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Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 1 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 2 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 3 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 4 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 5 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 6 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 7 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 8 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 9 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 10 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 11 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 12 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 13 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 14 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 15 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 16 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 17 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 18 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 19 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 20 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 21 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 22 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 23 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 24 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 25 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 26 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 27 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 28 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 29 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 30 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 31 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 32 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 33 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 34 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 35 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 36 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 37 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 38 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 39 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 40 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 41 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 42 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 43 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 44 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 45 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 46 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 47 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 48 Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design" Slide 49
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Elizabeth Churchill, "Data by Design"

  1. 1. Data by Design Elizabeth F. Churchill
  2. 2. Design/Science of participation (1) Science through (platforms for mediated communication)  TMSP (2) Science on (social science contributions about fundamentals of psychology/communication/collaboration/cooperation)  “Hubble telescope” of social science WE NEED TO ADDRESS THE DESIGN OF DATA (FOR) SCIENCE ISSUE DIRECTLY
  3. 3. On (1) – TMSP via SMPs  Awareness  Conversation and content exchange good; content storage, indexing and search poor  Content sharing  Malleable as well as stable content  Coordination  Long and short term  Collaborative production  Lightweight to complex  Longevity  Currently questionable….
  4. 4. Cooperative activities, centralised Collective action, centralised Collective action, decentralised
  5. 5. On (2)- Sciences of the social  Data quality  descriptive/predictive; observed/understood; local/universal; reactive/proactive; stand- alone/replicated  Science quality  Data stability/longevity, TOS, content and social responsibility WE NEED TO ADDRESS THE DESIGN OF DATA (FOR) SCIENCE ISSUE DIRECTLY Designers : Statisticians : Computer scientists : Data Scientists : Social scientists
  6. 6. Focus on (2) Mike Loukides http://radar.oreilly.com/2010/06/what-is-data-science.html
  7. 7. On Data Science  “What differentiates data science from statistics is that data science is a holistic approach. We’re increasingly finding data in the wild, and data scientists are involved with gathering data, massaging it into a tractable form, making it tell its story, and presenting that story to others.”  The first step of any data analysis project is “data conditioning,” or getting data into a state where it’s usable.
  8. 8. On Data Science  The most meaningful definition I’ve heard: “big data” is when the size of the data itself becomes part of the problem.  The need to define a schema in advance conflicts with reality of multiple, unstructured data sources, in which you may not know what’s important until after you’ve analyzed the data.
  9. 9. On Data Science  Data scientists … come up with new ways to view the problem, or to work with very broadly defined problems: “here’s a lot of data, what can you make from it?”  The future belongs to the companies who figure out how to collect and use data successfully.  …and the scientists?
  10. 10. Business logic is not science logic
  11. 11. http://www.forbes.com/sites/onmarketing/2012/06/28/social-media-and-the-big-data-explosion/
  12. 12. Data – the ‘this is the dataset’ problem
  13. 13. Verbeeldingskr8 on Flickr
  14. 14. Interface elements ….lead to data, inviting action and inviting information
  15. 15. Facebook
  16. 16. Like! Like? Agree! Disagree! (bookmarked) Hello Sherry
  17. 17. Dating
  18. 18. profile creation explicit versus passive “personalisation”
  19. 19. Anxiety, self reflection, identity…. Eva Illouz
  20. 20. Flickr
  21. 21. Recording and Sharing Documenting Personal and Collective Memory Competition Status Affiliation Group Membership Learning Emulating Awareness Near and Far Curiosity/Voyeuris m
  22. 22. Flickr – Photo sharing by user location
  23. 23. The Library of Congress, the Powerhouse Museum, the Smithsonian, New York Public Library, and Cornell University Library
  24. 24. http://www.flickr.com/photos/powerhouse_museum/2980051095/
  25. 25. http://www.museumsandtheweb.com/mw2011/papers/rethinking_evaluation_metrics_in_light_of_flic
  26. 26. Data longevity  “Like all Commons members, the other qualitative measure we value highly is the sheer inventiveness of Flickr members who engage with the photographs.  Currently, Cornell saves links to examples of reuse on delicious (http://www.delicious.com) and displays them as a feed on its website.
  27. 27. Business logic is not science logic
  28. 28. Design/Science of participation (1) Science through (platforms for mediated communication)  TMSP (2) Science on (social science contributions about fundamentals of collaboration/cooperation)  “Hubble telescope” of social science
  29. 29. Reflections on requirements  Stability – the existence of content in an accessible (and hopefully the same) format over time  Science requires  Consistency: consistently re-code the same data in the same way over a period of time  Reproducibility: the tendency for a group of coders to classify categories membership in the same way  Accuracy: or the extent to which the classification of a text corresponds to a standard or norm statistically.  Validity  correspondence of the categories to the conclusions, avoiding ambiguity and addressing multiple possible classifications  Proof: trust in the inferential procedures and clarity of what level of implication is allowed. i.e. do the conclusions follow from the data or are they explainable due to some other phenomenon  Generalizability of results to a theory  Cross-setting comparative interventions
  30. 30. On (2)- Sciences of the social  Data quality  descriptive/predictive; observed/understood; local/universal; reactive/proactive; stand- alone/replicated  Science quality  Data stability/longevity, TOS, content and social responsibility WE NEED TO ADDRESS THE DESIGN OF DATA (FOR) SCIENCE ISSUE DIRECTLY Designers : Statisticians : Computer scientists : Data Scientists : Social scientists
  31. 31. Questions? churchill@acm.org xeeliz on Twitter
  32. 32. Acknowledgements  On dating: Elizabeth Goodman; on Flickr: Shyong (Tony) Lam, on instrumentation and analysis: David Ayman Shamma & M. Cameron Jones; on Flickr Commons: George Oates  Flickr photographers: Marina Noordegraaf (Verbeeldingskr8), Tim Jagenberg, Nicolas Nova
  • musebrarian

    Jun. 5, 2013

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