garment quality testing standards

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garment quality testing standards

  1. 1. IMPORTANCE OF GARMENT TESTING AND QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS IN APPAREL INDUSTRY © SOFT Student Handouts, By, Sunil Talekar, Sr. Faculty, SOFT-Pune
  2. 2. STANDARDS IN APPAREL INDUSTRY It is a document that has been prepared, approved, and published by a recognized standards organization, and contains rules, requirements, or procedures for an orderly approach to a specific activity. It may include product design requirements, test methods, classifications, recommended practices, and other considerations
  3. 3. PRECISION AND ACCURACY. . . PRECISE AND INACCURATE PRECISE AND ACCURATE
  4. 4. TYPES . . . • Company Standard • Industry Standard • Government Standard • Full consensus Standard
  5. 5. BENEFITS . . . • It defines safety requirements intended to reduce the risk of accident. • It sets a level of performance for products. • They are a framework for quality processes. • It reduces cost and saves money.
  6. 6. BENEFITS . . . • Encapsulation of best practice - avoids repetition of past mistakes. • It facilitates communication and prevents misunderstanding. • They provide continuity
  7. 7. APPLICATIONS . . . PILLING COLORFASTNESS TESTING FABRIC WEIGHT, CONSTRUCTION WRINKLE RESISTANCE/ RECOVERY ABRASION RESISTANCE STRENGTH
  8. 8. INSTRUMENTS . . .
  9. 9. QUALİTY CONTROL . . . • A set of activities or techniques whose purpose is to ensure that all quality requirements are being met by monitoring of processes and solving performance problems through Inspecting and Testing.
  10. 10. SOURCES . . . • AATCC • BIS • ASTM • JIN • ANSI • CSA • BSI • DIN • ISO • Others. .
  11. 11. ( AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TEXTILE CHEMISTS AND COLORISTS ) • It began developing and establishing testing procedures in 1921. • It represent a broad spectrum of expertise in textile research, manufacturing, design and marketing. • The Association is internationally recognized for its standard methods of testing dyed and chemically treated fibers and fabrics.
  12. 12. EQUIPMENT'S ASSOCIATED WITH THEM ... • Gray scale • Chromatic transference scale • Launderometer • Atlas fade o meter • Carbon arc lamp etc
  13. 13. AATCC CERTIFICATE
  14. 14. ( AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS ) • It was started in the year 1898. • It have made products and services safer, better and more cost-effective. • A trusted source for technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services. Known for their high technical quality and market relevancy,
  15. 15. ( AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS ) Each ASTM test methods has a numerical designations, For e.g. •D5034-9 refers to standard test method for Breaking strength and elongation of Textile fabrics (Grab test) •These methods are contained in volumes of (ASTM book of Stds). Vol.7.01,7.02 Contains textile testing standards
  16. 16. (AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE ) • It adopted its present name in 1969. • It steadily increasing its efforts to coordinate and approve voluntary national standards • Domestic programs were expanding and being modified to meet the changing needs of industry, government and other sectors.
  17. 17. ( BRITISH STANDARD INSTITUTE ) • The world's first management systems quality standard, BS 5750, was published by BSI in 1979. • It produces standards and information products that promote and share best practice. • over 30,000 BSI standards and publications are created.
  18. 18. NUMBERING BRITISH STANDARDS . . The British Standards are titled as, BS XXX:Year Title Where, XXX is the number of the standard Example: BS EN ISO 9001:2000 Quality management systems Requirements BS EN ISO 9004:2000 Quality management systems. Guidelines for performance improvements
  19. 19. (INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOR STANDARDISATION ) • It is the world's largest developer of standards, their principal activity is to develop technical and economical standards. • The work is normally carried out through IS0 technical committees. • In addition may European and Domestic versions be publishes as: EN ISO xxx:year = European version of the International Standard BS EN ISO xxx:year = British version of the International Standard
  20. 20. STRUCTURE . . .
  21. 21. ( BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS ) • It is a statutory body set up, established in 1986. • The Bureau is a body corporate and responsible for formulating National Standards. • It interests the field of standardization, quality control, quality management system, environmental management system, laboratory management, etc
  22. 22. It has formulated a plan which emphasizes on : Development of complementary level of standardization, namely, company standardization and association level standardization - Effective implementation of standards through sectoral committees, such as, textiles, power, etc. State Level Committees on Standardization and Quality Systems to ensure better implementation of Indian Standards.
  23. 23. JIN ( JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARD ) It specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardization process is coordinated by Japanese Industrial Standards Committee (JISC) It mainly focuses on Textile Engineering.
  24. 24. IT FOCUSES ON . . . • • • • • • • • General Test and Inspection Thread Woven Fabric, Braided Goods Braided Goods Textile Product Yarn Reeling Machine Textile Machine, Braiding Machine Dyeing Finishing Machine
  25. 25. ( CANADA STANDARD ASSOCIATION ) These standards falls into the following classifications: Dimensional: to secure uniformity, interchangeability and simplification of the types and sizes of one product. Qualitative: to assess fitness for purpose. Methods of test: to provide a uniform, efficient and economic basis of comparison between products. Methods of use (Codes of Practice): to define the correct application of methods, materials and appliances.
  26. 26. DIN (German Standards Institute Deutsches Institut fuer Normung ) It has been based in Berlin since 1917. It’s primary task is to work closely with its stakeholders to develop consensus-based standards that meet market requirements.
  27. 27. ( SOME OTHER STANDARDS) . . . EN ( European Standards ) AS ( Australian Standards )
  28. 28. THANKS

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