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English 2 presentation1

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English 2 presentation1

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION AFRICAIS THE WORLD'S SECOND-LARGEST AND SECOND-MOST- POPULOUS CONTINENT. AT ABOUT 30.2 MILLION KM² INCLUDING ADJACENT ISLANDS. WITH 1.0 BILLION PEOPLE, IT ACCOUNTS FOR ABOUT 15% OF THE WORLD'S HUMAN POPULATION.
  2. 2. AFRICAIS CONSIDERED BY MOST PALEOANTHROPOLOGISTS TO BE THE OLDEST INHABITED TERRITORY ON EARTH, WITH THE HUMAN SPECIES ORIGINATING FROM THE CONTINENT. DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE 20TH CENTURY, ANTHROPOLOGISTS DISCOVERED MANY FOSSILS AND EVIDENCE OF HUMAN OCCUPATION PERHAPS AS EARLY AS 7 MILLION YEARS AGO.
  3. 3. AFRICA IS CONSIDERED AS THE “DARK CONTINENT” BECAUSE OF ITS UNPREDICTABLE CLIMATE, UNTAMED WILDERNESS AND SENSATIONALIZED PRESS COVERAGE OF DISASTERS.
  4. 4. TODAY, MANY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ARE BEING FACED BY AFRICA. IT IS N0W FACING ISSUES LIKE SOIL EROSION, THREATS TO FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS, AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT. AFRICA IS NOW BEING DAMAGED BY OUR FOOLISHNESS.
  5. 5. AFRICAN LITERATURE & CULTURE AFRICAN LITERATURE REFERS TO LITERATURE OF AND FROM AFRICA.
  6. 6. AFRICAN LITERATURE ORAL LITERATURE PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE COLONIAL LITERATURE POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE
  7. 7. ORAL LITERATURE ORAL LITERATURE MAY BE IN PROSE OR VERSE. THE PROSE IS OFTEN MYTHOLOGICAL OR HISTORICAL AND CAN INCLUDE TALES OF THE “TRICKSTER” CHARACTER. ORAL LITERATURE IS OFTEN DELIVERED BY POETRY, SINGING, NARRATIVE EPIC, OCCUPATIONAL VERSE, RITUAL VERSE, PRAISE POEMS TO RULERS AND PROMINENT PEOPLE.
  8. 8. PRECOLONIAL LITERATURE ONE POPULAR FORM OF TRADITIONAL AFRICAN FOLKTALE IS THE “TRICKSTER” STORY, WHERE A SMALL ANIMAL USES ITS WITS TO SURVIVE ENCOUNTERS WITH LARGER CREATURES. ANIMAL TRICKSTERS WERE POPULAR IN THESE TIMES.
  9. 9. COLONIAL LITERATURE IN THIS PERIOD, AFRICAN WORKS BEST KNOWN IN THE WEST FROM THE PERIOD OF COLONIZATION AND THE SLAVE TRADE ARE PRIMARILY SLAVE NARRATIVES, SUCH AS OLAUDAH EQUIANO’S “THE INTERESTING NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF OLAUDAH EQUIANO (1789).”
  10. 10. POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE WITH LIBERATION AND INCREASED LITERACY SINCE MOST AFRICAN NATIONS GAINED THEIR INDEPENDENCE IN THE 1950S AND 1960S, AFRICAN LITERATURE HAS GROWN DRAMATICALLY IN QUANTITY AND IN RECOGNITION AND SEVERAL OF THIS WORKS APPEARED ON “BEST OF” LISTS COMPILED AT THE END OF 19TH CENTURY
  11. 11. AFRICAN CULTURE AFRICA’S CULTURAL TRADITIONS ARE EXTREMELY DIVERSE. TRADITIONALLY, ART, MUSIC, AND ORAL LITERATURE SERVED TO REINFORCE EXISTING RELIGIOUS OR SOCIAL PATTERNS.
  12. 12. RELIGION VAST IN NUMBER, STAYS WITH EACH OTHER
  13. 13. ISLAM ISLAM IS THE LARGEST RELIGION IN AFRICA. 40% OF THE POPULATION IS MUSLIM LESS THAN 15% OF THE TRADITIONAL RELIGION OF AFRICA.
  14. 14. CHRISTIANITY CHRISTIANITY IS THE SECOND LARGEST RELIGION IN AFRICA. 45% OF ALL THE POPULATION IN AFRICA IS CHRISTIAN.
  15. 15. OTHER RELIGIONS SMALL NUMBER OF AFRICAN ARE HINDU, BUDDHIST, CONFIUCIANIST OR BAHA’I, AND THE OTHERS HAVE BELIEFS FROM THE JUDAIC TRADITION.
  16. 16. AFRICAN PEOPLE THEY SPEAK VAST NUMBER OF LANGUAGES PRACTICE VAST NUMBER OF RELIGIONS
