Section 5<br />Decisive Battles<br />
The Tide Turns<br />1862 Battle of Antietam<br />After this battle war began to go badly for the North<br />Poor leadershi...
Confederate Victories<br />December 1862<br />Burnside marched army of 120,000 men toward Richmond<br />General Lee massed...
The Battle of Gettysburg<br />After Lee’s army defeated Union forces at Chancellorsville he gained confidence & headed nor...
Gettysburg Address<br />Both sides suffered heavy casualties at Gettysburg<br />Sparsely populated South could not recover...
The Fall of Vicksburg<br />July 4, 1863<br />Vicksburg surrendered to General grant<br />Was last city on the Mississippi ...
Closing in on the Confederacy<br />1864<br />Grant given command of Union forces<br />Decided to attack Richmond no matter...
Grant vs. Lee<br />Grant’s huge army hammered the Confederates in several battles in northern Virginia<br />They were unab...
Sherman’s March<br />Sherman believed in total war<br />All-out attacks aimed at destroying an enemy’s army, its resources...
Peace at last<br />March 1865<br />Grant’s army continued to besiege Petersburg<br />Grant extended his battle lines east ...
Surrender at Appomattox<br />April 2<br />Grant’s troop broke through Confederate lines<br />Richmond was captured by the ...
The War’s Terrible Toll<br />Bloodiest conflict U.S. ever fought<br />Confederates: 260,000 men died<br />Union: exceeded ...
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Section 5

  1. 1. Section 5<br />Decisive Battles<br />
  2. 2. The Tide Turns<br />1862 Battle of Antietam<br />After this battle war began to go badly for the North<br />Poor leadership was the result<br />McClellan replaced with General Ambrose Burnside<br />
  3. 3. Confederate Victories<br />December 1862<br />Burnside marched army of 120,000 men toward Richmond<br />General Lee massed 75,000 men at Fredericksburg, VA to block his path<br />Burnside ordered charge after charge during this battle<br />Union lost 13,000 men to the Confederates 5,000<br />Lincoln replaced Burnside with General Joseph Hooker<br />May 1863<br />Hooker marched Union army toward Richmond<br />Union army was smashed at the Battle of Chancellorsville by a force half its size<br />Battle was costly for the South; Stonewall Jackson was shot and wounded & later died <br />
  4. 4. The Battle of Gettysburg<br />After Lee’s army defeated Union forces at Chancellorsville he gained confidence & headed north to Pennsylvania<br />Union forces now under the command of General George G. Meade meet Lee accidentally at Gettysburg<br />Confederates were in search of shoes desperately needed in the South<br />Bloody battle marked a turning point in the war<br />Union troops took position on the crest of a low ridge<br />Confederates’ task was to dislodge them from their position<br />Confederate attempts failed several times, concluding with a suicidal charge across an open field by General George Pickett on July 3<br />After 3 days 23,000 Union soldiers & 28,000 Confederate soldiers had been killed or wounded<br />Lincoln wired Meade, “Do not let the enemy escape”<br />July 4, Lee retreated to Virginia & the Union army failed to pursue him<br />
  5. 5. Gettysburg Address<br />Both sides suffered heavy casualties at Gettysburg<br />Sparsely populated South could not recover from<br />November 19, 1863 President Lincoln visited Gettysburg to dedicate the battlefield cemetery & to honor the soldiers buried there<br />He promised, “these dead shall not have died in vain”<br />
  6. 6. The Fall of Vicksburg<br />July 4, 1863<br />Vicksburg surrendered to General grant<br />Was last city on the Mississippi River in Confederate hands<br />Grant was able to capture Vicksburg not by force, but by surrounding the city & cutting it off from supplies<br />Day after day the Union bombarded Vicksburg<br />Residents took shelter in cellars & caves they had dug in hillsides<br />They ate mules & rats to keep from starving<br />After 6 weeks the Confederate troops gave up<br />Last Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson, LA fell a few days later<br />Lee’s defeat at Gettysburg along with loses at Vicksburg & Port Hudson made July 1863 a major turning point in the war<br />
  7. 7. Closing in on the Confederacy<br />1864<br />Grant given command of Union forces<br />Decided to attack Richmond no matter how large the Union losses<br />
  8. 8. Grant vs. Lee<br />Grant’s huge army hammered the Confederates in several battles in northern Virginia<br />They were unable to break through, but continued to attack<br />Grant’s army suffered 55,000 casualties in 7 weeks of fighting; Confederates suffered 35,000<br />Grant knew he could count of a steady supply of men & supplies while Lee was running low on both<br />Petersburg<br />Grant used the same tactic he used a Vicksburg of besieging the Confederate troops<br />While Grant & Lee battled, Union forces under command of William T. Sherman advanced toward Atlanta<br />
  9. 9. Sherman’s March<br />Sherman believed in total war<br />All-out attacks aimed at destroying an enemy’s army, its resources, & it’s people’s will to fight<br />Confederates were unable to stop Sherman’s advance<br />Union troops captured Atlanta, GA on September 2, 1864<br />Victory gave Lincoln’s reelection campaign a boost<br />Northerners were growing tired of the war prior to this event & support for Lincoln was also lagging; Lincoln won election victory over General George McClellan<br />November 1864<br />Sherman ordered Atlanta to be burned & he continued his march to the Atlantic Ocean<br />Along the way Union forces set fires to buildings, seized crops & livestock, & pulled up railroad tracks leaving a 60 mile path of destruction<br />
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  11. 11. Peace at last<br />March 1865<br />Grant’s army continued to besiege Petersburg<br />Grant extended his battle lines east & west<br />Lee knew the city would fall<br />Lincoln also saw end of war too<br />2nd inaugural address<br />“With malice toward none; with charity for all; …let us strive together… to bind up the nation’s wounds”<br />
  12. 12. Surrender at Appomattox<br />April 2<br />Grant’s troop broke through Confederate lines<br />Richmond was captured by the Union<br />Lee retreated to Appomattox Court House<br />April 9, 1865<br />Lee surrendered<br />Grant offered:<br />Confederates to give up their weapons & leave in peace<br />
  13. 13. The War’s Terrible Toll<br />Bloodiest conflict U.S. ever fought<br />Confederates: 260,000 men died<br />Union: exceeded 360,000 men including 37,000 African Americans<br />½ million were wounded<br />Many returned home disfigured for life<br />Key results of the war<br />Reunited the nation<br />Put an end to slavery<br />

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