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dangers of job hazards


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dangers of job hazards

  1. 1. Job Hazards: Dangers in the Workplace By Austin Sunday
  2. 2. Objectives  By the end of this workshop, you will:   › Identify how workplace injuries or illnesses can affect your everyday life. › Identify common symptoms, aches/pains, illnesses and injuries that are associated with your work. › Identify and recognize the exposures and hazards linked to work-related illnesses and injuries. › Develop solutions and strategies to address these identified hazards.
  3. 3. What is a hazard?  A hazard is generally anything that can hurt or make you ill.  How can I recognize hazards at work? › The first step to protecting yourself is being able to recognize hazards in the work you’re assigned and in the conditions you’re working in. › There are four types of hazards: Physical hazards Biological hazards Ergonomic hazards Chemical hazards
  4. 4. CHEMICAL & DUST HAZARDS (cleaning products, pesticides, asbestos, etc.) BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS (mold, insects/pests, communicable diseases, etc.) ERGONOMIC HAZARDS (repetition, lifting, awkward postures, etc.) WORK ORGANIZATION HAZARDS Things that cause STRESS! SAFETY HAZARDS (slips, trips and falls, faulty equipment, etc.) PHYSICAL HAZARDS (noise, temperature extremes, radiation, etc.)
  5. 5. Physical Hazards  Physical hazards are the most common and will be present in most workplaces at one time or another. They include unsafe conditions that can cause injury, illness and death.
  6. 6. Physical Hazards  Examples of physical hazards include: › Electrical hazards: frayed cords, missing ground pins, improper wiring, unguarded machinery, moving machinery parts › Constant loud noise › High exposure to sunlight/UV rays, heat or cold, working from heights – including ladders, scaffolds, roofs, or any raised work areas › Working with mobile equipment such as fork lifts › Spills on the floor or tripping hazards, such as locked aisle or cords running across the floor
  7. 7. Biological Hazards  Biological hazards come from working with animals, people or infectious plant materials.  Work in daycare, hotel laundry and room cleaning, labs, vet offices and nursing homes may expose you to biological hazards.
  8. 8. Biological Hazards  The types of things you may be exposed to include: › Blood or other bodily fluid › Fungi › Bacteria and viruses › Plants › Insect bites › Animal and bird droppings
  9. 9. Ergonomic Hazards  Ergonomic hazards occur when the type of work, body position and working conditions put strain on your body.  They are the hardest to spot since you don’t always immediately notice strain on your body or the harm these hazards pose.  Short-term exposure may result in “sore muscles” the next day or in the days following the exposure, but long term exposure can result in serious long-term injuries.
  10. 10. Ergonomic Hazards  Ergonomic hazards include: › Poor lighting › Improperly adjusting workstations and chairs › Frequent lifting › Poor posture › Awkward movements, especially if they are repetitive › Repeating the same movements over and over › Having to use too much force, especially if you have to do it frequently
  11. 11. Chemical Hazards  Chemical hazards are present when a worker is exposed to any chemical preparation in the workplace in any form (solid, liquid, or gas).  Some are safer than others, but to some workers who are more sensitive to chemicals, even common solutions can cause illness, skin irritation or breathing problems.
  12. 12. Chemical Hazards  Beware of… › Liquids like cleaning products, paints, acids, solvents – especially chemicals in an unlabelled container (!!) › Vapours and fumes, for instance those that come from welding or exposure to solvents › Gases like acetylene, propane, carbon monoxide and helium › Flammable materials like gasoline, solvents and explosive chemicals
  13. 13. Chemical Hazards  The Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) is designed to make sure to you the information you need to evaluate any hazards and take action to protect yourself.
  14. 14. Hierarchy of Controls Requires a physical change to the workplace Requires worker to wear something Elimination/Substitution Requires worker or employer to do something Most Effective Least Effective
  15. 15. CONTROLS: Engineering CONTROL AT THE SOURCE! Limits the hazard but doesn’t entirely remove it. Local Exhaust Other Examples: Mechanical Guards Wet Methods for Dust Enclosures/Isolation Dilution Ventilation Proper equipment Re-designed Tools Image: by Kare_Products Image: by Austin Sunday
  16. 16. CONTROLS: Administrative Aimed at Reducing Employee Exposure to Hazards but Not Removing Them!  Changes in work procedures such as:  Written safety policies/rules  Schedule changes, such as:  Lengthened or Additional Rest Breaks  Job Rotation  Adjusting the Work Pace  Training with the goal of reducing the duration, frequency and severity of
  17. 17. CONTROLS: PPE Personal Protective Equipment Control of LAST RESORT!  Special Clothing  Eye Protection  Hearing Protection  Respiratory Protection CONTROL IS AT THE WORKER!
  18. 18. Hierarchy of Controls Requires a physical change to the workplace Requires worker to wear something Elimination/Substitution Requires worker or employer to do something Most Effective Least Effective