  17. 17. AFRICAN PEOPLE Traits History Tribes
  18. 18. TRAITS AFRICAN TRAITS ARE MIXED UP OF AMERICAN CULTURAL TRAITS AND INDIGENOUS AFRICAN TRAITS.
  19. 19. HISTORY IN THE EARLY TIMES, AFRICANS SPECIALIZED THEIR SKILLS IN FINDING FOOD ACROSS THE REGIONS OF AFRICA THAT’S WHY THEY ARE EXPERTS IN MIGRATING
  20. 20. AFRICAN TRIBES AKA Ashanti Hutu Khoikhoi Fang Ewe Zulu Afrikaners Fulani Fante
  21. 21. AKA NOMADIC PYGMY TRIBE DWELLING AROUND THE BORDER BETWEEN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC AND THE REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
  22. 22. ASHANTI ALSO KNOWN AS ASANTE. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE OF TWI LINGUISTIC STOCK, LIVING PRINCIPALLY IN THE ASHANTI REGION OF GHANA.
  23. 23. HUTU THEY’RE PEOPLE WHO MAKE UP MOST OF THE POPULATION OF RWANDA AND BURUNDI, SMALL NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES IN EAST CENTRAL AFRICA.
  24. 24. KHOIKHOI KHOIKHOI, TOGETHER WITH SAN, OCCUPIED THE WESTERN REGION OF WHAT IS NOW SOUTH AFRICA DURING 1000 AD
  25. 25. FANG ETHNIC GROUP AT ACOACAN, IN MAINLAND EQUATORIAL GUINEA. THIS IS THE TRIBE OF THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE EQUATORIAL GUINEA, TEODORO OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO.
  26. 26. EWE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE INHABITING THE COASTS OF THE REPUBLICS OF GHANA, TOGO, AND BENIN. THE NAME IS ALSO APPLIED TO THEIR LANGUAGE.
  27. 27. ZULU BANTU-SPEAKING PEOPLE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA. NUMBERING BETWEEN 8 AND 10 MILLION, THEY LIVE MAINLY IN THE PROVINCE OF KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA
  28. 28. AFRIKANERS FORMERLY KNOWN AS BOERS, SOUTH AFRICAN CULTURAL GROUP DESCENDED FROM EUROPEANS. THEY SPEAK AFRIKAANS AS THEIR NATIVE LANGUAGE.
  29. 29. FULANI PEOPLE OF AFRICA NUMBERING ABOUT 13 MILLION AND DISPERSED IN VARYING, OFTEN SIZABLE, CONCENTRATIONS THROUGHOUT THE GRASSLANDS AREAS OF WEST AFRICA
  30. 30. FANTE ALSO KNOWN AS FANTI. THEY’RE AFRICAN PEOPLE INHABITING THE TERRITORY OF THE FORMER NATIVE AFRICAN KINGDOM OF FANTE
  31. 31. MUSIC AFRICAN MUSIC MAY BE DIFFERENT TO OUR EARS, BUT FOR THEM, IT IS REALLY SIGNIFICANT
  32. 32. MUSIC (PAST) BETWEEN 1950S AND 1970S, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED BY THE STYLE OF MUSIC THAT VARIES OVERTIME. “AFROBEAT” AND “HIGHLIFE” ARE EXAMPLES OF IT
  33. 33. MUSIC (PRESENT) LATER, AFRICANS WERE INFLUENCED AGAIN AND ACCEPTED THE SOME STYLE OF MUSIC SUCH AS SAMBA, BLUES, JAZZ, REGGAE, HIP-HOP AND ROCK.
  34. 34. “ ” I KNOW NO NATIONAL BOUNDARY WHERE THE NEGRO IS CONCERNED. THE WHOLE WORLD IS MY PROVINCE UNTIL AFRICA IS FREE. MARCUS GARVEY (1887 – 1940), JAMAICAN-BORN NATIONALIST LEADER AND PUBLISHER, 1923
  35. 35. “ ” WE BELIEVE IN THE FREEDOM OF AFRICA FOR THE NEGRO PEOPLE OF THE WORLD, AND BY THE PRINCIPLE OF EUROPE FOR THE EUROPEANS, AND ASIA FOR THE ASIATICS, WE ALSO DEMAND AFRICA FOR THE AFRICANS AT HOME AND ABROAD. MARCUS GARVEY (1887 – 1940), JAMAICAN-BORN NATIONALIST LEADER AND PUBLISHER, 1923
  36. 36. SOURCES WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA MICROSOFT ENCARTA PREMIUM 2009
  37. 37. MEMBERS KARLO ALONZO GUIANG REYMAR MELCHOR TUTAAN MARK ELY NAMORO JAYSON CUBALIT PATRICIA JANE MATTERIG PRECIOUS JANE GUERRERO JESSA MEI ALONZO

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