transection analysis

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transection analysis

  1. 1. Transactional Analysis: An Overview
  2. 2. AgendaTransactional AnalysisSketch of Eric BerneEgo States?Explanation of Parent, Adult, Child EgostatesQuiz ?Judging Ego statesTransactions
  3. 3. Transactional Analysis•Dr. Eric Berne, the originator of TA, defined a term transaction - the fundamental unit of socialintercourse.•TA describes how people are structuredpsychologically. It uses what is perhaps its bestknown model, the ego-state (Parent-Adult-Child)model, to do this•It is a theory of communication that can be extendedto the analysis of systems and organisations
  4. 4. A Sketch of Eric BerneDoB: May 10, 1910, CanadaStudied Medicine & receivedand Master of SurgeryBegan training as psychoanalyst at NYPsychoanalytic Institute in 1941Army psychiatrist during World War IIhave written many books including Games PeoplePlay
  5. 5. Ego StatesEach of our personality is made up of P A C
  6. 6. Ego States
  7. 7. ParentSet of thoughts, feelings and behaviorslearnt or borrowed from parents orother care takersCritical Parent – prejudiced thoughts,feelings & behaviors from our parentsNurturing Parent – Soft, loving andpermission giving
  8. 8. AdultOriented towards current realityand objective gathering ofinformationNo relation with a person’s ageData processing centerSolutions based on facts and notsolely on pre-judged thoughts orchildlike emotions
  9. 9. ChildSeat of emotions, thoughts, memoriesfrom childhood How one responded to early experiences and the positions one took about oneself & others Types: Free Child – Spontaneous feeling, playful, authentic, emotional Adapted Child – Comply with parental messages Rebellious Child – Does not comply with parental messages
  10. 10. Quiz?Go ahead play and have fun ?
  11. 11. Quiz?Go ahead play and have fun Nurturing Parent
  12. 12. Quiz?Now donnt you dare get yourself messy ?
  13. 13. Quiz?Now donnt you dare get yourself messy Critical Parent
  14. 14. Quiz?This sand looks intresting. Can i make a castle ?
  15. 15. Quiz?This sand looks intresting. Can i make a castle Adult
  16. 16. Quiz?Wow ! look how tall my castle is ?
  17. 17. Quiz?Wow ! look how tall my castle is Free child
  18. 18. Quiz?I better not get my clothes dirty ?
  19. 19. Quiz?I better not get my clothes dirty Adaptive child
  20. 20. How to judge -what ego state you are inTone of Voiceif soft -Nurturing parentif Harsh -Critical parentif tone is clear -Adultif cheerful & emotional-Free Childif goodboy tone -Adaptive Child
  21. 21. Transactions How people interact with eachother Which ego state in me is talking to which ego state in you Communication can sometimes bestraightforward, easy and smooth It can also jumbled, confusing andunclear Understanding of transactions canhelp keep communication as clear aspossible
  22. 22. ExamplesP PA AC C Late for an important meeting
  23. 23. Examples P P A A C CYells and scolds
  24. 24. ExamplesP PA AC C Apologizes and says ‘Sorry!’
  25. 25. Examples P P A A C CScared of Lizards. Expresses fear.
  26. 26. ExamplesP PA AC C “Don’t worry. I’ll take care”
  27. 27. Complementary Transactionsappropriate and expectedresponsefollows natural order of healthyhuman relationshipslines of communication openbetween the transactorsgestures, facial expression, bodyposture, tone included
  28. 28. ExamplesP PA AC C Late for an important meeting
  29. 29. Examples P P A A C CAngry - scolds
  30. 30. ExamplesP PA AC C Angry – yells back
  31. 31. Examples P P A A C CApologizes meekly
  32. 32. Crossed Transactionsunexpected & highlyunstableinappropriate ego state activatedpeople glaring, turning backs ateach other or switch conversationin different directionconversation might end as well
  33. 33. P PA Thank You! AC C

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