonal- Represents action,
activity, excitement and
Thin lines can be
experienced by some as
unstable, and by others as
Vertical lines or stripping
make a person appear
thinner, and when you
are thin you look taller.
grey dress. Avoid wearing
Thick lines can be
experienced as rigid and
dependent, or can be
experienced as dominating
lines required to maintain the structure of the garment;
for example, seams
Decorative – lines created by the designer purely for decoration;
for example, a printed-on design
What is Line?
Refers to an elongated mark that
connects two or more points. Line
encloses and divides space, creating
shapes and forms. Seam lines divide
and enclose space on a garment.
Effects of line
Can create optical illusions
Forceful, Rigid, Strong, Hard, Formal,
Masculine, Crisp, Stiff, Severe
Increases, emphasizes, reinforces body
lines and angles, counters curved lines and
rounded body areas
Closures, Necklines, Collars, Lapels,
Seamlines, Darts, Tucks, Pleats, Folds,
Stripes, Shapes, Silhouettes
Create portfolio pages
For Straight Line, Curved Line, Diagonal Line etc.
Address the following in the paragraph:
What lines are found in the picture?
Where are the lines found?
Are the lines structural or decorative?
What is the illusion and message associated with the